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Fitting two languages into one brain

S. Dehaene
1999 Brain  
the number sequence while switching languages (for instance 'un, two, trois, four, cinq . . .') will recognize that central The co-existence of multiple languages in the same brain suggests that sophisticated  ...  In rare cases, brain lesions can leave a bilingual patient impaired in only one results clarify how bilingual brains escape the curse of Babel, and also help make sense of some puzzling reports of language  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/122.12.2207 pmid:10581216 fatcat:cm4igydcqfhfpb6c3qffwa7njy

What factors influence how two languages are coded in one brain

Arturo E. Hernandez
2013 Physics of Life Reviews  
For many years, researchers have wondered how two languages are represented in one brain. Of particular interest is the finding of selective impairment of a single language in bilinguals [1, 2] .  ...  Buchweitz and Prat [16] piece on the bilingual brain adds significantly to this growing body of work while at the same time allowing further examination of the factors identified by neuropsychologists  ...  For many years, researchers have wondered how two languages are represented in one brain. Of particular interest is the finding of selective impairment of a single language in bilinguals [1, 2] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.plrev.2013.09.006 pmid:24119425 pmcid:PMC5939999 fatcat:cufi2jxxd5aetevke55sswwl6i

Brain potential and functional MRI evidence for how to handle two languages with one brain

Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells, Michael Rotte, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Tömme Nösselt, Thomas F. Münte
2002 Nature  
Of these, 36 had a sample size of eight or greater, 32 had been surveyed in at least two African and two non-African individuals and 10 were of X-linked genes.  ...  The two methods produced a similar distribution so the simpler method using a single group of genes was used.  ...  It is one of two of®cial languages in this region and is compulsory in school and at university.  ... 
doi:10.1038/4151026a pmid:11875570 fatcat:xoakxwq3s5fu7poyqeukwajo4e

Two languages, one developing brain: event-related potentials to words in bilingual toddlers

Barbara T. Conboy, Debra L. Mills
2006 Developmental Science  
Infant bilingualism offers a unique opportunity to study the relative effects of language experience and maturation on brain development, with each child serving as his or her own control.  ...  The results indicate that the organization of language-relevant brain activity is linked to experience with language rather than brain maturation.  ...  This study was based on a doctoral dissertation by Barbara T. Conboy.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2005.00453.x pmid:16445386 fatcat:fucb62shzjegzmxvt6csbfwtza

The organization of the American Sign Language lexicon: Comparing one- and two-parameter ERP phonological priming effects across tasks

Gabriela Meade, Brittany Lee, Natasja Massa, Phillip J. Holcomb, Katherine J. Midgley, Karen Emmorey
2021 Brain and Language  
We used phonological priming and ERPs to investigate the organization of the lexicon in American Sign Language.  ...  One list was the reverse order of the other, and list order was counterbalanced across participants within each task. Participants completed the two tasks at least one month apart.  ...  , and on both mastoids.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2021.104960 pmid:33940343 fatcat:vwmh3i3v2jbq7esz64uqn23ava

Processing emotional words in two languages with one brain: ERP and fMRI evidence from Chinese–English bilinguals

Peiyao Chen, Jie Lin, Bingle Chen, Chunming Lu, Taomei Guo
2015 Cortex  
The present study examined the neural mechanisms of emotional word processing in ChineseeEnglish bilinguals' two languages by using both event-related potentials (ERPs) and functional magnetic resonance  ...  ERPs fMRI a b s t r a c t Emotional words in a bilingual's second language (L2) seem to have less emotional impact compared to emotional words in the first language (L1).  ...  The authors would like to thank Drs.Werner Sommer, Annekathrin Schacht and two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on earlier versions of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2015.06.002 pmid:26143622 fatcat:hhga7ky22rbebkpm7dexfc2mn4

Two Languages in Mind

Judith F. Kroll, Susan C. Bobb, Noriko Hoshino
2014 Current Directions in Psychological Science  
The parallel activation of the two languages is thought to give rise to competition that imposes demands on the bilingual to control the language not in use to achieve fluency in the target language.  ...  The focus of recent research on bilingualism has been to understand the relations among these discoveries and their implications for language, cognition, and the brain across the life span.  ...  Cross-language activation means that bilinguals are constantly juggling the competition that results when one of the two languages must be selected.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0963721414528511 pmid:25309055 pmcid:PMC4191972 fatcat:su7ysqlsn5gevorlztfbqxdw6e

Temporal Processing and Phonological Impairment in Dyslexia: Effect of Phoneme Lengthening on Order Judgment of Two Consonants

