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Uncovering epistemological assumptions underlying research in information studies

Steve Fuller, Birger Hjørland, Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan, Lai Ma, Jens Erik Mai, Joseph Tennis, Julian Warner
2013 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
Gathering a wide array of acknowledged theorists in philosophy of science and epistemology, this panel aims to examine how research work in the LIS field can clearly articulate the epistemological assumptions  ...  There have been several calls from LIS researchers for practical or applied research not to ignore the epistemological assumptions underlying the systems and artifacts they design l e s t t h e y showcase  ...  therefore urged scholars and practitioners in KO and LIS to make explicit the epistemological assumptions underlying research they are carrying out in the f i e l d .  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.14505001015 fatcat:2gpwq36q75fdnowbsvmbrighnm

Uncovering the epistemological and ontological assumptions of software designers [article]

David King, Chris Kimble
2004 arXiv   pre-print
Information systems research has therefore tended to focus on the similarities between different positions, usually in search of a single, unifying position.  ...  The ontological and epistemological positions adopted by information systems design methods are incommensur-able when pushed to their extremes.  ...  Design methods that argue from realist ontologies and rationalist epistemologies form the formal strand of research in software design.  ... 
arXiv:cs/0406022v1 fatcat:j3m5e3nyljc3nkzvbsekurcgqe

'Best practice' in focus group research: making sense of different views

Tim Freeman
2006 Journal of Advanced Nursing  
Consequently, qualitative researchers may be informed by a wide range of assumptions about the nature of knowledge (epistemology).  ...  The aim of this paper is to identify the broad epistemological debates which underpin conflicting statements on 'rigour' and 'good practice' in qualitative research; to relate divergences in statements  ...  Given such pluralism, qualitative researchers may be informed by a wide range of assumptions on the nature of knowledge (epistemology) and these divergent epistemological 'lenses' have resulted in contested  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.04043.x pmid:17078825 fatcat:7dqewhynrbb45hggwopdnr6gpi

Social Justice Research in Library and Information Sciences: A Case for Discourse Analysis

Tami Oliphant
2015 Library Trends  
Scholars have employed a variety of research methodologies and methods to explore, probe, and uncover ways in which social justice is enacted, embodied, supported, or not supported by researchers, educators  ...  Drawing on the findings of the goodness of fit of Rioux's metatheory and examples of discourse analytic studies in LIS, this article offers practical strategies for social justice researchers wanting to  ...  Critical discourse analysis studies both power in discourse and power over discourse, providing a means for LIS researchers to examine the underlying epistemological and ontological assumptions of information  ... 
doi:10.1353/lib.2015.0046 fatcat:um4ajxnqlzdmlgzr42vd52ui5e

Reinterpreting the Kuhnian Paradigm in Information Systems

Nik Hassan, John Mingers
2018 Journal of the AIS  
After positioning the contribution of the Kuhnian paradigm and its significance in the philosophy of science, we describe the negative impacts of a research epistemological sense of paradigm, which ignited  ...  potential of the Kuhnian paradigm concept in encouraging novel, interesting and relevant research and theorizing.  ...  We believe that by clarifying many sides of the debate surrounding the Kuhnian paradigm concept, the IS community will be better informed, be more able to uncover the hidden assumptions underlying their  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00502 fatcat:azxevmiqxneepcboau556zwfei

Epistemological Encounters in Multivocal Settings [chapter]

Kristine Lund, Carolyn Penstein Rosé, Daniel D. Suthers, Michael Baker
2013 Productive Multivocality in the Analysis of Group Interactions  
Researchers usually work and evolve in the scientific frameworks in which they were trained, without questioning their epistemological foundations.  ...  In conclusion, we summarize the consequences of engaging with epistemologies through the comparisons researchers make of their analyses in multivocal contexts, showing how epistemological encounters can  ...  Our thanks also go to Nancy Law for provoking a key pivotal moment useful in elaborating the argument developed here.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8960-3_34 fatcat:uoeg6c3gebfg5dier6dqsrkcra

The Philosophical Foundations of Educational Research: a Beginner's Guide

Hussein Assalahi
2015 American Journal of Educational Research  
Whilst the philosophies of educational research have been extensively researched, a concise guide is hoped to uncover research underpinnings for beginners' postgraduate research students.  ...  Moreover, the paper provides insights into how researchers' philosophical stance can inform their research undertaking and transform the educational landscape.  ...  The third construct of a paradigm, methodology, refers to the study of the epistemological assumptions implicit in specific method which encompass our entire approach to research, our assumptions about  ... 
doi:10.12691/education-3-3-10 fatcat:jsweabtlbza6taerytqfq5me6m

