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Using Cognitive Entropy to Manage Uncertain Concepts in Formal Ontologies [chapter]

Joaquín Borrego-Díaz, Antonia M. Chávez-González
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
A logical formalism to support the insertion of uncertain concepts in formal ontologies is presented.  ...  It is based on the search of extensions by means of two automated reasoning systems (ARS), and it is driven by what we call cognitive entropy.  ...  The conditional cognitive entropy is : This entropy is similar to Kullback-Leibler distance or relative entropy (see [16] ), but using the entailment to classify the elements.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-89765-1_18 fatcat:xcf3tyohfzchhofe6d6gbv42di

Viewpoints on Emergent Semantics [chapter]

Philippe Cudré-Mauroux, Karl Aberer, Alia I. Abdelmoty, Tiziana Catarci, Ernesto Damiani, Arantxa Illaramendi, Mustafa Jarrar, Robert Meersman, Erich J. Neuhold, Christine Parent, Kai-Uwe Sattler, Monica Scannapieco (+3 others)
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We introduce a novel view on how to deal with the problems of semantic interoperability in distributed systems.  ...  This view is based on the concept of emergent semantics, which sees both the representation of semantics and the discovery of the proper interpretation of symbols as the result of a self-organizing process  ...  Acknowledgment We would like to thank Avigdor Gal for his insightful comments and suggestions about this work.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11803034_1 fatcat:u5l6gr5frfdufcjzfdnvgowq44

An Induced Hesitant Linguistic Aggregation Operator and Its Application for Creating Fuzzy Ontology

2018 KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems  
In this paper, IHFLPOWA is utilized to gather linguistic information and create fuzzy ontologies, and a movie fuzzy ontology as an illustrative case study is used to show the elaboration of the proposed  ...  Then andness, orness and the entropy of dispersion of IHFLPOWA are analyzed, which are used to characterize the weighting vector of the operator, these properties show that IHFLPOWA is extensions of the  ...  It seems that ontologies [53] are tools that provide a way of sorting, classifying and describing large amounts of Internet information, and knowledge databases created using ontologies are easy to manage  ... 
doi:10.3837/tiis.2018.10.018 fatcat:wpydodmvejapfk3ml46qp2dkzy

Metaphoric Confinement of Information

Marek Hetmański
2015 Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric  
as well as, more practically, how the probable/informational metaphors enable the management of knowledge in libraries or databases.  ...  The aim of the paper is to determine how metaphors tackle the probable nature of information and uncertainty in the structure of the communication process.  ...  The authors repeatedly use both formal and ordinary explanations in order to grasp the essence of cognitive aspects of communication.  ... 
doi:10.1515/slgr-2015-0009 fatcat:mj3nevfspvhovfwczi3mpmrgia

Construction of Multimedia Teaching Resource Management Evaluation Model in the Big Data Environment

Wei Bian
2018 International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET)  
In view of the deficiencies in the studies of the multi-media teaching resource management method and resource management evaluation model, a multi-media teaching resource management evaluation model in  ...  And the multimedia remote teaching data of 360 encyclopedia and news web pages are used as the basis for experimental verification.  ...  In this paper, information entropy is used to evaluate whether a string is a complete word.  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijet.v13i03.8365 fatcat:acyyowd2mbdwhapsfyfkoqnpey

Concept Trees: Building Dynamic Concepts from Semi-Structured Data using Nature-Inspired Methods [article]

Kieran Greer
2014 arXiv   pre-print
These allow for more complex concepts to be automatically created, stored and retrieved, possibly as part of a more cognitive model.  ...  The construction process maintains the key requirement of generality, allowing it to be used as part of a generic framework.  ...  The book 'Towards the Semantic Web: Ontology-Driven Knowledge Management' (2003) discusses the ontology construction problem in relation to p2p networks and the Semantic Web.  ... 
arXiv:1403.3515v2 fatcat:zhpttumkurbjhfmwv3xxhoe4em

Review and Analysis of Machine Learning and Soft Computing Approaches for User Modeling

Madhuri Potey, Pradeep K Sinha
2015 International journal of Web & Semantic Technology  
The real challenge in user modelling studies is due to the inadequacy of data, improper use of techniques, noise within the data and imprecise nature of human behavior.  ...  Machine learning and Soft computing Techniques have the ability to handle the uncertainty and are extensively being used for user modeling purpose.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors are deeply indebted to all the researchers in the field and anonymous reviewers for their useful comments.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijwest.2015.6104 fatcat:q43eezsnr5epredqr7xuhid3i4

Cybersemiotics: An Evolutionary World View Going Beyond Entropy and Information into the Question of Meaning

