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A brief introduction to Ada

Anthony Gargaro
1993 The second ACM SIGPLAN conference on History of programming languages - HOPL-II  
Thus, a generic unit is a template from which a specific unit may be created through generic instantiation. Ada is a strongly typed language.  ...  As consequence, the type consistency of all unit interfaces of an application are checked prior to its execution. Composite types in Ada include array and record types.  ... 
doi:10.1145/154766.155380 fatcat:54dhemhtevgkdf2rff4jjzyfim

Crosslinguistic Influence in the Discrimination of Korean Stop Contrast by Heritage Speakers and Second Language Learners

Yuhyeon Seo, Olga Dmitrieva, Alejandro Cuza
2022 Languages  
States (N = 20) and English-speaking learners of Korean as a second language (N = 20), as compared to native speakers of Korean immersed in the first language environment (N = 20), by using an AX discrimination  ...  The present study examines the extent of crosslinguistic influence from English as a dominant language in the perception of the Korean lenis–aspirated contrast among Korean heritage speakers in the United  ...  We are also grateful to April Ginther for sharing her expertise on fluency in second language speech. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/languages7010006 fatcat:ags5jyijvrelhoul5m63bzvdpq

Acoustic and neural bases for innate recognition of song

C. S. Whaling, M. M. Solis, A. J. Doupe, J. A. Soha, P. Marler
1997 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Although auditory neurons in the song nucleus HVc and the underlying neostriatum of f ledglings did not prefer conspecific song over foreign song, some neurons responded strongly to particular phrase types  ...  responses as strongly as did normal song.  ...  We thank the Bodega Marine Laboratory and the California Department of Parks and Recreation for permission to collect nest-lings; M. Brainard, N. Hessler, M. Konishi, and D.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.94.23.12694 pmid:9356512 pmcid:PMC25089 fatcat:7sirs7t3vvb3xd5cisaktmukwq

MORPHOLOGICAL AND SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF HYPHENATED WORDS IN ENGLISH

Shamsiyeva Nigora Zairovna
2021 Zenodo  
In this study, we argue that the hyphen use in compounds is strongly motivated.  ...  The current study adopts a new perspective on contextual factors, namely, which part of speech (PoS) the compound as a whole belongs to and how people correctly parse a compound into a unit.  ...  Furthermore, hyphenation in compounds is likely to be preserved in language. However, hyphenated expressions tend to lose their hyphens when language users become familiar with them.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5527525 fatcat:yh47efoaw5gzjo2kvitw6lnw54

Sensitive Period of Auditory Perception and Linguistic Discrimination

Kyung-Whan Cha, Hannah Jo
2014 Phonetics and Speech Sciences  
This study utilizes two types of experiments (auditory perception and linguistic phoneme discrimination) with five different age groups (5 years, 6-8 years, 9-13 years, 15-17 years, and 20-26 years) of  ...  This finding strongly implies that human auditory ability is a key factor for the sensitive period of language acquisition.  ...  The test sheet was written in English. The chosen sample phonemes and recordings were reviewed by a Chinese native speaker. The phonemes were recorded in a quiet room and saved in MP3 format.  ... 
doi:10.13064/ksss.2014.6.1.059 fatcat:m4r3yelc7zhgtlcenfrmmbkoua

A stylometric analysis of conversational speech of aphasic patients

D. Holmes, S. Singh
1996 Literary and Linguistic Computing  
in a clinical situation and which may suggest ways of tackling lexical deficit.  ...  In general, existing lexical tests carried out in speech therapy clinics deal with the ability to recognise written words and to name pictures of objects.  ...  Pam Enderby, Director of the Speech and Language Therapy Research Unit, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, for their advice and assistance throughout the course of this research.  ... 
doi:10.1093/llc/11.3.133 fatcat:friumvemifgyfkpxh3pa54m54y

The association of cumulative discrimination on quality of care, patient-centered care, and dissatisfaction with care in adults with type 2 diabetes

David M. Cykert, Joni S. Williams, Rebekah J. Walker, Kimberly S. Davis, Leonard E. Egede
2017 Journal of diabetes and its complications  
This study investigated the influence of cumulative perceived discrimination on quality of care, patent-centeredness, and dissatisfaction with care in adults with type 2 diabetes.  ...  In final adjusted analyses, lower patient-centered care was associated with a higher discrimination score (β=−0.28; p=0.006), reporting at least 1 category of discrimination (β=−1.47; p=0.002), and reporting  ...  Acknowledgments Funding Source: This study was supported by Grant K24DK093699 from The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (PI: Leonard Egede).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2016.09.012 pmid:27769800 pmcid:PMC5209248 fatcat:k4o24p3wxvdvxpl6u7rodjjhni

Motor excitability during visual perception of known and unknown spoken languages

