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Towards web-scale how-provenance

Daniel Deutch, Amir Gilad, Yuval Moskovitch
2015 2015 31st IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering Workshops  
But at the same time, the overhead incurred due to provenance computation, in terms of time, space and communication, may limit the scalability of how-provenance management systems.  ...  We illustrate use-cases in the web context, and highlight some challenges in this respect.  ...  Such solution will potentially allow to produce "goal-oriented" concise provenance (in the sense that it is selective and is geared towards a particular meta-domain), for web-scale data.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdew.2015.7129547 dblp:conf/icde/DeutchGM15a fatcat:7kjdymggufggvkmgzaxgkwn5qa

Adaptive RDF Query Processing Based on Provenance [chapter]

Marcin Wylot, Philippe Cudré-Mauroux, Paul Groth
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This work is a first step towards showing how provenance can be used to make it easier to work with heterogenous RDF data. Acknowledgements.  ...  The datasets are drawn, respectively, from two crawls of the Web: the Billion Triple Challenge 1 and the Web Data Commons 2 [7].  ...  This work is a first step towards showing how provenance can be used to make it easier to work with heterogenous RDF data. c Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 B. Ludäscher and B.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16462-5_29 fatcat:wdavr5zhijev3au5tp6akz5zoa

Towards Provenance and Traceability in CRISTAL for HEP

Jetendr Shamdasani, Andrew Branson, Richard McClatchey
2014 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
This paper discusses the CRISTAL object lifecycle management system and its use in provenance data management and the traceability of system events.  ...  Currently investigations are underway to gauge the feasibility of using the N4U Analysis Service or a derivative of it to address the requirements of data and analysis logging and provenance capture within  ...  We believe that once this conversion has been completed it will allow us to demonstrate further how Semantic Web technologies can aid in the provenance of workflows.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/513/3/032091 fatcat:425xcbkhrzbolfycwxkx2t5xee

Transparency and Reliability in the Data Supply Chain

P. Groth
2013 IEEE Internet Computing  
Here, I outline how standards and research in data provenance are leading towards of "fair trade" data.  ...  On the Web, we publish lightweight forms of provenance intended for humans all the time. On Twitter, for example, marking provenance arose organically.  ...  The Web and specifically linked data have enabled the production of complex data supply chains in which the component parts are packaged, processed, and cleaned by distributed sets of outsourced providers  ... 
doi:10.1109/mic.2013.41 fatcat:m7gbapf7djdq7pfy6tb3o324eu

Human-Computer Interaction and Human Mental Workload: Assessing Cognitive Engagement in the World Wide Web [chapter]

Luca Longo
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Assessing the cognitive engagement of a user while seeking and consuming information over the World Wide Web is a key challenge for studying the quality of interactions.  ...  This will lead to analysis of individual and mass behaviour, guidelines and recommendation for interaction design, usability of front-end web applications and proposal of adaptive systems.  ...  They mainly deal with data such as requested URLs, time properties, the provenance, the type of operating system and browser of a web-user.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-23768-3_43 fatcat:asudswqr7nf4jhlkv5oxxb7lbu

Linked Data for science and education

Carsten Keßler, Mathieu d'Aquin, Stefan Dietze
2013 Semantic Web Journal  
Given the proven capabilities of LD technologies towards realising Web scale data sharing and reuse, scientific and educational practitioners have started to adopt those principles.  ...  At the same time, the Linked Data (LD) approach has emerged as the most recent evolution of the Semantic Web, aiming at Web-scale data interoperability, it has produced an ever growing amount of data sets  ...  Given the proven capabilities of LD technologies towards realising Web scale data sharing and reuse, scientific and educational practitioners have started to adopt those principles.  ... 
doi:10.3233/sw-120091 fatcat:hxvu6hkitfdz5e3njggiffwdzu

Metadata and provenance for spatial analysis: the case of spatial weights

Luc Anselin, Sergio J. Rey, Wenwen Li
2014 International Journal of Geographical Information Science  
We describe an approach to embed provenance in spatial weights structures and illustrate the performance of the web service by means of a number of small experiments.  ...  We illustrate the format with an application of a spatial weights web service, which is part of an evolving spatial analytical workbench.  ...  Toward this end, we also embed the provenance framework within a high-performance web service environment to ensure interoperability can be maintained in a distributed context.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13658816.2014.917313 fatcat:342wkoftkvc3lnvh7inmolyenm

Challenges for Provenance Analytics Over Geospatial Data [chapter]

Daniel Garijo, Yolanda Gil, Andreas Harth
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
To be able to use and analyze provenance in geospatial integration systems in a principled manner, we identify different levels of provenance in the geospatial domain, provide a set of provenance questions  ...  from the point of view of end users, and relate our geospatial provenance model to the W3C PROV recommendation.  ...  Introduction The Open Geospatial Consortium and the World Wide Web Consortium are working jointly towards standards for linking and integrating geospatial data [1] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16462-5_28 fatcat:s7bdbt2pkngtbc3a5ysyonc5te

