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Models of protein–ligand crystal structures: trust, but verify

Marc C. Deller, Bernhard Rupp
2015 Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design  
As a basis for computational studies, and ultimately structure-based drug design (SBDD), atomic models of the highest quality are the most desirable [7, 8] .  ...  These models serve as the foundation of many computational methods including structure prediction, molecular modelling, and structure-based drug design.  ...  While protein-ligand models, in general, can be trusted, it is good practice that each specific ligand model is verified-Trust, but verify. Fig.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10822-015-9833-8 pmid:25665575 pmcid:PMC4531100 fatcat:aciit6767faunktpk4mtk5m3oq

Trust but verify? Voluntary regulation programs in the nonprofit sector

Aseem Prakash, Mary Kay Gugerty
2010 Regulation & Governance  
However, regulatory programs for nonprofit organizations are of variable quality and, in some cases, could be designed to obscure rather than reveal information.  ...  A focus on the institutional architecture of these programs can help to predict their efficacy in reducing agency problems.  ...  When product quality is difficult to verify, consumers must make appropriation decisions based on the faith or trust they have in the vendor, simply because they have few means to verify claims about product  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1748-5991.2009.01067.x fatcat:75wq4tbjj5fqxgiaqntfmqdwji

Trust, But Verify: On the Importance of Chemical Structure Curation in Cheminformatics and QSAR Modeling Research

Denis Fourches, Eugene Muratov, Alexander Tropsha
2010 Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling  
Tudor Oprea and Sunset Molecular, Inc. for the WOMBAT-PK software license.  ...  Finally, the authors should thank the anonymous reviewers of the original version of the manuscript for highly valuable comments and suggestions that helped us significantly improve and enrich this report  ...  We hope that other experts will contribute their knowledge and best practices for dealing with both relatively simple as well as complex issues in subsequent publications.  ... 
doi:10.1021/ci100176x pmid:20572635 pmcid:PMC2989419 fatcat:6gsx6abwmnh53iu2wa5lmn55hy

The verified software repository: a step towards the verifying compiler

J.C. Bicarregui, C.A.R. Hoare, J.C.P. Woodcock
2006 Formal Aspects of Computing  
This has been a challenge for computing research for over thirty years, but the current state of the art now gives grounds for hope that it may be implemented in the foreseeable future.  ...  The Verified Software Repository is dedicated to a long-term vision of a future in which all computer systems justify the trust that Society increasingly places in them.  ...  and well-justified reluctance in Society to place trust in software [CCP04] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00165-005-0079-4 fatcat:zowtrexk4bbuzhirc5qwlmgtca

Vulnerable to Misinformation? Verifi! [article]

Alireza Karduni, Isaac Cho, Ryan Wesslen, Sashank Santhanam, Svitlana Volkova, Dustin Arendt, Samira Shaikh, Wenwen Dou
2019 arXiv   pre-print
However, there is still a lack of intuitive and accessible tools that help social media users distinguish misinformation from verified news.  ...  Furthermore, our interview results highlight the complexity of the problem of combating misinformation and call for more work from the visualization community.  ...  Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purposes notwithstanding any copyright annotation thereon.  ... 
arXiv:1807.09739v2 fatcat:5elhzi6rcvfoxne6q6tzgw57uy

Citation Needed: A Taxonomy and Algorithmic Assessment of Wikipedia's Verifiability [article]

Miriam Redi and Besnik Fetahu and Jonathan Morgan and Dario Taraborelli
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we design and evaluate algorithmic models to determine if a statement requires a citation, and to predict the citation reason based on our taxonomy.  ...  We evaluate the robustness of such models across different classes of Wikipedia articles of varying quality, as well as on an additional dataset of claims annotated for fact-checking purposes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT: We would like to thank the community members of the English, French and Italian Wikipedia for helping with data labeling and for their precious suggestions, and Bahodir Mansurov and Aaron  ... 
arXiv:1902.11116v1 fatcat:5tstfvhq2re7dbuakbrwypofbu

Citation Needed: A Taxonomy and Algorithmic Assessment of Wikipedia's Verifiability

Miriam Redi, Besnik Fetahu, Jonathan Morgan, Dario Taraborelli
2019 The World Wide Web Conference on - WWW '19  
We evaluate the accuracy of such models across different classes of Wikipedia articles of varying quality, and on external datasets of claims annotated for fact-checking purposes.  ...  Finally, we design algorithmic models to determine if a statement requires a citation, and to predict the citation reason.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the community members of the English, French and Italian Wikipedia for helping with data labeling and for their precious suggestions, and Bahodir Mansurov and Aaron  ... 
doi:10.1145/3308558.3313618 dblp:conf/www/RediFMT19 fatcat:vbspbh44dfgerbirrawiwzayti

Sharing of Verified Information about COVID-19 on Social Network Sites: A Social Exchange Theory Perspective

Jiabei Xia, Tailai Wu, Liqing Zhou
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
This study not only contributes to the literature on information sharing, but also has implications concerning users' behaviors on SNS.  ...  Methods: Based on social exchange theory, we explore the factors that influence sharing of verified information about COVID-19 from two perspectives: benefits and costs.  ...  Acknowledgments: We sincerely thank the editors and anonymous referees whose knowledgeable and constructive comments provided useful insights for improvement.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18031260 pmid:33572493 fatcat:udv45l5bpncrzmhorpoeslvonq

Toward Trustworthy AI Development: Mechanisms for Supporting Verifiable Claims [article]

