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Investigating the Essential of Meaningful Automated Formative Feedback for Programming Assignments

Qiang Hao, Jack P Wilson, Camille Ottaway, Naitra Iriumi, Kai Arakawa, David H Smith
2019 2019 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages and Human-Centric Computing (VL/HCC)  
Hints were not found to be impactful on student performance or their usage of automated feedback. Based on the findings, this study provides practical guidance on the design of automated feedback.  ...  Three different types of feedback were tested, including (a) What's wrong - what test cases were testing and which failed, (b) Gap - comparisons between expected and actual outputs, and (c) Hint - hints  ...  Hints were not found impactful on student performance or their usage of automated feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1109/vlhcc.2019.8818922 dblp:conf/vl/HaoWOIAS19 fatcat:towwaq2p5fbb7od5aaitwblwom

A Systematic Literature Review of Gameful Feedback in Computer Science Education

Nico Willert, the Information Systems Institute, University Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
2021 International Journal of Information and Education Technology  
The relevant papers were identified by a combination of search-terms and analyzed according to a defined scope, that focuses on formative and summative feedback.  ...  However, a contextualized usage of these elements is still underrepresented in the current research.  ...  For this purpose, automated code assessment can be viewed as an aspect of feedback that can be used in different formative or summative ways.  ... 
doi:10.18178/ijiet.2021.11.10.1551 fatcat:gygt4iet7vgill77rwy5bwrtpa

Finding Anomalies in Scratch Assignments [article]

Nina Körber, Katharina Geldreich, Andreas Stahlbauer, Gordon Fraser
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In programming education, teachers need to monitor and assess the progress of their students by investigating the code they write.  ...  Code quality of programs written in traditional programming languages can be automatically assessed with automated tests, verification tools, or linters.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work is supported by DFG project FR 2955/3-1 "Testing, Debugging, and Repairing Blocks-based Programs".  ... 
arXiv:2102.07446v1 fatcat:a7ejdaxad5d2jdj7abizmnehzy

Identifying High-Level Student Behavior Using Sequence-based Motif Discovery

David H. Shanabrook, David G. Cooper, Beverly Park Woolf, Ivon Arroyo
2010 Educational Data Mining  
The categorized motifs can be used in real-time detection of student behaviors in the tutor system.  ...  We describe a data mining technique for the discovery of student behavior patterns while using a tutoring system. Student actions are logged during tutor sessions.  ...  We will compare a number of different motif window sizes in order to understand the time scale of problem behavior patterns.  ... 
dblp:conf/edm/ShanabrookCWA10 fatcat:7bi6nf4menfkxgv6r52n2duv4y

Evaluating E-Assessment for Exercises that Require Higher-Order Cognitive Skills

Tim A. Majchrzak, Claus A. Usener
2012 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
Results are discussed and generalized to propose future requirements for broadening the scope of advanced e-assessment systems. 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 978-0-7695-4525  ...  EASy is a system that provides e-assessments with a focus on computer science and mathematics exercises in courses taught in IS and BISE degree programs.  ...  Furthermore, they liked EASy's premarking of code: specifically the hints on potential erroneous program code were praised.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2012.252 dblp:conf/hicss/MajchrzakU12 fatcat:x7l2j56gozfenj2atwebvhfbxe

Analysis of Learner Independent Variables for Estimating Assessment Items Difficulty Level [article]

Shilpi Banerjee, N.J.Rao
2022 arXiv   pre-print
These variables, which are not completely independent of one another, are categorized into learner dependent, learner independent, generic, non-generic and score based.  ...  ), two content related variables (number of concepts and procedures) and one task variable (number of conditions).  ...  Task, content and stimulus variables are identified for estimating assessment item difficulty level by grouping similar variables based on their usage and implementation.  ... 
arXiv:2206.04416v1 fatcat:fu6f7qldwzbkxox372umhye6my

Communication skills supervisors' monitoring of history-taking performance: an observational study on how doctors and non-doctors use cues to prepare feedback

Michaela Wagner-Menghin, Anique B. H. de Bruin, Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
2020 BMC Medical Education  
Twenty-one supervisors watched a video of a patient interview, choose scenes for feedback, and explained their selection.  ...  We adapted a cue-utilization model to studying supervisors' cue-usage when preparing feedback and compared doctors' and non-doctors' cue usage.  ...  Both groups also refrain from using the emerging summative behaviour cues thus confirming the similar usage of this type of cue (Hypothesis 4).  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12909-019-1920-4 pmid:32028941 pmcid:PMC7006145 fatcat:odsv3lddljay7mgcsnewlreoza

Self-regulated Mobile Learning and Assessment: An Evaluation of Assessment Interfaces

