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An Introduction into the Use of Biometric Technology [chapter]

Els J. Kindt
2013 Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications  
He is often credited with being the fi rst European to recognize the importance of fi ngerprint for identifi cation. 7 4 A.  ...  The kings of Babylon were supposedly using an imprint of their right hands in the clay tables in order to authenticate the tables. 2 In Babylonia , fi ngerprints were also used in business transactions  ...  Large scale biometric systems usually deploy the identifi cation mode which identifi es the data subjects and which in addition offers the advantages of allowing a duplicate enrolment check (e.g., systems  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7522-0_2 fatcat:otoxbngsffaulksxg6ad75u52i

A Taxonomy of Government Approaches Towards Online Identity Management

Philip Seltsikas, Hans van der Heijden
2010 2010 43rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
This debate is sometimes obscured by the lack of clarity regarding the specific approach that a government adopts towards identity management.  ...  A government's approach towards establishing the online identity of its citizens is often subject to heated debate.  ...  They are Australia (decentralized approach), the United States The data for these case studies was collected by the first author in the context of the project GUIDE, a European Union-funded project that  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2010.38 dblp:conf/hicss/SeltsikasH10 fatcat:nmd3gh4zxbfnfelss6zwqxq4kq

Promises, Social, and Ethical Challenges with Biometrics in Remote Identity Onboarding [chapter]

Katrin Laas-Mikko, Tarmo Kalvet, Robert Derevski, Marek Tiits
2022 Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition  
Checking a person's physical presence and appearance has been an essential part of identity enrolling procedures to avoid the risk of identity forgery.  ...  The main social and ethical issues with biometrics in remote identity onboarding are (1) the risk of harming integrity of personal identity and misuse of it; (2) the risk of privacy invasion and function  ...  Acknowledgements This research was funded by the European Commission, grant number 883356-Image Manipulation Attack Resolving Solutions (iMARS).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-87664-7_20 fatcat:cbw4bwttdjbrjd4bj66p76csnm

Access To Travel Documents (Deliverable 7.6)

Henri de Waele, Pauline Phoa, Silvia Adamo, Elena Ioriatti, Elisabetta Pulice, Mihály Egon Budai
2016 Zenodo  
The objective of Work Package 7 (WP7) is to study, from the perspective of European Union citizenship, specific problems individuals face in exercising their civil rights and liberties in areas which fall  ...  In keeping with the approach adopted in the WP thus far, the task leader (UA) drafted the following questionnaire for the purpose of drawing up country reports, a first d [...]  ...  Council adopted by the European Union on 30 November1994.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.61783 fatcat:tga6lkguwrekxcrqhbz5yb6vxm

Assessment of the Turkish Local e-Governments: An empirical study

Aykut Arslan
2008 International Journal of Human Sciences  
In this research, we first evaluated the current practices of the Turkish local e-governments.  ...  We suggest the results might provide a deeper understanding of local e-governments in Turkey and lend support to advances in this under-researched area.  ...  The most frequent relationship occurs with government at this level (European Union [EU], 2003).  ... 
doi:10.14687/ijhs.v5i2.333 fatcat:yyweotaldjhfnogfnl5upcuxja

How to meet national quality initiatives: best practices

Katherine Phillips Cabral
2009 Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis  
The implementation of ECVET instrument is still voluntary in the European Union.  ...  report on education and training in the nuclear energy field in the European Union -the most recent Commission Staff Working Document, issued in October 2014 1 , gives overview of the latest E&T efforts  ...  A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server http://europa.eu.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11239-009-0406-3 pmid:19908125 fatcat:sxvxlm4y4jb4hkr6zbhgy6vh34

Identification for Development: The Biometrics Revolution

Alan Gelb, Julia Clark
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Formal identification is a prerequisite for development in the modern world.  ...  Many programs now aim to provide individuals in poor countries with more robust official identity, often in the context of the delivery of particular services.  ...  In this 1:N comparison, the computer checks the enrolled biometric template against each previously-enrolled template to see if there are any matches.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2226594 fatcat:tbcm7dn6hfgx3f47owsbz3vria

