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Sense-Assess-eXplain (SAX): Building Trust in Autonomous Vehicles in Challenging Real-World Driving Scenarios [article]

Matthew Gadd, Daniele De Martini, Letizia Marchegiani, Paul Newman, Lars Kunze
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This paper discusses ongoing work in demonstrating research in mobile autonomy in challenging driving scenarios.  ...  In our approach, we address fundamental technical issues to overcome critical barriers to assurance and regulation for large-scale deployments of autonomous systems.  ...  Figure 1 : 1 An illustration of our Sense-Assess-eXplain (SAX) interpretation of trust and assurance of autonomous vehicle operations.  ... 
arXiv:2005.02031v1 fatcat:ji6j6kbpgjeutixtdve3ptgn6q

Sense–Assess–eXplain (SAX): Building Trust in Autonomous Vehicles in Challenging Real-World Driving Scenarios

Matthew Gadd, Daniele de Martini, Letizia Marchegiani, Paul Newman, Lars Kunze
2020 2020 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)  
This paper discusses ongoing work in demonstrating research in mobile autonomy in challenging driving scenarios.  ...  In our approach, we address fundamental technical issues to overcome critical barriers to assurance and regulation for largescale deployments of autonomous systems.  ...  Figure 1 : 1 An illustration of our Sense-Assess-eXplain (SAX) interpretation of trust and assurance of autonomous vehicle operations.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iv47402.2020.9304819 fatcat:ztj5y5yk55cfxkin2yvacx6lbm

Why did my car just do that? Explaining semi-autonomous driving actions to improve driver understanding, trust, and performance

Jeamin Koo, Jungsuk Kwac, Wendy Ju, Martin Steinert, Larry Leifer, Clifford Nass
2014 International Journal on Interactive Design and Manufacturing  
Using a driving simulator with an auto-braking function, we tested different messages that provided advance explanation of the car's imminent autonomous action.  ...  This study explores, in the context of semiautonomous driving, how the content of the verbalized message accompanying the car's autonomous action affects the driver's attitude and safety performance.  ...  Participants were informed that the alerts were intended to signal the car's autonomous action. Limitations One limitation of our study lies in the use of the simulator.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12008-014-0227-2 fatcat:dcobbcxcdfffdggjodehowah6u

Drive Right: Shaping Public's Trust, Understanding, and Preference Towards Autonomous Vehicles Using a Virtual Reality Driving Simulator [article]

Zhijie Qiao, Xiatao Sun, Helen Loeb, Rahul Mangharam
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The method proposed in this paper is a virtual reality driving simulator which serves as a low-cost and reliable platform for autonomous vehicle demonstration and education.  ...  The results have shown that our simulator successfully increased participants' understanding and awareness of the autonomous system and changed their attitude to be more positive.  ...  Conclusion We presented in this work a virtual reality driving simulator and an interactive driving experience to improve people's understanding and trust of autonomous vehicles.  ... 
arXiv:2208.02939v1 fatcat:xhlbevucifdvhkh65eaazwsjre

Explanations in Autonomous Driving: A Survey [article]

Daniel Omeiza, Helena Webb, Marina Jirotka, Lars Kunze
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey of the existing work in explainable autonomous driving.  ...  This survey serves to provide fundamental knowledge required of researchers who are interested in explanation in autonomous driving.  ...  Consequently, we identified key challenges around explainability in autonomous driving.  ... 
arXiv:2103.05154v2 fatcat:dmx6w7qr6vgljpe32s5s4523om

Enhancing Acceptance and Trust in Automated Driving trough Virtual Experience on a Driving Simulator

Philipp Clement, Omar Veledar, Clemens Könczöl, Herbert Danzinger, Markus Posch, Arno Eichberger, Georg Macher
2022 Energies  
The primary aim is to define if the usage of an advanced driving simulator can improve consumer trust and acceptance of driving automation through tailor-made studies.  ...  Trust and acceptance are potentially the crucial parameters for determining the success of autonomous driving deployment in wider society.  ...  This study shows an appropriate way to increase and evaluate trust in a simulator study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15030781 fatcat:k4qkzkn4i5cwxlpybwyuuqevhu

Effects of Non-Driving Related Tasks During Self-Driving Mode

Saad Minhas, Aura Hernandez-Sabate, Shoaib Ehsan, Klaus D. McDonald-Maier
2020 IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print)  
The paper also highlights the use of virtual simulators to gather efficient data that can be crucial in easing the transition between manual and autonomous driving scenarios.  ...  proposed study.  ...  Simulated Situation The simulated situation consisted of an infinite three-lane motorway of 4 miles loop, as explained in the subsection above.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tits.2020.3025542 fatcat:ghcftufqh5f4dfa5ru5albvtku

