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Truth and deception at the rhetorical structure level

Victoria L. Rubin, Tatiana Lukoianova
2014 Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology  
We use rhetorical structure theory (RST) as the analytic framework to identify systematic differences between deceptive and truthful stories in terms of their coherence and structure.  ...  A vector space model (VSM) assesses each story's position in multidimensional RST space with respect to its distance from truthful and deceptive centers as measures of the story's level of deception and  ...  Acknowledgments This research was funded by the New Research and Scholarly Initiative Award (10-303) from the Academic Development Fund at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.23216 fatcat:3ufxatmdczgrvaqhgkvfx52qdy

Deception Detection in News Reports in the Russian Language: Lexics and Discourse

Dina Pisarevskaya
2017 Proceedings of the 2017 EMNLP Workshop: Natural Language Processing meets Journalism  
Different language markers can be used to reveal the differences between structures of truthful and deceptive (fake) news.  ...  Two experiments are held: the first one is based on lexics level markers, the second one on discourse level is based on rhetorical relations categories (frequencies).  ...  Deception detection requires understanding of complex text structures, so we use Rhetorical Structures Theory (RST) relations as markers on the discourse level.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w17-4213 dblp:conf/emnlp/Pisarevskaya17 fatcat:rmz7ftrlxrfprcpgfaovqocwfa

Page 26 of The Durham University Journal Vol. 65, Issue 1 [page]

1972 The Durham University Journal  
Actual rhetoric, that of the sophists, what was known to Socrates, was not an art—had no contact with truth—for it could be put to purposes of deception.  ...  It is possible to name certain formal levels of expression which, though intimately bound up with and deriving their value "6 Dixon, op. cit.. 76: ‘at the humblest level rhetoric provides something to  ... 

Ideological Polarization as a Deception Strategy in the Discourse of American Think Tanks: A Critical Discourse Analysis

Ali Hamzah Lafta, University of Baghdad, College of Languages, Department of English Language, Baghdad, Iraq.
2022 Journal of the College of languages  
The current study aims at exploring how the ideologizing deception strategies are utilized by the conservative American think tank of the Washington Institute to reproduce socio-political realities and  ...  However, the employment of discursive deception strategies by the policy-making institutions of think tanks has not received due attention in the literature.  ...  Figure (2) Frequency and Percentage of deception strategies at the Argumentative Level At the rhetorical level, the highest frequency of the strategy of euphemism (48%) occurs in the realization of the  ... 
doi:10.36586/jcl.2.2022.0.44.0001 fatcat:z5zoo37ztrhw7pfps5y63itqf4

Rhetoric in the Posttruth Era: A Theory of the Political Lie or Modern Essence of Politics?

Cyprian Mielczarski
2020 Linguistische Treffen in Wrocław  
It is also important to note that the anti-EU rhetoric was aimed at those with low levels of education who decisively voted for the withdrawal, and in so doing were complicit in removing their nation from  ...  Introduction: the Relation between Truth and Political Ethics in Our Times Current debates around the practical and theoretical relation between the concept of truth and rhetoric are centred on the ethical  ... 
doi:10.23817/lingtreff.16-7 doaj:324427bc47a5433e829b1b671977f177 fatcat:iv27dzcxkbfh3ff5m4ezsfiz3a

A Pragmatic Study of Concealment in Tony Blair's Speeches on Iraq War

Rufaidah Kamal Abdulmajeed, Shafaa Ali Finjan
2017 International Journal of English Linguistics  
It is either the manipulation of information or changing the truth whether intentionally or unintentionally or a deceptive strategy.  ...  To achieve this aim, pragma-rhetoric devices, as a pragmatic strategy, are highly used and they score the highest frequency.  ...  They further argued that deception occurs on the strategic level which is the intentional manipulation of deceptive cues and the non strategic level which is the deceiver's nonverbal behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ijel.v8n1p230 fatcat:wmylchorojfp5egzut52augnla

Page 22 of Iowa State Journal of Research Vol. 61, Issue 3 [page]

1987 Iowa State Journal of Research  
Such a method of composition, which grows out of a rhetorical and oral culture that fosters the variation of formulaic verbal and structural  ...  On one level, Shakespeare’s willingness to have Hal gild “the strangest tale that ever I heard” is his way of giving credit to and of playing with the nature of heroic narration which is, at root, embellishment  ... 

