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Antiretroviral therapy in resource-poor settings: scaling up inequalities?

Matthias Egger, Andrew Boulle, Mauro Schechter, Paolo Miotti
2005 International Journal of Epidemiology  
Antunes and colleagues examined trends in AIDS mortality in districts of São Paulo, Brazil, during the period in which potent ART was introduced in the Sistema Único de Saúde and found that district level  ...  indicators of socioeconomic development (for example average levels of income or education) were not associated with declines in AIDS deaths, and that trends of mortality were not poorer in deprived areas  ... 
doi:10.1093/ije/dyi110 pmid:15941732 fatcat:dudfuekkpzdclnk3u3baveacxu

The Impact of Piped Water Provision on Infant Mortality in Brazil: A Quantile Panel Data Approach

Shanti Gamper-Rabindran, Shakeeb Khan, Christopher Timmins
2007 Social Science Research Network  
We examine the impact of piped water on the under-1 infant mortality rate (IMR) in Brazil using a novel econometric procedure for the estimation of quantile treatment effects with panel data.  ...  The provision of piped water in Brazil is highly correlated with other observable and unobservable determinants of IMR -the latter leading to an important source of bias.  ...  Infant mortality and child health in Brazil.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1129044 fatcat:s7uolx6qfnakdmhyhmv3ogbeze

A century of trends in adult human height

2016 eLife  
the ranking of countries.  ...  In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis.  ...  Trends in height for the adult populations of selected countries in the Middle East, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa.  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.13410 pmid:27458798 pmcid:PMC4961475 fatcat:gu5kjdgyg5dzpgthsfuauhymra

Measuring performance on the Healthcare Access and Quality Index for 195 countries and territories and selected subnational locations: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Nancy Fullman, Jamal Yearwood, Solomon M Abay, Cristiana Abbafati, Foad Abd-Allah, Jemal Abdela, Ahmed Abdelalim, Zegeye Abebe, Teshome Abuka Abebo, Victor Aboyans, Haftom Niguse Abraha, Daisy M X Abreu (+856 others)
2018 The Lancet  
We then compared HAQ Index levels and trends by quintiles on the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a summary measure of overall development.  ...  Supported by the expansion of cancer registry data in GBD 2016, we used mortality-to-incidence ratios for cancers instead of risk-standardised death rates to provide a stronger signal of the effects of  ...  The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(18)30994-2 pmid:29893224 pmcid:PMC5986687 fatcat:l2ix35jyejh3he7wicoryvvscy

This De-Wormed World?

Eric S. Loker
2013 Journal of Parasitology  
vaccinein measles-related mortality have made important contributions to improvements in child survival.  ...  Kolkota (India) Lagos (Nigeria) Mumbai (India) Cairo (Egypt) Sao Paolo (Brazil) Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) Casablanca (Morocco) Have ownership or tenancy document Secure from eviction  ... 
doi:10.1645/13-390.1 pmid:24032609 pmcid:PMC4359168 fatcat:xxlt3difofcjnpmkmy4rtfin2y

An Intermediate City in Brazil: Between Inequalities and Growth [chapter]

Jean-Claude Bolay
2019 Future City  
The example of Montes Claros in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, illustrates how a city of nearly 400,000 inhabitants at the centre of an economically prosperous region is tackling these issues through  ...  Among them, three crucial elements which must be rethought in order to develop an adapted planning approach and appropriate planning tools that can guide decision makers in shaping the city and region's  ...  Notably, levels of infant and child mortality are proportional to city size and higher in larger cities (National Research Council 2003) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-28419-0_5 fatcat:pf63j754nbbjvelkleg53pgoj4

Updated Cardiovascular Prevention Guideline of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology - 2019

Dalton Bertolim Précoma, Glaucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira, Antonio Felipe Simão, Oscar Pereira Dutra, Otávio Rizzi Coelho, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Izar, Rui Manuel dos Santos Póvoa, Isabela de Carlos Back Giuliano, Aristóteles Comte de Alencar Filho, Carlos Alberto Machado, Carlos Scherr, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca (+64 others)
2019 Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia  
They do not substitute the clinical judgment of doctors who, in final analysis, must determine which tests and treatments are appropriate for their patients.  ...  Note: The purpose of these Guidelines is to inform.  ...  Relationships between mortality rates and socioeconomic level have already been evidenced in Brazil and other countries, showing an inverse relationship, i.e., low socioeconomic levels are related to high  ... 
doi:10.5935/abc.20190204 pmid:31691761 pmcid:PMC7020870 fatcat:ktqdhw6zwfbwpmtobzshxsn3sm

Prosperity and Social Inequalities: Montes Claros, How to Plan an Intermediary City in Brazil

