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Using Body Sensor Networks for Increased Safety in Bomb Disposal Missions

John Kemp, Elena I. Gaura, James Brusey, C. Douglas Thake
2008 2008 IEEE International Conference on Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous, and Trustworthy Computing (sutc 2008)  
Introduction A range of body sensor network (BSN) systems have been proposed in the literature for monitoring the human body for timely detection of health-related problems.  ...  A typical scenario of a bomb disposal mission will initially involve investigating the site using a remote controlled robot, and if possible, disarming the bomb remotely.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sutc.2008.25 dblp:conf/sutc/KempGBT08 fatcat:ujs57slxfnhttjjspaqnt3kzo4

Increasing Safety of Bomb Disposal Missions: A Body Sensor Network Approach

E.I. Gaura, J. Brusey, J. Kemp, C.D. Thake
2009 IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part C (Applications and Reviews)  
This work proposes to use Body Sensor Networks (BSNs) to increase the safety of operatives in such missions through detailed physiological monitoring, fusion of health information, and remote alerts.  ...  This paper reports on the development of a wearable, wireless, networked sensing system suitable for integration within the suit and deployment in manned missions.  ...  The authors wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for a number of suggestions that have improved the final paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmcc.2009.2022403 fatcat:3lnc56rfonbudcba4o35vuwd44

Postural activity monitoring for increasing safety in bomb disposal missions

James Brusey, Ramona Rednic, Elena I Gaura, John Kemp, Nigel Poole
2009 Measurement science and technology  
Posture is a key factor in predicting how body temperature will change and is therefore important in providing local or remote warning of the onset of UHS.  ...  In enclosed suits, such as those worn by explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) experts, evaporative cooling through perspiration is less effective and, particularly in hot environments, uncompensable heat  ...  Introduction Bomb disposal missions provide armour designers, disposal technicians and mission controllers with a number of challenges, due to the extreme conditions at the bomb disposal site and the strain  ... 
doi:10.1088/0957-0233/20/7/075204 fatcat:yedk27hecne3xeo6qzj7zzijsa

Leveraging Knowledge From Physiological Data: On-Body Heat Stress Risk Prediction With Sensor Networks

Elena Gaura, John Kemp, James Brusey
2013 IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems  
The work focuses on Explosive Ordnance Disposal operatives and shows that predictions of UHS risk can be performed in real-time with sufficient accuracy for realworld use.  ...  The paper demonstrates that wearable sensor systems, coupled with real-time onbody processing and actuation, can enhance safety for wearers of heavy protective equipment who are subjected to harsh thermal  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for insightful comments that have improved the paper substantially.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tbcas.2013.2254485 pmid:24473550 fatcat:xrmo53qwrrc3pibx5ckyz6jfya

October 2015

2015 ASHA Leader  
Survey on the use of robots/unmanned systems in scenarios involving radiological or nuclear threats  ...  The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union as part of the European Reference Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection project.  ...  and to increase situational awareness.  ... 
doi:10.1044/leader.ppl.20102015.20 fatcat:ly3v5q5ve5go5f5nq7ogyfok5e

Physiological parameters monitoring of fire-fighters by means of a wearable wireless sensor system

M Stelios, Stelios A Mitilineos, Panagiotis Chatzistamatis, Savvas Vassiliadis, Antonios Primentas, Dimitris Kogias, Emmanouel T Michailidis, Maria Rangoussi, Senem Kurşun Bahadir, Özgür Atalay, Fatma Kalaoğlu, Yusuf Sağlam
2016 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
This work presents a wearable wireless sensor network node, based on low cost, commercial-offthe-self (COTS) electronic modules, which can be easily attached on a standard fire-fighters' uniform.  ...  means of conductive yarn routing in the textile structure, while some of the standard sensors can be replaced by textile ones.  ...  Acknowledgments Authors wish to acknowledge financial support from Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE) H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014: Welding of E-Textiles for Interactive  ... 
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/108/1/012011 fatcat:ffho327vjbah7a7kr3ia2g2kd4

Human factors principles in design of computer-mediated visualization for robot missions

David I. Gertman, David J. Bruemmer
2008 2008 International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing  
With increased use of robots as a resource in missions supporting countermine, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and chemical, biological, radiological nuclear and conventional explosives (CBRNE), fully  ...  In order to use what we know about human factors (HF) to drive human robot interaction (HRI) design, this paper reviews underlying human perception and cognition principles and shows how they were applied  ...  countermines, bomb detection and disposal, search and rescue, aerospace, and medical.  ... 
doi:10.1109/issnip.2008.4761993 fatcat:wgckcxbsw5avrk6227zf32pixe

