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Using Insights from Psychology and Language to Improve How People Reason with Description Logics [chapter]

Paul Warren, Paul Mulholland, Trevor Collins, Enrico Motta
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Springer International Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
Inspired by insights from theories of human reasoning and language, we propose additions to the Manchester OWL Syntax to improve comprehensibility.  ...  of and with intersection in conjunction, which was particularly beneficial in negated conjunction; the use of except as a substitute for and not; and the replacement of some with including and only with  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank all the study participants, and in particular Dr. Gem Stapleton, of Brighton University, and Dr.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58068-5_29">doi:10.1007/978-3-319-58068-5_29</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3zh6acivbjgfjhy66oqnscn2qq">fatcat:3zh6acivbjgfjhy66oqnscn2qq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180719140326/http://oro.open.ac.uk/51116/1/paper_11.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/77/07/7707fc28843a35d3a1abe97f6627530d7a2c8ac3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58068-5_29"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

The empirical study of norms is just what we are missing

Theodora Achourioti, Andrew J. B. Fugard, Keith Stenning
<span title="2014-10-20">2014</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Norms as we understand them are illustrated with examples from categorical syllogistic reasoning and the "new paradigm" of subjective probabilities.  ...  One of the hardest challenges is working out what goals reasoners have and choosing and tailoring the appropriate logics to model the norms those goals imply.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the editors, Shira Elqayam and David Over, and Laura Martignon for their insightful comments which we feel have greatly improved the paper.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01159">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01159</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25368590">pmid:25368590</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4202778/">pmcid:PMC4202778</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ccacsh5qirh4rn32d54fojt2ky">fatcat:ccacsh5qirh4rn32d54fojt2ky</a> </span>
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Fuzzy approach - a new chapter in the methodology of psychology?

Jan Stoklasa, Tomáš Talášek, Jana Musilová
<span title="2014-01-01">2014</span> <i title="Walter de Gruyter GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wgobnvcdjvdbxhp4kwybjgtoy4" style="color: black;">Human Affairs</a> </i> &nbsp;
AbstractThis paper aims to briefly introduce the main idea behind the fuzzy approach and to identify the areas and problems encountered in the humanities that might profit from using this approach.  ...  The benefits and possible shortcomings of using the fuzzy approach compared to classical approaches in use today are discussed.The goal of this paper is to indicate areas in research and practice in the  ...  Combining the ability to deal with uncertainty (and hence to model some aspects of language descriptions of reality) and allowing the partial validity of statements, we can build powerful tools for the  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2478/s13374-014-0219-8">doi:10.2478/s13374-014-0219-8</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/th6qejxrsvhjffhdil3dysjcra">fatcat:th6qejxrsvhjffhdil3dysjcra</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200323213148/https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/humaff.2014.24.issue-2/s13374-014-0219-8/s13374-014-0219-8.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2478/s13374-014-0219-8"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Hand or Hammer? On Formal and Natural Languages in Semantics

Martin Stokhof
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/mn35skamajdhvn7roia7r5pgqq" style="color: black;">Journal of Indian Philosophy</a> </i> &nbsp;
it as the science, not of how people actually do reason, but of how they should.  ...  According to Ludlow, philosophy of language has developed into a state in which it depends on empirical data and theoretical insights from descriptive and theoretical linguistics, thus 'naturalising' another  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10781-007-9023-7">doi:10.1007/s10781-007-9023-7</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/krekft64ovfs7avfff75tgh3di">fatcat:krekft64ovfs7avfff75tgh3di</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170810110814/https://lucian.uchicago.edu/blogs/elucidations/files/2013/11/stokhof_hhfnls.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/db/32/db3215808c5093fd0aaf75814fb3426e661e4edb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10781-007-9023-7"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

STATISTICAL COGNITION: TOWARDS EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE IN STATISTICS AND STATISTICS EDUCATION

RUTH BEYTH-MAROM, FIONA FIDLER, GEOFF CUMMING
<span title="2008-11-29">2008</span> <i title="International Association for Statistical Education"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/umz7smejunesriurd2axxr2tia" style="color: black;">Statistics Education Research Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
to support EBP.  ...  SC is an interdisciplinary research field, and a way of thinking. We identify three facets of SC—normative, descriptive, and prescriptive— and discuss their mutual influences.  ...  Those authors suggested the following taxonomy: Descriptive: (1) Decisions people make; (2) How people decide. Normative: (1) Logically consistent decision procedures; (2) How people should decide.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.52041/serj.v7i2.468">doi:10.52041/serj.v7i2.468</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/m22l5t5o4ra7fjwgnoijswfrvq">fatcat:m22l5t5o4ra7fjwgnoijswfrvq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220426055943/https://iase-web.org/ojs/SERJ/article/download/468/339" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/da/b3/dab3f6246beb6e42e29dab81a0428e2b058d905d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.52041/serj.v7i2.468"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Growing into deduction

