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Fairness via AI: Bias Reduction in Medical Information [article]

Shiri Dori-Hacohen, Roberto Montenegro, Fabricio Murai, Scott A. Hale, Keen Sung, Michela Blain, Jennifer Edwards-Johnson
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Specifically, we focus on inequities in health information, and aim to reduce bias in that domain using AI.  ...  The AI algorithms under the hood of search engines and social media, many of which are based on recommender systems, have an outsized impact on the quality of medical and health information online.  ...  Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
arXiv:2109.02202v1 fatcat:5jiza5jxejf3njh7yx7q3sexuy

Forensic clinicians' understanding of bias

Nina MacLean, Tess M.S. Neal, Robert D. Morgan, Daniel C. Murrie
2019 Psychology, public policy and law  
However, some psychologists reported little familiarity with actual biases, endorsed sham biases as real, failed to recognize effective bias mitigation strategies, and endorsed ineffective bias mitigation  ...  Bias, or systematic influences that create errors in judgment, can affect psychological evaluations in ways that lead to erroneous diagnoses and opinions.  ...  Forensic Clinicians' Understanding of Bias Bias and judgment errors are problematic in any profession, but in forensic mental health assessments, errors can undermine justice.  ... 
doi:10.1037/law0000212 fatcat:t6uuibwshfhalbs3xno3szqbgy

Cyberbullying and Children and Young People's Mental Health: A Systematic Map of Systematic Reviews

Irene Kwan, Kelly Dickson, Michelle Richardson, Wendy MacDowall, Helen Burchett, Claire Stansfield, Ginny Brunton, Katy Sutcliffe, James Thomas
2020 Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking  
Closer examination of the moderating factors influencing cyberbullying behaviors in future research can advance our understanding and inform the development of tailored programs of intervention to mitigate  ...  Topic-relevant bibliographic databases and online resources were searched to identify reviews published since 2007. Data were extracted using a coding tool developed for this study.  ...  Funding Information This report was commissioned by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Policy Research Programme (PRP) for the Department of Health and Social Care, UK.  ... 
doi:10.1089/cyber.2019.0370 pmid:31977251 pmcid:PMC7044782 fatcat:nbgnkgnxxvdblkn4iyzbqwxcmi

Living through the psychological consequences of COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review of effective mitigating interventions

Angkana Lekagul, Peeraya Piancharoen, Anamika Chattong, Chawisa Suradom, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
2022 BMJ Open  
ObjectiveThis review assesses interventions and their effectiveness in mitigating psychological consequences from pandemic.MethodPublished English literatures were searched from four databases (Medline  ...  These effective interventions can be applied and scaled up in other country settings through adaptation of modes of delivery suitable to country resources, pandemic and health system context.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors gratefully acknowledge the funding support from the Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI) under the Senior Research Scholar on Health Policy and System Research (  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2022-060804 pmid:35882462 pmcid:PMC9329730 fatcat:m3ujcrwgq5gdxlicfmq3rqp7h4

Barriers and Mitigating Strategies to Healthcare Access in Indigenous Communities of Canada: A Narrative Review

Nam Hoang Nguyen, Fatheema B. Subhan, Kienan Williams, Catherine B. Chan
2020 Healthcare  
Proximal barriers include geography, education attainment, and negative bias among healthcare professionals resulting in a lack of or inadequate immediate care in Indigenous communities.  ...  Several mitigation strategies initiated across Canada to address the inequitable health concerns include allocation of financial support for infrastructure development in Indigenous communities, increases  ...  Supplementary Materials: The following are available online at http://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/8/2/112/s1, Supplementary Table S1: Search words used in search engines and databases, Supplementary Table S2  ... 
doi:10.3390/healthcare8020112 pmid:32357396 pmcid:PMC7349010 fatcat:sv5qv2gu7jb6fdymxtppigurh4

Characterizing the Influence of Confirmation Bias on Web Search Behavior

Masaki Suzuki, Yusuke Yamamoto
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
In an online user study, we controlled confirmation bias by presenting prior information to participants that manipulated their impressions of health search topics and analyzed their behavioral logs during  ...  bias in webpage selection.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS MS and YY contributed to conception and design of the study. MS developed an experimental system and wrote the first draft of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.771948 pmid:34938242 pmcid:PMC8685219 fatcat:vv5t2cbddzhovjnusdwihe24qe

Undoing Racism and Mitigating Bias Among Healthcare Professionals: Lessons Learned During a Systematic Review

Tiffany N. Ricks, Christine Abbyad, Elizabeth Polinard
2021 Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities  
A considerable knowledge gap exists regarding effective methods, tools, and outcomes to use for undoing racism and mitigating bias in healthcare professionals.  ...  Research indicates that the implicit biases and racist attitudes of healthcare workers are fundamental contributing factors to race-based health inequities.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the members of ATCORHE, as well as the academic and community leaders who provided inspiration and invaluable support for this work.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40615-021-01137-x pmid:34480317 pmcid:PMC8415190 fatcat:flchstsn2vf65nky3f3uwnvn2e

Mitigating Bias in Algorithmic Systems - A Fish-Eye View

Kalia Orphanou, Jahna Otterbacher, Styliani Kleanthous, BATSUREN KHUYAGBAATAR, Fausto GIUNCHIGLIA, Veronika Bogina, Avital Shulner Tal, Alan Hartman, Tsvi Kuflik
2022 Zenodo  
Mitigating bias in algorithmic systems is a critical issue drawing attention across communities within the information and computer sciences.  ...  Given the complexity of the problem and the involvement of multiple stakeholders – including developers, end users and third-parties – there is a need to understand the landscape of the sources of bias  ...  [60] use a cross-platform audit technique that analyzed online ratings of hotels across three platforms, in order to understand how users perceived and managed biases in reviews.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6782985 fatcat:oc6qovumv5eszl5ukns4l3t6d4