Methods, Theoretical Frameworks and Hope for Knowledge Organization

Daniel Martínez-Ávila, Jihee Beak
2016 Knowledge organization  
Her major research area is knowledge organization including metadata, children's information seeking behavior, domain analysis, social tagging, subject headings, classification theory, etc.  ...  Her dissertation is a child-driven metadata schema based on children's book selection behavior study.  ...  to uncover the underlying assumptions of those realities.  ... 
doi:10.5771/0943-7444-2016-5-358 fatcat:lqexocpf7fcnbhvturzo5vwahe

Editorial: Food, Nature, and Health: Dueling Epistemologies

Debbie L. Humphries, Molly D. Anderson, Padma Venkatasubramanian
2016 Frontiers in Public Health  
The Editorial on the Research Topic Food, Nature, and Health: Dueling Epistemologies Over the past two decades, the importance of addressing the complexity of the food system in ways that draw on new approaches  ...  We propose some guidelines for consideration in designing research: Conflict of Interest Statement: The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships  ...  , emphasizing that the research must be directed in specific ways to uncover hidden and indigenous knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpubh.2016.00180 pmid:27610360 pmcid:PMC4997043 fatcat:kvbzwe7yhvfvdn577nesplwcse

Linking Interpretative Theory To Practice: Examining An Underused Research Tool In Agricultural Education

Mikel Woods, Cary J. Trexler
2001 Journal of Agricultural Education  
Assumptions underlying two distinctly different paradigms -positivism and interpretivismcurrently guide educational research.  ...  practice in terms of research design, data collection, data analysis, and rigor.  ...  In determining the appropriate degree of structure, the researcher n eeds to consider what is being studied, the purpose, and underlying assumptions.  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2001.02068 fatcat:6qcpwhieznfv7pbz4bdqr24zd4

Choosing a Qualitative Research Method [chapter]

David Harper
2011 Qualitative Research Methods in Mental Health and Psychotherapy  
Although many methods can be differentiated by their underlying epistemological assumptions some methods can be used from different epistemological standpoints (see box 2).  ...  The kind of assumptions researchers make about the relationship between their data and the world are called epistemological assumptions.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781119973249.ch7 fatcat:wkfystcnyrcctccl4zno56ojpm

Industrial ecology: shedding more light on its perspective of understanding nature as model

Ralf Isenmann
2003 Sustainable Development  
in order to illustrate socio-economic R.  ...  Surely, economists and engineers have frequently drawn heavily from biological analogies, in particular from organism analogy, evolution analogy, fractal firm analogy, brain analogy and bionics analogy  ...  In particular, the author is very thankful to Dr Christoph Bey, Group Sup de Co La Rochelle, France, for his proof-reading, valuable help in linguistic matters and really stimulating support when fine-tuning  ... 
doi:10.1002/sd.213 fatcat:5abltm32bbdprdvxr3q5xcx6we

Thinking about Research in Continuing Education: A Meta-theoretical Primer

Scott McLean
2013 Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education  
Every approach to conducting research in continuing education involves background assumptions about the nature of what is being studied, the means through which one can acquire knowledge, and the purpose  ...  possible approaches to conducting research in continuing education.  ...  Ethics No strict correlation between ontological and epistemological assumptions and the ethical commitments that inform research exist.  ... 
doi:10.21225/d51s4v fatcat:tgqmw4yzrzesnf23cneuiigwxa

Statistical Pitfalls: Problems with the Statistical Representation of Fieldwork Data from Social Research

CIO Okeke
2014 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
of the pitfalls in the use of statistical tools in analysing data from social and behavioural studies.  ...  Previous research has argued that statistical techniques play crucial role for uncovering hidden knowledge.  ...  These authors therefore would like to prompt reflection among research methods teachers in our universities about what informs the decisions they make regarding the way they construct their research method  ... 
doi:10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n20p1448 fatcat:3cokmbybmjfwxic5utxdivybda

Introduction

Christian List
2006 Episteme: A journal of individual and social epistemology  
in the epistemological abstinence of modern Rawlsian liberal political theory and continues to raise questions for the attempt to ground liberalism in social epistemology.  ...  Weinstock rejects the account of justifi catory neutrality underlying this view, arguing that it rests on controversial assumptions about how individuals relate to their worldviews.  ... 
doi:10.3366/epi.2006.3.3.139 fatcat:j5yqkdgocfg6vduovuorgkk5gi
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