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Semi-Persistent RRC Protocol for Machine-Type Communication Devices in LTE Networks

Yinan Qi, Atta Ul Quddus, Muhammad Ali Imran, Rahim Tafazolli
2015 IEEE Access  
The proposed RRC protocol can easily co-exist with legacy RRC protocol in LTE. The design criterion of SPRST is derived and the signalling procedure is investigated accordingly.  ...  semi-persistent RRC State Transition (SPRST), where the RRC state transition is no longer triggered by incoming traffic but depends on pre-determined parameters based on the traffic pattern obtained by  ...  PROPOSED SEMI-PERSISTENT RRC STATE TRANSITION PROTOCOL A Semi-Persistent RRC State Transition (SPRST) scheme is proposed in this section for saving the energy of MTC devices.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2015.2445976 fatcat:oye3j3t7bngkliwy36vqnwhphe

Analytical evaluation of extended DRX with additional active cycles for light traffic

Scott Fowler, Ahmed Omar Shahidullah, Mohammed Osman, Johan M. Karlsson, Di Yuan
2015 Computer Networks  
LTE and LTE-Advanced mobile technologies have integrated discontinuous reception (DRX) power saving method to optimize the power consumption at the user equipment (UE).  ...  Furthermore, the magnitude of improvement for both delay and power-saving was somewhat greater in 5-state than 4-state.  ...  In LTE the Radio Resource Control (RRC) manages the DRX operation and thus the DRX can be enabled in either of the RRC modes, RRC CONNECTED or RRC IDLE [2] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2014.11.020 fatcat:vma5hymru5hcnos3gbxjg6hxbq

Power Saving Techniques for 5G and Beyond

Yu-Ngok Ruyue Li, Mengzhu Chen, Jun Xu, Li Tian, Kaibin Huang
2020 IEEE Access  
INDEX TERMS Power saving, beyond 5G, energy efficient network, green communication.  ...  It provides the 5G evolution path of the power saving techniques from the first release of 5G standard to the future beyond-5G releases.  ...  Without support of data transmission in RRC inactive state, UE has to resume the connection with RRC connected state.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3001180 fatcat:iwsqf4z3ijgrtny64qo4r4v3ja

Performance Evaluation of LTE/LTE-A DRX: A Markovian Approach

Hawar Ramazanali, Alexey Vinel
2016 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
In LTE/LTE-A the Discontinuous Reception Mechanism (DRX) aims at power saving of User Equipment (UE) devices. In the paper we present an analysis of DRX, which is novel in two dimensions.  ...  Index Terms-LTE/LTE-A, DRX, power saving, energy efficiency, wake-up delay, machine-to-machine communication, military training, IoT.  ...  LTE/LTE-A DRX Mechanism An LTE device can be either in RRC Idle or RRC Connected mode [16] . DRX mechanism can be used in both modes [17] but is in this work described only for RRC Connected mode.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2015.2493370 fatcat:b5cocltxsfdlnjpcb7xp3ydv7u

Data driven selection of DRX for energy efficient 5G RAN

Diarmuid Corcoran, Loghman Andimeh, Andreas Ermedahl, Per Kreuger, Christian Schulte
2017 2017 13th International Conference on Network and Service Management (CNSM)  
The number of connected mobile devices is increasing rapidly with more than 10 billion expected by 2022. Their total aggregate energy consumption poses a significant concern to society.  ...  The current 3gpp (3rd Generation Partnership Project) LTE/LTE-Advanced standard incorporates an energy saving technique called discontinuous reception (DRX).  ...  Acknowledgements: We gratefully acknowledge the help from many colleagues at Ericsson in implementing a lab environment and running tests using live LTE equipment.  ... 
doi:10.23919/cnsm.2017.8255972 dblp:conf/cnsm/CorcoranAEKS17 fatcat:jmipd3mrmjgnngq7v2v43b3bvy

Impact of DRX parameters on user equipment power saving and delay reduction in LTE networks

P. Arunagiri, G. Nagarajan
2018 Advances in Modelling and Analysis D  
This work focuses on power saving in UE and delay introduced in the process. Moreover, scheduling the DRX parameters can result in optimization of delay reduction and power.  ...  Although DRX mechanism introduces latency in the system, the power that can be saved in active and background traffic is comparatively good.  ...  DRX MECHANISM The two possible states for LTE devices are idle state and connected state. When there is data activity either uplink or downlink, the device stays in connected state.  ... 
doi:10.18280/ama_d.230101 fatcat:jici6lgxrjgwhndvmpfpr2qyim

A Modelling and Experimental Framework for Battery Lifetime Estimation in NB-IoT and LTE-M [article]

André Sørensen, Hua Wang, Maxime Jérôme Remy, Nicolaj Kjettrup, René Brandborg Sørensen, Jimmy Jessen Nielsen, Petar Popovski, Germán Corrales Madueño
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents a comprehensive power consumption model for battery lifetime estimation, which is based on User Equipment(UE) states and procedures, for two cellular IoT technologies: Narrowband Internet  ...  Low-power wide-area networking (LPWAN) has attracted enormous research interests to enable large scale deployment of IoT, with the design objectives of low cost, wide coverage area, as well as low power  ...  In the ECM CONNECTED state, the UE has an active RRC connection with the network and is semi-actively monitoring the network in order to preserve energy.  ... 
arXiv:2106.13286v2 fatcat:jousvwu4tzdxhe72jyn3nbvmri

Emulation-Instrumented Fuzz Testing of 4G/LTE Android Mobile Devices Guided by Reinforcement Learning [chapter]