Jovana Kostic, Katarina Maksimovic
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="National Library of Serbia"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/i6yfsfiex5gbvow36qbpmrsjle" style="color: black;">Theoria Beograd</a> </i> &nbsp;
is concerned with the grammar of logical language and formal systems.  ...  However, as we will argue, there has not been much improvement in the field until relatively recently, due to how the experiments were designed.  ...  Logical connectives as truth functions In the 1960s and the 1970s, psychological research on deduction became more up to date with modern logic and psychologists started to accept the insights that the  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2298/theo2001087k">doi:10.2298/theo2001087k</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/iwm2vemqvreedczuvfccnwktn4">fatcat:iwm2vemqvreedczuvfccnwktn4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200315175821/http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/0351-2274/2020/0351-22742001087K.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/40/23/402334e5d2db82c5030772517a9df1ecfab3fa31.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2298/theo2001087k"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Tutorial report: Understanding spatial thought through language use

Thora Tenbrink, Tommaso D'Odorico, Christoph Hertzberg, Güzin Mazman, Chiara Meneghetti, Nina Reshöft, Jinlong Yang
<span title="2012-12-19">2012</span> <i title="Journal of Spatial Information Science"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cijcart6jrhyhmmkj7dvfk7aoe" style="color: black;">Journal of Spatial Information Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
research experiences with respect to the analysis of language in spatial cognition contexts.  ...  This report outlines the main rationale for the tutorial along with central contributions by its participants, who considerably enhanced the success of the tutorial by sharing and discussing their own  ...  First, Nina Resh öft reported on the analysis of spatial scene descriptions, with the aim of understanding how languages structure space and how different linguistic structures may point to cross-linguistic  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5311/josis.2012.5.124">doi:10.5311/josis.2012.5.124</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xyhh4jgd5fggvnusgxfmyjkdky">fatcat:xyhh4jgd5fggvnusgxfmyjkdky</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210428101446/http://openaccess.hacettepe.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11655/20197/6182.pdf;jsessionid=A3DD41B4431BEAC5D8DD20F9DF012222?sequence=2" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c9/48/c948201c2336de597375c05f4ba406b912eeff4a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5311/josis.2012.5.124"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Seven Propositions of the Science of Improvement

Rocco J. Perla, Lloyd P. Provost, Gareth J. Parry
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fb5jraipjvcrnibwslquewahua" style="color: black;">Quality Management in Health Care</a> </i> &nbsp;
Context: The phrase "Science of Improvement" or "Improvement Science" is commonly used today by a range of people and professions to mean different things, creating confusion to those trying to learn about  ...  Conclusions: The epistemological foundations and theoretical basis of the science of improvement and its reasoning methods need to be critically examined to ensure its continued development and relevance  ...  Strong psychologism is the view that logic is descriptive of how humans think, while antipsychologism is the view that logic has nothing to do with mental processes at all.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1097/qmh.0b013e31829a6a15">doi:10.1097/qmh.0b013e31829a6a15</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23807130">pmid:23807130</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/r2e2dabj6rb7zm77ucdsdtc37i">fatcat:r2e2dabj6rb7zm77ucdsdtc37i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190221230715/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3542/33d5715926d6e610b695616b51e96a2df5d5.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/35/42/354233d5715926d6e610b695616b51e96a2df5d5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1097/qmh.0b013e31829a6a15"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Creativity and the Brain [chapter]

Wlodzislaw Duch
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="WORLD SCIENTIFIC"> Creativity </i> &nbsp;
Neurocognitive approach to higher cognitive functions that bridges the gap between psychological and neural level of description is introduced.  ...  Brain activity in the process of invention of novel words is proposed as the simplest way to understand creativity using experimental and computational means.  ...  Analysis of real data shows that only a simple reasoning may be based on logic and justified using comprehensible rules that can be expressed in symbolic language [34] [35] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812770868_0027">doi:10.1142/9789812770868_0027</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/v6eqsd2grfaojbblhfve57aqom">fatcat:v6eqsd2grfaojbblhfve57aqom</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170705120758/http://www.fizyka.umk.pl/publications/kmk/06-Creativity-Brain.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a4/3d/a43d0b058b6bf4282575da005a0b63c6ecfe608d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812770868_0027"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> worldscientific.com </button> </a>

Brentano's Methodology as a Path through the Divide: On Combining Phenomenological Descriptions and Logical Analysis

