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A Question Answering System for Reading Comprehension Tests [chapter]

Helena Gómez-Adorno, David Pinto, Darnes Vilariño
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper it is presented a methodology for tackling the problem of question answering for reading comprehension tests.  ...  The implemented system accepts a document as input and it answers multiple choice questions about it.  ...  In 2011, and later in the 2012, the CLEF conference 1 proposed a QA task for Machine Reading (MR) systems evaluation called QA4MRE.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-38989-4_36 fatcat:bae4lebh4zgprel5inimzlwqta

A Sequenced Model of Anaphora and Ellipsis Resolution [chapter]

Shalom Lappin
2005 Current issues in linguistic theory  
The latter show considerable promise for yielding wide coverage systems.  ...  Confidence measures evaluate the judgements of each component in order to determine which instances of anaphora or ellipsis are to be passed on to the next, more fine-grained subsystem. 1  ...  robust systems for (among other applications) text interpretation, dialogue management, query answering, and machine translation.  ... 
doi:10.1075/cilt.263.03lap fatcat:ffsyvkrpgjhdxewlpgzbhossyi

A Hybrid Approach to Pronominal Anaphora Resolution in Arabic

Abdullatif Abolohom, Nazlia Omar
2015 Journal of Computer Science  
Performing anaphora resolution is considered as an important task for a number of natural language processing applications such as information extraction, question answering and text summarization.  ...  In this study, a hybrid approach that combines different architectures for resolving pronominal anaphora in Arabic language is presented.  ...  The corresponding author confirms that all of the other authors have read and approved the manuscript and no ethical issues involved.  ... 
doi:10.3844/jcssp.2015.764.771 fatcat:tvr7y2zag5duzg7vilwtptnvtq

Designing an interactive open-domain question answering system

S. QUARTERONI, S. MANANDHAR
2008 Natural Language Engineering  
Interactive question answering (QA), where a dialogue interface enables follow-up and clarification questions, is a recent although long-advocated field of research.  ...  YourQA relies on a Web search engine to obtain answers to both fact-based and complex questions, such as descriptions and definitions.  ...  A typical Question Answering scenario where requests for confirmation should be modelled is upon resolution of anaphora: User : "When did Bill Clinton meet Yasser Arafat in Camp David?"  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1351324908004919 fatcat:yuh6qlxs6jhpxid5jexxab724q

Experiences on the Improvement of Logic-Based Anaphora Resolution in English Texts

Stefano Ferilli, Domenico Redavid
2022 Electronics  
This paper proposes a knowledge-poor, syntax-based approach to anaphora resolution in English texts.  ...  Anaphora resolution is a crucial task for information extraction. Syntax-based approaches are based on the syntactic structure of sentences.  ...  Liang and Wu's Approach Liang and Wu's system [16] was proposed in 2004 as an automatic pronominal anaphora resolution system for English texts.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11030372 fatcat:25zi6yfzbbdszlu5tfrxblscxa

Evaluation of Automatically Generated Pronoun Reference Questions

Arief Yudha Satria, Takenobu Tokunaga
2017 Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications  
Pronoun reference questions are multiple choice questions that ask test takers to choose an antecedent of a target pronoun in a reading passage from four options.  ...  This study provides a detailed analysis of evaluation of English pronoun reference questions which are created automatically by machine.  ...  Using this approach, the performance of the anaphora resolution system directly affects the quality of the generated questions.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w17-5008 dblp:conf/bea/SatriaT17 fatcat:twyjrf3n5ndxdmssln5uvoq3x4

Anaphora resolution

Raymonde Guindon
1985 Proceedings of the 23rd annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
The authors train a decision tree using feature vectors for pairs of an anaphor and its possible antecedent. Aone and Bennet use 66 training features such as lexical (e.g.  ...  and is still very useful reading.  ...  The MUC (Message Understanding Conference) initiatives suggested the measures "recall" and "precision" be used for evaluating the performance of coreference (but also for anaphora) resolution systems.  ... 
doi:10.3115/981210.981237 dblp:conf/acl/Guindon85 fatcat:vlq64wctkzgirn6kv67v6qqohu

Arabic Anaphora Resolution: Corpus of the Holy Qur'an Annotated with Anaphoric Information

Khadiga M., Ali Farghaly, Aly Aly
2015 International Journal of Computer Applications  
Also, it will be a valuable resource that can be used for training and testing anaphora resolution systems, and evaluating.  ...  , person, and other information which can be used to implement the feature vector of a statistical anaphora resolution system.  ...  AQA [2] is a multilingual Anaphora annotation scheme for Question Answering that can be applied in machine learning to improve the question answering systems.  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2015905709 fatcat:rc7mvq4tnfhivkdaypn7jq5bbm