Digital Identities and Verifiable Credentials

Johannes Sedlmeir, Reilly Smethurst, Alexander Rieger, Gilbert Fridgen
2021 Business & Information Systems Engineering  
Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR) and PayPal for their support of the PEARL project ''P17/IS/13342933/PayPal-FNR/Chair in DFS/Gilbert Fridgen''.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Jasmin Huber for compiling an identity management bibliography; we thank Alexandre Amard, Tamara Roth, and our anonymous reviewer for their valuable feedback; and we gratefully acknowledge the  ...  and Trust Services Regulation (Alamillo-Domingo 2020; The Council of the European Union 2014).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12599-021-00722-y fatcat:fhumgpmumvgubcqcrtkea5it2u

Transforming travel and border controls: Checkpoints in the Open Society

Ian Hosein
2005 Government Information Quarterly  
By looking at the negotiations between the U.S. and the European Commission on passenger name records (PNR), the debates in Canada regarding the collection of passenger information, and the deployment  ...  Prior concerns regarding terrorism resulted in a rush to legislate. Now terrorism is not the only issue in the new security agenda, and we appear to have stopped rushing our legislative processes.  ...  border checks. 93 When the EU begins fingerprinting all nationals of its member states to provide biometric border checks and passports, as it intends to do within the next two years, perhaps questions  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.giq.2006.01.002 fatcat:hz74nd3s75fotcm42dpwx43zxy

Polish-Soviet Relations 1932–1939

F. L. Carsten
1964 International Affairs  
A lin e to be determined on th e spot running toward s th e northeas t th en towards th e n orth , passin g between Lak e Bolosza and Lake Dringis, and leaving in Lithuanian territory th e localities  ...  Done at Moscow in duplicate, in the Polish and Russian langu ages, the 5th da y of M ay, 1934.  ...  with the U.S.S.R., and has adopted a hostile attitude towards the Soviet Union.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2609748 fatcat:mgddrsfwzfc7pjij52x2qt7ilq

Polish-Soviet Relations1

1934 International Affairs  
A lin e to be determined on th e spot running toward s th e northeas t th en towards th e n orth , passin g between Lak e Bolosza and Lake Dringis, and leaving in Lithuanian territory th e localities  ...  Done at Moscow in duplicate, in the Polish and Russian langu ages, the 5th da y of M ay, 1934.  ...  with the U.S.S.R., and has adopted a hostile attitude towards the Soviet Union.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2603138 fatcat:xfcuweacvzeg3of3y2hrrdojje

Biometrics: In Search of Identity and Security (Q & A)

Zahid Akhtar, Abdenour Hadid, Mark Nixon, Massimo Tistarelli, Jean-Luc Dugelay, Sebastien Marcel
2017 IEEE Multimedia  
Despite the great progress in the field, several exigent problems have yet to be addressed to unleash biometrics full potential.  ...  To address the issues like identity theft and security threats, a continuously evolving technology known as biometrics is presently being deployed in a wide range of personal, government, and commercial  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research work has been partially supported by a grant from the European Commission (H2020 MSCA RISE 690907 "IDENTITY").  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmul.2017.265090754 fatcat:lab3frtx2na6tc65gcp4cxfdqm

The Future of Transnational Self-Regulation Enforcement and Compliance in Professional Services

Panagiotis Delimatsis
2017 Social Science Research Network  
due to become China's first comprehensive trade and investment agreement with a supranational customs union.  ...  This article examines such developments in the area of professional services.  ...  enrolled as an advocate.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2954143 fatcat:e434sq2c7vfjfnqpkmondylv2a

The Development of Citizen Oriented Informatics

Ion IVAN, Leonard SACUIU, Daniel MILODIN, Mihai GEORGESCU
2010 Informatică economică  
Quality characteristics are set for computer applications developed in the conditions of citizen-oriented computing and outline the development cycle for these applications.  ...  We define the concept of citizen-oriented computer application.  ...  citizen of the European Union;  achieving a single market for information society and media.  ... 
doaj:e3d5b6ca3832497a963bde47d9c8a7e2 fatcat:yezcv2x75vh5rlig2kgndzgkne

REGULATORY CONVERGENCE IN EU SECURITIES REGULATION

2007 Tilburg Law Review  
check the balance of executive power.  ...  Barber, "Legal Pluralism and the European Union" (2006) 12 ELJ 306.  ... 
doi:10.1163/221125907x00489 fatcat:sskh4k5qh5dvhnsk4hx6avgjyq
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