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A hybrid agent based virtual organization for studying knowledge evolution in social systems

Sujatha Srinivasan, Sivakumar Ramakrishnan
2012 Artificial intelligence research  
In particular a virtual organization containing agents with different cognitive traits and beliefs in a cultural algorithm framework applied in solving a multi criteria decision making problem forms the  ...  In the current study a cultural algorithm framework is used to model an Agent Based Virtual Organization (ABVO) for studying the dynamics of a social system at micro as well as macro level.  ...  The above discussed aims are conceived and a cultural algorithm framework is used in modeling an agent based virtual organization for multi-objective optimization of classification rules.  ... 
doi:10.5430/air.v1n2p99 fatcat:7d6ag7qcsraynjjqnetpbn27be

Leadership in Organizations: An Evolutionary Perspective [chapter]

Brian R. Spisak, Nigel Nicholson, Mark van Vugt
2011 Evolutionary Psychology in the Business Sciences  
Next, we discuss five methods for testing an evolution-based hypothesis of leadership and followership.  ...  From this perspective we consider the ultimate origins and functions of leadership, the role of co-evolution, and methods for testing evolution-based leadership hypotheses.  ...  Yet if organizations can choose their environments it seems likely that members inured to a culture of a particular type will try to preserve it.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-92784-6_7 fatcat:kbvxp3rsl5hbndyuq7dqb4m5wi

Agency and Institutions in Organization Studies

Samer Abdelnour, Hans Hasselbladh, Jannis Kallinikos
2017 Organization Studies  
In this Perspectives issue, we draw on a select group of Organization Studies articles to provide an overview of the topic of agency and institutions.  ...  Our analysis leads us to dissociate agency from individuals and view it as a capacity or quality that stems from resources, rights and obligations tied to the roles and social positions actors occupy.  ...  The agentic turn within institutional theory is so wideranging and profound it raises many important questions for consideration. For instance: What is agency and how does it relate to individuals?  ... 
doi:10.1177/0170840617708007 fatcat:7bn3vxdnhff5fowip6igbil4ue

Self-Organization: Complex Dynamical Systems in the Evolution of Speech [chapter]

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer
2013 The Language Phenomenon  
This chapter focuses on the way the concept of self-organization, and its interaction with natural selection, can throw light on these three questions.  ...  This chapter focuses on the way the concept of self-organization, and its interaction with natural selection, can throw light on these three questions.  ...  Acknowledgments: This work was in major part achieved in the Sony Computer Science Laboratory, Paris, and benefited from the support of Luc Steels. References  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-36086-2_9 fatcat:zayo5wcqtzgzhauc4ziuwapmqu

Genetic Identification and Mass Propagation of Economically Important Seaweeds [chapter]

Wilson Thau Lym Yong, Grace Joy Wei Lie Chin, Kenneth Francis Rodrigues
2016 Algae - Organisms for Imminent Biotechnology  
The development of high-density linkage maps based on molecular markers offers an avenue for the implementation of molecular breeding strategies based on quantitative trait loci (QTLs).  ...  The application of photobioreactors for tissue culture is another important development, which will be digressed upon.  ...  Organic fertilizers and biostimulant The organic requirements for axenic seaweed culture are remained unclear although additions of organic complexes (coconut milk, yeast, and algal extracts) to increase  ... 
doi:10.5772/62802 fatcat:askownqs55bn3am2w6tirab3su

Modeling factions for "effects based operations": part I—leaders and followers

Barry G. Silverman, Gnana Bharathy, Benjamin Nye, Roy J. Eidelson
2007 Computational and mathematical organization theory  
and internal validity of the agent implementations.  ...  Simulated leaders and followers capable of playing these games are implemented in a cognitive modeling framework, called PMFserv, which covers value systems, personality and cultural factors, emotions,  ...  It is a dialog and cultural sensitivity game.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10588-007-9017-8 fatcat:du5yovuyf5g4pjohhpb4no5u7q

Epistemic Vices in Organizations: Knowledge, Truth, and Unethical Conduct

Christopher Baird, Thomas S. Calvard
2018 Journal of Business Ethics  
In the twenty-first century, however, there appears to be a renewed concern regarding people's relationship with the truth and the propensity for certain actors to undermine it.  ...  While existing organizational research has examined various epistemic virtues that make people and organizations effective and responsible epistemic agents, much less is known about the epistemic vices  ...  These agents merit praise for their epistemic characters, provided they have some control over its development.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10551-018-3897-z fatcat:r4cpexb4ivh57epoytf6dvggpe

Epistemic Vices in Organizations: Knowledge, Truth and Unethical Conduct

Chris Baird, Thomas Stephen Calvard
2018 Academy of Management Proceedings  
In the twenty-first century, however, there appears to be a renewed concern regarding people's relationship with the truth and the propensity for certain actors to undermine it.  ...  While existing organizational research has examined various epistemic virtues that make people and organizations effective and responsible epistemic agents, much less is known about the epistemic vices  ...  These agents merit praise for their epistemic characters, provided they have some control over its development.  ... 
doi:10.5465/ambpp.2018.16022abstract fatcat:eeb65hdukje4jicu5cltidudl4

