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Using Agent-Based Models to Develop Public Policy about Food Behaviours: Future Directions and Recommendations

Philippe J. Giabbanelli, Rik Crutzen
2017 Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine  
Second, we propose a three steps' process to tackle all limitations together and discuss its use to develop future models for food behaviours.  ...  Agent-based models (ABMs) have the potential to help policymakers evaluate food behaviour interventions from a systems perspective.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are indebted to Professor Andy Jones (University of East Anglia) for his feedback on an early version of this work and for pointing to previous studies that used a GPS.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2017/5742629 pmid:28421127 pmcid:PMC5379081 fatcat:w65e4wdxkvafpbpk2kslakbez4

Digital Nudging with Recommender Systems: Survey and Future Directions [article]

Mathias Jesse, Dietmar Jannach
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This indicates that there is a huge potential to develop future recommender systems that leverage the power of digital nudging in order to influence the decision-making of users.  ...  These systems thereby influence which information is easily accessible to us and thus affect our decision-making processes though the automated selection and ranking of the presented content.  ...  In these cases, the use of impersonated agents (avatars), as done previously, e.g., in [67] , could be one viable option to increase the effectiveness of the recommender.  ... 
arXiv:2011.03413v1 fatcat:kxjb5hx4g5hsjmpusaxz7bx5wy

Shaping healthy and sustainable food systems with behavioural food policy

Lucia A Reisch
2021 European Review of Agricultural Economics  
Considering both the environmental and pandemic crises, it sketches the goal of resilient food systems and describes the contours of behavioural food policy.  ...  Conceptually built on BIs derived from behavioural economics, consumer research and decision science, such an approach systematically uses behavioural policies where appropriate and most cost-effective  ...  development of strategies, policies and measures that are more effective, accepted, suitable and fitted to the purpose than traditional model-based policies.  ... 
doi:10.1093/erae/jbab024 fatcat:5rsi3ipqg5c25em6rpq6aay6l4

Promoting pro-environmental behaviour: existing evidence and policy implications

Karen Lucas, Michael Brooks, Andrew Darnton, Jake Elster Jones
2008 Environmental Science and Policy  
The paper highlights some important considerations for future policy within the UK and, more widely, for other countries aiming to introduce comprehensive and multi-level policy programmes to encourage  ...  The study included analysis and synthesis of theories and models of behaviour change, a range of current policy programmes and instruments and 'real world' practices of individuals, households, groups  ...  Acknowledgements The study described in this paper was undertaken on behalf of the UK's Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2008.03.001 fatcat:qm2kqjbzyjbatezm6nan3om6by

Behaviour change for better health: nutrition, hygiene and sustainability

Rachel S Newson, Rene Lion, Robert J Crawford, Valerie Curtis, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Gerda IJ Feunekes, Cheryl Hicks, Marti van Liere, C Lowe, Gert W Meijer, BV Pradeep, K Reddy (+2 others)
2013 BMC Public Health  
The key challenges include: adapting behaviour change approaches to cultures in developing and emerging economies; designing evidence-based behaviour change interventions, in which products can play a  ...  The second session focused on the use of behaviour change theory to design, implement and evaluate interventions, and the potential role of (new or reformulated) products as agents of change.  ...  Acknowledgements RSN and RL take responsibility for the authorship of the introductory material and collation of the individual sections.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-s1-s1 pmid:23530770 pmcid:PMC3605264 fatcat:ybrt5m3oxfekfkahmgnmxaswbu

Behaviour of Economic Agents in Services Market (Educational Services)

Galyna Nazarova, Mykhailo Bril, Inna Dybach, Alina Demianenko, Nikita Nazarov
2021 Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala  
The main objectives of the study are: (1) to determine the features of behaviour of economic agents; (2) to determine the behaviour model of every economic agent in the market for educational services  ...  and is based on the interaction of resource, information, and organizational components.  ...  , the authors defined modern behaviour models of economic agents, described and recommendations for every model (Table 1) .  ... 
doi:10.18662/rrem/13.1sup1/400 fatcat:yqtchbtnfvfrvk4mrxanlh66gy

The Behavioural Economist and the Social Planner: To Whom Should Behavioural Welfare Economics Be Addressed?

