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Mathematical Sophistication and Differentiated Emotions during Mathematical Problem Solving

Bradford D. Allen, James Carifio
2007 Journal of Mathematics and Statistics  
during mathematical problem solving, a claim that has been untested for nearly fifty years.  ...  These more sophisticated students also managed their negative emotions and anxiety during problem solving better than students who were not mathematically sophisticated.  ...  on the three Emotion Questionnaire surveys that were completed for the two problems.  ... 
doi:10.3844/jmssp.2007.163.167 fatcat:ohfwqowruvccxgzk7c7vuqu7tm

Competition in the Courtroom: When Does Expert Testimony Improve Jurors' Decisions?

Cheryl Boudreau, Mathew D. McCubbins
2009 Journal of Empirical Legal Studies  
versus easy problems.  ...  on difficult and easy problems.  ...  Specifically, before each math problem, the experimenter selects two subjects at random to act as the experts for that particular math problem.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1740-1461.2009.01160.x fatcat:ujsdynxwpvh5xdncaqcvl4ifzq

Sharing costs in Swedish road ownership associations

Sofia Grahn-Voorneveld
2012 Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice  
The motivation of this paper is the practical problem of how such an ownership association can divide the costs for the road network among the members in a "fair" way.  ...  The motivation of this paper is the practical problem of how such an ownership association can divide the costs for the road network among the members in a "fair" way.  ...  The problem has two sophistication factors; the road itself (factor 1) and bearing capacity (factor 2).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tra.2011.11.014 fatcat:aikmroilifb2pftg3guokewose

Sophisticated Students in Boston Mechanism and Gale-Shapley Algorithm for School Choice Problem [article]

Abhishek Paudel
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present our experimental results of simulating the school choice problem which deals with the assignment of students to schools based on each group's complete preference list for the other group using  ...  We compare the effects of sophisticated students altering their preference lists with regards to these two algorithms.  ...  In this paper, we study two variants of algorithms that are used to solve this problem: Boston mechanism also known as immediate acceptance algorithm and student-proposing Gale-Shapley algorithm also known  ... 
arXiv:2108.05951v1 fatcat:wxj5rhgezjbsvl76xim4yk3dmy

Sophistication About Self-Control

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Sarah C. Dahmann, Daniel Kamhöfer, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch
2021 Social Science Research Network  
Importantly, sophistication fully compensates for self-control problems when choices involve immediate costs and later benefits.  ...  Accounting for both the level and awareness of self-control limitations has predictive power beyond one-dimensional notions of self-control that neglect awareness.  ...  Column 5 contains the p-value of two-sided t-test for statistical differences between the two averages.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3900871 fatcat:bjbrkesucncopamxj4mbjie37e

EXPERIENCE STUDENT BACKGROUND AND THEIR BEHAVIOR IN PROBLEM SOLVING

Yulyanti Harisman, Muchamad Subali Noto, Wahyu Hidayat
2020 Infinity  
Four categories of students' mathematical problem solving behavior in junior high schools in Indonesia had been obtained. These categories were: naive, routine, semi-sophisticated, and sophisticated.  ...  These Students' mathematical problem solving behavior had been presented in the previous paper.  ...  Furthermore, in labeling schools, S-1 is for the school one, S-2 for the school two, and S-3 is for school three.  ... 
doi:10.22460/infinity.v9i1.p59-68 fatcat:25r7i4fbrzhq7lnre3buvjov3i

Dynamic Nonlinear Pricing Model Based on Adaptive and Sophisticated Learning

Wenjie Bi, Yinghui Sun, Haiying Liu, Xiaohong Chen
2014 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
With the assumption that consumers are both adaptive and sophisticated learners, we study a dynamic pricing model dealing with repeated decision problems in a duopoly market.  ...  Particularly, for experience goods, a consumer's purchase decision is not only based on his previous purchase behavior (adaptive learning), but also affected by that of other consumers (sophisticated learning  ...  Where = ( 1 , 2 ) is the sophisticated consumers' estimate for the quality or goodwill of good and = 1 − 2 is the relative quality or goodwill of two goods for sophisticated.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/791656 fatcat:h7hjjzsns5fs3oenc62kegn344

Naive, resolute or sophisticated? A study of dynamic decision making

John D. Hey, Gianna Lotito
2009 Journal of Risk and Uncertainty  
These results have important implications for predicting the behaviour of people in dynamic situations.  ...  We find that the majority of subjects are either naive or resolute (with slightly more being naive) but very few are sophisticated.  ...  whom best combination is the same for two of the types Winner is sophisticated (either Type).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11166-008-9058-5 fatcat:tu5gn7s6kvdepj2ecxvpuwf3ju

