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Uncertainty and Conflict Handling in the ATT-Meta Context-Based System for Metaphorical Reasoning [chapter]

John A. Barnden
2001 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
At CONTEXT'99, the author described the ATT-Meta context-based system for (a) reasoning uncertainly about agents' beliefs and (b) performing some of the uncertain reasoning needed for the understanding  ...  ATT-Meta's handling of uncertainty is qualitative, and includes provisions for adjudicating conflicts between different lines of reasoning.  ...  Some of the types of uncertainty and conflict that ATT-Meta handles, at least to a useful extent, are: 1.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-44607-9_2 fatcat:oolieqmqqjdujn3mgyc5kxg6pe

An Implemented Context System that Combines Belief Reasoning, Metaphor-Based Reasoning and Uncertainty Handling [chapter]

John A. Barnden, Mark G. Lee
1999 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
An implemented context-based reasoning system called ATT-Meta is sketched. The system can perform both reasoning about beliefs of agents and metaphor-based reasoning.  ...  This framework allows for uncertain reasoning and conflict resolution within individual contexts, uncertainty in individual inter-context bridging rules, conflict resolution between the effects of different  ...  Conflict Within and Across Belief Layers Metaphor-Based Reasoning in ATT-Meta ATT-Meta is merely a reasoning system, and does not deal with natural language input directly.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-48315-2_3 fatcat:246udl3ncrehtpveny4m2hdtne

An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Metaphor Understanding

John A. Barnden, Mark G. Lee
2007 Theoria et Historia Scientiarum  
An implemented system called ATT-Meta is sketched. The system can perform an important type of metaphor-based reasoning.  ...  The system thereby copes with various different types of uncertainty involved in metaphor understanding.  ...  Acknowledgment The research was supported in part by grant number IRI-9101354 from the National Science Foundation (USA) and grant number GR/M64208 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council  ... 
doi:10.12775/ths.2002.017 fatcat:qgtgkdzjxnb2tha74kzksoz3j4

Varieties and Directions of Interdomain Influence in Metaphor

John A. Barnden, Sheila R. Glasbey, Mark G. Lee, Alan M. Wallington
2004 Metaphor and Symbol  
The article briefly explains the thorough implementation of reverse influence in a computer program for metaphorical reasoning called ATT-Meta, although the theoretical considerations are relevant to all  ...  These issues have arisen out of a reasoning-based approach to metaphor, seeking to make best use of information from metaphorical utterance, context, source and target domains, and known metaphorical mappings  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by grant GR/M64208 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the UK. We are grateful for comments from the editor and reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327868ms1901_1 fatcat:q75v6hgs5fbyfh2wfxrhoyhxfy

Reasoning About Mixed Metaphors Within an Implemented Artificial Intelligence System

Mark G. Lee, John A. Barnden
2001 Metaphor and Symbol  
To this end, the article provides an analysis of both parallel and serial mixed metaphors that has been implemented in an artificial intelligence system that is already capable of reasoning about straight  ...  It is claimed that the same kinds of reasoning and knowledge structures involved in understanding straight metaphors are also required in understanding mixed metaphors and that mixing is a central phenomenon  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research is being supported in part by Grant GR/M64208 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, England, and has previously been supported by Grant IRI-9101354  ... 
doi:10.1080/10926488.2001.9678884 fatcat:na6qvacngffbdnt4pvniet4vz4

Varieties of Metacognition in Natural and Artificial Systems [chapter]

Aaron Sloman
2011 Metareasoning  
This paper, partly based on philosophical analysis of requirements for robots in complex 3-D environments, surveys varieties of meta-cognition, drawing attention to requirements that drove biological evolution  ...  However, the tasks required to pursue scientific and engineering goals overlap, since both involve building working systems to test ideas and demonstrate results, and the conceptual frameworks and development  ...  I thank the editors for their patience and understanding.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0020 fatcat:5uh2tb43afhxre5ybukjiyslm4

Metaphorical reasoning with an economical set of mappings

A.M. Wallington, J.A. Barnden, S.R. Glasbey, M.G. Lee
2006 DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada  
It is argued that, for many metaphors, it is incorrect to assume that all the elements of the source domain map to elements of the target domain, and that a much more economical set of mappings should  ...  This paper discusses the nature of the metaphorical transfer from the source domain to the target domain.  ...  This has forced us to address issues that are all too frequently overlooked such as the need for ancillary assumptions, or the need to protect the source domain reasoning from conflicting evidence in reality  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0102-44502006000300011 fatcat:zvcavrwdhre5llhdv2j4wge6hq

Reasoning in metaphor understanding

John Barnden, Sheila Glasbey, Mark Lee, Alan Wallington
2002 Proceedings of the 19th international conference on Computational linguistics -   unpublished
A reasoning system has been implemented that partially instantiates the theoretical approach. The system, called ATT-Meta, will be demonstrated.  ...  The paper briefly indicates how the system works, and outlines some specific aspects of the system, approach and the overall project.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is supported by grant GR/M64208 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the UK.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1071884.1071905 fatcat:opbrfaj4nbafpfjsd4kltvxl5e

