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Using MPEG standards for multimedia customization

João Magalhães, Fernando Pereira
2004 Signal processing. Image communication  
This paper addresses the problem of multimedia customization by (1) presenting the MPEG-7 multimedia content description standard and the MPEG-21 multimedia framework; (2) classifying multimedia customization  ...  processing algorithms; (3) discussing multimedia customization systems; and (4) presenting some customization experiments. r  ...  In the context of the MPEG-21 multimedia framework, the main entities are Users and Digital Items, see Fig. 1 : * An MPEG-21 User is any entity that interacts within the multimedia framework: it can be  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.image.2004.02.004 fatcat:fb77gnxwrrhgjl33s77lnhetdi

Combining MPEG Tools to Generate Video Summaries Adapted to the Terminal and Network

L. Herranz, J. M. Martinez
2012 Computer journal  
The MPEG-4 Scalable Video Coding specification is used for fast adaptation and summary bitstream generation.  ...  In this paper, the combined use of tools from different MPEG standards is described in the context of a video summarization application.  ...  in MPEG-21 DIA.  ... 
doi:10.1093/comjnl/bxs104 fatcat:pcdqa7oyrbev7f6etdkzv2ikny

CAIN-21: Automatic adaptation decisions and extensibility in an MPEG-21 adaptation engine

Fernando Lopez, Jose Martinez, Narciso Garcia
2013 International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence  
To drive the adaptation, it uses the description tools and implied ontology established by MPEG-21.  ...  This paper presents the progress and final state of CAIN-21, an extensible and metadata driven multimedia adaptation in the MPEG-21 framework.  ...  To drive the adaptation, CAIN-21 uses four DIA description tools. Only the Content DI and DIA description tools follow fully the MPEG-21 recommendations.  ... 
doi:10.9781/ijimai.2013.241 fatcat:vfuce645n5gl3aix4of34aapqu

Advanced delivery of sensitive multimedia content for better serving user expectations in Virtual Collaboration applications

Maria Teresa Andrade, Safak Dogan, Anna Carreras, Vitor Barbosa, Hemantha Kodikara Arachchi, Jaime Delgado, Ahmet M. Kondoz
2011 Multimedia tools and applications  
This paper describes the use of a context-aware and Digital Rights Management (DRM)-enabled content adaptation platform towards meeting these challenges.  ...  Descriptions of use cases implemented by the platform in heterogeneous VC environments are provided.  ...  The work presented was partially developed within VISNET II, a European Network of Excellence (, funded under the European Commission IST FP6 programme.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11042-011-0749-6 fatcat:yezqaz3owzgxhp6v43g6nfqwvy

Utility function for semantic video content adaptation

Vanessa El-Khoury, Nadia Bennani, David Coquil
2010 Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Information Integration and Web-based Applications & Services - iiWAS '10  
To this end, we define a utility function that computes a value for each possible adaptation operation. We represent our utility function using the MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation (DIA) tools.  ...  This facilitates the integration of semantic constraints with other types of constraints in MPEG-21 Universal Constraint Description format.  ...  Definition 5 (Utility) As defined in MPEG-21 DIA [2] , the utility u is a measurement of the quality of the video resulting from an adaptation operation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1967486.1967649 dblp:conf/iiwas/El-KhouryBC10 fatcat:fw4ifzh245e45lt3mdei3p2y2y

Digital item adaptation: overview of standardization and research activities

A. Vetro, C. Timmerer
2005 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation (DIA) has recently been finalized as part of the MPEG-21 Multimedia Framework.  ...  Abstract-MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation (DIA) has recently been finalized as part of the MPEG-21 Multimedia Framework.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors thank all of those who have been involved in bringing this part of the MPEG-21 standard to completion, in particular S. Devillers, who served as a co-editor.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2005.846795 fatcat:q7fop3vawbhv3gxz5ljs67ndha

MPEG-21: The 21st century multimedia framework

J. Bormans, J. Gelissen, A. Perkis
2003 IEEE Signal Processing Magazine  
Acknowledgments We would like to thank the following: Keith Hill (Rightscom, UK) for his guidance in the process of MPEG-21 requirements definition and his contributions to ISO/IEC 21000-1; Kate Grant  ...  Although MPEG-21 was started based on the requirements of concrete use cases, it is now better understood which innovative use cases can benefit from MPEG-21 technology.  ...  Based on the requirements set out in [10] and on enhanced requirements resulting from new use cases, MPEG-21 is addressing the standardization of new technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1109/msp.2003.1184339 fatcat:dtdd3hf5tfc2pp4hihq3q6gwgy

MuMiVA: A Multimedia Delivery Platform Using Format-Agnostic, XML-Driven Content Adaptation