Swathi Swaminathan, Mairéad MacSweeney, Rowan Boyles, Dafydd Waters, Kate E. Watkins, Riikka Möttönen
2013 Brain and Language  
It is possible to comprehend speech and discriminate languages by viewing a speaker's articulatory movements.  ...  Both groups were able to discriminate between speech movements related to a known (i.e., English) and unknown (i.e., Hebrew) language.  ...  ., by Wellcome Trust Career Development Fellowship to M.M. and by Wellcome Trust Project Grant to K.E.W and R.M.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2013.03.002 pmid:23644583 pmcid:PMC3682190 fatcat:5wp7agluxzfcdjlzwsk7dg3i2q

The perception of language-specific phonetic categories does not guarantee accurate phonological representations in the lexicon of early bilinguals

MARK AMENGUAL
2015 Applied Psycholinguistics  
identification and discrimination tasks, they have difficulties distinguishing between words and nonwords in a lexical decision task.  ...  Results from binary forced-choice identification, AX discrimination, and lexical decision tasks show that even though these early and highly proficient bilinguals demonstrate a high accuracy in perceptual  ...  The correlations between BLP score and error rate when categorizing the /e/-type, /ɛ/-type, /o/-type, and /ɔ/-type stimuli are presented in Table 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0142716415000557 fatcat:5tcfna7ez5drdpmvos3qq2z2sy

Lexical exposure to native language dialects can improve non-native phonetic discrimination

Annie J. Olmstead, Navin Viswanathan
2017 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
Nonnative phonetic learning is an area of great interest for language researchers, learners, and educators alike.  ...  In two studies, we examined whether nonnative phonetic discrimination of Hindi dental and retroflex stops can be improved by exposure to lexical items bearing the critical nonnative stops.  ...  At the time of recording, she had lived in the United States for 8 months and reported that 90% of her current language use was English.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-017-1396-3 pmid:29086159 fatcat:2j6ldymr3vaqzaj7nathiqksiq

When does native language input affect phonetic perception? The precocious case of lexical tone

H. Henny Yeung, Ke Heng Chen, Janet F. Werker
2013 Journal of Memory and Language  
All Chineselearners discriminated the tones, but showed language-specific differences in tone preferences at both ages.  ...  Previous studies have suggested that the perception of vowels and consonants changes from language-universal to language-specific between 6 and 12 months of age.  ...  Aslin and J.F.W., and a fellowship from the Fondation Fyssen to H.H.Y.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2012.09.004 fatcat:pp4iyyaejzbi5j6khnts24l5ji

Effects of Persian Language Quantitative Characteristics of Rhythm on Children's English Songs

Vahideh Abolhasanizadeh, Mozhgan Zaiim
2015 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
by Iranian children between 3 to 5 years of age, which had been recorded with a Shure microphone in a silent room, have been measured.  ...  One of the quantitative rhythmic differences between stress and syllable timed languages have been demonstrated by Grabe and Low (2002) .  ...  Recordings were made of 10 children of Persian native speakers in a quiet room .The songs were recorded by a shure Microphone and a Praat software.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.115 fatcat:rrdof4nezrcavejxqdapsu2wua

Type hierarchies and Semantic Data Models

Antonio Albano
1983 Proceedings of the 1983 ACM SIGPLAN symposium on Programming language issues in software systems - SIGPLAN '83  
The solution is presented using the language Galileo, a strongly typed, interactive programming language specifically designed for database applications.  ...  This paper shows that when using a strongly typed programming language, that language should support the notion of type hierarchies to achieve a full integration of Semantic Data Models abstraction mechanisms  ...  User defined concrete types are tuples (record), sequences, discriminated unions (variants), modifiable values (references) and functions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/800226.806864 fatcat:eo6ans3o6jhjpb6tmbozwt5wey

New Insights Into Old Puzzles From Infants' Categorical Discrimination of Soundless Phonetic Units

Stephanie A. Baker, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Laura-Ann Petitto
2006 Language Learning and Development  
initial capacity and classic developmental shift in infant categorical discrimination of native and nonnative (foreign language) phonetic units in speech.  ...  For 4 decades, serious scientific debate has persisted as to whether infants' remarkable capacity to detect and categorize phonetic units is derived from language-specific mechanisms or whether this capacity  ...  We are also very grateful to Jennifer Groh and Yale Cohen for their insightful comments on earlier versions of this article and for extending this study with us to include single-cell recording in the  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15473341lld0203_1 pmid:19823599 pmcid:PMC2759762 fatcat:yiz5du7apbbdlkvs4pf6d2bxdu

Type hierarchies and Semantic Data Models

Antonio Albano
1983 SIGPLAN notices  
The solution is presented using the language Galileo, a strongly typed, interactive programming language specifically designed for database applications.  ...  This paper shows that when using a strongly typed programming language, that language should support the notion of type hierarchies to achieve a full integration of Semantic Data Models abstraction mechanisms  ...  User defined concrete types are tuples (record), sequences, discriminated unions (variants), modifiable values (references) and functions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/872728.806864 fatcat:sg6v77ecubfy5idvpi6j2m64fm
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