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Deep neural networks with promising diagnostic accuracy for the classification of atypical femoral fractures

Georg Zdolsek, Yupei Chen, Hans-Peter Bögl, Chunliang Wang, Mischa Woisetschläger, Jörg Schilcher
2021 Acta Orthopaedica  
We applied a transfer learning technique and used 5-fold cross-validation and class activation mapping to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy.Results - In the automated pathway, ResNet50 had the highest diagnostic  ...  and purpose - A correct diagnosis is essential for the appropriate treatment of patients with atypical femoral fractures (AFFs).  ...  We applied a transfer learning technique and used 5-fold cross-validation and class activation mapping to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17453674.2021.1891512 pmid:33627045 pmcid:PMC8381921 fatcat:ydlew6tx55bfdohxb2qphcx7iu

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACCURATELY DETECTS TRAUMATIC THORACOLUMBAR FRACTURES ON SAGITTAL RADIOGRAPHS [article]

Guillermo F Sanchez Rosenberg, Andrea Cina, Giuseppe Rosario Schiro, Pietro Domenico Giorgi, Boyko Gueorguiev, Mauro Alini, Peter Varga, Fabio Galbusera, Enrico Gallazzi
2021 medRxiv   pre-print
To ensure that the prediction of the model was based on the correct identification of the fracture zone, an Activation Map analysis was conducted.  ...  Purpose To develop a deep learning model that detects traumatic fractures on sagittal radiographs of the TL spine. Study design/setting Retrospective Cohort study.  ...  Chung et al used an adapted ResNet-152 2 0 on cropped anteroposterior radiographs of the shoulder to distinguish fractured from normal 2 1 humeri, achieving an accuracy of 95%, AUC of 0.996, sensitivity  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.05.09.21256762 fatcat:3nu2qfjjyjdjfoj7yvpzv3j3hm

X-Ray Bone Fracture Classification Using Deep Learning: A Baseline for Designing a Reliable Approach

Leonardo Tanzi, Enrico Vezzetti, Rodrigo Moreno, Sandro Moos
2020 Applied Sciences  
In recent years, bone fracture detection and classification has been a widely discussed topic and many researchers have proposed different methods to tackle this problem.  ...  In recent years, deep learning and, in particular, the convolution neural network (CNN), has achieved results comparable to those of humans in bone fracture classification.  ...  Plus, this work aimed to visualize the learning features using class activation mapping (CAM).  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10041507 fatcat:ic25ln5konhzxdfz6l4yqfgbjq

Advances in Deep Learning-Based Medical Image Analysis

Xiaoqing Liu, Kunlun Gao, Bo Liu, Chengwei Pan, Kongming Liang, Lifeng Yan, Jiechao Ma, Fujin He, Shu Zhang, Siyuan Pan, Yizhou Yu
2021 Health Data Science  
With the booming growth of artificial intelligence (AI), especially the recent advancements of deep learning, utilizing advanced deep learning-based methods for medical image analysis has become an active  ...  This paper reviewed the recent progress of deep learning research in medical image analysis and clinical applications.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was supported in part by grants from the Zhejiang Provincial Key Research & Development Program (No. 2020C03073).  ... 
doi:10.34133/2021/8786793 fatcat:d6nkb4yoxrcgni4y5owju5pnh4

Supplementum 229: swiss orthopaedics, 78th annual meeting

2018 Swiss Medical Weekly  
A value of 2.0 and higher is indicative of symptomatic tendinopathy and may ultimately support the indication for a FHL transfer.  ...  Images were acquired on a 3 Tesla MRI-Scanner and quantitative measurements were conducted on sagittal (IVDs of the entire spine) planes using regions of interest on T2 mapped images.  ...  The interrater reliabilities of measuring α on radiographs and on MRIs were compared.  ... 
doi:10.4414/smw.2018.20431 fatcat:4i5n7e7y3fafpjxutee7qoxsga

Supplementum 223: swiss orthopaedics, 77. annual meeting

2017 Swiss Medical Weekly  
A micro-CT based technique was applied to quantify implant subsidence and compute the map of local micromotion around the femoral stems.  ...  On the fracture X-ray we also assessed the local bone quality using the Deltoid Tuberosity Index (DTI). Chi-squared test was used to analyse the distribution between DTI and fracture pattern.  ...  local anatomy.  ... 
doi:10.4414/smw.2017.20425 fatcat:5pz46trya5hxnn2pivitj6s4i4

Supplementum 236: swiss orthopaedics, 79th annual meeting

2019 Swiss Medical Weekly  
on anteroposterior pelvic radiographs.  ...  Age and ASA score were used to create sub-classes of patients and analyses were performed for every sub-class.  ...  In this educational project, we addressed a very rare case of fracture of the connection pin between femoral broach and handle.  ... 
doi:10.4414/smw.2019.20438 fatcat:fruhdz3hwre5td4osxvycvey5a

Pediatric Fractures About the Elbow [chapter]