Melisa Koorsse, Werner Anton Olivier, Jean Greyling
2014 Journal of Information Technology Education Innovations in Practice  
Learners are able to assess their knowledge of learning content and, through repeated assessment and high-quality feedback, close the gap between their current performance and the performance goals of  ...  The results of the study identify key findings with regards to learner motivation to retake assessments and the importance of identifying performance goals and access to solutions.  ...  Thank you to Charl van der Merwe (Department of Computing Sciences, NMMU) for support and technical assistance regarding the deployment of the application.  ... 
doi:10.28945/2087 fatcat:cqaj75yobnh7hebe2izxukfzpq

Automatic Grading Tool for Jupyter Notebooks in Artificial Intelligence Courses

Cristian D. González-Carrillo, Felipe Restrepo-Calle, Jhon J. Ramírez-Echeverry, Fabio A. González
2021 Sustainability  
Results remarked on the importance of providing clear grading code and formative feedback to help the students to identify errors and correct them.  ...  This paper presents UNCode notebook auto-grader, that offers summative and formative feedback instantaneously.  ...  In the context of assessment tools, these categories of feedback can be associated with summative and formative feedback, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su132112050 fatcat:mc3qe7gpuvaoxffttmjvgrutim

Role of Educational Leadership in Confronting Classroom Assessment Inequities, Biased Practices, and a Pedagogy of Poverty [chapter]

Connie M. Moss
2020 Handbook on Promoting Social Justice in Education  
Summative assessments are part of a complex process of collecting evidence of student learning and drawing high-stakes conclusions based on that evidence.  ...  The purpose of assessment is not to compare one student or one district to anotherthose disadvantaged to those privileged by their zip codes, for example.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-14625-2_147 fatcat:cb3mwgcj35d4xogryume3o3mfi

Affective States and State Tests: Investigating How Affect and Engagement during the School Year Predict End-of-Year Learning Outcomes

Zach A Pardos, Ryan S.J.D Baker, Maria San Pedro, Sujith M Gowda, Supreeth M Gowda
2014 Journal of Learning Analytics  
Affect and behaviour detectors are used to estimate student affective states and behaviour based on post-hoc analysis of tutor log-data.  ...  In this paper, we investigate the correspondence between student affect and behavioural engagement in a web-based tutoring platform throughout the school year and learning outcomes at the end of the year  ...  The features for the gaming detector included the use of a bottom-out hint in the clip, the number of hint usages for that clip, the average hint counts for a skill in that clip, the total number of actions  ... 
doi:10.18608/jla.2014.11.6 fatcat:l5fbw5qpe5cvhkxigo4a27rt5u

Using Instruction-Embedded Formative Assessment to Predict State Summative Test Scores and Achievement Levels in Mathematics

Guoguo Zheng, Stephen E. Fancsali, Steven Ritter, Susan R. Berman
2019 Journal of Learning Analytics  
and to determine their mastery of the topics presented. • The assessment embedded in adaptive systems is a type of formative assessment, but we can also use it to make summative conclusions about what  ...  and discrete achievement levels on assessments used for accountability purposes.  ...  Carnegie Learning thanks Miami-Dade County Public Schools and Ilia Molina for providing substantial amounts of data over the past 3+ years.  ... 
doi:10.18608/jla.2019.62.11 fatcat:w6qa3zpma5c3vdecajr73dgtr4

Artificial intelligence in educational assessment: 'Breakthrough? Or buncombe and ballyhoo?'

John Gardner, Michael O'Leary, Li Yuan
2021 Journal of Computer Assisted Learning  
In evaluating the state of play of Artificial Intelligence in formative and summative educational assessment, this paper offers a critical perspective on the two core applications: automated essay scoring  ...  on the analysis of the large volumes of process data being captured from digital assessment contexts.  ...  Arguably, however, there is limited prospect of these formative assessment techniques migrating any time soon from Thille et al's small-scale on-line environments (ITS, coding practice and MOOC usage)  ... 
doi:10.1111/jcal.12577 fatcat:ce72lqy5kbd3tbmxet4m7fe2zm

The Affective Experience of Novice Computer Programmers

Nigel Bosch, Sidney D'Mello
2015 International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education  
Further, confusion and frustration followed errors and preceded hint usage, while curiosity and engagement followed reading or coding.  ...  Implications of the results to theory on affect incidence and dynamics and on the design of affect-aware learning environments are discussed.  ...  Any opinions, findings and conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of NSF.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40593-015-0069-5 fatcat:b4unbgwohfbzfbokwluzudgwoq

Five days without a smartphone. Smartphone use and subjective well-being: Results from a study comparing normal use with a deprivation condition

Susann Kohout, Christina Schumann
2020 SCM. Studies in Communication and Media  
Taken together, non-usage seems to cause isolation and low subjective well-being.  ...  However, results from the deprivation part of the study indicate that in sum, satisfaction with social relations clearly worsened when not using a smartphone.  ...  Therefore, the following analyses are based on 420 situational questionnaires (210 each in Phases 1 and 2) and 110 summative daily questionnaires (55 each in Phases 1 and 2).  ... 
doi:10.5771/2192-4007-2020-3-394 fatcat:ivkd55iijjacnd3unbxbissm34
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