219,012 Hits in 4.9 sec

Editorial: thematic series "Integrating movement ecology with biodiversity research"

Florian Jeltsch, Volker Grimm
2020 Movement Ecology  
Moreover, also for another key question of biodiversity research, how species composition will change due to range shifts and invasive species, a mechanistic understanding of movement, in particular dispersal  ...  Moreover, putting movement into its broader ecological context could have important repercussions on the framework of movement ecology itself.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful for the support by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in the framework of the BioMove Research Training Group (DFG-GRK 2118/1).  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40462-020-00210-0 pmid:32509308 pmcid:PMC7249300 fatcat:j7a3gdubpfg2tispts2rtpvabi

Connecting Mobility to Infectious Diseases: The Promise and Limits of Mobile Phone Data

Amy Wesolowski, Caroline O. Buckee, Kenth Engø-Monsen, C. J. E. Metcalf
2016 Journal of Infectious Diseases  
Combining data on human movement from mobile phone data-derived population fluxes with data on disease incidence requires approaches that can tackle varying spatial and temporal resolutions of each data  ...  and spatial heterogeneities.  ...  However, recent years have seen a substantial change in our understanding of human mobility across contexts.  ... 
doi:10.1093/infdis/jiw273 pmid:28830104 pmcid:PMC5144902 fatcat:uqrxdpx3hjeofpupnqxpwnpcki

The Role of Individual Heterogeneity in Collective Animal Behaviour

Jolle W. Jolles, Andrew J. King, Shaun S. Killen
2019 Trends in Ecology & Evolution  
Here we present a common framework to quantify individual heterogeneity and synthesise the literature to systematically explain and predict its role in collective behaviour across species, contexts, and  ...  However, we still lack a mechanistic understanding of the role of phenotypic variation in collective animal behaviour.  ...  Still large gaps remain in our understanding of the effects of individual heterogeneity on group functioning and individual survival in the context of predator-prey interactions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tree.2019.11.001 pmid:31879039 fatcat:53lbpmdpljgo3cpv7d3p4r6oxa

Contact structure, mobility, environmental impact and behaviour: the importance of social forces to infectious disease dynamics and disease ecology

Ronan F. Arthur, Emily S. Gurley, Henrik Salje, Laura S. P. Bloomfield, James H. Jones
2017 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
The social-ecological system that dictates infectious disease dynamics is a complex system rich in interacting variables with dynamically significant heterogeneous properties.  ...  Future discussions about infectious disease spillover and transmission in human populations need to address the social context that affects particular disease systems by identifying and measuring qualitatively  ...  A key barrier to better understanding the role of human mobility in disease ecology has been the lack of data that describe movement, except in these detailed, and often small-scale, observational studies  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0454 pmid:28289265 pmcid:PMC5352824 fatcat:mkeyft2rl5hhbn5mj6oi2eymom

Page 599 of The Journal of Ecology Vol. 96, Issue 4 [page]

2008 The Journal of Ecology  
The model was parameterized with small- scale movement data collected from field observations of birds.  ...  Our results suggest that long-distance dispersal events can be predicted using spatially explicit modelling to scale-up local movements, placing them in a landscape context.  ... 

Editorial: Neuroimaging of Cognitive and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Movement Disorders

Frederic Sampedro, Estela Camara, Jaime Kulisevsky
2022 Frontiers in Neurology  
In this context, neuroimaging techniques have played a key role in unraveling not only the presence of cortical damage and its association with non-motor symptoms, but also contributing to our understanding  ...  In fact, contradictory results have been published in this context.  ...  Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2022.843440 pmid:35173676 pmcid:PMC8842729 fatcat:qy7jfatzdnhpfemn52s5lz55ua

From puddles to planet: modeling approaches to vector-borne diseases at varying resolution and scale

Philip A Eckhoff, Caitlin A Bever, Jaline Gerardin, Edward A Wenger, David L Smith
2015 Current Opinion in Insect Science  
In particular, there are now multiple frameworks for spatially explicit dynamics with movements of vector, host, or both.  ...  in biting rate, realistic vector feeding behavior, and spatial heterogeneity.  ...  This framework can be parameterized to match a given landscape along with locally applicable data-driven functions for host and vector movement in order to explore vector-borne transmission at a variety  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cois.2015.05.002 pmid:29587999 fatcat:imm2muc3gnhhppvwvzbqtd63oi

ANTASID: A Novel Temporal Adjustment to Shannon's Index of Difficulty for Quantifying the Perceived Difficulty of Uncontrolled Pointing Tasks

