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Treating Each Intent Equally

Yingying Wu, Yiqun Liu, Ke Zhou, Xiaochuan Wang, Min Zhang, Shaoping Ma
2018 Companion of the The Web Conference 2018 on The Web Conference 2018 - WWW '18  
As a result of this assumption, the intent distribution of diversified results deviates from the actual distribution of user intentions until each subtopic is chosen equally.  ...  Such a selection is unreasonable, especially when the original distribution of user intent is unbalanced.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank Andrew Blumberg and Francois Baccelli for discussions on the equilibrium convergence.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3184558.3186955 dblp:conf/www/WuLZWZM18 fatcat:67enfzrcxfguhls3lk4xfd654i

Multivocal Prejudices and Homo Equality [chapter]

2009 Gaylaw  
Alabama, 92 the Supreme Court upheld a law criminalizing different-race sex on the ground that because each race was treated the same there was no racediscrimination.  ...  Evans and Invidious Intent, 6 WM. & MARY BIL OF RIGHTS J. 89, 89-90, 138-46 (1997).  ... 
doi:10.2307/j.ctvjz82vn.12 fatcat:vvdy654qfbeoxj75hgvmjxxyai

Chapter 2. Equality. Towards global relational egalitarianism [chapter]

2019 Cosmopolitan Responsibility  
Generally, the ideal of equality is central for both moral and political philosophy, for both theories of ethics and of justice.  ...  Acommitment to the ideal of equality, as explained by an account of global relational egalitarianism, is the second constitutive elemento ft he cosmopolitan ethos.  ...  Central to such as ociety is a "reciprocal commitment on the part of each member to treat the equallyimportant interests of every other member as exerting equalinfluenceonsocial decisions" (Scheffler  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110612271-004 fatcat:5ceyyppwjfg7bolhbgykpdqfcm

Does the exotic equal pollution? Landscape methods for solving the dilemma of using native versus non‐native plant species in drylands

Benz Kotzen, Cristina Branquinho, Ruediger Prasse
2020 Land Degradation and Development  
The consequences of putting the wrong plant species in the wrong place can be extremely detrimental to the landscape character, quality and value of the land, let alone the effects on ecosystem structure  ...  of place'.  ...  to inform the selection of plant species  ... 
doi:10.1002/ldr.3650 fatcat:yunjgpsouff53h2v4itjg7rhha

The Political Process, Equal Protection and Substantive Due Process

Jesse H. Choper, Stephen F. Ross
2017 Social Science Research Network  
Our approach builds uprm insights of Justices Harlan Fiske Swne, Robert Jackson, and Thurgood Marshall. First, caurts should consiikr challenges initial/y unikr the Equal Protection Clause.  ...  the action contravenes a specific provision ef the Bill ef Rights, (2) when the action threatens t,o improper/y limit the political process, or (3) with regard t,o the broad/y worded Due Process and Equal  ...  IA W [Vol. 20:5 ).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2952862 fatcat:5jcx3u4uafclbn23l7slsi6hqi

Information Conditions, Communication and General Equilibrium

Pradeep Dubey, Martin Shubik
1981 Mathematics of Operations Research  
Cons ider a market with equal numbers of two types of traders . T her e are n traders of each t ype .  ...  If both play as follows : "I will select move 1 in period 1; if he does likewise then I select move 2 in period 2; if he does anything else I select move 3 in period 2." then the payoff to each is 5.  ... 
doi:10.1287/moor.6.2.186 fatcat:wrnng6xaprh4vem6ambi5tb2pa

Page 486 of Nature Vol. 8, Issue 206 [page]

1873 Nature  
From the equilibrium of density M,= M, 2. From the equilibrium of temperature the amounts of work in M, and M, while passing through P are equal. 3.  ...  Is this substitution of the intentions of the iron-master for the actual facts of the blast fur- nace slags, on Mr.  ... 