Deceptive Opinions Detection Using New Proposed Arabic Semantic Features

Amel Ziani, Nabiha Azizi, Didier Schwab, Djamel Zenakhra, Monther Aldwairi, Nassira Chekkai, Nawel Zemmal, Marwa Hadj Salah
2021 Procedia Computer Science  
These features were inspired from the study of discourse parse and the rhetoric relations in Arabic.  ...  Therefore, we conducted this work to develop and to implement new semantic features to improve the Arabic deception detection.  ...  Thus, and after we analyzed the mentioned English dataset we noticed that they generated a considerable number of structured truthful and deceptive opinions in English, what made us think in translate  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2021.05.067 fatcat:v7emkjqcx5f5tgk2njtzwcckka

The Syntax of Unreliable Narrators' I-Utterances in 'Gone Girl' by G. Flynn

Olena Hnatkovska
2018 Linguaculture  
The analysis of sentence structure variety, average sentence length and syntactic stylistic peculiarities of I-utterances aims at ascertaining whether these devices and their frequency indicate that the  ...  author gives the readers a hint at the unreliability of the narration.  ...  Annual Meeting: Information Science with Impact: Research in and for the Community,St. Louis, Missouri, November 06-10, 2015. Silver Springs: American Society for Information Science. Vol. 52: 1-4.  ... 
doi:10.47743/lincu-2018-1-0114 fatcat:ijejx2s4lnf7hpsb7m4q6aytam

Motivations, Methods and Metrics of Misinformation Detection: An NLP Perspective

Qi Su, Mingyu Wan, Xiaoqian Liu, Chu-Ren Huang
2020 Natural Language Processing Research  
Concerns over the problem are global and the impact is long-lasting. The past few decades have witnessed the critical role of misinformation detection in enhancing public trust and social stability.  ...  In spite of decades' efforts, the dynamic and evolving nature of misrepresented information across different domains, languages, cultures and time spans determines the openness and uncertainty of this  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable and constructional advices on the previous versions of this article; all remaining errors are our own.  ... 
doi:10.2991/nlpr.d.200522.001 fatcat:vwwspvaexbga3kn5mxtdo6ke6u

Page 4580 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 87, Issue 12 [page]

2000 Psychological Abstracts  
He approaches the question of how language organizes conceptual material both at a general level and by analyzing a crucial set of particular conceptual domains: space and time, motion and location, causation  ...  A cultural work analysis of contrastive rhetoric theory has the potential to reveal and raise questions about the truths posited through contrastive studies of linguistic and cultural differences.  ... 

The theory of lie: from the sophists to socrates

Evgeny Nesmeyanov, Yulia Petrova, Nazhavat Abueva, Aliya Ismailova, B. Yazyev
2019 SHS Web of Conferences  
With almost unlimited amount of such literature of different theoretical levels, synthesizing the «philosophical and cultural studies of lies and deception» are much less.  ...  of existence of deception and lie in European culture and social life.  ...  Movement to the truth and to the «common good» at any cost, even at the cost of deception -is a paradox, shown by Losev.  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20197201003 fatcat:aozp43jucfanpghkyvrpac6y5e

Social Media and The Corrosion of Public Discourse: A Critique on The Rhetoric of Post-Truth

Shankhadeep Chattopadhyay
2021 New Literaria  
This paper aims to offer a conceptual understanding on the rhetoric of 'post-truth', its types and how it corrodes public discourse by discombobulating the representation of 'facts' inside the media environment  ...  The exponential acceleration of 'humbug' inside the social media has blurred the thin lines between 'opinion', 'fact' and 'truth' and has become a cradle of toxic polarisation.  ...  In order to hint at some structural authority or at least the verisimilitude of it, we need to excavate the interpretation more than believing in the existing interpretation of the truth.  ... 
doi:10.48189/nl.2021.v02i1.018 fatcat:xoroszde7rhtbi2rq5svwkmdiy

Fake News Early Detection

Xinyi Zhou, Atishay Jain, Vir V. Phoha, Reza Zafarani
2020 Digital Threats: Research and Practice  
The method investigates news content at various levels: lexicon-level, syntax-level, semantic-level, and discourse-level.  ...  Meanwhile, humans have been proven to be not proficient in differentiating between truth and falsehood when overloaded with deceptive information.  ...  In Section 4, we evaluate the performance of our model on two real-world datasets. Section 5 concludes the article.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3377478 fatcat:n2ja5ao6jfhczgrir4qv3h2qam

Face/Façade: The Visual and The Ethical

Wojciech Kalaga
2010 Town Planning and Architecture  
Face, especially in the Levinasian sense, implies absolute sincerity and truthfulness; façade, as a "face of the building, " is in fact a simulacrum of the interior; it implies excess and uses performative-rhetorical  ...  devices of deception.  ...  : the signifié (the owner, the interior) is subject to continual juxtaposition with the rhetorical On the "ladder of deception," façade is then situated in the domain of rhetorical intimation, and pretty  ... 
doi:10.3846/tpa.2010.12 fatcat:w3jciovrtrfq7iyroi774dbdtq
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