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Transformers in the loop: Polarity in neural models of language [article]

Lisa Bylinina, Alexey Tikhonov
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We probe polarity via so-called 'negative polarity items' (in particular, English 'any') in two pre-trained Transformer-based models (BERT and GPT-2).  ...  Representation of linguistic phenomena in computational language models is typically assessed against the predictions of existing linguistic theories of these phenomena.  ...  We also thank Alexandre Cremers, Ekaterina Garmash, Borislav Kozlovskii, Rick Nouwen, and Denis Paperno for the discussions of our ideas and earlier versions of the paper.  ... 
arXiv:2109.03926v2 fatcat:h6zenpcpy5fprktmgrpfybzvuu

The power of connectivity: Identity preserving transformations on visual streams in the spike domain

Aurel A. Lazar, Eftychios A. Pnevmatikakis, Yiyin Zhou
2013 Neural Networks  
We investigate neural architectures for identity preserving transformations (IPTs) on visual stimuli in the spike domain.  ...  the transformed input stimulus.  ...  Acknowledgments The work presented here was supported by AFOSR under grant # FA9550-12-1-0232 and, in part, by a grant of computer time from the City University of New York High Performance Computing Center  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2013.02.013 pmid:23545540 fatcat:g4szejnf4rfmxogqkq33vmuz7u

Towards making a cyborg: A closed-loop reservoir-neuro system

Peter Aaser, Martinius Knudsen, Ola Huse Ramstad, Rosanne van de Wijdeven, Stefano Nichele, Ioanna Sandvig, Gunnar Tufte, Ulrich Stefan Bauer, Øyvind Halaas, Sverre Hendseth, Axel Sandvig, Vibeke Valderhaug
2017 Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Artificial Life ECAL 2017  
Furthermore, we describe the bio-and nano-technological procedures utilized for the culture of such dissociated neural networks and the interface software and hardware framework used for creating a closed-loop  ...  In this paper we describe how living cultures of neurons (biological neural networks) are successfully grown in-vitro over Micro-Electrode Arrays (MEAs), which allow them to be interfaced to a robotic  ...  Acknowledgements The research leading to these results has received funding from the Norwegian Research Council's IKTPLUSS programme (project SOCRATES, n. 270961), from NTNU, and from HiOA.  ... 
doi:10.7551/ecal_a_072 dblp:conf/ecal/AaserKRWNSTBHHS17 fatcat:l34cr2clpvgfflu5ezrxyz62qi

Brain network dynamics in the human articulatory loop

Masaaki Nishida, Anna Korzeniewska, Nathan E. Crone, Goichiro Toyoda, Yasuo Nakai, Noa Ofen, Erik C. Brown, Eishi Asano
2017 Clinical Neurophysiology  
Objective-The articulatory loop is a fundamental component of language function, involved in the short-term buffer of auditory information followed by its vocal reproduction.  ...  Significance-The articulatory loop employs sustained reciprocal propagation of neural activity across a network of cortical sites with strong neurophysiological connectivity.  ...  Crone) as well as the intramural grant from Children's Hospital of Michigan Foundation (to E. Asano). We are grateful to Sandeep Sood,  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2017.05.002 pmid:28622530 pmcid:PMC5512585 fatcat:dsss74dumvcv3drugaly6dqa5y

Towards Personalized and Human-in-the-Loop Document Summarization [article]

Samira Ghodratnama
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The experimental results prove the efficiency of the proposed approaches compared to other state-of-the-art models.  ...  The ubiquitous availability of computing devices and the widespread use of the internet have generated a large amount of data continuously.  ...  In a cross-lingual summarisation system, the source text is written in one language and the user can choose the language of the output summary [68] .  ... 
arXiv:2108.09443v2 fatcat:245c3byhg5htrnmbnoofexzh3u

ISABELA – A Socially-Aware Human-in-the-Loop Advisor System

J. Fernandes, D. Raposo, N. Armando, S. Sinche, J. Sá Silva, A. Rodrigues, V. Pereira, H. Gonçalo Oliveira, Luís Macedo, F. Boavida
2020 Online Social Networks and Media  
In this respect, they can be looked at as open loop, rather than integrating humans in a feedback loop, with potential to react to and change the environment.  ...  The paper details the system architecture, presents a data analysis from the collected dataset, provides results for some of the built models, and discusses future research directions.  ...  Acknowledgements The work presented in this paper was partially carried out in the scope of the SOCIALITE Project(PTDC/EEI-SCR/2072/2014) and the 5G Project (POCI/01/0247/FEDER/024539), both co-financed  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.osnem.2020.100060 fatcat:pqnkdbvk5rdlbbu5jijxlm5jby

Surface EEG-Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Closed-Loop System

Jorge Leite, Leon Morales-Quezada, Sandra Carvalho, Aurore Thibaut, Deniz Doruk, Chiun-Fan Chen, Steven C. Schachter, Alexander Rotenberg, Felipe Fregni
2017 International Journal of Neural Systems  
This preliminary study represents a proofof-concept for the development of an EEG-tDCS closed-loop system in humans.  ...  EEG-tDCS closed-loop-system was able to detect the predefined EEG magnitude deviation and successfully triggered the stimulation in all participants.  ...  Thibaut is supported by the Wallonie-Bruxelles International (WBI) and the Leon Fredericq Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0129065717500265 pmid:28587498 fatcat:l6kabbs2zva2porvsrdic3j6c4

Mapping collective behavior – beware of looping

Markus Christen, Peter Brugger
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
This self-reflection is a variant of the "looping effect" which denotes that, in social research, the product of investigation influences the object of investigation.  ...  We outline how this can be understood as a dimension of "height" in the map of Bentley et al.  ...  , and McCarty et al. (2006) linked this polarization to the dramatic rise in income inequality.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13001696 pmid:24572221 fatcat:qsfmoow6zvb6xb3u57tgvfwada