Intention awareness: improving upon situation awareness in human-centric environments

Newton Howard, Erik Cambria
2013 Human-Centric Computing and Information Sciences  
In this paper, we discuss the potential of applying the characteristics intrinsic to the human actors that comprise a given situation to Situation Awareness, and the capacity that these concepts have to  ...  We argue that computational analysis and tracking of semantic and affective information associated with human actors' intentions are an effective way to minimize miscommunication and uncertainty, particularly  ...  While a graduate member of the Faculty of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Oxford, England, he proposed the Theory of IA, which made a significant impact on the design of command and control  ... 
doi:10.1186/2192-1962-3-9 fatcat:ff2dtvmomjdsxbtgctm7m3nx6m

Heterogeneous social preferences

Mathias Erlei
2008 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
Furthermore, it can explain most of the "anomalies" (the "contradictions") that are discussed in Goeree and Holt (2001) .  ...  Recent research has shown the usefulness of social preferences for explaining behavior in laboratory experiments.  ...  In particular, in the symmetric game the equilibrium in mixed strategies consists of both subjects playing each strategy with equal probability.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2006.02.006 fatcat:eahfpts74jchplwgv2fntbfqxa

University Competition, Grading Standards and Grade Inflation

Sergey V. Popov, Dan Bernhardt
2010 Social Science Research Network  
We develop a model of strategic grade determination by universities distinguished by their distributions of student academic abilities.  ...  We identify conditions under which better universities set lower grading standards, exploiting the fact that firms cannot distinguish between "good" and "bad" "A"s.  ...  Therefore, in equilibrium, the expected productivity of "A" students at the two types of schools must be equal.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1703109 fatcat:5wpj6gz7f5gkhpfyeuvyrt4hhe

UNIVERSITY COMPETITION, GRADING STANDARDS, AND GRADE INFLATION

SERGEY V. POPOV, DAN BERNHARDT
2012 Economic Inquiry  
We develop a model of strategic grade determination by universities distinguished by their distributions of student academic abilities.  ...  We identify conditions under which better universities set lower grading standards, exploiting the fact that firms cannot distinguish between "good" and "bad" "A"s.  ...  Therefore, in equilibrium, the expected productivity of "A" students at the two types of schools must be equal.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00491.x fatcat:e4uzlfpam5ab3bwlwiniykg5cu

Thermodynamically constrained averaging theory approach for modeling flow and transport phenomena in porous medium systems: 1. Motivation and overview

William G. Gray, Cass T. Miller
2005 Advances in Water Resources  
These deficiencies are found to arise in part from the manner in which thermodynamics is introduced into a constrained entropy inequality, which is used to guide the formation of closed models.  ...  We give several examples of weaknesses in classical, empirically derived models of transport phenomena in porous medium systems.  ...  Partial support of this work was also provided by NSF through DMS-0112069 to the Statistical and Applied Mathematical Sciences Institute in Research Triangle Park, where a portion of this work was done  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2004.09.005 fatcat:7s65mpoocne4fhedhkj3wsbgji

Adverse Selection in Insurance Markets [chapter]

Georges Dionne, Neil Doherty, Nathalie Fombaron
2000 Handbook of Insurance  
As pointed out by Rothschild and Stiglitz (1976) , there is not necessarily a Cournot-Nash equilibrium in presence of adverse selection.  ...  Section 5 introduces models that consider moral hazard and adverse selection simultaneously and section 6 treats adverse selection when people can choose their risk status.  ...  As in the perfect discrimination case, the monopolist charges a price of insurance to each consumer equal to marginal cost.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-010-0642-2_7 fatcat:u6bwfo7apzbizh2kjh7rmbrahi

Assignment mechanisms: common preferences and information acquisition [article]

Georgy Artemov
2021 arXiv   pre-print
An applicant's utility is a sum of common and idiosyncratic components. The idiosyncratic component is unknown to the applicant but can be learned at a cost.  ...  Specifically, for each N and each distribution, normal or uniform, I select environments -determined by the vector of variances for each school, (σ 1 , . . ., σ N )with γ SO ≤ γ Eq .  ...  To prove Theorem 9, I first find the lowest-information equilibrium of IA. Lemma 1.  ... 
arXiv:2101.06885v2 fatcat:gfuzx5todrg4ll4ukoiyngoqry

Randomised controlled trial of animal facilitated therapy with dolphins in the treatment of depression

Christian Antonioli, Michael A Reveley
2005 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
For the sample analysed by modified intention to treat and last observation carried forward, the mean differences for the Hamilton and Beck scores between the two groups was highly significant (P = 0.007  ...  of the biophilia hypothesis.  ...  We are thankful for the support given by the Tursiops Society Onlus and the advice and support given by Andrew Weil and Brian Becker of the University of Arizona, USA; Stephen Kellert of Yale University  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.331.7527.1231 pmid:16308382 pmcid:PMC1289317 fatcat:xgzcylg2s5bvlbps5l5me6n3a4
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