Tina Röck
<span title="2017-08-02">2017</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/l4xjq5zi6jfsnhdqlsi7lzgddy" style="color: black;">Axiomathes</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, I will describe how Brentano was able to integrate descriptive philosophy and logical analysis fruitfully by pointing out Brentano's concept of philosophy as a rigorous science.  ...  In the course of this investigation I will also point out (2) how Brentano's integrative use of descriptive philosophy (a precursor to phenomenology) and analysis can provide a suitable starting point  ...  While the natural sciences are concerned with natural laws and physical, chemical, and biological objects, philosophy is concerned with the laws of logic and language, of psychology, the structures of  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10516-017-9349-z">doi:10.1007/s10516-017-9349-z</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lyoyr6teyfc4rnexfmag3nnxua">fatcat:lyoyr6teyfc4rnexfmag3nnxua</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180728002036/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10516-017-9349-z.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c8/f1/c8f1df571eda40f610808660ec04350d5fb50091.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10516-017-9349-z"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Page 466 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 44, Issue 6 [page]

<span title="">1999</span> <i title="American Psychological Association"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_contemporary-psychology" style="color: black;">Contemporary Psychology </a> </i> &nbsp;
He gives us a fascinat- ing insight into the linguistic structure of American Sign Language and then shows how phonemic paraphasias and morpho- logical and syntactic errors are manifested in aphasic signers  ...  In every chapter, the reader is treated to an engaging insight into the issues under review, with reference to both group data and descriptions of single cases.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> </span>
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Subtracting "ought" from "is": Descriptivism versus normativism in the study of human thinking

Shira Elqayam, Jonathan St. B. T. Evans
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2ambsfei5cjthmwpdat4t5jza" style="color: black;">Behavioral and Brain Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
We analyze in detail two research programmes with normativist features -Oaksford and Chater's rational analysis and Stanovich and West's individual differences approach -demonstrating how, in each case  ...  He is author or co-author of eight books and more than 150 scientific publications on the psychology of thinking, reasoning, and decision making.  ...  The humour depends partly on how the definition confuses the normative aspect of logic, concerned with principles of good reasoning, with a descriptive fact about how people sometimes do reason.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x1100001x">doi:10.1017/s0140525x1100001x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22000212">pmid:22000212</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cxlmti4fe5gnhe22gbsi3humqq">fatcat:cxlmti4fe5gnhe22gbsi3humqq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171113223629/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/1558348.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/84/7f/847f18b9992e6d39d5f8a7ba94f4c38881f5dd49.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x1100001x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a>

Defending normativism

Steven Hrotic
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2ambsfei5cjthmwpdat4t5jza" style="color: black;">Behavioral and Brain Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
We analyze in detail two research programmes with normativist features -Oaksford and Chater's rational analysis and Stanovich and West's individual differences approach -demonstrating how, in each case  ...  He is author or co-author of eight books and more than 150 scientific publications on the psychology of thinking, reasoning, and decision making.  ...  The humour depends partly on how the definition confuses the normative aspect of logic, concerned with principles of good reasoning, with a descriptive fact about how people sometimes do reason.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11000616">doi:10.1017/s0140525x11000616</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5kgcb6yt2ndnjjkt47g3s7debe">fatcat:5kgcb6yt2ndnjjkt47g3s7debe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171113223629/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/1558348.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/84/7f/847f18b9992e6d39d5f8a7ba94f4c38881f5dd49.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11000616"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a>

Understanding reasoning: Let's describe what we really think about

Robert J. Sternberg
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2ambsfei5cjthmwpdat4t5jza" style="color: black;">Behavioral and Brain Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
We analyze in detail two research programmes with normativist features -Oaksford and Chater's rational analysis and Stanovich and West's individual differences approach -demonstrating how, in each case  ...  He is author or co-author of eight books and more than 150 scientific publications on the psychology of thinking, reasoning, and decision making.  ...  The humour depends partly on how the definition confuses the normative aspect of logic, concerned with principles of good reasoning, with a descriptive fact about how people sometimes do reason.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11000148">doi:10.1017/s0140525x11000148</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gbmhnrkusrhrrbabhvmpfbd7ry">fatcat:gbmhnrkusrhrrbabhvmpfbd7ry</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171113223629/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/1558348.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/84/7f/847f18b9992e6d39d5f8a7ba94f4c38881f5dd49.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11000148"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a>

A role for normativism

Igor Douven
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2ambsfei5cjthmwpdat4t5jza" style="color: black;">Behavioral and Brain Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
We analyze in detail two research programmes with normativist features -Oaksford and Chater's rational analysis and Stanovich and West's individual differences approach -demonstrating how, in each case  ...  He is author or co-author of eight books and more than 150 scientific publications on the psychology of thinking, reasoning, and decision making.  ...  The humour depends partly on how the definition confuses the normative aspect of logic, concerned with principles of good reasoning, with a descriptive fact about how people sometimes do reason.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11000471">doi:10.1017/s0140525x11000471</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cqprf7oxwjenvi6ozeu3kirj6u">fatcat:cqprf7oxwjenvi6ozeu3kirj6u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171113223629/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/1558348.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/84/7f/847f18b9992e6d39d5f8a7ba94f4c38881f5dd49.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x11000471"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> cambridge.org </button> </a>
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