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Comparison of error-based and errorless learning for people with severe traumatic brain injury: study protocol for a randomized control trial

Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Robyn Tate, David HK Shum, Janelle Griffin, Julia Schmidt, Amanda Lane-Brown, Melissa Kendall, Mathilde Chevignard
2013 Trials  
Acknowledgments The project outlined in this study protocol is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC; project grant APP1043677).  ...  The authors would like to acknowledge Dr Elizabeth Beadle who contributed to the preparation of this manuscript in her position as Project Coordinator funded the NHMRC Project Grant (APP1043677).  ...  Inter-rater reliability (>0.80 for all error types), test-retest reliability (r = 0.89), discriminant and convergent validity have been reported [21, 31] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-369 pmid:24192067 pmcid:PMC4228339 fatcat:soyb6dcfbbduxi7w7jpeyqmexm

Is the encoding of Reward Prediction Error reliable during development?

Hanna Keren, Gang Chen, Brenda Benson, Monique Ernst, Ellen Leibenluft, Nathan A. Fox, Daniel S. Pine, Argyris Stringaris
2018 NeuroImage  
Reward Prediction Errors (RPEs), defined as the difference between the expected and received outcomes, are integral to reinforcement learning models and play an important role in development and psychopathology  ...  In humans, RPE encoding can be estimated using fMRI recordings, however, a basic measurement property of RPE signals, their test-retest reliability across different time scales, remains an open question  ...  We estimate the ICC using a two-way random-effects modeling approach, sometimes also referred to as a multilevel or hierarchical model, which is a powerful statistical method for estimating individual  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.05.039 pmid:29777827 pmcid:PMC7518449 fatcat:ixwbt622pnfdpmsnoqk3raqeri

Error by design: methods for predicting device usability

Neville A Stanton, Christopher Baber
2002 Design Studies  
This is demonstrated using Systematic Human Error Reduction and Prediction Approach (SHERPA) and Task Analysis for Error Identification (TAFEI) to evaluate a vending machine.  ...  Appraisal criteria which rely upon user opinion, face validity and utilisation are questioned. Instead a quantitative approach, based upon signal detection theory, is recommended.  ...  However, the correlation coefficient for test-retest reliability was moderate (by analogy to psychometric test development) and it would have been desirable to have participants achieve higher levels of  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0142-694x(01)00032-1 fatcat:syrwerqdd5b2zk6ke5pbieyjua

Test-retest reliability of hepatic venous pressure gradient and impact on trial design: a study in 289 patients from the control groups of 20 randomized trials [article]

Wayne Bai, Mustafa Al-Kharagouli, Jesse Stach, Granville J Matheson, Juan G Abraldes
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
Test-retest reliability was higher in studies including only compensated patients and, therefore, modelled sample size calculations for trials in compensated cirrhosis were lower than for decompensated  ...  This study aimed at quantifying the test-retest reliability and consistency of HVPG in the specific context of RCTs for the treatment of PH in cirrhosis and its impact on power calculations for trial design  ...  Test-retest reliability of HVPG Metrics of dispersion and test-retest variability for studies including and not including decompensated cirrhosis are shown in Table 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.12.07.20245464 fatcat:m4bskqlt2napreor5ge7opa34q

Validating task analysis for error identification: reliability and validity of a human error prediction technique

Neville A. Stanton, Christopher Baber
2005 Ergonomics  
The validation study shows that TAFEI reaches acceptable levels in terms of test-retest reliability and concurrent validity.  ...  Other researchers have noted the need for theoretically-driven approaches that are able to provide practical utility in error prediction.  ...  trials), and to use a sample size in excess of 30.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140130500219726 pmid:16251150 fatcat:avicvmtn5zbi3j2bwlzovj24j4

Test-Retest Reliability of Neural Correlates of Response Inhibition and Error Monitoring: An fMRI Study of a Stop-Signal Task

Ozlem Korucuoglu, Michael P. Harms, Serguei V. Astafiev, Semyon Golosheykin, James T. Kennedy, Deanna M. Barch, Andrey P. Anokhin
2021 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Potential utility of these purported biomarkers relies on the assumption that individual differences in brain activation are reproducible over time; however, available data on test-retest reliability (  ...  and familial influences (as indicated by MZ twin correlations) and to examine factors potentially affecting reliability.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors acknowledge organizational and technical support the project staff. The authors also acknowledge the generous giving of time by the study participants.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2021.624911 pmid:33584190 pmcid:PMC7875883 fatcat:drjbqcmwu5etjmbfo5npu4vv4a

The stability of error-related brain activity with increasing trials

Doreen M. Olvet, Greg Hajcak
2009 Psychophysiology  
The minimum number of error trials included in grand averages varies across studies; indeed, there has not been a systematic investigation on the number of trials required to obtain a stable ERN and Pe  ...  Internal reliability of the ERN and Pe reached moderate levels after 6 and 2 trials and the signal-to-noise ratio of the ERN and Pe did not change after 8 and 4 trials, respectively.  ...  the test-retest reliability of error-related brain activity.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2009.00848.x pmid:19558398 fatcat:lmvakgxlzff2lkynzk343sy56e

Testing mediators of intervention effects in randomized controlled trials: An evaluation of three depression prevention programs

Eric Stice, Paul Rohde, John R. Seeley, Jeff M. Gau
2010 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  
Objective: Evaluate a new 5-step method for testing mediators hypothesized to account for the effects of depression prevention programs.  ...  Method: In this indicated prevention trial, at-risk teens with elevated depressive symptoms were randomized to a group cognitive-behavioral (CB) intervention, group supportive expressive intervention,  ...  ) and 1-week test-retest reliability (r ϭ .74) and that it correlated with BDI scores (r ϭ .62).  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0018396 pmid:20350038 pmcid:PMC2859826 fatcat:uji6km32fvcfvk6xa6zf4c42iy