Søren Brier
2010 Entropy  
us to view life, consciousness and cultural meaning all as a part of nature and evolution.  ...  Abstract:What makes Cybersemiotics different from other approaches attempting to produce a transdisciplinary theory of information, cognition and communication is its absolute naturalism, which forces  ...  The information concept seems to connect them all and meaning is introduced by emergence in evolution often by using a general systems holistic view.  ... 
doi:10.3390/e12081902 fatcat:icbfwtjruzgilfdoscwnleds5e

Measuring design complexity of semantic web ontologies

Hongyu Zhang, Yuan-Fang Li, Hee Beng Kuan Tan
2010 Journal of Systems and Software  
In this paper, inspired by the concept of software metrics, we propose a suite of ontology metrics, at both the ontology-level and class-level, to measure the design complexity of ontologies.  ...  We point out possible applications of the proposed metrics to ontology quality control. We believe that the proposed metric suite is useful for managing ontology development projects.  ...  We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their detailed and insightful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2009.11.735 fatcat:myle4y6pkrfjxbdpjkvmije4ni

Risk Cost Measurement of Value for Money Evaluation Based on Case-Based Reasoning and Ontology: A Case Study of the Urban Rail Transit Public-Private Partnership Projects in China

Hongqiang Wang, Qiaoyan Lin, Yingjie Zhang
2022 Sustainability  
Then, according to whether the information data were quantitative or qualitative, similarity calculation methods were used for the retrieval of similar cases.  ...  PPP information ontology was established to provide the technical basis of knowledge representation for the CBR cycle.  ...  For better cognition, more valid historical cases are required to be used as an information source for a more complete ontology.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14095547 fatcat:u7ehi5ru3jbffabgfivu4kvr3a

Information Systems Field at the Forks: Relish Diversity or Perish

Bob Travica
2006 Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology  
Both approaches are described, similarities and differences between them demonstrated, and the contribution of the latter to the former discussed.  ...  Entropy is conceived as uncertainty-a shortage in cognition or simply ignorance, which exists prior to an act of communication.  ...  IVO is a conceptual and analytical framework intended to aid in explaining and managing ISs in organizations. IVO draws on the IS field, organization/management theory, and cognitive theory.  ... 
doi:10.28945/921 fatcat:fdvjyq56ozdxnjomzhnjqlldsi

Advances in Ontology Matching [chapter]

Avigdor Gal, Pavel Shvaiko
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The aim of this chapter is to motivate the need for ontology matching, introduce the basics of ontology matching, and then discuss several promising themes in the area as reflected in recent research works  ...  Matching of concepts describing the meaning of data in heterogeneous distributed information sources, such as database schemas and other metadata models, grouped here under the heading of an ontology,  ...  We are very grateful to Fausto Giunchiglia, Mikalai Yatskevich and Jérôme Euzenat for many fruitful discussions on various ontology matching themes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-89784-2_6 fatcat:tdn45flrpfcqlk35xqdb6d3era

Blowing Hot and Cold on Project Management

Christophe N. Bredillet
2010 Project Management Journal  
Then I open the debate on what could be the ontological and epistemological perspectives enabling us to better take into account the diversity we face in considering the richness of the field.  ...  Based on these developments, I propose to address project management as a complex integrative knowledge field, which eventually will lead us to consider "modeling-developing specific convention-to do ingeniously  ...  of value creation in complex, ambiguous, and uncertain environments and situations.  ... 
doi:10.1002/pmj.20179 fatcat:evpi47jnqbfythwvw7n7bv3doq

What is Information? A multidimensional concern

José María Díaz Nafría
2010 tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique  
Such claims eventually entail an open critic to Shannon's definition with different degrees of radicality, proposing a perspective change in which the different uses and disciplinary interests might be  ...  In order to foster an interdisciplinary approach aiming at gathering together the competing views of information and at bridging their theoretical and practical interests, a sketched glossary of concepts  ...  "what allows us to know about something", obviously linked to the fact we are uncertain about what has happened.  ... 
doi:10.31269/vol8iss1pp77-108 fatcat:lyribatvjzhzndnqsawnyhvib4

What is Information? A multidimensional concern

José María Díaz Nafría
2010 tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique  
Such claims eventually entail an open critic to Shannon's definition with different degrees of radicality, proposing a perspective change in which the different uses and disciplinary interests might be  ...  In order to foster an interdisciplinary approach aiming at gathering together the competing views of information and at bridging their theoretical and practical interests, a sketched glossary of concepts  ...  "what allows us to know about something", obviously linked to the fact we are uncertain about what has happened.  ... 
doi:10.31269/triplec.v8i1.76 fatcat:u222ogqrcnf7jmzmdrtedsdvsy
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