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This study provides a contemporary understanding of demand relations in European Union (EU) international message telephone service (IMTS) markets prior to full liberalization at January 1 1998. ... Point-to-point demand equations that relate IMTS demand to prices, income, population and distance are estimated on bilateral market data for ten EU countries from 1990 to 1995. ... Introduction At the end of the 1980s, the European Commission embarked on an ambitious liberalisation program of European domestic and international telecommunications 1 markets. ...doi:10.1016/s0167-6245(00)00037-8 fatcat:qnafjbfcizcc7jwzomhdxrolqe
Understanding European union interna- tional message telephone services demand. Information Economics and Policy 13(2):127-136, June 2001 EUROPEAN UNION. SUPPLY AND DEMAND. TELEPHONE RATES. ... TELEPHONE SERVICES. his study provides a contemporary understanding of demand relations in Euro- pean Union (EUV) international message services (IMTS) markets prior to full liberal- ization at January ...
Journal of Systems Management
approach to practical problems; (3) No clear company objectives or understanding of the need for efficiency; (4) Ineffectiveness in dealing with trade unions; (5) Reluctance to supervise, train or discipline ... The Message-ComposeR system employs a simplified, slide-operated keyboard that, in conjunction with other components, transmits information over telephone lines to data processing centers. ...
Union to Cyprus" ("European Union and Cyprus", 1995) . ... An urban and rural telephone expansion was implemented and a mobile telephone service with an area coverage of more than 90% of the island and an island-wide automatic radio-paging service are also available ...doi:10.21825/rp.v39i2.18593 fatcat:t2yanaqfo5dxfbllljjefbok6e
Text messaging has become an important revenue component for European and Asian mobile operators. ... We develop a simple model of demand for mobile services incorporating the existence of call externalities and network effects. ... in demand to the current service. ...doi:10.1093/icc/dtp034 fatcat:henuthev6fdwvhd4pl7gkqb54q
to the example afforded by the Universal Postal Union. ... Inasmuch as a given message in its course to its destination may be transmitted by telephone, telegraph, cable, radio and even by means of sound and visual signals and may traverse ... solely to further the immediate interests of American cable and radio companies, its participation will not be relished by those who envisage a world wide network of communications operated on a public service ...doi:10.2307/20028220 fatcat:miv5goqfs5gm5jsntcs5runuie
Trakia Journal of Science
And need to develop strong sales and advertising messages that will connect with your customers instantly and effectively highlight product's quality and brand's differentiation from others. ... Advertising, Public relations, Sales promotion, Direct marketing, Personal selling, and are used to describe the set of tools that a business can use to communicate effectively the benefits of your products or services ... Globally, there are only 17%, but in the European Union is about 27%. There is only 6% decline in Bulgaria for four years. ...doi:10.15547/tjs.2015.s.01.063 fatcat:2tnfz3i66rfh5fm2cwyej45p34
The interpreter is the person who performs this activity of linguistic mediation by observing various factors, such as the register, the information implicit in the message, and the emotions. ... The European Union (Directorate-General for Interpretation) and the majority of international organizations also created their own training centres, or they recruited from the centres that had already ... In the European Union, the Directive 2010/64/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 on the right to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings, establishes the ...doi:10.5281/zenodo.6367027 fatcat:fst553ihfnhvvo6hfc6o43v55a
The world of telecommunications, especially mobile communications, continues to evolve with innovative technologies and high-speed data services. ... The basic standard for comparison has been Global Systems for Mobile Communications (GSM) and its data services, which was adopted by both economies. ... Germany is committed to the UMTS (3G standard) as part of the European Union  . ...doi:10.1504/ijmc.2004.004489 fatcat:dqx775licjeznd4noukha7iljy
The paper concludes that the symbiosis between translation service and the emerging communications environment could culminate in "a teletranslation service" as an International Value-Added Network Service ... to meet that demand. ... Realization of language service as a form of IVANS calls for a stronger union between today's translation service and the telecommunications industries to bring about its progeny -a teletranslation service ...doi:10.1108/eb051380 fatcat:7uusri4cfrgwbjvtznl5g5tlra
For the unfamiliar with the terms Information infrastructure and server development should reach people in European Union (EU) member states are national superhighway program, including the end of February ... demand channels. ...doi:10.1016/0169-7552(95)00112-3 fatcat:kfviga7hpjflbmlrxv4gjwkiyi
This article examines the extent to which Short Message Service (SMS) messages are breaking down communication barriers among deaf people and between deaf and hearing people. ... It is predicted that deaf texters will use SMS to increase the bonds between themselves in deaf communities, creating new opportunities to develop relationships, understanding, and intimacy with those ... Now Khoo can communicate with hearing and deaf clients, friends and services via SMS on her mobile phone. (''SMS Allows,'' 2001) Europe The European Union. ...doi:10.1093/deafed/enh042 pmid:15304436 fatcat:pbfzl4lu5jbbxjjgfhws6y62sq
Geneva: International Telecommunication Union. Telekom Austria report for 2007 Q4. 13 Eurostat (2006) E-Communications household survey. ... They offer a free service in which a message "Please Call Me" can be sent to another customer. 14 The cost is recovered from the responding calls. ...doi:10.2139/ssrn.1468847 fatcat:tf7vdldffne3rfco3temz7hb6y
In the Universal Service Directive of the European Union (Directive 2002/22/EC) publicly available telephony service (PATS) is defined as "a service available to the public for originating and receiving ... The e-privacy directive of the European Union already includes the necessary framework for location data by demanding that data are made anonymous or the consent of the user being obtained (Directive ...doi:10.1007/s00502-006-0361-z fatcat:k5qnghiecvfqnjzbuymhbzrkye
The PP has achieved widespread political support, andby the Treaty on European Union -it is the foundation of environmental policy in the European Union (EU). ... The PP is firmly established in international law, and a considerable body of case law is developing about its use in the EU. However, it has also generated immense controversy. Comments ... The PP has achieved widespread political support, and -by the Treaty on European Union -it is the foundation of environmental policy in the European Union (EU). ...doi:10.1109/mtas.2003.1166560 fatcat:os43qfuwx5eopjxrfhmhp4iyti
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