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Page 309 of The American Economic Review Vol. 28, Issue 2 [page]

1938 The American Economic Review  
Regardless of any at- tempt to “stabilize,” the risks will remain; for the future cannot be ac- curately predicted unless the choices of enterprisers and consumers are dictated rather than free.  ...  In an eco- nomic system operating under dynamic conditions, with free enterprise and freedom of choice by consumers, the function of risk bearing must be per- formed by someone.  ... 

Cross cutting thematics of the Safe-by-Design NMBP-15 projects

Claire Mays, Sean Hardy, Stefania Melandri, Susanne Resch, Beatriz Alfaro Serrano
2021 Zenodo  
The four projects offer coverage across these themes: Regulatory and governance issues for Safe-by-Design in nanotech from safety to sustainability ELSA and Responsible Research and Innovation are served  ...  European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme  ...  The EU Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability towards a toxic-free environment is a step towards the European Green Deal zero-emissions target for a pollution-free environment.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4750137 fatcat:wvqml4bhi5ekdo6tuuo5jrrg54


H R Binding, H D van Schalkwyk, J van Zyl, H J Sartorius von Bach
1993 Agrekon  
Results show that any excessive attitude towards risk is undesirable. Both risk averters and risk seekers showed a greater probability of finacial deterioration or failure.  ...  Data from 100 commercial farmers in the Aberfeldy pedosystem (situated in the North-eastern Orange Free Sate) were used to analyse diversification as a risk alleviating strategy.  ...  Risk and agricultural production Due to imperfect knowledge about the future, producers cannot predict future yields, prices and production outcomes with certainty.  ... 
doi:10.1080/03031853.1993.9524740 fatcat:zcqje3sygzdlxpysia6uppmhqe


2018 Analele Universităţii Constantin Brâncuşi din Târgu Jiu : Seria Economie  
The answer given by financial theory and practice to the disadvantage of rates in the opportunity cost category is the discount rate calculated as a sum of the risk-free rate and a risk premium, defining  ...  We will be able to analyze, based on various factors, three techniques for determining the discount rate for investment projects: the opportunity cost, the risk-free rate, and a series of risk premiums  ...  In order to calculate a discount rate adapted to a turbulent environment such as in Romania, we can consider a risk rating system by calculating a risk factor as a factor for multiplying an amount, which  ... 
doaj:1ac721da3795461d811be4efc5660798 fatcat:2b5xn5juvrdfpcd2vb4ez5crzi

Research on Evolutionary Game of Collaborative Innovation in Supply Chain under Digitization Background

Meili Lu, Yujia Gao, Qin Wan, Snežana Tadić
2021 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
selects to participate collaborative innovation in supply chain, and the increase of data sharing cost, security risk coefficient, and free rider income causes the decrease of the probability that an  ...  participate collaborative innovation in supply chain, data sharing profit coefficient, data sharing cost coefficient, security risk coefficient, and free rider income have threshold values.  ...  It shows that with the increase of the security risk coefficient, the saddle point G moves to point (1, 1), and the system evolves toward (0, 0); the probability of an enterprise selects "no participation  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/3511472 fatcat:j45ybwr665hj7mq57vgumxdnnm

Does Corporate Governance Influence Enterprise Risk in India? An Analytical Study

Sajit Jacob
2015 Ushus - Journal of Business Management  
Also the number of risk free companies in these extreme segments is the least. Manufacturing and service sectors carry maximum risk  ...  This paper investigates the association between Corporate Governance (CG) performance and enterprise risk in India. The study also investigates the behavior of risk under different classifications.  ...  Ho: Morphological factors has no influence on the risk profile of companies Enterprise Risk Governance is part of CG system.  ... 
doi:10.12725/ujbm.30.2 fatcat:miks2ggdzjfszbaiz3hknzp25q

Bankruptcy Risk Assessment in Corporate Lending Based on Hybrid Neural Networks and Fuzzy Models

Stanislav Gorbatkov, Svetlana Farkhieva
2019 Korporativnye Finansy  
The purpose of this article is the presentation of a novel and unconventional algorithm for bankruptcy risk management in banking technologies catered towards lending to legal entities (enterprises and  ...  The challenges of assessing risk in this area primarily relate to the reduction of type I and type II errors when making decisions on the terms of lending (i.e. loan amounts and repayment parameters) on  ...  One of the first studies in which the authors applied neural networks towards predicting company bankruptcy was the paper by M. Odom and R. Sharda [10] .  ... 
doi:10.17323/j.jcfr.2073-0438.13.1.2019.28-39 fatcat:247yhuqdyzedjbe6r57ickn6va