Knowledge management technology: human-computer interaction & cultural perspective on pattern of retrieval, organization, use, and sharing of information and knowledge

Tereza Raquel Merlo
2017 Knowledge & Performance Management  
This study brings into focus the concept of knowledge management and technology, and culture in the organization through a systematic literature review and based on the researcher's hypothesis and observations  ...  Knowledge Management (KM) implementation is as much a challenge as it is a great opportunity for businesses worldwide in several sectors.  ...  The consolidation of a culture-based KM perspective enables initiatives where: "the learning organization moves on from training individuals for new skills -it is an environment that maximizes collective  ... 
doi:10.21511/kpm.01(1).2017.05 fatcat:hnig5itrpzgbdlzsi42rzzac7a

3D Bioprinting for Organ Regeneration

Haitao Cui, Margaret Nowicki, John P. Fisher, Lijie Grace Zhang
2016 Advanced Healthcare Materials  
We conclude with current challenges and the technical perspective for further development of 3D organ bioprinting.  ...  Regenerative medicine holds the promise of engineering functional tissues or organs to heal or replace abnormal and necrotic tissues/organs, offering hope for filling the gap between organ shortage and  ...  and Translational Research Grant.  ... 
doi:10.1002/adhm.201601118 pmid:27995751 pmcid:PMC5313259 fatcat:5zeul6s3fvft3ew4iyicifyaqa

Special Issue Editorial: Artificial Intelligence in Organizations: Implications for Information Systems Research

Hind Benbya, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, Stella Pachidi, Sirkka L. Jarvenpaa, Cambridge JudgeBusiness School, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, McCombs School of Business, University of Texas at Austin, U.S.A.
2021 Journal of the AIS  
Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies offer novel, distinctive opportunities and pose new significant challenges to organizations that set them apart from other forms of digital technologies.  ...  This article discusses the distinct effects of AI technologies in organizations, the tensions they raise and the opportunities they present for information systems (IS) research.  ...  • What implications does anthropomorphism have for human actions? Human vs. Emotions • To what can AI tools emulate emotional intelligence that is artificial typically a human trait?  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00662 fatcat:qh37poidffhtffllg33lqcbgca

The consequences of the concept of naturalness for organic plant breeding and propagation

E.T. Lammerts Van Bueren, P.C. Struik
2004 NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences  
the practical development of organic seed production and plant breeding,  ...  Organic agriculture is enhancing specific plant breeding activities to meet its requirements for varieties better adapted to the specific organic environment.  ...  As for the in vitro techniques used in breeding programmes, such as embryo culture, it may be clear that using artificial growing-conditions does not comply with the organic production methods using organic  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1573-5214(04)80031-9 fatcat:yuuu73gl4jggzim7l6pqjz6k5q

Knowledge management technology: human-computer interaction & cultural perspective on pattern of retrieval, organization, use, and sharing of information and knowledge

Tereza Raquel Merlo
2017 Knowledge & Performance Management  
This study brings into focus the concept of knowledge management and technology, and culture in the organization through a systematic literature review and based on the researcher's hypothesis and observations  ...  is as much a challenge as it is a great opportunity for businesses worldwide in several sectors.  ...  The consolidation of a culture-based KM perspective enables initiatives where: "the learning organization moves on from training individuals for new skills -it is an environment that maximizes collective  ... 
doi:10.25161/kpm.1(1).05 fatcat:463gh3viobe3rfvq7x23cvpt6m

Comparative trials with different decontaminating agents for growing Mycobacterium tuberculosis from sputum specimens

L Sula
1968 Bulletin of the World Health Organization  
A reliable culture technique for mycobacteria to enable precise taxonomic and biological identification to be made, e.g., virulence and sensitivity or resistance to the major and minor antituberculosis  ...  to be promising, both for the rapid growth and characterization of the colonies, and for producing the lowest contamination rate in cultures.  ...  A reliable culture technique for mycobacteria to enable precise taxonomic and biological identification to be made, e.g., virulence and sensitivity or resistance to the major and minor antituberculosis  ... 
pmid:4978931 pmcid:PMC2554430 fatcat:cnnfmvjjsra4xhjphqv7avbrce

Scientomics: An Emergent Perspective in Knowledge Organization

Pedro C. Marijuán, Raquel del Moral, and Jorge Navarro
2012 Knowledge organization  
He has covered both intracellular molecular mechanisms and systemic, behavioral (brain), and social realms. He was co-founder with Michael Conrad of FIS (Foundations of Information Science).  ...  During more than 20 years, he has advanced research on the nature of biological (cellular) information, communication, knowledge, and intelligence.  ...  Analysis of this corpus enables a new qualitative and quantitative investigation of cultural trends, social and political influences, fashions, and all sort of cultural phenomena.  ... 
doi:10.5771/0943-7444-2012-3-153 fatcat:j5e4ttnjlffh5fvlvsyklnrlfa
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