Kaiming Fang, Guanhua Yan
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Towards this end, we develop LEFT (LTE-Oriented Emulation-Instrumented Fuzzing Testbed), which perturbs the behavior of LTE network modules to elicit vulnerable internal states of mobile devices under  ...  To balance exploration and exploitation, LEFT uses reinforcement learning to guide behavior perturbation in an instrumented LTE network emulator.  ...  The malicious eNodeB can force a victim UE to make a connection to itself with high signal power, as a typical UE constantly measures the received signal strengths from neighboring eNodeBs and chooses  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-98989-1_2 fatcat:wvf2wcnjzza4zi6yma7jag7sci

QoE Power-Efficient Multimedia Delivery Method for LTE-A

M. Sajid Mushtaq, Abdelhamid Mellouk, Brice Augustin, Scott Fowler
2016 IEEE Systems Journal  
Our proposed method reduces the packet delay, packet loss, and increases the fairness and UE's power saving with high users satisfaction.  ...  Quality of Experience (QoE) Power Efficient Method (QEPEM) for LTE-A, which efficiently allocates the radio resources and optimizes the use of UE power using the DRX mechanism.  ...  The RRC has two different states where DRX mechanism can be worked, i.e., RRC Idle and RRC Connected.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jsyst.2015.2435994 fatcat:o5d7zqptpzhcznltypzpz22tue

Power Consumption Modeling of Discontinuous Reception for Cellular Machine Type Communications

Yasir Mehmood, Lei Zhang, Anna Förster
2019 Sensors  
Currently existing modeling schemes do not consider the full range of states in the discontinuous reception (DRX) mechanism in LTE-A networks.  ...  In this paper, we address the problem of modeling these power-saving mechanisms.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the International Graduate School for Dynamics in Logistics (IGS), doctoral training group of LogDynamics, University of Bremen, Germany, for the financial support of this work  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19030617 fatcat:lgm2r2isyraw7cspj4nbp3wisu

Practical Attacks Against Privacy and Availability in 4G/LTE Mobile Communication Systems [article]

Altaf Shaik, Ravishankar Borgaonkar, N. Asokan, Valtteri Niemi, Jean-Pierre Seifert
2017 arXiv   pre-print
The LTE suite of specifications is considered to be significantly better than its predecessors not only in terms of functionality but also with respect to security and privacy for subscribers.  ...  Our first class of attacks consists of three different ways of making an LTE device leak its location: A semi-passive attacker can locate an LTE device within a 2 area within a city whereas an active  ...  T-Labs, Aalto University, and Huawei provided test devices used in our experiments.  ... 
arXiv:1510.07563v3 fatcat:433ag5kbujaivmcb2lbov5zfuu

Power Saving Scheduling Scheme for Internet of Things over LTE/LTE-Advanced Networks

Yen-Wei Kuo, Li-Der Chou
2015 Mobile Information Systems  
In this paper, we proposed a fuzzy-based power saving scheduling scheme for IoT over the LTE/LTE-Advanced networks to deal with the issues of the radio resource management and power consumption from the  ...  The devices of Internet of Things (IoT) will grow rapidly in the near future, and the power consumption and radio spectrum management will become the most critical issues in the IoT networks.  ...  Depending on UEs in active or idle mode, two mobile's Radio Resource Control (RRC) states, RRC IDLE and RRC CONNECTED, are used in the DRX mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/971538 fatcat:bi7aloaovngf3epcrbn54nybaq

Analysis of adjustable and fixed DRX mechanism for power saving in LTE/LTE-Advanced

Scott Fowler, Ranjeet S. Bhamber, Abdelhamid Mellouk
2012 2012 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)  
In this paper, we take an overview of the fixed frame DRX cycle and compare it against an adjustable DRX cycle of the LTE/LTE-Advanced power saving mechanism, by modelling the system with bursty packet  ...  data traffic using a semi-Markov process.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT Scott Fowler was partially supported by the Swedish Excellence Center at Linköping -Lund in information Technology (ELLIIT) and EC-FP7 Marie Curie CIG grant, Proposal number: 294182.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icc.2012.6363708 dblp:conf/icc/FowlerBM12 fatcat:y4twcl6spncqvltfndtysscyui

Machine-type communications: current status and future perspectives toward 5G systems

Hamidreza Shariatmadari, Rapeepat Ratasuk, Sassan Iraji, Andrés Laya, Tarik Taleb, Riku Jäntti, Amitava Ghosh
2015 IEEE Communications Magazine  
The ubiquitous deployment of these systems saves the network installation cost and provides mobility support.  ...  This study presents, in part, a roadmap from the current cellular technologies towards fully MTC-capable 5G mobile systems.  ...  In LTE, each eNodeB hosts radio resource control (RRC) to maintain the RRC state and perform radio resource allocation for all active users.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2015.7263367 fatcat:6rx743yuy5b3feiaiw7iq2vqqm

Impact of Signaling Storms on Energy Consumption and Latency of LTE User Equipment

Frederic Francois, Omer H. Abdelrahman, Erol Gelenbe
2015 2015 IEEE 17th International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications, 2015 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Cyberspace Safety and Security, and 2015 IEEE 12th International Conference on Embedded Software and Systems  
storms affect both the energy consumption and bandwidth allocation of normal and misbehaving LTE UEs by constructing a mathematical model which captures the interaction between the UE traffic and the Radio  ...  Resource Control state machine and bandwidth allocation mechanism at the eNodeB.  ...  The work presented in this paper was supported by the EU  ... 
doi:10.1109/hpcc-css-icess.2015.84 dblp:conf/hpcc/FrancoisAG15 fatcat:5ktdnszoyfdsfdy3cvrn7u57ea
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