CONSTRUCTION OF AUTOMATED SYSTEM FOR INFORMATION EXTRACTION AND TEXT CATEGORIZATION

Abdul Kareem M. Radhi
2008 Al-Nahrain Journal of Science  
This paper presents a research on the field of AI via studying machine learning for natural language understanding.  ...  information from one or a lot of documents in specific domain in the form of templates consist a number of slots using inductive logic programming (ILP).  ...  Evaluation One obvious method to evaluate a computational theory would be to run the program to see how well it performs, for example if the program is meant to answer questions about a database of facts  ... 
doi:10.22401/jnus.11.3.20 fatcat:wug5dd6hqvcjhmgs72jbe4yrsu

Advances in Open Domain Question Answering Tomek Strzalkowski and Sanda Harabagiu (editors) (SUNY Albany and University of Texas at Dallas) Springer (Text, speech and language technology series, edited by Nancy Ide and Jean Véronis, volume 32), 2006, xxvi+566 pp; hardbound, ISBN 978-1-4020-4744-2, $259.00

Paul Thompson
2007 Computational Linguistics  
The chapter by Vicedo and Ferrandez shows how anaphora resolution can improve question-answering performance.  ...  Voorhees’s “Evaluating question answering system performance” and Hersh’s “Evaluating interactive question answering” describe the TREC QA Track evaluations; Ogden et al.’s “Habitability in question-answering  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli.2007.33.4.597 fatcat:6g4gcpktmjdk5hkilthfodtdiy

Pattern-Based Syntactic Simplification of Compound and Complex Sentences

Archana Praveen Kumar, Ashalatha Nayak, K Manjula Shenoy, Roshan Jacob Manoj, Akansha Priyadarshi
2022 IEEE Access  
anaphora resolution, question-answering, and many more.  ...  This causes word sense ambiguity in cases where the word synonyms are not appropriate for a sentence in the given context.  ...  Furthermore, the performance of ASS improvises the NLP tasks of anaphora resolution [6] , machine translation [7] , summarization [1] [8] [9] which benefits applications like question answering  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3174846 fatcat:46f7to77pbfohjvtfsvdui2auu

Machine Reading Comprehension: Methods and Trends of Low Resource Languages

2021 jecet  
Machine Reading Comprehension (MRC) has made a significant development; it has been crucial for machines to comprehend substantial language facets, like semantics, syntax, pragmatics, and phonology.  ...  This study presents a survey on trends and methods of Machine Reading Comprehension (MRC) in these low-resource languages.  ...  Anaphora frequently rises within texts and oral discourse, so we need to figure out the corresponding referent's antecedent in Anaphora Resolution.  ... 
doi:10.24214/jecet.b.10.2.05775 fatcat:fto7t3avmzexzn6nfsuu4k2emm

The Prediction of Ellipses Using Topic Model for Japanese Colloquial Inquiry Text

Tomohiko Harada, Yoshikatsu Fujita, Kazuhiko Tsuda
2013 Procedia Computer Science  
From the results of evaluation experiment, we have confirmed that some of our methods can predict omitted words at the accuracy rate more than 40% for the expression that we used in the experiment.  ...  In this paper we propose a method to predict omitted words from context and knowledge using topic information.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Yahoo Japan Corporation and The National Institute of Informatics who provide us the data set of Yahoo! Chiebukuro.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2013.09.219 fatcat:tdw7rsuqknbh5jj65a2khbo5cu

Sortal anaphora resolution to enhance relation extraction from biomedical literature

Halil Kilicoglu, Graciela Rosemblat, Marcelo Fiszman, Thomas C. Rindflesch
2016 BMC Bioinformatics  
Results: We evaluated our sortal anaphora resolution method in several ways. The first evaluation specifically focused on sortal anaphora relations.  ...  Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that a heavily semantic approach to sortal anaphora resolution is largely effective for biomedical literature.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Dongwook Shin for his assistance with the annotation tool. This work was supported by the intramural research program at the U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12859-016-1009-6 pmid:27080229 pmcid:PMC4832532 fatcat:7pfgl46einbtvfau7cyi3wduzq

Anaphora and Coreference Resolution: A Review [article]

Rhea Sukthanker, Soujanya Poria, Erik Cambria, Ramkumar Thirunavukarasu
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The area of entity resolution in NLP has seen proliferation of research in two separate sub-areas namely: anaphora resolution and coreference resolution.  ...  Entity resolution aims at resolving repeated references to an entity in a document and forms a core component of natural language processing (NLP) research.  ...  Some applications of this task in NLP span crucial fields like sentiment analysis (Cambria, 2016) , summarization (Steinberger et al, 2007) , machine translation (Preuss, 1992) , question answering  ... 
arXiv:1805.11824v1 fatcat:ighrkr6f2nexphrw3qfojatmde
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