Davy Van Deursen, Sarah De Bruyne, Wim Van Lancker, Wesley De Neve, Davy De Schrijver, Hermann Hellwagner, Rik Van de Walle
2007 Ninth IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia (ISM 2007)  
MPEG-21 generic Bitstream Syntax Schema (gBS Schema) is a tool that is part of the MPEG-21 Multimedia Framework.  ...  Therefore, format-independent adaptation engines have to be used within a multimedia delivery platform, which are able to adapt the multimedia content according to a certain usage environment, independent  ...  by Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT), the Fund for Scientific Research-Flanders (FWO-Flanders), the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BFSPO), and the European Union.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ism.2007.4412366 dblp:conf/ism/DeursenBLNSHW07 fatcat:vzhcgv4lgjdt7o7oxbl5mk4zii

Context-Aware and DRM-Enabled Content Adaptation Platform for Collaboration Applications

Anna Carreras, Vitor Barbosa, Hemantha Kodikara Arachchi, Safak Dogan, Maria Andrade, Jaime Delgado, Eva Rodriguez, Ahmed Kondoz
2009 IEEE Multimedia  
Based on MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation (DIA) and a profiling approach, a flexible technique is presented to express context.  ...  The use of standards and ontologies, and the distributed modular architecture of the platform guarantee interoperability, flexibility and scalability.  ...  Our platform uses the profiles based on MPEG-21 DIA UED specification to represent this context.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmul.2009.61 fatcat:e5o73cbyufdgfl3l6kbllpij2i

Architectures and Technologies for Adapting Secured Content in Governed Multimedia Applications

Anna Carreras, Eva Rodriguez, Safak Dogan, Hemantha Kodikara Arachchi, Xavier Perramon, Jaime Delgado, Ahmed Kondoz
2011 IEEE Multimedia  
Two use cases are discussed in order to address governance, protection and adaptation requirements in surveillance applications.  ...  Video Surveillance is the application scenario chosen for further illustrating the use of the proposed architecture.  ...  in MPEG-21 DIA.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmul.2011.2 fatcat:yiyarllsszagporuzed5ooa6dm

Rate-distortion-complexity modeling for network and receiver aware adaptation

M. van der Schaar, Y. Andreopoulos
2005 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
Alternatively, part 7 of the MPEG-21 standard entitled Digital Item Adaptation (DIA) defines description tools to guide the multimedia adaptation process based on both the network conditions and the available  ...  Index Terms-Complexity modeling, MPEG-21 digital item adaptation, rate-distortion optimization, video streaming.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the associate editors, Prof. F. Pereira and Dr. A.Vetro, for their valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2005.846790 fatcat:atvhbqotcnf6lm5sgrbdfdod4u

Towards a Fully MPEG-21 Compliant Adaptation Engine: Complementary Description Tools and Architectural Models [chapter]

Fernando López, José M. Martínez, Narciso García
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper develops a number of aspects of metadata-driven adaptation within the MPEG-21 framework that we consider are not clearly covered in the standard.  ...  Besides, we offer a group of architectural design patterns along with a pragmatic group of considerations that we have gathered during the development of our MPEG-21 compliant adaptation engine.  ...  , scalable coding or summarizing media resources).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14758-6_13 fatcat:gqsyjhryjvdqxiv72ztgvw5ihy

Video Adaptation: Concepts, Technologies, and Open Issues

Shih-Fu Chang, A. Vetro
2005 Proceedings of the IEEE  
., adaptation, resource, and utility), and formulation of video adaptation as constrained optimization problems. A taxonomy is used to classify different types of adaptation techniques.  ...  and user preferences while optimizing the overall utility of the video.  ...  Wang and A. Huang for their editorial help.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2004.839600 fatcat:zat37yg42jberki6aozdoejapu

Content on demand video adaptation based on MPEG-21 digital item adaptation

Min Xu, Xiangjian He, Yu Peng, Jesse S Jin, Suhuai Luo, Liang-Tien Chia, Yusuo Hu
2012 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
We implement the above-mentioned MPEG-7 and MPEG-21 standards and provide a generic video adaptation solution. Adaptation based on gBSD avoids complex video computation.  ...  Then, to achieve a generic adaptation solution, the adaptation is developed following MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation (DIA) framework.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported by NATIONAL NATURAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION OF CHINA NO. 61003161 and UTS ECR GRANT.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-104 fatcat:hiozbayl35fybcgakcnvhbzx5q

Multimedia content modeling and personalization

M.C. Angelides
2003 IEEE Multimedia  
either manually or automatically through direct obersvation of user behavior; retrieving and filtering content through the user profiles; and adapting the filtered content to fit usage conditions and  ...  The rest of this article introduces the field of content modeling and personalization.  ...  MPEG-21's Digital Item adaptation (DIA) enables standardized description of a digital object-including metadata-as a structured Digital Item independent of media nature, type, or granularity.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmul.2003.1237546 fatcat:yqltot223nbprgrgezkziohrve
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