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Using Multi-Locators to Increase the Robustness of Web Test Cases

Maurizio Leotta, Andrea Stocco, Filippo Ricca, Paolo Tonella
2015 2015 IEEE 8th International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation (ICST)  
The main reason for the fragility of web test cases is the inability of web element locators to work correctly when the web page DOM evolves.  ...  Web elements locators are used in web test cases to identify all the GUI objects to operate upon and eventually to retrieve web page content that is compared against some oracle in order to decide whether  ...  , in order to increase the test suite robustness; (2) researchers, interested in empirical data about the impact of the multi-locator on web testing.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icst.2015.7102611 dblp:conf/icst/LeottaSRT15 fatcat:a3uxeda34rcdzfk6pvpbkrtrnu

Similarity-based web element localization for robust test automation [article]

Michel Nass, Emil Alégroth, Robert Feldt, Maurizio Leotta, Filippo Ricca
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Results of the experiment show that Similo outperforms the baseline representing the current state-of-the-art; it failed to locate the correct target web element in 72 out of 598 considered cases compared  ...  Test script fragility is a multi-faceted problem, but one crucial challenge is reliably identifying and locating the correct target web elements when the website evolves between releases or otherwise fails  ...  We want to sincerely thank Rahul Krishna Yandrapally and Saurabh Sinha, two of the authors of the ATA-QV paper [54] , who went to considerable lengths to support us in trying to re-implement their approach  ... 
arXiv:2208.00677v1 fatcat:jlqz3fqdkfahpdzmfw2i2raezq

Meta-heuristic Generation of Robust XPath Locators for Web Testing

Maurizio Leotta, Andrea Stocco, Filippo Ricca, Paolo Tonella
2015 2015 IEEE/ACM 8th International Workshop on Search-Based Software Testing  
Test scripts used for web testing rely on DOM locators, often expressed as XPaths, to identify the active web page elements and the web page data to be used in assertions.  ...  Abstract-Test scripts used for web testing rely on DOM locators, often expressed as XPaths, to identify the active web page elements and the web page data to be used in assertions.  ...  INTRODUCTION DOM locators are widely used in the definition of automated test cases for tools such as Selenium WebDriver.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sbst.2015.16 dblp:conf/icse/LeottaSRT15 fatcat:kneau6wceba4djjrk7blewhm6u

CoBots: Collaborative robots servicing multi-floor buildings

Manuela Veloso, Joydeep Biswas, Brian Coltin, Stephanie Rosenthal, Tom Kollar, Cetin Mericli, Mehdi Samadi, Susana Brandao, Rodrigo Ventura
2012 2012 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems  
for a person in front of the elevator on the floor of the destination location, and guides the person to the location. • A semi-autonomous telepresence task, the Telepresence task, in which users may  ...  from humans [4], [5] , and, in ongoing experiments, from the web [6], [7] , and from other robots [8], [9]; human-centered planning in which models of humans are explicitly used in robot task and path  ...  As we continue to increase the functionality and robustness of individual CoBots, we are beginning to explore the potential of multiple CoBots.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iros.2012.6386300 dblp:conf/iros/VelosoBCRKMSBV12 fatcat:viovsntyfrggll7e5xcydrscjy

A system to provide real-time collaborative situational awareness by web enabling a distributed sensor network

Anand Panangadan, Steve Monacos, Scott Burleigh, Joseph Joswig, Mark James, Edward Chow, Ashit Talukder, Kai-Dee Chu
2012 Proceedings of the First ACM SIGSPATIAL Workshop on Sensor Web Enablement - SWE '12  
The multi-hop capability enables robust communication in a variety of environments by routing around natural and manmade terrain features.  ...  UICDS can then publish the sensor data using the OGC's Web Mapping Service, Web Feature Service, and Sensor Observation Service standards.  ...  The research described in this paper was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology with funding from the United States Department of Homeland Security.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2451716.2451720 fatcat:2mojwoafsbh6ddsfrhf3r4ia5e

Robust optimisation of computationally expensive models using adaptive multi-fidelity emulation

M. Ellison, F.A. Diaz De la O, N.Z. Ince, M. Willetts
2021 Applied Mathematical Modelling  
Problems occur when sampling fails to obtain points located in an area of interest and/or where the computational budget only allows for a very limited number of runs of the expensive model.  ...  Further, the emulator is trained with multi-fidelity data obtained via adaptive sampling to maximise the quality of the training set for the given computational budget.  ...  Ellison gratefully acknowledges General Electric Power for supporting this research through an EPSRC industrial case (Reference number: 1794913 ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apm.2021.07.020 fatcat:kekgfltyc5ginby3wf6xk527wy

Goal oriented error estimation in multi-scale shell element finite element problems

Matthew S. Bonney, Richard Evans, James Rouse, Arthur Jones, Pierre Kerfriden, Maxime Hamadi
2021 Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences  
A Monte Carlo simulation utilising marginal distributions is performed to show the robustness of the multi-scale analysis to uncertainty in the global error estimation as would be expected in experimental  ...  However, when holes were added to the webbing section, there were large stress concentrations that predicted yielding.  ...  To test the robustness of the multi-scale methodology, some variance is added to the driving nodes to represent the use of sensors in the analysis that introduce errors not accounted for using the GOEE  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40323-021-00189-2 fatcat:vt33cqlzefephkqjjzh47hip2q

