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Meta-case-based reasoning: self-improvement through self-understanding

J. William Murdock, Ashok K. Goel
2008 Journal of experimental and theoretical artificial intelligence (Print)  
Meta-case-based reasoning: self-improvement through self-understanding  ...  The similar task was retrieved earlier in the meta-case-based reasoning process via a Loom similar-to query.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09528130701472416 fatcat:z7zm23y2grgqhhk5v54mzeajci

Understanding requirements of clinical data standards for developing interoperable knowledge-based DSS: A case study

Arturo González-Ferrer, Mor Peleg
2015 Computer Standards & Interfaces  
Context: Knowledge-based Clinical Decision Support Systems (KB-DSS) promise to provide patient-specific recommendations while automatically drawing existing data from various sources.  ...  Based on the case-study examples, we assessed the standards against a selected set of evaluation criteria that such standards should fulfill.  ...  , how easily from the user's perspective, etc.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.csi.2015.06.002 fatcat:ezcd3zc36vfy7i7gipw3ig452e

Students' understanding of calculus-based kinematics and the arguments they generated for problem-solving: The case of understanding physics

Paul Iwuanyanwu
2019 Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health  
knowledge of these concepts for problem-solving.  ...  The present study explores students" understanding of calculus-based kinematics (henceforth, CBK), in which argumentation is taken as the sequence of the modes of fostering reasoning and problem-solving  ...  From this perspective, situating argumentation as a central element of instruction in the design of a study aimed at investigating students" arguments and understanding of calculus-based kinematics is  ... 
doi:10.21891/jeseh.581588 fatcat:ty24przw5ndyvoocny6amo7ssy

Using a Multicountry Learning Network to Harvest and Rapidly Spread Implementation Knowledge across Programs Aimed to Reduce Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Improve Nutrition: Perspectives and Lessons Learned for Similar Large-Scale Initiatives

Patty D. Webster, Sidhartha Deka, Anisa Ismail, Amy F. Stern, Pierre M. Barker
2019 Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care  
The network used 2 forms of peer exchange, in-person and virtual, and a variety of knowledge management mechanisms to harvest and spread key learning.  ...  Our experience shows the value of creating a quality improvement-driven, multicountry learning network to accelerate the pace of improving care systems.  ...  management team, Angelina Sassi for project management and coordination as well as numerous others who were involved early-on as key members of the knowledge management team.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2325958219847452 pmid:31185792 pmcid:PMC6748464 fatcat:qsevx3mib5hmteyp4uhbvlz2nu

Understanding the Mechanisms of Activity-based Workspaces: A Case Study

Tobias T. Eismann, Oscar Pakos, Marc Rücker, Martin Meinel, Lukas Maier, Kai-Ingo Voigt
2021 Environment and Behavior  
This single-case, exploratory study uses 36 interviews and multiple data sources in a German organization leading in use of ABWs to generate insight into this topic.  ...  We relate these findings to previous research and develop a cause-effects framework of ABWs. Against these findings, we generate recommendations for future research and practice.  ...  Adopting a typical case-based approach (Yin, 2017) , the first phase drew on all of the available data and our impressions from the site visits to build a detailed shared understanding of the general  ... 
doi:10.1177/00139165211008240 fatcat:6245gakp75emhpo3brb4ivdqca

Developing Understanding of Research-based Pedagogy with Preservice Teachers: An Instrumental Case Study

Kathyrn Laframboise, Kim Shea
2014 The Qualitative Report  
This instrumental case study of 50 preservice teachers in a two-day-per-week field experience includes intensive interviews of six selected students.  ...  This study describes how preservice teachers used a framework of planning, implementation, feedback, and reflection to try research-based teaching practices from their methods courses and examine their  ...  Codes were grouped based on their similarity, and themes were identified and documented (Leech & Onwuegbuzie, 2005) .  ... 
doi:10.46743/2160-3715/2009.1395 fatcat:h6lwivgbmbg37ew2kvfuni45ue

Understanding the delivery of a Canadian-based after-school STEM program: a case study

Eugenia Duodu, Jessica Noble, Yusuf Yusuf, Camilo Garay, Corliss Bean
2017 International Journal of STEM Education  
challenges of implementing a community-based, out-of-school STEM program.  ...  Further, the findings can also provide a strong framework for programmers interested in implementing STEM youth programming in a community context, assist in the replication of similar models in other  ...  In many cases, youth participants are the strongest advocates who recommend the program to their peers: "I was recommended by [youth participant]; it's really fun and I didn't know it was going to be like  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40594-017-0083-2 pmid:30631676 pmcid:PMC6310376 fatcat:qlh73l4jlnfqhjmdt7l4pnqo7m

Understanding the Role of Internship as an Activity Based Learning: A Case Study

Aasir Ali, Arshad Khushi
2018 Journal of Education and Educational Development  
<p>Activity based learning is a successful educational model in various disciplines and recently it has been proved very effective in business institutes also.  ...  Findings proposed that industrial internship is a viable activity for the learning and growth of university students.  ...  A business school has to award applicable skills and knowledge to management graduates, who will be comparable to the skills and knowledge possessed by existing business executives.  ... 
doi:10.22555/joeed.v5i2.1864 fatcat:dnkp5kospvc3nommhcrpppk5a4