High explosive unexploded ordnance neutralization - Tallboy air bomb case study

Rafał Miętkiewicz
2021 Defence Technology  
In the case discussed, there was an accumulation of unfavourable conditions which practically excluded the use of blow-in-situ explosive methods (BIP), as well as the extraction of the object and its transport  ...  Tallboy dropped during the bombing of the German cruiser "Lützow" in April 1945 was neutralized successfully.  ...  The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dt.2021.03.011 fatcat:cbljxe5iobe4dknynysx2ug3ba

IoT Technologies for Augmented Human: a Survey [article]

Rustam Pirmagomedov, Yevgeni Koucheryavy
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Internet of Things (IoT) technology has delivered new enablers for improving human abilities.  ...  Thus, this article attempts to introduce readers to AH concept as well as summarize notable research challenges raised by such systems, in order to facilitate reader's further interest in this topic.  ...  In addition, such applications monitor users' health conditions in real-time and increase their safety (e.g., by protecting aging people from occasional fall).  ... 
arXiv:1909.11191v1 fatcat:tso6vgvqqnfw3gel7t6qkbqmba

Design and Implementation of Intelligent EOD System Based on Six-Rotor UAV

Jiwei Fan, Ruitao Lu, Xiaogang Yang, Fan Gao, Qingge Li, Jun Zeng
2021 Drones  
Explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) robots can replace humans that work in hazardous environments to ensure worker safety. Thus, they have been widely developed and deployed.  ...  To overcome these shortcomings and solve the uncertain problem of bomb disposal on the firing range, we have developed an intelligent bomb disposal system that integrates autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle  ...  If down-sampling is carried out in the network and the characteristic map with the same scale as the input image is used for calculation, the number of parameters and calculation will increase sharply,  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones5040146 fatcat:6q7uxvp7czdqlg6i7phjw3emay

Emergency Cases at Countering Improvised Explosive Devices (C-IED), and their Potential Management

Tibor Horváth
2019 Revista Academiei Forţelor Terestre  
During the military operations in Iraq and later in Afghanistan, the capability of force protection, of providing defence against improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and the organization of training courses  ...  Their networks move easily and fast, and there is no particular difficulty in getting the materials necessary for producing bombs.  ...  The intelligence available in this way increases the effectiveness of NATO's anti-network operations.  ... 
doi:10.2478/raft-2019-0011 fatcat:z43zszwhfbcjxpmphzvkpcoehe

Desk-Research Analysis and Identification of SA and Training Tools

Mateusz Macias
2021 Zenodo  
The content consists of a desk research performed by the project consortium partners experienced in specific areas focusing on technologies that are improved or developed in ASSISTANCE.  ...  This document is summary of the state of the art study done to support the ongoing work in the ASSISTANCE project.  ...  same time increasing the safety of rescuers.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4584704 fatcat:foln2lpxqjehjppjda2ycn6cjy

Robotics in Hazardous Applications [chapter]

James P. Trevelyan, Sung-Chul Kang, William R. Hamel
2008 Springer Handbook of Robotics  
Such systems have been used in explosive ordnance disposal also.  ...  and safety.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30301-5_49 fatcat:gitdgzonhneaxei3tvk4twlfie

A Concept for Support of Firefighter Frontline Communication

Markus Scholz, Dawud Gordon, Leonardo Ramirez, Stephan Sigg, Tobias Dyrks, Michael Beigl
2013 Future Internet  
In an indoor firefighter mission, coordination and communication support are of the utmost importance.  ...  The system has three key features: robust ad-hoc network, telemetry and text messaging, as well as implicit interaction.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the firefighter brigade of Cologne department Chorweiler, the voluntary firefighter brigades of Münster and Telgte and the instructors of the IdF NRW for many stimulation  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi5020113 fatcat:7n3quphyszcfnfjckgaocnhqw4


2009 Mobile Robotics  
The robots are equipped with sensors that detect the presence of chemicals and, in parallel, image data is collected and forwarded to an advanced Control station (COC).  ...  The robots will be equipped with a wide array of chemical sensors, on-board cameras, Laser and other sensors to enhance scene understanding and reconstruction.  ...  Victim Detection In a first attempt at victim detection, we used the standard Viola-Jones [13] detector for face and upper body detection.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814291279_0050 fatcat:cqsortfpszayba3uxohdss7sli
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