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Understanding understanding source code with functional magnetic resonance imaging

Janet Siegmund, Christian Kästner, Sven Apel, Chris Parnin, Anja Bethmann, Thomas Leich, Gunter Saake, André Brechmann
2014 Proceedings of the 36th International Conference on Software Engineering - ICSE 2014  
In this paper, we explore whether functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which is well established in cognitive neuroscience, is feasible to more directly measure program comprehension.  ...  In a controlled experiment, we observed 17 participants inside an fMRI scanner while they were comprehending short source-code snippets, which we contrasted with locating syntax errors.  ...  CONCLUSION To shed light on the process of program comprehension, we used a relatively new technique: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).  ... 
doi:10.1145/2568225.2568252 dblp:conf/icse/SiegmundKAPBLSB14 fatcat:vto2k254kvejphdyzj3w2baile

Understanding Understanding Source Code with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Janet Siegmund, Christian Kästner, Sven Apel, Chris Parnin, Anja Bethmann
2018
In this paper, we explore whether functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which is well established in cognitive neuroscience, is feasible to soundly measure program comprehension.  ...  In a controlled experiment, we observed 17 participants inside an fMRI scanner while they were comprehending short source-code snippets, which we contrasted with locating syntax errors.  ...  CONCLUSION To shed light on the process of program comprehension, we used a relatively new technique: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).  ... 
doi:10.1184/r1/6626357 fatcat:yyg4w6q55vaxnhfudgu3mzcmwe

Toward measuring program comprehension with functional magnetic resonance imaging

Janet Siegmund, André Brechmann, Sven Apel, Christian Kästner, Jörg Liebig, Thomas Leich, Gunter Saake
2012 Proceedings of the ACM SIGSOFT 20th International Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering - FSE '12  
In neuroscience, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is used to visualize such internal cognitive processes. We propose an experimental design to measure program comprehension based on fMRI.  ...  In neuroscience, researchers use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to observe cognitive processes since 1991 [1] .  ...  First, source code needs to be short enough to fit on a screen that is typically used within a magnetic resonance scanner (from here on referred to as scanner).  ... 
doi:10.1145/2393596.2393624 dblp:conf/sigsoft/SiegmundBAKLLS12 fatcat:ch577gmqhjaddfsv3b3z64frmm

Investigation on the Structure of Ventricular Mass Using Magnetic Resonance Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Changqing Gao, Weihua Ye, Libing Li, Tao Zhang, Chonglei Ren, Liuquan Cheng, Junlan Yan
2009 Heart Surgery Forum  
In this study, we used magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (MRDTI) in an attempt to determine whether the ventricular mass is arranged in the form of a helical ventricular myocardial band (HVMB  ...  The pig hearts were scanned with single-shot echo planar imaging and sensitivityencoding scans (TE/TRZ78.5/10000 ms) with diffusionsensitized gradients (b = 800 s/mm 2 ) along 6 directions.  ...  Color-coded magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging of a cross section of a normal heart. A, Different scan levels on short-axis slices.  ... 
doi:10.1532/hsf98.20081118 pmid:19383593 fatcat:xy6hywofifbupb2hsq6b3rnvxy

The Challenge of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

William F. Eddy, Mark Fitzgerald, Christopher Genovese, Nicole Lazar, Audris Mockus, Joel Welling
1999 Journal of Computational And Graphical Statistics  
Recent developments in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have greatly increased the speed with which images of the human brain can be formed and this makes it suitable  ...  As such, fMRI promises to play a vital role in discerning the functional organization of the brain. 2 Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) for studying brain functions.  ...  to understand and localize these functions.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1390875 fatcat:bp76nhp2prbslmr476aaktnpk4

The Challenge of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

William F. Eddy, Mark Fitzgerald, Christopher Genovese, Nicole Lazar, Audris Mockus, Joel Welling
1999 Journal of Computational And Graphical Statistics  
Recent developments in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have greatly increased the speed with which images of the human brain can be formed and this makes it suitable  ...  As such, fMRI promises to play a vital role in discerning the functional organization of the brain. 2 Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) for studying brain functions.  ...  to understand and localize these functions.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10618600.1999.10474832 fatcat:wymzi4vfabh6vh4h2xcxjx46ju

Development of a Clinical Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Service

Laura Rigolo, Emily Stern, Pamela Deaver, Alexandra J. Golby, Srinivasan Mukundan
2011 Neurosurgery clinics of North America  
Of the many techniques available to the surgeon, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become the primary modality of choice due to the ability of MRI to serve as a "one-stop shop" for assessing  ...  One of the limitations of anatomical based imaging approaches is its relative inability to identify whether specific brain functions may be compromised by the location of brain lesions or contemplated  ...  The phenomenon was further leveraged with the development of BOLD functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 1990 (19) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nec.2011.01.001 pmid:21435578 pmcid:PMC3556930 fatcat:f3dqofjonzfurk7w3d7fw4wkiu

Safety and magnetic resonance imaging

I Moseley
1994 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
MARCELA Safety and magnetic resonance imaging Avoid imagingpatients with metal objects in their body Magnetic resonance imaging entails a strong static magnetic field and changing magnetic and radiofrequency  ...  Prosthetic heart valves are compatible with magnetic resonance imaging,5 although they were originally believed not to be so.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.308.6938.1181 pmid:8180529 pmcid:PMC2540060 fatcat:gw7e6g52vrhdxflaztiljhmuvy