Robert Sugden
2013 Inquiry (Oslo)  
I argue for an alternative, contractarian approach, in which recommendations are addressed to individuals who are looking for ways of coordinating their behaviour to achieve mutual benefit.  ...  Explicitly or implicitly, its recommendations are addressed to an imagined benevolent despot.  ...  To use an idea developed by James Buchanan and Gordon Tullock (1962, pp. 77-81) , when an individual considers the future application of a general rule, a veil of uncertainty limits his ability to see  ... 
doi:10.1080/0020174x.2013.806139 fatcat:72ezzefapng4vel5gnkxae4mey

Interactions between human behaviour and ecological systems

E. J. Milner-Gulland
2011 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
However, interventions to control people's use of the environment alter the incentives that natural resource users face, and therefore their decisions about resource use.  ...  Research on the interactions between human behaviour and ecological systems tends to focus on the direct effects of human activities on ecosystems, such as biodiversity loss.  ...  Scenarios of future land use can be used to represent alternative futures, ideally based on explicit models of the processes by which these land-use changes come to pass, for example, the LandSHIFT model  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0175 pmid:22144389 pmcid:PMC3223800 fatcat:oxcuro354jb2rhf2f6yo7k6qoq


Anna Dąbrowska, Mirosława Janoś-Kresło
2016 Visnyk of the Lviv University. Series International Relations  
The authors have undertaken an attempt to identify consumer behaviour strategies connected with purchasing, using and disposing of products.  ...  The objective of the article is to present the behaviour of Polish consumers and their competence with regard to supporting sustainable development.  ...  waste about 2 million tons of food a year.  ... 
doi:10.30970/vir.2016.39.0.423 fatcat:dwpcd7dambgghmpfqahef7bjqi

Health, wealth and behavioural change: an exploration of role responsibilities in the wake of epigenetics

Danya F. Vears, Flavio D'Abramo
2017 Journal of Community Genetics  
Knowledge about these types of epigenetic traits might therefore allow us to move away from a genetic deterministic perspective, and provide individuals with the opportunity to change their health status  ...  Epigenetic phenomena work in a number of ways: they can be established early in development, transmitted from previous generations and/or responsive to environmental factors.  ...  , and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12687-017-0315-7 pmid:28726230 pmcid:PMC5849698 fatcat:r2bdwqohpnaqhl7arvgxdywkei

Designing behaviourally informed policies for land stewardship: A new paradigm

Don W Hine, R Crofts, John Becker
2015 International Journal of Rural Law and Policy  
This paper argues the case for a new approach to the stewardship of land resources that uses behavioural science theory to support the design and application of policies that facilitate changes in behaviour  ...  by those who develop policy and the farmers who implement it.  ...  Behaviour change models To develop effective policy, it is not sufficient to identify key drivers and barriers of behaviour -as behavioural models attempt to do.  ... 
doi:10.5130/ijrlp.i1.2015.4365 fatcat:4pkrr7k63ncdxgkvpfswptmabe

Anti-Democratic Tenets? Behavioural-Economic Imaginaries of a Future Food System

Tobias Gumbert
2019 Politics and Governance  
From a food democracy perspective, these dangers may undermine efforts to organise collective political action and impede alternative visions of a future food system.  ...  individual behaviour) for sustainable behaviour change in the context of food governance, potentially complicating a democratisation of the food system.  ...  Acknowledgments I would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editors of this thematic issue, Basil Bornemann and Sabine Weiland, for their valuable feedback and comments.  ... 
doi:10.17645/pag.v7i4.2216 fatcat:4pyy272rdrc45oub36iovpqao4

From libertarian paternalism to liberalism: behavioural science and policy in an age of new technology

Dario Krpan, Milan Urbaník
2021 Behavioural Public Policy  
More specifically, people would decide themselves which behaviours they want to change and select the technologies they want to use for this purpose, and the role of policy makers would be to develop transparent  ...  Behavioural science has been effectively used by policy makers in various domains, from health to savings.  ...  Future potential The use and effectiveness of self-quantification in behavioural public policy will likely depend on two future developments: (1) the extent to which policy makers integrate self-quantification  ... 
doi:10.1017/bpp.2021.40 fatcat:wpmvlowm4jct7d52duemx24awa

Paternalism, behavioural economics, irrationality and state failure

Mark Pennington
2016 European Journal of Political Theory  
Supermarkets and chocolate manufacturers may nudge us towards the 'wrong foods' but these actions may be counteracted by the fashion and health industries nudging us to stay slim.  ...  raised by the 'behavioural revolution' and the challenges this offers to standard rational choice models.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1474885116647853 fatcat:g7bv4arzsnczbnmalm7hjv4lxe

Theoretical perspectives on pro-environmental behaviours

2017 Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov: Series VII: Social Sciences, Law  
The paper outlines a synthesis of the models (The rationalist models, models based on Theory of Reasoned Action/ Theory of Planned Behavior, prosocial models) and antecedents of pro-environmental behaviors  ...  the predictive role of values when it comes to pro-environmental behaviour.  ...  The premise that being informed about the consequences of negative environmental behaviours determines us to avoid such behaviours often proves to be false.  ... 
doaj:5ebe63efcafe45b98d8ad488e96e02e1 fatcat:nliitk32ljeirfjok2h4izizqi
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