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The American Economic Review
Regardless of any at- tempt to “stabilize,” the risks will remain; for the future cannot be ac- curately predicted unless the choices of enterprisers and consumers are dictated rather than free. ... In an eco- nomic system operating under dynamic conditions, with free enterprise and freedom of choice by consumers, the function of risk bearing must be per- formed by someone. ...
The four projects offer coverage across these themes: Regulatory and governance issues for Safe-by-Design in nanotech from safety to sustainability ELSA and Responsible Research and Innovation are served ... European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme ... The EU Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability towards a toxic-free environment is a step towards the European Green Deal zero-emissions target for a pollution-free environment. ...doi:10.5281/zenodo.4750137 fatcat:wvqml4bhi5ekdo6tuuo5jrrg54
Results show that any excessive attitude towards risk is undesirable. Both risk averters and risk seekers showed a greater probability of finacial deterioration or failure. ... Data from 100 commercial farmers in the Aberfeldy pedosystem (situated in the North-eastern Orange Free Sate) were used to analyse diversification as a risk alleviating strategy. ... Risk and agricultural production Due to imperfect knowledge about the future, producers cannot predict future yields, prices and production outcomes with certainty. ...doi:10.1080/03031853.1993.9524740 fatcat:zcqje3sygzdlxpysia6uppmhqe
The answer given by financial theory and practice to the disadvantage of rates in the opportunity cost category is the discount rate calculated as a sum of the risk-free rate and a risk premium, defining ... We will be able to analyze, based on various factors, three techniques for determining the discount rate for investment projects: the opportunity cost, the risk-free rate, and a series of risk premiums ... In order to calculate a discount rate adapted to a turbulent environment such as in Romania, we can consider a risk rating system by calculating a risk factor as a factor for multiplying an amount, which ...doaj:1ac721da3795461d811be4efc5660798 fatcat:2b5xn5juvrdfpcd2vb4ez5crzi
selects to participate collaborative innovation in supply chain, and the increase of data sharing cost, security risk coefficient, and free rider income causes the decrease of the probability that an ... participate collaborative innovation in supply chain, data sharing profit coefficient, data sharing cost coefficient, security risk coefficient, and free rider income have threshold values. ... It shows that with the increase of the security risk coefficient, the saddle point G moves to point (1, 1), and the system evolves toward (0, 0); the probability of an enterprise selects "no participation ...doi:10.1155/2021/3511472 fatcat:j45ybwr665hj7mq57vgumxdnnm
Also the number of risk free companies in these extreme segments is the least. Manufacturing and service sectors carry maximum risk ... This paper investigates the association between Corporate Governance (CG) performance and enterprise risk in India. The study also investigates the behavior of risk under different classifications. ... Ho: Morphological factors has no influence on the risk profile of companies Enterprise Risk Governance is part of CG system. ...doi:10.12725/ujbm.30.2 fatcat:miks2ggdzjfszbaiz3hknzp25q
The purpose of this article is the presentation of a novel and unconventional algorithm for bankruptcy risk management in banking technologies catered towards lending to legal entities (enterprises and ... The challenges of assessing risk in this area primarily relate to the reduction of type I and type II errors when making decisions on the terms of lending (i.e. loan amounts and repayment parameters) on ... One of the first studies in which the authors applied neural networks towards predicting company bankruptcy was the paper by M. Odom and R. Sharda  . ...doi:10.17323/j.jcfr.2073-04126.96.36.1999.28-39 fatcat:247yhuqdyzedjbe6r57ickn6va
or lawyers to open a practice supporting free enterprise and free professions. ... Thus, exogenous factors may be moi-e or less favourable for big enterprises swallowing small ones and by accepting the economic doctrine of indeterminateness we can not predict whether the free market ...doi:10.1057/gpp.1984.26 fatcat:mumbea5gfjatzg5mehgdqn64si
Logit analyses of farmers' personal and business characteristics that influence their attitudes towards free trade and deregulated domestic markets were conducted. ... This study analyses farmers' attitudes towards free trade and deregulated domestic product and input markets using a survey conducted in 1996 among 112 commercial farmers in KwaZulu-Natal. ... products are sources of risk expected to influence respondents' attitudes towards free trade. ...doi:10.4102/sajems.v1i1.1872 fatcat:zpwm4a2zrzh6toikeb4gka2s54
American Sociological Review
There is no doubt but that the fate of even a reasonable fac- simile of a free enterprise system is related to this increasing consciousness of the need for security. ... But the very tendency of people to move toward such islands of safety in an uncer- tain economic sea is further evidence of the fear of risk and of the desire for security. ...
THE RESEARCH ENTERPRISE Predictive phase 2 trial designs also entail costs for the integrity of the research enterprise. ... Second, more predictive phase 2 trials enable more ef cient allocation of resources in clinical translation; such studies can free up material and human resources by focusing their deployment on conf rmatory ...doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3005684 pmid:23658242 pmcid:PMC4516405 fatcat:gk5wfd56zrdgjdyl7yjxv3cdhq
The System Dynamic model was designed to predict the investment decision taken by the industries based on investment decision rules. ... This paper presents a prediction of Malaysian industries acceptance on the solar thermal heating system for replacing the current heating technologies. ... Acknowledgement This work was supported by Malaysia ministry of Education and Univeristy Teknologi Malar (UiTM) under LESTARI Grant Scheme, 600-IRMI/DANA/5/3/LESTARI (0167/2016). ...doi:10.11591/ijeecs.v8.i2.pp375-381 fatcat:biz3hhrglbhd7pr7dxl7s7m66y
However, it is still necessary to evaluate, monitor and further refine the company's risk management framework. ... This study aims to examine the effect of implementing corporate risk management on fraud prevention. This study adopts the COSO framework for risk management system analysis. ... free from gratification, fraud and corruption, collusion and nepotism practices. ...doi:10.36348/sjef.2021.v05i04.002 fatcat:7hs5fgxukreljfbrsy25ntcqdy
Howard Pew, president, Sun Oil Company, and vice presi- dent, National Association of Manufacturers, speaking on “Preserving the Private Enterprise System”: “Our American system of free enterprise is far ... I am opposed to the American people making these tremendous sacrifices, risking their very system to interfere in the quarrels of Europe and Asia, old, sick and over-populated continents with ancient wounds ...
.), to form strategic risks and threats, the priority opportunities of enterprises for European integration. ... Keywords: economic security of the enterprise, indicators of economic security, system of the enterprise economic security, European integration. ... The direction of further research on the management of the economic safety of the enterprise is the development of a methodical tool for assessing the level of economic security of an enterprise in the ...doi:10.20535/2307-5651.15.2018.135675 fatcat:3n7pod5u45cijd7g6onp3z6fdy
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