Real-Time ML-Assisted Hardware-in-the-Loop Electro-Thermal Emulation of LVDC Microgrid on the International Space Station

Weiran Chen, Songyang Zhang, Venkata Dinavahi
2022 IEEE Open Journal of Power Electronics  
One of the solutions presented by this paper is to use the hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) emulation, where the MG is emulated using the field-programmable gate array (FPGA) hardware platform.  ...  INDEX TERMS Artificial neural network (ANN), electromagnetic transients, field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), hardware-in-the-loop (HIL), insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), International Space  ...  Once the ANN model and ANN-RNN hybrid model have been well-trained and tested, both the EMT-based LVDC MG in ISS and the ML-assisted MG model are built in C language.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojpel.2022.3160416 fatcat:cdym6ygg6bhsdeqjnvbcn2dr2a

Seizure detection, seizure prediction, and closed-loop warning systems in epilepsy

Sriram Ramgopal, Sigride Thome-Souza, Michele Jackson, Navah Ester Kadish, Iván Sánchez Fernández, Jacquelyn Klehm, William Bosl, Claus Reinsberger, Steven Schachter, Tobias Loddenkemper
2014 Epilepsy & Behavior  
Artificial neural network Automated seizure detection Closed-loop methods ECG-based seizure detection EEG-based seizure detection Fourier Higher-order spectra Markov modeling Support vector machine Nearly  ...  This review presents an overview of seizure detection and related prediction methods and discusses their potential uses in closed-loop warning systems in epilepsy.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Alexander Mylavarapu, MD, for his assistance with Fig. 2 . This study was supported by the Danny Did foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.06.023 pmid:25174001 fatcat:rtz5sxb7mvhivpmgutg7dwoja4

Theta phase coding in a network model of the entorhinal cortex layer II with entorhinal-hippocampal loop connections

Jun Igarashi, Hatsuo Hayashi, Katsumi Tateno
2006 Cognitive Neurodynamics  
This model consisted of conductance-based multi-compartmental models of the stellate cell and the inhibitory interneuron, and the entorhinal-hippocampal loop circuit was modeled by delay lines whose signal  ...  Another model of the entorhinal cortex layer II network that has the entorhinal-hippocampal loop circuit has also been proposed [5].  ...  CONCLUSION We designed an element circuit for implementing PLL neural networks using the pulse-modulation approach. We verified the fundamental operation of two coupled element circuits with HSPICE.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11571-006-9003-8 pmid:19003510 pmcid:PMC2267667 fatcat:avihqfr6a5e7tm43lythi27n3a

Looping Genomes: Diagnostic Change and the Genetic Makeup of the Autism Population

Daniel Navon, Gil Eyal
2016 American Journal of Sociology  
Thus, a looping process that began with geneticization and involved the social effects of genetics research itself transformed the autism population and its genetic makeup.  ...  In the second part of the article, the authors draw on quantitative and qualitative analyses of autism rates over time in several rare conditions that are delineated strictly according to genomic mutations  ...  our argument that looping processes transformed the genetic makeup of the autism population.  ... 
doi:10.1086/684201 pmid:27092389 fatcat:ip3asx3um5e5vfvmeorkfs4cqe

Fourier Transform Infrared Microspectroscopy as a Tool for Embryonic Stem Cell Studies [chapter]

Diletta Ami, Paolo Mereghetti, Antonino Natalello, Silvia M.
2011 Methodological Advances in the Culture, Manipulation and Utilization of Embryonic Stem Cells for Basic and Practical Applications  
Artificial Neural networks (ANN) The artificial neural networks are mathematical models that were developed in analogy to a network of biological neurons (Krogh, 2008) .  ...  flows from the input to the output without loops.  ...  Fourier Transform Infrared Microspectroscopy as a Tool for Embryonic Stem Cell Studies, Methodological Advances in the Culture, Manipulation and Utilization of Embryonic Stem Cells for Basic and Practical  ... 
doi:10.5772/14690 fatcat:zywkjdpkmjfplhklhbn6zuy3jm

What sort of minded being has language? Anticpatory dynamics, arguability and agency in a normatively and recursively self-transforming learning system: Part 2

Paul J. Thibault
2007 Linguistics and the Human Sciences  
In Part 2, the implications of the systemic-functional theory of language for a unified view of cognition and semiosis as distributed activity on diverse time-scales are further discussed in the light  ...  In Part 2, I consider some specific instances of learning systems involving humans and bonobos in relation to the theoretical issues discussed in Part 1.  ...  Our semantic construals of the environment through the experiential resources of the grammar of natural languages are normative precisely because and insofar as they are functional in the recursive self-transformation  ... 
doi:10.1558/lhs.v1i3.355 fatcat:ghfpt33dwnfo7o7gsnnrma6lgu

What sort of minded being has language? Anticpatory dynamics, arguability and agency in a normatively and recursively self-transforming learning system: Part 2

Paul J. Thibault
2007 Linguistics and the Human Sciences  
In Part 2, the implications of the systemic-functional theory of language for a unified view of cognition and semiosis as distributed activity on diverse time-scales are further discussed in the light  ...  In Part 2, I consider some specific instances of learning systems involving humans and bonobos in relation to the theoretical issues discussed in Part 1.  ...  Our semantic construals of the environment through the experiential resources of the grammar of natural languages are normative precisely because and insofar as they are functional in the recursive self-transformation  ... 
doi:10.1558/lhs.2005.1.3.355 fatcat:xs63svzlirhqtg47qaijqphmpm
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