Naive, resolute or sophisticated? A study of dynamic decision making [chapter]

John D. Hey, Gianna Lotito
2018 Experiments in Economics  
These results have important implications for predicting the behaviour of people in dynamic situations.  ...  We find that the majority of subjects are either naive or resolute (with slightly more being naive) but very few are sophisticated.  ...  whom best combination is the same for two of the types Winner is sophisticated (either Type).  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789813235816_0011 fatcat:cbrqlllqingkdeexpsroa43y4i

Naiveté and sophistication in dynamic inconsistency

Zsombor Z. Méder, János Flesch, Ronald Peeters
2017 Mathematical Social Sciences  
are sometimes naive, sometimes sophisticated can be modeled. a b s t r a c t This paper introduces a general framework for dealing with dynamic inconsistency in the context of Markov decision problems  ...  The creation of a unified formalism to deal with dynamic inconsistency allows for the introduction of a hybrid decision maker, who is naive sometimes, sophisticated at others.  ...  The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO; 452-08-006) is gratefully acknowledged for its support.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mathsocsci.2017.02.002 fatcat:k5ob47wbhff7hhxn6vwf3aenyi

Many Reasons or Just One: How Response Mode Affects Reasoning in the Conjunction Problem

Ralph Hertwig Valerie M. Chase
1998 Thinking and Reasoning  
estimates or ranks-and propose two precise cognitive algorithms for ranking probabilities.  ...  We outline a theoretical framework that attributes the contradictory results to differences in statistical sophistication and to differences in response mode-whether participants are asked for probability  ...  Except for the relatively small effect for participants who correctly solved two problems, the results indicate that the effect of response mode is fairly stable over a range of statistical sophistication  ... 
doi:10.1080/135467898394102 fatcat:cshpuurcknaejgfyisl2afkryu

The effect of differential overtraining of the positive and negative stimulus on the aversiveness of the negative stimulus

Isaac Behar
1974 Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society  
Six discrimination-sophisticated monkeys were trained on 18 problems, each of which contained intermixed trials on two discriminations.  ...  In six problems, the ratio of trials of the two discriminations was 4 to 1.  ...  This stimulus pair was presented for two trials randomly intermixed with the LT stimulus pair which also was presented for two trials.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03333411 fatcat:3vox5x3suvbovoxsl3wr75sr34

Orienting behavior and discriminative proficiency of monkeys

W. A. Pieper, F. J. Chiaverini, V. J. Polidora
1968 Psychonomic Science  
Seventeen test-sophisticated rhesus monkeys were trained to discriminate between pairs of visual metric patterns in an automated apparatus (Wisconsin Automated Test Apparatus, WATA) and the Wisconsin General  ...  On the first day the Ss received two, 25-trial problems in the W A T A, and were then taken immediately to the WG T A to perform the same two problems for 25 additional trials.  ...  On the second test day the Ss received two, 25-trial problems in the WGT A and then were taken to the WA T A for the transfer test. Results.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03327686 fatcat:egwh5i3cq5hwbfodbgle7mq5ci

Jekyll and Hyde

Marie-Edith Bissey, John D Hey, Stefania Ottone
2010 Applied Economics Letters  
Jekyll and Hyde were in fact two people inside the same person -an obviously dynamicallyinconsistent person.  ...  Obviously this cannot stop the problem for the other player (for that would make the continuing probabilities the same) so we get round this problem by having in the laboratory 2n subjects divided into  ...  We get round this problem by having two subjects who play together, one taking the decision in the odd periods and the other in even periods.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13504850802260853 fatcat:brnt5lhovrc6pjlhgu6zcwrau4

INVESTIGATION OF STUDENTS' BEHAVIOR IN MATHEMATICAL PROBLEM SOLVING

Yulyanti Harisman, Muchamad Subali Noto, Wahyu Hidayat
2021 Infinity  
Thus, the routine category can be classified into two categories: routine and semi-sophisticated.  ...  It was due to the category of regular students can be divided into two, some students can be directed, and some of them cannot be directed to sophisticated behaviour.  ...  Furthermore, in labelling schools, S-1 is for the school one, S-2 for the school two, and S-3 is for school three.  ... 
doi:10.22460/infinity.v10i2.p235-258 fatcat:ts6tmqicqncarpgbbdllfdjhai
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