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Uncertainty treatment in expert information systems for maintenance policy assessment

P. Baraldi, M. Compare, E. Zio
2014 Applied Soft Computing  
This paper proposes a framework based on the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Evidence (DSTE), Possibility Theory (PT) and Fuzzy Random Variables (FRVs) to represent and propagate the epistemic uncertainty in  ...  An example of application is given with reference to a check valve of a turbo-pump lubricating system in a Nuclear Power Plant, which is affected by fatigue and overtakes condition-based maintenance interventions  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been performed thanks to the collaboration contract n. 5900051999 between Politecnico di Milano and Electricitè de France R&D.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.asoc.2014.05.024 fatcat:mfufrae3zjge7nfdcnv5qpy3ye

Technological support for decision making in the presence of uncertainty and equivocality

R. Agarwal, M. Tanniru
1989 Proceedings of the tenth international conference on Information Systems - ICIS '89  
The informational and support requirements of ill-structured decision making activity are contingent upon the factors that have caused this lack of structure.  ...  This paper attempts to operationalize the notion of "semi-structure" by an examination of the effect of uncertainty and equivocality on the decision making process and suggests that the presence of the  ...  maker attempting to cope with Morton 1978) , where these systems augment rather than uncertainty and equivocality.  ... 
doi:10.1145/75034.75037 dblp:conf/icis/AgarwalT89 fatcat:25ccmak5q5ftzic55kjafixoce

Fusion of information and analytics: a discussion on potential methods to cope with uncertainty in complex environments (big data and IoT)

Éloi Bossé, Basel Solaiman
2018 International Journal of Digital Signals and Smart Systems  
Fusion of Information and Analytics Technologies (FIAT) are key enablers for the design of current and future decision support systems to support prognosis, diagnosis, and prescriptive tasks in such complex  ...  The advances in networking capabilities have created the conditions of complexity by enabling richer, real-time interactions between and among individuals, objects, systems and organizations.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors wish to thank those who have made possible the publication of the book entitled 'Fusion of Information and Analytics for Big Data and IoT: Artech House, 2016' from which the  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijdsss.2018.101595 fatcat:ep5mawyycfatdmaqifv3h4gzfu

Managing Citizens' Uncertainty in E-Government Services: The Mediating and Moderating Roles of Transparency and Trust

Viswanath Venkatesh, James Y. L. Thong, Frank K. Y. Chan, Paul J. H. Hu
2016 Information systems research  
First, we draw from uncertainty reduction theory, and propose that transparency and trust are two key means of reducing citizens' uncertainty in e-government services.  ...  Furthermore, transparency and trust mediate as well as moderate the effects of information quality and channel characteristics on intentions.  ...  This project was partially funded by the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong [Grant SBI13BM04, SBI15BM01] and the Research Center for Electronic Commerce at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology  ... 
doi:10.1287/isre.2015.0612 fatcat:tfjtnqavgjgbfalxe4vnyin5he

Technological Stressors in Developing Countries

Ayodeji Akinlolu Agboola, Omoneye Olufunke Olasanmi
2016 Open Journal of Applied Sciences  
Stress as a state of anxiety is produced when responsibilities do not match expected knowledge, and hence challenges one's coping abilities.  ...  Stressors can be inherent in the job due to factors affecting the occupation. This paper therefore highlights impact of technological stress (technostress) in auditing firm in developing countries.  ...  employee loyalty of Information System and Technology (IS & T) workers in the United States Midwest.  ... 
doi:10.4236/ojapps.2016.64025 fatcat:drrkdhg2azfbfj4cvsqba3svye

The double challenge of adapting to climate change while accelerating development in sub-Saharan Africa

RASHID HASSAN
2010 Environment and Development Economics  
with climate risks for ecosystems' functions and probable nonconvexities in future impacts to project more plausible scenarios for future development in sub-Saharan Africa and provide better information  ...  Accelerating economic growth and social development is necessary to reduce the vulnerability and enhance the adaptive capacity of sub-Saharan Africa to cope with the consequences of predicted unfavorable  ...  with well organized information systems.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355770x10000306 fatcat:se2ncj5tineibgeacbkamszsjy

Organizing new product development

Markus C. Becker, Francesco Zirpoli
2003 International Journal of Operations & Production Management  
Three effects that can be discerned in the literature concerned with dispersed knowledge seem to have particularly grave implications on actors: large numbers, knowledge asymmetries, and uncertainty (Becker  ...  , (3) describe the dominant strategies to cope with integration issues and, finally, (4) present how these strategies find a place in the literature on new product development.  ...  Minkler (1993) and Tsoukas (1996) identified uncertainty as a third effect of the dispersion of knowledge that causes problems.  ... 
doi:10.1108/01443570310491765 fatcat:esnmuddan5ahnmzputbko34ize

Professional Mobility as a Model for Overcoming Maladaptive Forms of a Person's Psychological Defence in Conditions of Professional Development Crises