Mohammad Ridwan Kabir, Mohammad Ishrak Abedin, Rizvi Ahmed, Hasan Mahmud, Md. Kamrul Hasan
2022 IEEE Access  
the corresponding observed movement-times ( ) in such tasks in controlled experimental setup.  ...  However, no significant adjustment exists in the literature for compensating speed in different contexts of interaction in these tasks.  ...  The authors do not declare any conflict of interest that may alter the outcomes of the study in any manner and approve this version of the manuscript for publication.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3151696 fatcat:2whfktu7ung7bkywz74iyayxzq

Data Movement Options in Accelerated Clusters [chapter]

Holger Fröning
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
An Optimized Data Movement Method for GPU Clusters As it is unfeasible to explore all communication options for heterogeneous systems in a single work, we focus here on data movement optimizations for  ...  This talk will review current techniques for data movements in clusters.  ...  Also, Lena Oden and Benjamin Klenk have contributed with discussions to many insights and performed numerous experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-54420-0_41 fatcat:uv4srhx4tvgj5kccf4cvbbim7q

The Role of Human Movement in the Transmission of Vector-Borne Pathogens

Steven T. Stoddard, Amy C. Morrison, Gonzalo M. Vazquez-Prokopec, Valerie Paz Soldan, Tadeusz J. Kochel, Uriel Kitron, John P. Elder, Thomas W. Scott, Pattamaporn Kittayapong
2009 PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases  
Human movement transcends spatial and temporal scales with different influences on disease dynamics.  ...  Focusing on the day-biting Aedes aegypti, we illustrate how vector biting behavior combined with fine-scale movements of individual humans engaged in their regular daily routine can influence transmission  ...  Acknowledgments The ideas presented here were developed during discussions among the authors and with a number of other individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000481 pmid:19621090 pmcid:PMC2710008 fatcat:3o4g7i3hebgwdoembvtot4lvvq

Incorporating movement behavior into conservation prioritization in fragmented landscapes: An example of western hoolock gibbons in Garo Hills, India

Divya Vasudev, Robert J. Fletcher
2015 Biological Conservation  
Rankings derived from movement data were correlated with those obtained from location data; however, there were several discrepancies between rankings, which were explained by landscape heterogeneity in  ...  Incorporating movement behavior into connectivity assessments can improve our understanding of dispersal and provide a mechanistic basis for conservation prioritization in heterogeneous landscapes.  ...  Sinha for their help in designing the field protocol, training field staff and data collection, and S. Bodhankar for her help with the remotely sensed data. DV thanks K. Marak, G. Sangma, G.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2014.11.021 fatcat:ypflusrx3fdodkydncxpmjcvqa

Social inclusion through the urban lens: a comparative analysis of neighbourhoods of residential racial homogeneity and heterogeneity in Cape Town, South Africa

Ruth Nelson
2022 Zenodo  
The results show that neighbourhoods with increased residential racial heterogeneity have access to higher levels of mixed land use, transport, and global closeness centrality.  ...  use and socio-economic indicators in Cape Town, the oldest city in South Africa.  ...  heterogenous neighbourhoods?  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6406324 fatcat:3z3tdxzor5djjco54kdzpsdnpm

Behavioural valuation of landscapes using movement data

George Wittemyer, Joseph M. Northrup, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau
2019 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
behaviour and represented in the movement path.  ...  to gain understanding of movement strategies and gauge population-level processes.  ...  A further development of metrics with strong theoretical underpinnings are important to resolve the specific contexts in which such metrics are meaningful.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2018.0046 pmid:31352884 pmcid:PMC6710572 fatcat:h7ftxjrrhnco5baj3ppvcltazq

Disentangling intrinsic motion from neighbourhood effects in heterogeneous collective motion [article]

Arshed Nabeel, Danny Raj M
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We investigate the inference problem in the context of a bidisperse collective with two types of agents, where the goal is to observe the motion of the collective and classify the agents according to their  ...  Most real world collectives, including active particles, living cells, and grains, are heterogeneous, where individuals with differing properties interact.  ...  In this article, we set out to understand how well can we infer individual properties of agents in a heterogeneous collective by observing their movement.  ... 
arXiv:2110.05864v2 fatcat:5cmhyryq3bhcxaztcxv2mibfy4

Disentangling the effects of forage, social rank, and risk on movement autocorrelation of elephants using Fourier and wavelet analyses

G. Wittemyer, L. Polansky, I. Douglas-Hamilton, W. M. Getz
2008 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Relating these movement cycles, detectable through autocorrelation in step lengths or other movement properties, to the ecological context in which they occur can provide insights into the internal states  ...  ., step length or approximate velocity) and turning angles in the context of random walk models (4, 7).  ...  movement properties with ecological and social properties to gain understanding of the context of these different behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.0801744105 pmid:19060207 pmcid:PMC2614723 fatcat:2jagjnod7bbn3inixgyzycwq74
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 219,012 results