Emmanouil Grigoriou, John M. Flynn
2015 Encyclopedia of Trauma Care  
Synonyms Packed cells; PRBC; Red blood cell concentrates Definition Packed red blood cell (PRBC) units contain isolated red blood cells and are used for patient transfusion to correct anemia.  ...  of reagent used and the method of clot detection (Shetty and Ghosh 2012).  ...  Application With the courtesy of one traumatic injury case, we can come to learn the nature and limits of confidentiality.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29613-0_564 fatcat:r23e4bmhm5ccbet3cl4xqwgpxm

Platelet Transfusion in Trauma [chapter]

Anahita Dua, John B. Holcomb
2015 Encyclopedia of Trauma Care  
Synonyms Packed cells; PRBC; Red blood cell concentrates Definition Packed red blood cell (PRBC) units contain isolated red blood cells and are used for patient transfusion to correct anemia.  ...  of reagent used and the method of clot detection (Shetty and Ghosh 2012).  ...  Application With the courtesy of one traumatic injury case, we can come to learn the nature and limits of confidentiality.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29613-0_25 fatcat:advy6na53vcjjhencda3go6oli

Extended Oral Antibiotic Prophylaxis in High-Risk Patients Substantially Reduces Primary Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty 90-Day Infection Rate

Avinash Inabathula, Julian E. Dilley, Mary Ziemba-Davis, Lucian C. Warth, Khalid A. Azzam, Philip H. Ireland, R. Michael Meneghini
2018 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume  
The effect of level usage on inclination angle was determined using multivariate regression analysis.  ...  Less than half of patients with isolated, full-thickness tears are reconstructed, and repair of the PCL is rarely attempted.  ...  Alignment between the main proximal and distal fragment was measured in the sagittal and coronal planes on post-operative lateral and anteroposterior (AP) radiographs of the distal fracture site using  ... 
doi:10.2106/jbjs.17.01485 fatcat:2sfka3hjgfadjbcybn6rbmmn2a

ECTES Abstracts 2016

2016 European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery  
Radiographic postoperative outcomes were assessed performing anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the injured elbow.  ...  Our findings support the concept of using non-enzymatic systems which allow the isolation of therapeutically active cells in a one-step procedure.  ...  Vacuum assisted local treatment was applied for localization and management of fistulas.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00068-016-0658-5 pmid:27041093 fatcat:iajxvlbk6jcivhgop74coptjbq

Supplementum 244: swiss orthopaedics - abstracts of the 80th annual meeting

2020 Swiss Medical Weekly  
Acknowledgments: This study is supported by grants from EUROSPINE Task Force Research (2018_19) and FASTER foundations.  ...  We believe it can diminish surgical complications and have an impact on post-operative morbidity.  ...  Conclusion: The detection of thoracic, lumbar, and sacropelvic fractures on AP-LS was more successful than the detection of cervical fractures. The diagnostic accuracy was best for C-type injuries.  ... 
doi:10.4414/smw.2020.20350 pmid:32794157 fatcat:yjiqvj6i4fhtnjowzphilbuyp4

Abstracts

2013 European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery  
O042 INCIDENCE AND OUTCOME OF TORSO DECELERATION INJURIES, AS COMPARED TO INJURIES FROM OTHER BLUNT TRAUMA MECHANISMS  ...  Symphyseal diastasis was measured and compared between each cadaveric position using anteroposterior radiographs to evaluate pelvic volume changes.  ...  classification of femoral trochanteric fracture is usually based on plain X-ray.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00068-013-0282-6 fatcat:mgxkrsv4cjho3bwmc42x3hlrru

Abstracts

2014 European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery  
An ultrasonography and abdominal CT-scan were carried out and revealed an intussusception of the small bowell. This pathogenic situation was treated by SILS and laparoscopic enterectomy.  ...  ), is a minimal invasive surgical technique with important advantages which allows the reduction of intussusception and the resection of the polyp.  ...  Tibial fractures accounted for 66 % of cases and femoral fractures for 24.2 %.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00068-014-0398-3 fatcat:mpwgbwxh65eztloxeupyl73sky

Bone Phenotyping Approaches in Human, Mice and Zebrafish – Expert Overview of the EU Cost Action GEMSTONE ("GEnomics of MusculoSkeletal traits TranslatiOnal NEtwork")

Ines Foessl, J. H. Duncan Bassett, Åshild Bjørnerem, Björn Busse, Ângelo Calado, Pascale Chavassieux, Maria Christou, Eleni Douni, Imke A. K. Fiedler, João Eurico Fonseca, Eva Hassler, Wolfgang Högler (+22 others)
2021 Frontiers in Endocrinology  
The goal is consolidation of knowledge and a map for future research.  ...  employed to characterize bone phenotypes in humans and selected animal models (mice and zebrafish) of health and disease.  ...  FUNDING ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This publication is based upon work from COST Action GEMSTONE (CA18139), supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fendo.2021.720728 pmid:34925226 pmcid:PMC8672201 fatcat:4tpq7yvrlbfhrdrd5lskkl6l4q
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