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Trust Establishment in Data Sharing: An Incentive Model for Biodiversity Information Systems

Sukamol Srikwan, Markus Jakobsson, Andrew Albrecht, Mehmet Dalkilic
2006 2006 International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing  
that allows for accurate determinations of data origination.  ...  The result is a new type of database suitable for highly distributed contributions of data, in which researchers are incentivised to submit data by the guarantees extended by a conflict resolution mechanism  ...  The incentives for data sharing in existing biodiversity information systems, such as GBIF, relate solely to the communal benefit of learning from other people's data, and the potential of large-scale  ... 
doi:10.1109/colcom.2006.361904 dblp:conf/colcom/SrikwanJAD06 fatcat:tqcyoj2azzaclcpq5ntiu56opq

Trust Establishment in Data Sharing: An Incentive Model for Biodiversity Information Systems

Sukamol Srikwan, Markus Jakobsson, Andrew Albrecht, Mehmet Dalkilic
2006 2006 International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing  
that allows for accurate determinations of data origination.  ...  The result is a new type of database suitable for highly distributed contributions of data, in which researchers are incentivised to submit data by the guarantees extended by a conflict resolution mechanism  ...  The incentives for data sharing in existing biodiversity information systems, such as GBIF, relate solely to the communal benefit of learning from other people's data, and the potential of large-scale  ... 
doi:10.1109/colcom.2006.361902 fatcat:oodxroux3zeg7mcp6a4agp2s5i

The institutional economics of sharing biological information

Tom Dedeurwaerdere
2006 International Social Science Journal  
In this paper, we analyze the institutional conditions for the development of these institutions for sharing information in the particular case of microbiological resources.  ...  Within the field of biodiversity governance, initiatives for sharing knowledge through networking distributed databases have emerged, operating both on a global scale, such as the Global Biodiversity Information  ...  An important example of data sharing in the field of microbiology that complies with this model is the PIPRA consortium for agricultural biotechnological research for developing countries (Public Sector  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2451.2006.00623.x fatcat:aif3qu3dpzdahazkzdnoc3o5b4

Ecological data sharing

William K. Michener
2015 Ecological Informatics  
Data sharing is the practice of making data available for use by others. Ecologists are increasingly generating and sharing an immense volume of data.  ...  Data sharing has a long history in many domains such as oceanography and the biodiversity sciences (e.g., taxonomic data and museum specimens), but has emerged relatively recently in the ecological sciences  ...  Special thanks to Professor Friedrich Recknagel for his encouragement and input, as well as B. Kimbell and two anonymous reviewers for their insightful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2015.06.010 fatcat:2e7s27jxondlxkcxkvojwcp7b4

Bioprospecting, Benefit Sharing, and Biotechnological Capacity Building

Anthony Artuso
2002 World Development  
Substantial attention has been given to the obligations of developed countries to share benefits and transfer technology in exchange for access to biodiversity.  ...  Efforts in Costa Rica and South Africa to promote value-added bioprospecting and national programs in Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Cuba to develop biotechnological capabilities are analyzed for insights  ...  The Biodiversity Law outlines the basic requirements for granting bioprospecting access permits including prior informed consent and equitable benefit sharing.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0305-750x(02)00040-2 fatcat:374ghsqalngkxdsgczr5y2q3ui

To share or not to share: Drivers and barriers for sharing data via online amateur weather networks

Mohammad Gharesifard, Uta Wehn
2016 Journal of Hydrology  
Subsequently, a model was developed that depicts the main drivers and barriers for citizen participation in weather observatories.  ...  This resulting model can be utilized as a tool to develop strategies for further enhancing ICT-enabled citizen participation in climatic observations and, consequently, in environmental management.  ...  We are thankful to all survey and interview respondents who participated in this research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.01.036 fatcat:vsmrwthefjedjgkptuubrjxzsa

Bioprospecting in the High Seas: Regulatory Options for Benefit Sharing

Morten Walløe Tvedt, Ane E. Jørem
2013 Journal of World Intellectual Property  
When emphasis is placed on maintaining the incentives to innovate, there are important drawbacks to monetary benefit sharing.  ...  In reviewing these questions, this work outlines some of the regulatory options for addressing the activity of bioprospecting in the high seas.  ...  If no agreement can be reached to establish an authority in connection with the UNCLOS, the ombudsman system would be worth exploring in greater detail.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jwip.12010 fatcat:7txct2btm5f45h4gi7wsnq7vtu

Contributions of bioinformatics and intellectual property rights in sharing biological information