Understanding social–ecological vulnerability with Q-methodology: a case study of water-based ecosystem services in Wyoming, USA

Christopher Armatas, Tyron Venn, Alan Watson
2016 Sustainability Science  
This paper demonstrates Q-methodology, a promising participatory method infrequently applied in the vulnerability context, with a case study investigation of the vulnerability of stakeholders reliant on  ...  A broad range of participatory methods can be employed to understand the vulnerability of social-ecological systems threatened by various drivers of change including climate change and land-use change.  ...  We would like to thank all participants who contributed their valuable time to this research, with a special thanks to the Crow, Eastern Shoshone, and Northern Arapaho Tribes for their cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11625-016-0369-1 fatcat:pp75x72g35cefdi4tie7qqbrq4

Progress in understanding processes underlying occupational accidents on the level based on case studies

S. Leclercq, S. Thouy, E. Rossignol
2007 Ergonomics  
The purpose of this work was to further our knowledge of contexts surrounding accidents on the level in occupational situations with a view to proposing suitable actions for the prevention of these accidents  ...  The study, undertaken at three establishments belonging to a national rail transport company, was based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of accident-onthe-level data available at the establishments  ...  For the company concerned, these analyses thus allow prevention field priorities to be derived and knowledge of contexts in which these accidents occur to be amassed within a perspective of generalising  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140130600980862 pmid:17178652 fatcat:2no2mwa4kvczpepdj2hycumavi

Do expert clinical teachers have a shared understanding of what constitutes a competent reasoning performance in case-based teaching?

Geneviève Gauthier, Susanne P. Lajoie
2013 Instructional Science  
Keywords Assessment of problem solving Á Teachers' judgment Á Pedagogical content knowledge Á Clinical reasoning Á Case-based learning Á Computer-based learning environment Case-based learning approaches  ...  To explore the assessment challenge related to case based learning we study how experienced clinical teachers-i.e., those who regularly teach and assess case-based learning-conceptualize the notion of  ...  since the field has a long tradition of using cases to convey knowledge, and it has successfully implemented PBL-a type of case-based learning-for the past 30 years (Barrows 2000) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11251-013-9290-5 fatcat:st2jhe7ybnbo5ocy76yup2r3bi

Conceptual understanding of 8th grade students based on big ideas: The case of measurement

Özlem Kalaycı Eyeoğlu, Burçin Gökkurt Özdemir, Ulvi Eyeoğlu
2021 Journal of Pedagogical Research  
To this aim, a case study was carried out with six students from a state middle school.  ...  This study aims to examine the conceptual understanding of middle-school 8th graders on measurement based on big ideas.  ...  Research Design The study is a case study based on qualitative design, investigating the conceptual understanding of middle-school 8th graders on measurement based on big ideas.  ... 
doi:10.33902/jpr.2021472786 fatcat:xah23vw6hffvzl2e3qe3lhkfji

Understanding the context of balanced scorecard implementation: a hospital-based case study in Pakistan

Fauziah Rabbani, Sabrina NH Lalji, Farhat Abbas, SM Wasim Jafri, Junaid A Razzak, Naheed Nabi, Firdous Jahan, Agha Ajmal, Max Petzold, Mats Brommels, Goran Tomson
2011 Implementation Science  
This study explored contextual perspectives in relation to BSC implementation in a Pakistani hospital.  ...  Methods: Four clinical units of this hospital were involved in the BSC implementation based on their willingness to participate.  ...  Discussion To our knowledge, this is the first hospital-based case study describing BSC implementation in a LIC setting.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-31 pmid:21453449 pmcid:PMC3080822 fatcat:pfeyls4nzbacvae5giqhg56l7y

Does Learner-Centred Approach Improve High School Learners' Understanding of Acids and Bases Topic? A Case of Two Selected Secondary Schools in Ohangwena Region, Namibia

Sanio I. T. Mutilifa, Hileni M. Kapenda
2017 Creative Education  
The study used a quantitative approach to investigate if using learner-centred approach improves learners' understanding of acids and bases.  ...  The study recommends that Physical Science teachers should make the teaching and learning of acids and bases more practical-based by using learner-centred approaches.  ...  In this study, the same pre-test was given to both the control and experimental groups on the first day as both learners were on similar levels of understanding in relation to the topic of Acids and bases  ... 
doi:10.4236/ce.2017.88089 fatcat:yaxbbcwrx5ctdddvl7ailcitma

Understanding the Role of Pharmacometrics‐Based Clinical Decision Support Systems in Pediatric Patient Management: A Case Study Using Lyv Software

Praneeth Jarugula, Sarah Scott, Vijay Ivaturi, Andreas Noack, Brady S. Moffett, Adnan Bhutta, Jogarao V.S. Gobburu
2021 Journal of clinical pharmacology  
In this article, we walk through the components of a decision support tool and the testing required to determine its robustness using an example of a decision support tool we developed for vancomycin dosing  ...  Pharmacometrics could play a key role in shifting pediatric pharmacotherapy from dosing for an average patient to individualizing dosing.  ...  S130 The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology / Vol 61 No S1 2021 In terms of initial dose recommendation, Lyv recommended a similar dose to that given in actual practice in 63% of the cases and recommended  ... 
doi:10.1002/jcph.1892 pmid:34185914 fatcat:chhpfawmrfg4dic6rdhgrkorvm
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