Some Thoughts on Uncertainty, the Transfer of Knowledge and Insurability

Baruch Berliner
1984 Geneva papers on risk and insurance. Issues and practice  
or lawyers to open a practice supporting free enterprise and free professions.  ...  Thus, exogenous factors may be moi-e or less favourable for big enterprises swallowing small ones and by accepting the economic doctrine of indeterminateness we can not predict whether the free market  ... 
doi:10.1057/gpp.1984.26 fatcat:mumbea5gfjatzg5mehgdqn64si

Free trade and deregulated domestic markets: Attitudes of commercial farmers in KwaZulu-Natal

R. C. Stockil, G. F. Ortmann
1998 South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences  
Logit analyses of farmers' personal and business characteristics that influence their attitudes towards free trade and deregulated domestic markets were conducted.  ...  This study analyses farmers' attitudes towards free trade and deregulated domestic product and input markets using a survey conducted in 1996 among 112 commercial farmers in KwaZulu-Natal.  ...  products are sources of risk expected to influence respondents' attitudes towards free trade.  ... 
doi:10.4102/sajems.v1i1.1872 fatcat:zpwm4a2zrzh6toikeb4gka2s54

Page 145 of American Sociological Review Vol. 11, Issue 2 [page]

1946 American Sociological Review  
There is no doubt but that the fate of even a reasonable fac- simile of a free enterprise system is related to this increasing consciousness of the need for security.  ...  But the very tendency of people to move toward such islands of safety in an uncer- tain economic sea is further evidence of the fear of risk and of the desire for security.  ... 

Ethics, Error, and Initial Trials of Efficacy

S. P. Hey, J. Kimmelman
2013 Science Translational Medicine  
THE RESEARCH ENTERPRISE Predictive phase 2 trial designs also entail costs for the integrity of the research enterprise.  ...  Second, more predictive phase 2 trials enable more ef cient allocation of resources in clinical translation; such studies can free up material and human resources by focusing their deployment on conf rmatory  ... 
doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3005684 pmid:23658242 pmcid:PMC4516405 fatcat:gk5wfd56zrdgjdyl7yjxv3cdhq

Solar Thermal Heating Acceptance Among Malaysian Industries Using System Dynamics

Anis Sabirin Baharom, Nofri Yenita Dahlan
2017 Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science  
The System Dynamic model was designed to predict the investment decision taken by the industries based on investment decision rules.  ...  This paper presents a prediction of Malaysian industries acceptance on the solar thermal heating system for replacing the current heating technologies.  ...  Acknowledgement This work was supported by Malaysia ministry of Education and Univeristy Teknologi Malar (UiTM) under LESTARI Grant Scheme, 600-IRMI/DANA/5/3/LESTARI (0167/2016).  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijeecs.v8.i2.pp375-381 fatcat:biz3hhrglbhd7pr7dxl7s7m66y

The Effect of the Implementation of Enterprise Risk Management Integrating With Strategy and Performance on Fraud Prevention (Case Study on Pt. Taspen (Persero)

Pradila Syahfitri Harahap, Nengzih Nengzih
2021 Saudi Journal of Economics and Finance  
However, it is still necessary to evaluate, monitor and further refine the company's risk management framework.  ...  This study aims to examine the effect of implementing corporate risk management on fraud prevention. This study adopts the COSO framework for risk management system analysis.  ...  free from gratification, fraud and corruption, collusion and nepotism practices.  ... 
doi:10.36348/sjef.2021.v05i04.002 fatcat:7hs5fgxukreljfbrsy25ntcqdy

Page 3 of Information Services Vol. 20, Issue 1 [page]

1941 Information Services  
Howard Pew, president, Sun Oil Company, and vice presi- dent, National Association of Manufacturers, speaking on “Preserving the Private Enterprise System”: “Our American system of free enterprise is far  ...  I am opposed to the American people making these tremendous sacrifices, risking their very system to interfere in the quarrels of Europe and Asia, old, sick and over-populated continents with ancient wounds  ... 


Л.П. Артеменко, Я.С. Міщик
2018 Ekonomìčnij Vìsnik Nacìonalʹnogo Tehnìčnogo Unìversitetu Ukraïni "Kiïvsʹkij Polìtehnìčnij Institut  
.), to form strategic risks and threats, the priority opportunities of enterprises for European integration.  ...  Keywords: economic security of the enterprise, indicators of economic security, system of the enterprise economic security, European integration.  ...  The direction of further research on the management of the economic safety of the enterprise is the development of a methodical tool for assessing the level of economic security of an enterprise in the  ... 
doi:10.20535/2307-5651.15.2018.135675 fatcat:3n7pod5u45cijd7g6onp3z6fdy
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