Véronique Rey, Sonia De Martino, Robert Espesser, Michel Habib
2002 Brain and Language  
Thirteen phonological dyslexics (age 10-13) and 10 controls matched for chronologial age were compared on a Temporal Order Judgment (TOJ) task using the succession of two consonants (/p/ /s/) within a  ...  In order to test the possible relevance of the temporal deficit hypothesis, the task also included two additional conditions where either the two stimuli were artificially slowed or two phonological structures  ...  brain structures in charge of language processing (Galaburda et al., 1994) .  ... 
doi:10.1006/brln.2001.2618 pmid:11896658 fatcat:kgtyvnt4gva7fpc5cd3nhakw24

The effects of multiple script priming on word recognition by the two cerebral hemispheres: Implications for discourse processing

Miriam Faust, Ofra Barak, Christine Chiarello
2006 Brain and Language  
These consisted of either single scripts or combinations of two diVerent scripts: (1) a related script, (2) an unrelated script, (3) a related script + a neutral "Wller," (4) a related script + an unrelated  ...  Introduction Anectodal as well as clinical evidence from right brain damaged individuals Wrst provided hints that the right hemisphere (RH) might play a unique role in processing language in contexts that  ...  to language processing, the eVects of contexts containing more than one complete sentence should also be investigated.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2005.07.002 pmid:16099024 fatcat:r2v7seswnjgmheognzaqegvsry

The two languages of science

Itai Yanai, Martin Lercher
2020 Genome Biology  
In night science, insistence on precision becomes a hindrance, while metaphors and anthropomorphizing-the personification of nonhuman objects such as cells, proteins, and genes-impart us with powerful  ...  Acquiring this language is an important part of our formal training as day scientists.  ...  Of course, the notion of there being two languages in science-a night science one and a day science one-is itself an analogy: both use the same words and grammar.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13059-020-02057-5 pmid:32552854 fatcat:xrbhkthwuzc4ro5xe2ygvomn7i

The neurobiology of language: Two years later

Steven L. Small, Greg Hickok, Howard C. Nusbaum, Sheila Blumstein, H. Branch Coslett, Gary Dell, Peter Hagoort, Marta Kutas, Alec Marantz, Liina Pylkkanen
2011 Brain and Language  
As our readers are aware, Brain and Language made a change in its Editorial policies about two years ago, just as the organizing committee, composed primarily of members of the Editorial Board of the Journal  ...  interested in publishing in Brain and Language.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2011.02.004 fatcat:cknvo2pgljcghkg7mtfvcwj6n4

Bihemispheric Language: How the Two Hemispheres Collaborate in the Processing of Language [chapter]

Norman D. Cook
2004 The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens  
Relevant studies on the hemispheric contributions to language processing are reviewed, and the role of interhemispheric communications in cognition is discussed.  ...  on the left and right are integrated.  ...  people contain two potentially independent 'brains' in one skull became widely known, and attention was focused on precisely how these 'two brains', and possibly these 'two personalities', differ.  ... 
doi:10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0010 fatcat:ugh5oe43krgwxjde4p66uvaxvq

Language learning experience of two Vietnamese language adult learners

Cao Thi Hong Phuong
2018 Edulite: Journal of English Education, Literature, and Culture  
In-depth research on Second Language Acquisition (SLA) has shed light on different factors affecting learners� process of learning an additional language (AL).  ...  This case study report compares two adult learners� language learning experiences from social and cognitive SLA perspectives.  ...  Typically, it involves two languages that can affect one another in bilingual speakers.  ... 
doi:10.30659/e.3.2.101-109 fatcat:d27oaykn7nefzogr4ysmv3kguq

Two faces, two languages: An fMRI study of bilingual picture naming

Yunqing Li, Jing Yang, K. Suzanne Scherf, Ping Li
2013 Brain and Language  
We examined the influence of face race on bilingual language production in a picture-naming paradigm.  ...  in the bilingual brain.  ...  Y.Li et al. / Brain & Language xxx (2013) xxx-xxx Please cite this article in press as: Li, Y., et al. Two faces, two languages: An fMRI study of bilingual picture naming.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2013.09.005 pmid:24129199 fatcat:3p5wgznx25arxj6dafvqgc326e

MODELING TWO-LANGUAGE COMPETITION DYNAMICS

M. PATRIARCA, X. CASTELLÓ, J. R. URIARTE, V. M. EGUÍLUZ, M. SAN MIGUEL
2012 Advances in Complex Systems  
In this paper we review recent advances in this direction and focus on three aspects.  ...  First we consider the shift from two-state models to three state models that include the possibility of bilingual individuals.  ...  This paper reviews recent work on language competition dynamics focusing on models describing interaction in social communities with two languages or two linguistic features "A" and "B".  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0219525912500488 fatcat:4gewgkrblzg5joo2acoiq3r4mu
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