ASSESSING THE DRIVER'S RISK PERCEPTION DURING AUTONOMOUS DRIVING

C. Gandrez, F. Mantelet, A. Aoussat, F. Jeremie, E. Landel
2020 Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference  
To complete its launch in the automotive market, autonomous vehicles have to pass safety tests to acquire the consumers' trust.  ...  The purpose of this study is to examine the perception of the risk of a self-driving car's driver.  ...  However, the emotional state of the driver has not been extensively studied in the case of autonomous driving.  ... 
doi:10.1017/dsd.2020.276 fatcat:jro6boyec5fkpjqpcwprcv7lqu

A Case Study of Trust on Autonomous Driving [article]

Shili Sheng, Erfan Pakdamanian, Kyungtae Han, BaekGyu Kim, Prashant Tiwari, Inki Kim, Lu Feng
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Each participant was asked to enter their trust level in a Likert scale in real-time during experiments on a driving simulator.  ...  driving.  ...  The human interacts with the driving simulator through the PreScan software, which can be programmed to simulate autonomous driving scenarios ( Figure 2 ).  ... 
arXiv:1904.11007v2 fatcat:qr3k66y6kfgi5lju7c3gc2niy4

On-Road Evaluation of Autonomous Driving Training

Daniele Sportillo, Alexis Paljic, Luciano Ojeda
2019 2019 14th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)  
With the purpose of getting drivers ready for autonomous driving, in a between-subject study sixty inexperienced participants were trained with an on-board video tutorial, an Augmented Reality (AR) program  ...  and a Virtual Reality (VR) simulator.  ...  In a recent study, Wang et al. [32] presented Marionette, a system built on the RRADS platform [31] able to simulate Level 3 and 4 autonomous driving.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hri.2019.8673277 dblp:conf/hri/SportilloPO19 fatcat:lyxbyuhwjfhzvpboynxbc7ztde

Investigating Users' Preferences in Adaptive Driving Styles for Level 2 Driving Automation

Zahra Sajedinia, Kumar Akash, Zhaobo Zheng, Teruhisa Misu, Miaomiao Dong, Vidya Krishnamoorthy, Kimberly Martinez, Keertana Sureshbabu, Gaojian Huang
2022 14th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications  
In this driving simulator study, participants were asked to interact with L2 driving automation with different driving style adaptations.  ...  Users prefer different styles (more defensive or aggressive) for their autonomous vehicle (AV) to drive. This preference depends on multiple factors including user's trust in AV and the scenario.  ...  We conducted a driving simulator study and collected data from 36 participants while they interacted with different driving style adaptations.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3543174.3546088 fatcat:x4pbd4kevvgfvp3gs6b5oitoji

To Drive or not to Drive - A Critical Review regarding the Acceptance of Autonomous Vehicles

Jennifer Bornholt, Margareta Heidt
2019 International Conference on Information Systems  
With the advent of autonomous vehicles (AVs), research has put much effort in investigating the factors relevant for the acceptance of this new technology.  ...  We also ( 2 ) analyze the operationalization of relevant constructs and items in the identified studies as they strongly diverge in extant literature.  ...  structured questionnaires or drive in (simulated) cars.  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/BornholtH19 fatcat:f7y6v5gvxbhmdfghoamu6i7wyu

Game-Based Simulation and Study of Pedestrian-Automated Vehicle Interactions

Georgios Pappas, Joshua E. Siegel, Eva Kassens-Noor, Jacob Rutkowski, Konstantinos Politopoulos, Antonis A. Zorpas
2022 Automation  
Further, we note that study participants increasingly feel safe with automated vehicles with increased exposure.  ...  From the simulation, we observed valuable insights into human–vehicle interactions.  ...  We also note that participants trust humans less when driving than in completing other tasks.  ... 
doi:10.3390/automation3030017 fatcat:iyam5czdhvc4hneoz4g2k5cevy

Game and Simulation Design for Studying Pedestrian-Automated Vehicle Interactions [article]

Georgios Pappas, Joshua E. Siegel, Jacob Rutkowski, Andrea Schaaf
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The present cross-disciplinary research explores pedestrian-autonomous vehicle interactions in a safe, virtual environment.  ...  Further, studying how users respect or take advantage of AVs may help inform future operating mode indicator design as well as algorithm biases that might support socially-optimal AV operation.  ...  As for trusting an AV to stop in the simulation, participants became less trusting of the self-driving vehicles as their presence increased across the scenarios (scenario 1: slightly likely, scenario 2  ... 
arXiv:2109.15205v1 fatcat:tmnfne2zj5at7cbsjhoupxtdse

Vehicle Politeness in Driving Situations

Jae-Gil Lee, Kwan Lee, Seoung-Ho Ryu
2019 Future Internet  
Future vehicles are becoming more like driving partners instead of mere machines.  ...  This change in interaction requires a deliberate consideration of how vehicles should present driving-related information.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank Gridspace (http://gridspace.co.kr) for their supports in building the driving simulation stimuli. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi11020048 fatcat:ojrxszqkxjdm7acumo5cfi7rfe
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