Diagrammatic reasoning for planning and intelligent control

2001 IEEE Control Systems  
Similar in this respect are other approaches to planning based on forms of representation such as graphs, Bayesian networks, Petri nets, and so on (see [1] for a review).  ...  As a consequence, the problem arises of devising models of reasoning and kinds of representations that 34 IEEE Control Systems Magazine  ...  In particular, this kind of reasoning can be used to plan actions in spatial contexts and in the presence of constraints that in general can be represented as repulsive "obstacles."  ... 
doi:10.1109/37.915400 fatcat:dsfyq4epfnazzn4oc6vtkuu7uy

Incidence and root causes of delays in emergency orthopaedic procedures: a single-centre experience of 36,017 consecutive cases over seven years

Ulla Caesar, Jon Karlsson, Elisabeth Hansson
2018 Patient Safety in Surgery  
The aim was to evaluate and describe the number of and reasons for delays and cancellations, as well as waiting times.  ...  This thesis is based on the following studies, referred to in the text by their Roman numerals.  ...  The context in Studies I and III is based on a healthcare system that is publicly financed. Accordingly, the results in that respect could be applied to similar orthopaedic departments.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13037-018-0149-1 pmid:29344088 pmcid:PMC5763611 fatcat:gly2scimvneonjdiqclreihwce

Span of control and the significance for public sector managers' job demands: A multilevel study

Linda Wallin, Anders Pousette, Lotta Dellve
2013 Economic and Industrial Democracy  
In the first study, the main aim was to explore different types of naturally occurring psychosocial work situations for municipal managers, based on the combination of job demands and job resources, by  ...  The main theoretical framework was based on the latest development in the work stress field, where theoretical and empirical insights from several decades have been developed into the JD-R model.  ...  with sports metaphors, as illustrated in Figure 8 .  ... 
doi:10.1177/0143831x13488002 fatcat:6eycw7dwmfcaphn3h67xmlksze

A general account of argumentation with preferences

Sanjay Modgil, Henry Prakken
2013 Artificial Intelligence  
Left to right: if S is AL inconsistent then ϕ, −ϕ ∈ Cn(S) for any ϕ. By definition of R s , for some T , T ⊆ S there exist rules T → ϕ and T → −ϕ in R s .  ...  Let be the c-SAF based on (L , Cn) and (Σ, ). Then for any complete extension E of : S = {φ|φ ∈ Prem(A), A ∈ E} is AL-inconsistent iff S = Cl R s ({Conc(A)|A ∈ E}) is inconsistent. Proof.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers, whose comments on earlier versions of this paper have helped to improve the content and presentation of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.artint.2012.10.008 fatcat:wa65yv3rsndflelpno5felsygm

A General Account of Argumentation with Preferences [article]

Sanjay Modgil, Henry Prakken
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This paper builds on the recent ASPIC+ formalism, to develop a general framework for argumentation with preferences.  ...  We motivate a revised definition of conflict free sets of arguments, adapt ASPIC+ to accommodate a broader range of instantiating logics, and show that under some assumptions, the resulting framework satisfies  ...  in the presence of uncertainty and conflict.  ... 
arXiv:1804.06763v1 fatcat:nlpmzytzorg3xniuqtts5qtehm

Editorial: Early aspects: aspect-oriented requirements engineering and architecture design

Awais Rashid, Ana Moreira, Bedir Tekinerdogan
2004 IEE Proceedings - Software  
The primary goal of the workshop was to focus on challenges to defining methodical software development processes for aspects from early on in the software life cycle and explore the potential of proposed  ...  The workshop included a presentation session and working sessions in which the particular topics on early aspects were discussed.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Conor Ryan, Alan Gray, David McKitterick, Karl Quinn and Tonya McMorrow from the original Crystal Game development team, on which our case study was based, and Mary  ... 
doi:10.1049/ip-sen:20041027 fatcat:zqxbrgz225c2djhxm72y7s754i

Psychotherapeutic development [article]

Anna Gerge
2017 The PhD Series of the Faculty of the Humanities  
(fight-flight) and the system for immobilization.  ...  In the arts-based inquiry images, symbols and metaphors can be embodied, as we, ourselves, can become touched when in contact with the phenomena we are researching, for example arts-based client-made artefacts  ...  Doctoral Programme in Music Therapy, Aalborgs University, Danmark, http://www.mt-phd.aau.dk/ , använda mina skattningar för att se om det föreligger skillnader mellan hur olika yrkesgrupper inom vården  ... 
doi:10.5278/vbn.phd.hum.00094 fatcat:nwr5ktorlfexvmwxi7p6fxua3a
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