Mitigating Bias in Algorithmic Systems - A Fish-Eye View

Kalia Orphanou, Jahna Otterbacher, Styliani Kleanthous, Khuyagbaatar Batsuren, Fausto Giunchiglia, Veronika Bogina, Avital Shulner-Tal, Alan Hartman, Tsvi Kuflik
2021 Zenodo  
Mitigating bias in algorithmic systems is a critical issue drawing attention across communities within the information and computer sciences.  ...  Given the complexity of the problem and the involvement of multiple stakeholders – including developers, end-users and third-parties – there is a need to understand the landscape of the sources of bias  ...  [62] use a cross-platform audit technique that analyzed online ratings of hotels across three platforms, in order to understand how users perceived and managed biases in reviews.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6240582 fatcat:vftoi4woebhrrp5tlmkclabgf4

Quality of web-based information about the coronavirus disease 2019: a rapid systematic review of infodemiology studies published during the first year of the pandemic

Jenny Stern, Susanne Georgsson, Tommy Carlsson
2022 BMC Public Health  
in the online landscape.  ...  Materials and methods A rapid systematic review was undertaken by searching five electronic databases (CINAHL, Communication & Mass Media Complete, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus).  ...  Recently, the importance of measuring the impact of infodemics during health emergencies and understanding the spread of low-quality information in public health research has been emphasized further [  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-022-14086-9 pmid:36096783 pmcid:PMC9467667 fatcat:czqthodtu5cljov6mfbc6vgrtm

Mitigating Bias in Algorithmic Systems – A Fish-Eye View [article]

Kalia Orphanou, Jahna Otterbacher, Styliani Kleanthous, Khuyagbaatar Batsuren, Fausto Giunchiglia, Veronika Bogina, Avital Shulner Tal, AlanHartman, Tsvi Kuflik
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Mitigating bias in algorithmic systems is a critical issue drawing attention across communities within the information and computer sciences.  ...  Given the complexity of the problem and the involvement of multiple stakeholders -- including developers, end-users, and third parties -- there is a need to understand the landscape of the sources of bias  ...  Acknowledgement This project is partially funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 810105 (CyCAT).  ... 
arXiv:2103.16953v2 fatcat:b27zb3zusnfmzcspyl2njbivkq

The Age-related Differences in Web Information Search Process [article]

Zhaopeng Xing, Xiaojun Yuan, Lisa Vizer
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To build a search-related behavioral profile of older adults, this article surveys the empirical research on age-related differences in query formulation, search strategies, information evaluation, and  ...  It also decomposes the mechanisms (i.e., cognitive changes, development goal shift) and moderators (i.e., search task and interface design) of such differences.  ...  Older adults have a lower level of trust in online information sources and prefer to obtain health information through interpersonal communication.  ... 
arXiv:2010.13352v1 fatcat:rrwhzh7ednbubhgcrc2ds76p4u

Health 2.0 and Medicine 2.0: Tensions and Controversies in the Field

Benjamin Hughes, Indra Joshi, Jonathan Wareham
2008 Journal of Medical Internet Research  
The term Web 2.0 became popular following the O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 conference in 2004; however, there are difficulties in its application to  ...  We mitigated the first risk via the iterative manner in which the definitions and themes were identified by comparing academic and online definitions for inconsistencies and by searching for theme rankings  ...  Hence, we mitigated this risk by only using the top two to three and commonly ranked phrases, avoiding the bias that a term has been ranked highly only due to a particular search engine's internal mechanisms  ... 
doi:10.2196/jmir.1056 pmid:18682374 pmcid:PMC2553249 fatcat:yw7xmbqncveh3c2nidcwvbgq7y

The metabolic signature of cardiorespiratory fitness: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

Justin Carrard, Chiara Guerini, Christian Appenzeller-Herzog, Denis Infanger, Karsten Königstein, Lukas Streese, Timo Hinrichs, Henner Hanssen, Hector Gallart-Ayala, Julijana Ivanisevic, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
2021 BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine  
PubMed, Web of Science and EMBASE will be searched for relevant articles published until the date of the last search. Two authors will independently screen full texts of selected abstracts.  ...  Potential sources of heterogeneity will be explored in meta-regressions.Ethics and disseminationNo ethics approval is required.  ...  INTRODUCTION 8] [19] Understanding through which metabolic pathways CRF mitigates morbidity and mortality might pave the way for novel fitness-enhancing strategies in clinical routine. 20 etabolomics  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjsem-2020-001008 pmid:33680500 pmcid:PMC7898858 fatcat:33bq5dgzpjce7pir7nmkthnhwy

Effect of the COVID-19 Mitigation Measure on Dental Care Needs in 17 Countries: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis

Xing Qu, Chenxi Yu, Qingyue He, Ziran Li, Shannon H. Houser, Wei Zhang, Ding Li
2022 Frontiers in Public Health  
This study aimed to estimate the effect of COVID-19 mitigation measures on different types of oral health care utilization needs and explore the heterogeneity of such effects in different countries by  ...  ObjectivesThe effect of COVID-19 mitigation measures on different oral health care needs is unclear.  ...  Analyzing this information may help us to understand the changes in dental health needs during the pandemic.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpubh.2022.890469 pmid:35712318 pmcid:PMC9194817 fatcat:3gtxo5xc6vcw3gzxk4wpzthwnm
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