OUP accepted manuscript

2017 Briefings in Bioinformatics  
In this article, we will analyze the existing DWFS with regard to their capabilities toward public open data use as well as large-scale computational and human interface requirements.  ...  As the standardized public data play an increasingly important role, the DWFS needs to comply with Semantic Web technologies.  ...  This leads toward automatic workflow generation with sufficient detail to determine the provenance of the data.  ... 
doi:10.1093/bib/bbx039 pmid:28419324 pmcid:PMC6169675 fatcat:xsdfepwqmnb7pgkmnep2ifn2wi

Collaborative Scientific Workflows

Shiyong Lu, Jia Zhang
2009 2009 IEEE International Conference on Web Services  
research work aiming to study how to create services supporting collaborative scientific workflows.  ...  This paper reviews the state of the art of the field of scientific workflows towards the support of collaborative scientific workflows, identifies critical research challenges, and presents our ongoing  ...  One main challenge is how to understand the sophisticated interaction and hierarchical composition of various dataflow constructs and collaboration patterns to model complex and large-scale scientific  ... 
doi:10.1109/icws.2009.150 dblp:conf/icws/LuZ09 fatcat:uixs7xfwond7ncnairul5yheje

Mob data sourcing

Daniel Deutch, Tova Milo
2012 Proceedings of the 2012 international conference on Management of Data - SIGMOD '12  
We overview crowd datasourcing solutions in various contexts, explain the need for a principled solution, describe advances towards achieving such a solution, and highlight remaining gaps.  ...  Finally, being set in a generally decentralized Web environment, data sourcing comes with all the common difficulties of large scale Web-data integration: assembly of information that comes from different  ...  Scaling is particularly important here. We are accustomed to a world with billions of Web pages; we must now get accustomed to a world in which the number of facts is counted in teras.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2213836.2213905 dblp:conf/sigmod/DeutchM12 fatcat:q3s6cdkblrfw7ja3qw5igwwzuq

Queryable Provenance Metadata For GDPR Compliance

Harshvardhan J. Pandit, Declan O'Sullivan, Dave Lewis
2018 Zenodo  
In this paper, we show how semantic web technologies can assist in representation and querying of compliance information related to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), an European law governing  ...  Conclusion & Future Work Through this paper, we demonstrated how semantic web technologies can assist in the representation and querying of information related to compliance towards General Data Protection  ...  The demo is intended to showcase how the static GDPR readiness checklist can be made more interactive and automated using semantic web technologies.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3246495 fatcat:msz3y2ne5rc7rgpeykiskhbqtm

If these crawls could talk: Studying and documenting web archives provenance

Emily Maemura, Nicholas Worby, Ian Milligan, Christoph Becker
2018 Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology  
The increasing use and prominence of web archives raises the urgency of establishing mechanisms for transparency in the making of web archives to facilitate the process of evaluating a web archive's provenance  ...  By comparing how three different web archives collections were created and documented, we investigate how curatorial decisions interact with technical and external factors and we compare commonalities  ...  We see this as a first step towards the design of a system for documenting, systematically, how web archives are made, how this is communicated to users, and how this impacts the kind of inferences made  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.24048 fatcat:d3fdgdqapnej7isd4zpa4ybdx4

Towards a semantic representation for multi-scale finite element biosimulation experiments

Andre Freitas, Margaret Jones, Kartik Asooja, Christos Bellos, Steve Elliott, Stefan Stenfelt, Panagiotis Hasapis, Christos Georgousopoulos, Torsten Marquardt, Nenad Filipovic, Stefan Decker, Ratnesh Sahay
2013 13th IEEE International Conference on BioInformatics and BioEngineering  
In this paper, we propose an ontology based and multi-layered biosimulation model to facilitate researchers to share, integrate and collaborate their knowledge bases at Web scale.  ...  In particular, we investigate the semantic biosimulation model under the context of the multi-scale finite element (FE) modelling of the inner-ear.  ...  PROV-O 3 is a specication, promoted by the World Wide Web consortium, for recording the provenance of web resources.  ... 
doi:10.1109/bibe.2013.6701586 dblp:conf/bibe/FreitasJABESHGMFDS13 fatcat:qp5x2iu5m5crdga5yt536ofglq

What Makes You Think That? The Semantic Web's Proof Layer

Sergej Sizov
2007 IEEE Intelligent Systems  
Provenance challenges The need for deeper understanding and use of provenance began to emerge with the growing popularity of distributed, large-scale collaborative environments and Semantic Web technologies  ...  (how-provenance).  ... 
doi:10.1109/mis.2007.120 fatcat:jhh72xilcba3ndiae3dzur2thm
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