A multi-resolution SPH framework: Application to multi-phase fluid-structure interactions [article]

Chi Zhang and Yujie Zhu and Xiangyu Hu
2022 arXiv   pre-print
to the light and heavy phases, respectively, to realize the target of using same artificial speed of sound for the both.  ...  A set of examples involving multi-phase flows with high density ratio and complex interface and multi-phase FSI are studied to demonstrate the efficiency, accuracy and robustness of the present method.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors would like to express their gratitude to Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) for their sponsorship of this research under grant number DFG HU1527/12-4.  ... 
arXiv:2205.00707v1 fatcat:5vssu6u6qvfhvbasxn5xt7qlpe

A New Smart Networking Architecture for Container Network Functions

2020 Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences  
Container Network Functions in the form of MongoDB 9 and Web access.  ...  The behaviour of several 7 container cluster networking solutions -Flannel, Weave, Libnetwork, Open Virtual Networking for Open vSwitch and 8 Calico -are explored with regard to the most commonly-used  ...  Acknowledgment 17 The authors would like to thank anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. This work is supported by 18 Bahçeşehir University and Ulak Haberleşme A.Ş.  ... 
doi:10.3906/elk-2002-68 fatcat:5tntwry2i5f2lai42bjlqom5ua

Specification-based Test Cases Generation for Multi-Level Service Composition

Shaymaa Abdelaal, Mahmoud Hussien, Ashraf Elsisi
2016 IJCI. International Journal of Computers and Information  
To ensure the delivery of high quality and robust service-oriented applications, testing of web services composition has received much attention.  ...  Then, it identifies paths for last level of the model and relates the results of all levels with each other. To evaluate our approach, we applied it to four cases study using our developed tool.  ...  Benares [6] proposes a multi-observer architecture to detect and locate faults in composite web services.  ... 
doi:10.21608/ijci.2016.33950 fatcat:kewaelypb5dbdeabi6bkpeqmwy

EMPLOYING HOST VIRTUALIZATION AND SYMMETRIC MULTI-PROCESSING AS A STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTENTIONALLY INTENSE PROBLEMS

2011 Issues in Information Systems  
Because the potential benefits of virtualization in a multi-cored architecture are critical both financially and operationally to any organization operating on a global scale, the results presented herein  ...  The results indicate that the common multi-cored virtualization process can lead to significant improvement in performance.  ...  To further protect this critical component in the IT security structure Kerberos (developed by MIT) is used to increase the robustness of the encryption.  ... 
doi:10.48009/1_iis_2011_357-365 fatcat:jg5xk6eqcraldklxgoyz7o23vm

Increased Robustness of Product Sequencing Using Multi-objective Optimization

Anna Syberfeldt, Patrik Gustavsson
2014 Procedia CIRP  
The proposed method for improved robustness is evaluated using a real-world test case found at the company GKN Aerospace in Sweden.  ...  Results from the study show that the optimization is able to successfully find robust solutions using the proposed method.  ...  Results from the study show that the optimization is able to successfully find robust solutions using the proposed method when applied on the real-world test case.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2014.01.141 fatcat:c2rwljlc6zbqhdxqgfua7cgr7i

An agent-based web service approach for supply chain collaboration

O. Kwon, G.P. Im, K.C. Lee
2011 Scientia Iranica. International Journal of Science and Technology  
Simulation methods are used in order to validate the feasibility of this approach, and statistical tests reveal the robustness of the experimental results across diverse uncertainties. .  ...  An advantage of agent-based web services is that they combine the strengths of both web services and multi-agents.  ...  and to increase the usefulness of the model to its users.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scient.2011.11.009 fatcat:gmvcrx2yerhyrkmn3oa4ohya5m

An Argument-Marker Model for Syntax-Agnostic Proto-Role Labeling [article]

Juri Opitz, Anette Frank
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Our method is competitive with the state-of-the art, overall outperforming previous work in two formulations of the task (multi-label and multi-variate Likert scale prediction).  ...  Semantic proto-role labeling (SPRL) is an alternative to semantic role labeling (SRL) that moves beyond a categorical definition of roles, following Dowty's feature-based view of proto-roles.  ...  SAS-2015-IDS-LWC and by the Ministry of Science, Research, and Art of Baden-Württemberg.  ... 
arXiv:1902.01349v2 fatcat:rr23chjlxzctri2wftuenqzjym

An Argument-Marker Model for Syntax-Agnostic Proto-Role Labeling

Juri Opitz, Anette Frank
2019 Proceedings of the Eighth Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (*  
Our method is competitive with the state-of-the art, overall outperforming previous work in two formulations of the task (multi-label and multi-variate Likert scale prediction).  ...  Semantic proto-role labeling (SPRL) is an alternative to semantic role labeling (SRL) that moves beyond a categorical definition of roles, following Dowty's feature-based view of proto-roles.  ...  SAS-2015-IDS-LWC and by the Ministry of Science, Research, and Art of Baden-Württemberg.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/s19-1025 dblp:conf/starsem/OpitzF19a fatcat:ddfd3fpzbnbq3onnmktqllfzca
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