Miles Brundage, Shahar Avin, Jasmine Wang, Haydn Belfield, Gretchen Krueger, Gillian Hadfield, Heidy Khlaaf, Jingying Yang, Helen Toner, Ruth Fong, Tegan Maharaj, Pang Wei Koh (+47 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In order for AI developers to earn trust from system users, customers, civil society, governments, and other stakeholders that they are building AI responsibly, they will need to make verifiable claims  ...  We analyze ten mechanisms for this purpose--spanning institutions, software, and hardware--and make recommendations aimed at implementing, exploring, or improving those mechanisms.  ...  This report is not intended to make novel contributions to the theory of trust or trustworthiness, but rather to explore verifiable claims as a building block of trustworthy AI development.  ... 
arXiv:2004.07213v2 fatcat:4xii6rzlyffjnj3nlb47tbqi4y

Trust, But Verify: On the Importance of Chemical Structure Curation in Cheminformatics and QSAR Modeling Research

Denis Fourches, Eugene Muratov, Alexander Tropsha
2010
Herein, we discuss several simple but important steps for cleaning chemical records in a database including the removal of a fraction of the data that cannot be appropriately handled by conventional cheminformatics  ...  Such steps include the removal of inorganic and organometallic compounds, counterions, salts and mixtures; structure validation; ring aromatization; normalization of specific chemotypes; curation of tautomeric  ...  Tudor Oprea and Sunset Molecular, Inc. for the WOMBATPK software license.  ... 
doi:10.17615/sqys-za24 fatcat:y6aqhyq23bdepbwebs6ddtpazi

Citizens' Trust in Open Government Data

Arie Purwanto, Anneke Zuiderwijk, Marijn Janssen
2020 The 21st Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research  
We found that trust in OGD can be predicted by citizens' perceptions of OGD system quality and service quality.  ...  While previous research finds that perceived data quality is the most crucial driver for trust in OGD, our study finds that citizens' perception of OGD service quality is a more important driver for trust  ...  The availability of knowledgeable, responsive, and empathic support or help from an OGD provider will not only be invaluable for the experienced users who can curate and cleanse low-quality data but also  ... 
doi:10.1145/3396956.3396958 fatcat:4mriryqdlndjdfctczxpbiyvw4

Collaborative Annotation Redefines Gene Sets for Crucial Phytopathogens

Helder Pedro, Andrew D. Yates, Paul J. Kersey, Nishadi H. De Silva
2019 Frontiers in Microbiology  
being examined but for related species and the refinement of automatic gene prediction tools.  ...  This paper describes a collaborative approach to gene curation to address this shortcoming.  ...  There is trust that the curators will apply their biological knowledge to assess gene structures effectively (in contrast to an open model where anyone can edit genes but then later needs review by an  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmicb.2019.02477 pmid:31787936 pmcid:PMC6854995 fatcat:rjtr335a75ctdpxadnpj4wwpv4

Case Statement for Community Guidelines for FAIR Dataset Quality Information

Ge Peng, Carlo Lacagnina, Robert Downs, Ivana Ivanova, Gilles Larnicol, David Moroni, Hampapuram Ramapriyan, Yaxing Wei
2020 figshare.com  
Case statement for developing community guidelines for consistently curating and representing dataset quality information in a way that is in line with the FAIR data principles.  ...  Collecting challenges and lessons learned across the different communities can contribute to the development of recommended practices for data quality information curation.  ...  Information about dataset quality traverses different knowledge domains and curating it requires cross-disciplinary collaborations.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12605438.v3 fatcat:ljovviss3bfkdj256ovou2yblm

Verification of systems biology research in the age of collaborative competition

Pablo Meyer, Leonidas G Alexopoulos, Thomas Bonk, Andrea Califano, Carolyn R Cho, Alberto de la Fuente, David de Graaf, Alexander J Hartemink, Julia Hoeng, Nikolai V Ivanov, Heinz Koeppl, Rune Linding (+10 others)
2011 Nature Biotechnology  
But peer review and human curation can only address some of the inaccuracies that are contained in papers or databases.  ...  This is in part due to the lack of a rigorous characterization of error rates and data quality in manuscripts. Thus, a methodology is needed for verifying the results and claims in systems biology.  ...  outlined will help avoid false steps in our path toward a more predictive, quantitative and mechanistic understanding of biological systems.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nbt.1968 pmid:21904331 fatcat:boccpd63i5cmna7ikmhzuu6fee

Unchaining Collective Intelligence for Science, Research, and Technology Development by Blockchain-Boosted Community Participation

Jens Ducrée, Martin Etzrodt, Sönke Bartling, Ray Walshe, Tomás Harrington, Neslihan Wittek, Sebastian Posth, Kevin Wittek, Andrei Ionita, Wolfgang Prinz, Dimitrios Kogias, Tiago Paixão (+2 others)
2021 Frontiers in Blockchain  
Here, we elaborate a highly integrative, community-based strategy where a token-based crypto-economy supports finding best possible consensus, trust, and truth by adding unconventional elements known from  ...  This participatory research model serves as a solid basis for comprehensively leveraging collective intelligence by effectively incentivizing contributions from the crowd, such as intellectual property  ...  recording such personal achievements, stake them as collateral for quality and credibility of contributions, and to improve prediction markets.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fbloc.2021.631648 fatcat:k3uqidrh4fg2he4ou2niq7v7si
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