Jean-Claude Bolay
2016 Current Urban Studies  
The example of Montes Claros, in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, helps us understand how a city of nearly 400,000 inhabitants, at the center of an economically prosperous region, tackles these issues  ...  In many of these "intermediate cities", the main problem to reinforce them in their action is a lack of financial and human resources for managing the city in a comprehensive way, in order to tackle the  ...  , Montes Claros, Brasil, for their contribution, advices and revision of the text.  ... 
doi:10.4236/cus.2016.42013 fatcat:a3bl3tajmfelbpzw7uos5ylbfu

Soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Latin America and the Caribbean: modelling the determinants, prevalence, population at risk and costs of control at sub-national level

Josh Colston, Martha Saboyá
2013 Geospatial Health  
an estimated 78.7 million school-aged children according to the WHO guidelines throughout the entirety of the countries included in the study.  ...  The tool relies on published STH prevalence data along with data on the distribution of several STH transmission determinants for 12,273 sub-national administrative units in 22 LAC countries taken from  ...  populated and urbanised areas of southern Brazil (particularly in the state of São Paolo) and, at least for the water and sanitation variables, coastal Venezuela.  ... 
doi:10.4081/gh.2013.90 pmid:23733294 fatcat:qskfrwldcbexve4r76pjdmd2i4

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum in Global Child Health

Cynthia R. Howard, Sophia P. Gladding, Sarah Kiguli, John S. Andrews, Chandy C. John
2011 Academic Medicine  
Acknowledgements This report was produced with the valuable guidance and contributions of many individuals, both inside and outside UNICEF.  ...  Important contributions for country panels were received from the following UNICEF field offices: China, Egypt, India, Mexico, Mozambique, Serbia, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sweden.  ...  The Committee on the Rights of the Child ance competing concerns -for example, in divorce cases or cases concerning the custody of children.  ... 
doi:10.1097/acm.0b013e31820df4c1 pmid:21346499 fatcat:3pmiaarbovbkbbkvw4c4fpzjme

The World Bank research program 1986: Abstracts of current studies

1988 Annals of Tourism Research  
Activities classified as research at the Bank do not, therefore, include the economic and sector work and policy analysis carried out by Bank staff to support operations in particular countries.  ...  Economic and sector work and policy studies take the product of research and adapt it to specific projects or country settings, whereas Bank research contributes to the intellectual foundations of future  ...  "Socioeconomic Inequalities in Child Mortality: and formal institutions. Comparisons across Nine Developing Countries."  ... 
doi:10.1016/0160-7383(88)90155-7 fatcat:noguxosbbjfmjko7gbfwzifuju

Too old to app? A cross-sectional study on intention to use medical applications among elderly in The Netherlands (Preprint)

Marjan Askari, Nicky Sabine Klaver, Thimon Johannes van Gestel, Joris van de Klundert
2020 Journal of Medical Internet Research  
The increasing health service demand driven by the aging of the global population calls for the development of modes of health service delivery which are less human resource intensive. eHealth in general  ...  , and medical apps in particular, are expected to play an important role in this development.  ...  "Socioeconomic Inequalities in Risk Factors for Non Communicable Diseases in Low-Income and Middle- Income Countries: Results From the World Health Survey."  ... 
doi:10.2196/18080 pmid:32624465 fatcat:kztpgv7xibd3zdhahocni7pzta

9th World Congress on Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

2015 Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease  
Despite the lack of studies about the efficacy of the materials and measures focusing mainly in adults, the most effective preventive measures selected are the nutritional appointments, alternance of decubitus  ...  Research question: what are the most frequent anatomical locations of pressure ulcers in pediatrics and the more effective preventive measures used by nurses?  ...  of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 6 University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 7 University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 8 University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 9 Sao Paulo State University,  ... 
doi:10.1017/s2040174415007801 fatcat:dug7cc75cjfrvl7vst6sn2f27a

Environmental Genotoxicity Assessment Using Micronucleus (and Nuclear Abnormalities) Test on Intertidal Mussel Perumytilus purpuratus: A Tool for Biomonitoring the Chilean Coast

C A Musrri, C Palma-Rojas, E von Brand, D M S Abessa
2021 Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology  
The release of pollutants is increasing along the coast of Chile, and the use of biomarkers in biomonitoring programs is essential to assess the early biological effects of marine contamination.  ...  P. purpuratus is a suitable bioindicator and further monitoring along the Chilean coast using this species should be developed using the MN test and/or other biomarkers to comprehend the effects of human  ...  Healy and Barry, 2017 Acknowledgments The preparation of the present Global Sustainable Development Report was made possible by the contributions of a wide range of experts and stakeholders, bringing  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00128-021-03132-8 pmid:33595678 fatcat:7wtgraevazc53ceedweqvbhcgu

Finance & Development, December 1986

IMF. External Relations Dept.
1986 Finance & Development  
An annual index of articles and book reviews is carried in the December issue.  ...  apply in writing to Finance & Development, International Monetary Fund, Washington DC 20431, USA, specifying the language edition and briefly stating the reasons for their request. • The contents of Finance  ...  The largest gains have taken place in the reduction of infant and child mortality.  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781616353674.022 fatcat:mkjo7dn63zc3pb7tentw7r3xne
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