Nataliia Surhund, Olena Voitiuk, Nataliia Sysko, Olena Kuleshova, Oksana Vargata, Liudmyla Mikheieva
2021 Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala  
Stressful uncertainty in the professional crisis and the high ambivalent tension, which the person is experiencing, characterize the specialist's maladaptive development according to the "catastrophic"  ...  In the conditions of the professional development crisis a specialist cannot leave it adaptively and flexibly due to a limited number of rigidly patterned professional barriers and behaviour models.  ...  Because of information influence ambivalence, uncertainty can cause stressful disturbances in a person's stability, in the development of his personal and professional crises.  ... 
doi:10.18662/rrem/13.4/475 fatcat:snuhokju2varzfdlyzmj6iqzrq

Domain of Competence: Personal and Professional Development

Patricia J. Hicks, Daniel Schumacher, Susan Guralnick, Carol Carraccio, Ann E. Burke
2014 Academic pediatrics  
An individual's ability to deal with uncertainty is shaped by his identity development, the culture and context in which he finds himself, and the socialization process within that culture. 1,2 Identity  ...  development plays a critical role in the professional formation of physicians.  ...  Tough situations may cause reversion to unproductive or primitive (eg, fight or flight, blaming, fussy) behaviors and unhealthy coping mechanisms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.acap.2013.11.017 pmid:24602666 fatcat:cspnoasztfa6rnpt6cccl3dzoy

HEALTH SYSTEM RESILIENCE: CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT

Stefka Koeva, Department of Health Economics and Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University-Varna, Bulgaria., Maria Rohova, Department of Health Economics and Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University-Varna, Bulgaria.
2020 Journal of IMAB  
The study traces the development of the concept of resilience in these different 'schools' and its impact on health systems resilience theory.  ...  catalysing this effect.  ...  In general, in the latest of psychological resilience research resilience is viewed as a process which develops and change over à lifetime and with the change of circumstances; including different mechanisms  ... 
doi:10.5272/jimab.2020263.3251 fatcat:k2wy6nwvzrbh5a22ft3es252ju

Development of an agricultural weather policy

Raymond P. Motha
2007 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology  
The farming community must cope with issues of climate variability and climate change, and, the challenge for agricultural meteorologists is to develop a coordinated national agricultural weather policy  ...  Preparedness must be the essential foundation of an agricultural weather policy that builds upon mitigation measures and adaptation strategies to cope with climate variability and climate change as it  ...  There is little or no mechanism to provide decision-makers with authoritative information on the causes and consequences of changes in the Earth's ecosystems and on the options for response.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.03.031 fatcat:os6qdqogsrbozjbhqlveu7h6zq

Antifragility and the development of urban water infrastructure

Filip Babovic, Vladan Babovic, Ana Mijic
2017 International Journal of Water Resources Development  
The data can then be shared between cities to establish what heuristics are effective in the management of water systems in order to develop increasingly robust and antifragile infrastructure.  ...  This paper presents one of the first known applications of antifragility to water infrastructure systems, and outlines the development of antifragility at the city scale through the use of a bi-modal strategy  ...  Conclusion The development of antifragility in urban water systems offers a paradigm through which systems can continually evolve to better face the challenges caused by a changing world.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07900627.2017.1369866 fatcat:nhr6h4dqajemlaec2zhv4gi66y

Adaptation to climate change in the developing world

W. Neil Adger, Saleemul Huq, Katrina Brown, Declan Conway, Mike Hulme
2003 Progress in Development Studies  
In this paper we explore the nature of risk and vulnerability in the context of climate change and review the evidence on present-day adaptation in developing countries and on coordinated international  ...  Risks are apparent in agriculture, fisheries and many other components that constitute the livelihood of rural populations in developing countries.  ...  in London.  ... 
doi:10.1191/1464993403ps060oa fatcat:rumlm5aqdbanhfah3fmnq624di

Improving Livelihoods of Resettled Farmers Through Development of a Knowledge Base on Climate Change in Mhondoro – Ngezi District, Zimbabwe

Tinashe Mitchell Mashizha
2017 International Journal of Sustainable Development Research  
There is need for increased participation in the realm of development agencies (NGOs and government) and be more sincere with the participation of communities through the development of a knowledge base  ...  beneficiaries, extreme reliance on Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) and policy inconsistency.  ...  The AREX officers provided information on the implementation of coping mechanisms as well as accounts of vulnerabilities of people on the ground to the effects of climate change.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ijsdr.20170302.12 fatcat:olljueku7bhtppkdsaskwqki3y

UNCERTAINTY IDENTIFICATION IN NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

Mahesh Caisucar, Rajesh P. Gaonkar
2018 Industrial Engineering Journal  
New Product Development (NPD) is considered as one of the core functions of the corporate. New product development decisions contain considerable amount of uncertainty causing elements.  ...  Uncertainty arises from both internal and external multiple sources including technical, management and commercial issues.  ...  Coping with uncertain and vague characteristics of information is critical to the effectiveness of decisionmaking.  ... 
doi:10.26488/iej.10.12.86 fatcat:ub7lyrublbd2reovkksykitkvu
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