Peter Dawyndt, Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Jean Swings
2006 International Social Science Journal  
For several reasons the bacterial world seemed an ideal prototype as a starting point for a biodiversity data exchange platform.  ...  These alternative proposals still have a long way to go in order to become fully operational for data sharing in the microbiological commons, but they are certainly the way forward in creating incentives  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2451.2006.00617.x fatcat:mbdnppr7uvcqbl7ijusui64cuq

Data sharing: Empty archives

Bryn Nelson
2009 Nature  
-Szabocs Márka data-sharing plan for any grant worth $500,000 or more in direct annual costs or an explanation of why sharing isn't possible.  ...  agencies, which can demand data sharing in return for support; the scientific societies, which can establish it as a precedent; and the journals, which can make sharing a condition of publication.  ... 
doi:10.1038/461160a pmid:19741679 fatcat:5nsj5pncffgyrgxxd4qyyxkkpi

The Potential of Private Standards for Valorizing Compliance with Access and Benefit Sharing Obligations of Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge

Hanna Schebesta
2021 Agronomy  
Diversity ("Nagoya Protocol") and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture ("ITPGRFA") are meant to create incentives for fairly sharing the benefits of the utilization  ...  These commitments have, however, been assessed by many stakeholders as an obstacle rather than an incentive to commercial activities.  ...  Acknowledgments: The author is grateful to all participants of the Nagoya Protocol Research Workshop for their valuable thoughts and contributions.  ... 
doi:10.3390/agronomy11091823 fatcat:onvpi56sljadzftuhdbl6uohp4

Benefit Sharing [chapter]

2021 Marine Biodiversity of Areas beyond National Jurisdiction  
delivery of a balanced approach to benefit sharing; for an open sharing of the results of research cruises; for a pragmatic and deliverable approach to tracing use of marine genetic resources across present  ...  and future development pipelines; and for different approaches to be taken to benefit sharing in respect of ecologically sustainable technologies and to encourage their pursuit.  ...  but also alongside it instances of models with an embedded respect for ip rights.  ... 
doi:10.1163/9789004422438_007 fatcat:3pjdq7x3iffufphya5t5o7p4vy

Global scientific research commons under the Nagoya Protocol: Towards a collaborative economy model for the sharing of basic research assets

Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Paolo Melindi-Ghidi, Arianna Broggiato
2016 Environmental Science and Policy  
For the sharing of materials, the underlying collaborative economy in excess capacity plays a key role in addition to the social production, while for data, competitive pressures amongst scientists tend  ...  Overall, the study confirms the hypotheses of the social production model of information and shareable goods, but it also shows the need to complete this model.  ...  Supplementary data Supplementary data associated with this article can be found, in the online version, at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2015. 08.006.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2015.08.006 pmid:28149197 pmcid:PMC5268345 fatcat:3w4ninvnczh37aqyw34wgxwqse

Sharing Environmental Data through GEOSS

Gregory Giuliani, Nicolas Ray, Stefan Schwarzer, Andrea De Bono, Pascal Peduzzi, Hy Dao, Jaap Van Woerden, Ron Witt, Martin Beniston, Anthony Lehmann
2011 International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research  
In this regard, the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) portends major benefits through various sharing mechanisms and by giving access to services that could be linked together to process  ...  Addressing this need by sharing environmental data is challenging because it requires a common agreed framework that allows easy and seamless integration of data from different sources.  ...  The views expressed in the paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the institutions they belong to.  ... 
doi:10.4018/jagr.2011010101 fatcat:j4w24ygwxjhgnie4ewhz5kbdm4

Is Sharing a Better Alternative for the Planet? The Contribution of Sharing Economy to Sustainable Development Goals

Cristina Pérez-Pérez, Diana Benito-Osorio, Susana María García-Moreno, Andrés Martínez-Fernández
2021 Sustainability  
Our paper advances the field by establishing hitherto undiscovered relationships between the two concepts, while laying the foundations for corroborating our theoretical findings in future analytical studies  ...  This paper addresses this topic by reviewing the existing literature involving the sharing economy and the SDGs, and by analyzing the main characteristics attributed to this business model, and how each  ...  or establishment of shared global goals, such as clean air and biodiversity.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13041843 fatcat:ls2mqwaiive3jlmcxb7hiprmeu

Jordan: In search of new benefi t-sharing practices through participatory plant breeding [chapter]

2012 The Custodians of Biodiversity  
Acknowledgments xxv Jean Woo, who shared their passion and knowledge about access and benefit issues with us from very early on.  ...  Thus, more than one "model" for equitable benefi t sharing of newly developed varieties is in the making in the informal seed multiplication system.  ...  The model in Figure 7 .4 shows how formal and informal seed systems are integrated in the PPB process.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9780203156032-19 fatcat:gjquoqinqvftfkwhmpy2a74yvy
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