Error and variance bounds on sigmoidal neurons with weight and input errors

D. Lovell, P. Bartlett, T. Downs
1992 Electronics Letters  
Inspired by Hubel and Wiesel's serial model of processing in the visual cortex, the neocognitron was initially intended as a self-organizing model of vision, however, we are concerned with the supervised  ...  Through "training with a teacher", Fukushima hoped to obtain a character recognition system that was tolerant of shifts and deformations in input images.  ...  Since the relation between the input pattern and the outputs of the first layer S-planes was readily observable, a suitable ri value could be determined by trial and error.  ... 
doi:10.1049/el:19920480 fatcat:7iaahjyx3nfv3h56vprtu3otfi

Estimating measurement error in child language assessments administered by daycare educators in large scale intervention studies

E. F. Haghish, Werner Vach, Anders Højen, Dorthe Bleses, Di Zou
2021 PLoS ONE  
Since children were randomly assigned to educators, hierarchical linear models can estimate the amount of additional measurement error caused by educators' language assessments.  ...  Using data from two nationwide child language intervention studies in Denmark, this article evaluates daycare educators' measurement error when administering a test of language and preliteracy skills of  ...  Furthermore, answering this question-in a common test-retest fashion-surely requires a study of its own and there is indeed much research needed to through some light on this matter.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0255414 pmid:34797825 pmcid:PMC8604328 fatcat:rpbcyix6izd5zdryzgnpxiaj7m

Testing mediators of intervention effects in randomized controlled trials: An evaluation of two eating disorder prevention programs

Eric Stice, Katherine Presnell, Jeff Gau, Heather Shaw
2007 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  
the hypothesized mediators and this new approach to testing mediation in randomized trials.  ...  We investigated mediators hypothesized to account for the effects of two eating disorder prevention programs using data from 355 adolescent females who were randomized to a dissonance or healthy weight  ...  Acknowledgements This study was supported by a research grants (MH/DK6195 and MH70699) and a National Research Service Award (MH64254) from the National Institutes of Health.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-006x.75.1.20 pmid:17295560 pmcid:PMC2677625 fatcat:3rt34skbkjdy3lo7jki2l2r5va

A Randomized Control Trial of Working Memory Training With and Without Strategy Instruction

Peng Peng, Douglas Fuchs
2016 Journal of Learning Disabilities  
We conducted a modest study of whether the training of verbal WM would improve verbal WM and passage listening comprehension and whether training effects differed between two approaches: training with  ...  A total of 58 first-grade children were randomly assigned to three groups: WM training with a rehearsal strategy, WM training without strategy instruction, and controls.  ...  Acknowledgments We wish to thank Lynn Fuchs for her comments on an earlier draft, and Sam Patton, Wenjuan Zhang, and especially Loulee Yen for their logistical support that made the research possible.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022219415594609 pmid:26156961 pmcid:PMC4706496 fatcat:tnwyoxulkreeze7ngf4auf23ue

Bayesian Inference for Correlations in the Presence of Measurement Error and Estimation Uncertainty

Dora Matzke, Alexander Ly, Ravi Selker, Wouter D. Weeda, Benjamin Scheibehenne, Michael D. Lee, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers
2017 Collabra: Psychology  
Here we focus on a Bayesian hierarchical model proposed by Behseta, Berdyyeva, Olson, and Kass (2009) that allows researchers to infer the underlying correlation between error-contaminated observations  ...  Various approaches exist for inferring the correlation in the presence of estimation uncertainty and measurement error, but none are routinely applied in psychological research.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Andreas Glöckner and Thorsten Pachur for sharing their data. We thank Jaap Verouderen for his help with the data collection (Weeda & Verouden; unpublished data).  ... 
doi:10.1525/collabra.78 fatcat:kwha5jwn2vc3vbvt3d4t67jdz4

The Sustained Influence of an Error on Future Decision-Making

Björn C. Schiffler, Sara L. Bengtsson, Daniel Lundqvist
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
In Study II, we found that cortical thickness in rIFG as a measure of grey matter integrity was related to inter-individual differences in post-error slowing, both for direct next trials and trials further  ...  We did this by combining behavioural experiments, computational modelling and neuroimaging techniques to provide a comprehensive analysis of latent decision processes and their neural correlates.  ...  Anatomical connections between the areas in this cognitive control network show good test-retest reliability as assessed in a recent diffusion weighted imaging study (Boekel, Forstmann, & Keuken, 2017  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01077 pmid:28706497 pmcid:PMC5489596 fatcat:zv67gjeq2fd5nnbqqrx5rv3u7u

The hierarchical structure of error-related negativities elicited from affective and social stimuli and their relations to personality traits

T. Suzuki, K. D. Novak, B. Ait Oumeziane, D. Foti, D. B. Samuel
2021 Personality Neuroscience  
For example, the error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential (ERP) thought to reflect error-monitoring processes, has been related to individual differences, such as Neuroticism and Conscientiousness  ...  Variability across tasks and the hierarchical model of the ERN may aid in understanding psychopathology dimensions and in informing future endeavors integrating the psychophysiological methods into the  ...  The authors would like to thank Drs.  ... 
doi:10.1017/pen.2020.15 pmid:33490859 pmcid:PMC7808877 fatcat:uwtvtf5osjdhfdnsuqkobcak2m
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