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Perry Sprawls, Gary Sayed
2001 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Perry Sprawls. 173 pp. Medical Physics Publish Ritenour E.  ...  Russell Magnetic Resonance Imaging contains 15 chapters that are extensively outlined in the Contents section.  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.1369118 fatcat:ebjhcoo2ljhxfk4atyb5r4j4cu

Imaging: Magnetic bacteria on a diamond plate

Mihály Pósfai, Rafal E. Dunin-Borkowski
2013 Nature  
Second, it may be possible to adapt several other magnetic imaging techniques, including SQUID microscopy, electron holography and magnetic resonance imaging, to achieve similar results in ambient conditions  ...  See Letters p.494 & p.498 future uses of this imaging approach. First, the spatial resolution depends on the distance between the diamond surface and the source of the magnetic field.  ...  Two papers in this issue 1,2 , reporting the sequence of the zebrafish genome and the isolation of disruptive mutations in more than 10,000 protein-coding genes, add to other recent studies [3] [4] [5  ... 
doi:10.1038/496442a pmid:23619690 fatcat:pponisqn7fe7zblsf7f3xzhwkq

Scimitar Syndrome: Added Value by Isotropic Flow-Sensitive Four-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging With PC-VIPR (Phase-Contrast Vastly Undersampled Isotropic Projection Reconstruction)

A. Frydrychowicz, B. Landgraf, O. Wieben, C. J. Francois
2010 Circulation  
The online-only Data Supplement is available with this article at http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/121/23/e434/DC1.  ...  With advanced magnetic resonance imaging approaches, simultaneous anatomic and functional hemodynamic imaging can be obtained by use of 4-dimensional flow-sensitive sequences such as PC-VIPR (phase-contrast  ...  Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, including 4-dimensional flow-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging, confirmed these findings but also identified additional cardiovascular abnormalities, including an  ... 
doi:10.1161/circulationaha.109.931857 pmid:20547935 fatcat:c5gu5vkpgbbmxhwvmwk5bxcsey

A Preliminary Insight into an Islamic Mechanism for Neuroethics

Azizan Baharuddin, Mohd Noor Musa, Sm Saifuddeen Sm Salleh
2016 Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences  
Like in the case of brain imaging technology, there is in need for proper explanation within Islamic and among the Muslim scientists/scholars on how Islamic beliefs, values, and practices might cumulatively  ...  provide 'different' meanings to the practice and application of this technology, or whether it is in line with the shari'ah - in the context of preservation of health and protection of disease.  ...  One fascinating technology is neuroimaging, especially functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) -a technology to understand how the brain's billions of neurons work together to produce thought, emotion  ... 
pmid:27540319 pmcid:PMC4975582 fatcat:4rrdvusow5cqhbgfurkhz77mly

OXSA: An open-source magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis toolbox in MATLAB

Lucian A. B. Purvis, William T. Clarke, Luca Biasiolli, Ladislav Valkovič, Matthew D. Robson, Christopher T. Rodgers, Andrea Motta
2017 PLoS ONE  
OPEN ACCESS Citation: Purvis LAB, Clarke WT, Biasiolli L, Valkovič L, Robson MD, Rodgers CT (2017) OXSA: An open-source magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis toolbox in MATLAB.  ...  In vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy provides insight into metabolism in the human body. New acquisition protocols are often proposed to improve the quality or efficiency of data collection.  ...  Introduction Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) aims to quantify metabolites to understand the biochemistry of the body [1] . Many different MRS acquisition methods have been proposed.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0185356 pmid:28938003 pmcid:PMC5609763 fatcat:njwikd4xifgbtlqh3jxmuioeze

Optical super-resonances in dielectric microsphere particles [article]

Zengbo Wang, Boris Lukyanchuk, Baidong Wu, Bing Yan, Ahmetova Assel, Igor Yaminsky, Haibo Yu, Lianqing Liu
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we aim to further advance our understanding of the super-resonance modes.  ...  Moreover, super-resonance-enabled focusing by microsphere lens under different lighting sources (e.g., different color LEDs or lasers, halogen lamps) is investigated and compared for the first time.  ...  Blue light source is found to be beneficial for super-resolution imaging.  ... 
arXiv:2203.05257v2 fatcat:apxolrsw5ffudgzgsfhufajxxe

X-ray pinhole camera setups used in the Atomki ECR Laboratory for plasma diagnostics

R. Rácz, S. Biri, J. Pálinkás, D. Mascali, G. Castro, C. Caliri, F. P. Romano, S. Gammino
2016 Review of Scientific Instruments  
Imaging of the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasmas by using CCD camera in combination with a pinhole is a non-destructive diagnostics method to record the strongly inhomogeneous spatial density  ...  Comparing to the 2002 experiment, this campaign used wider instrumental stock: CCD camera with a lead pinhole was placed at the injection side allowing X-ray imaging and beam extraction simultaneously.  ...  code.  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.4933085 pmid:26931959 fatcat:yay4ztkklvey7h4vi57rug3ytq
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