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Towards common-sense reasoning via conditional simulation: legacies of Turing in Artificial Intelligence [chapter]

Cameron E. Freer, Daniel M. Roy, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Rod Downey
Turing's Legacy  
We describe a computational formalism centered around a probabilistic Turing machine called QUERY, which captures the operation of probabilistic conditioning via conditional simulation.  ...  the philosophy of artificial intelligence.  ...  This paper was partially written while C.E.F. and D.M.R. were participants in the program Semantics and Syntax: A Legacy of Alan Turing at the Isaac Newton Institute for the Mathematical Sciences.  ... 
doi:10.1017/cbo9781107338579.007 fatcat:m3holcjpfvbzvgbbis2qcbnepi

Towards A Novel Unified Framework for Developing Formal, Network and Validated Agent-Based Simulation Models of Complex Adaptive Systems [article]

Muaz A. Niazi
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In this thesis, we propose first steps towards such a unified framework using a combination of agent-based and complex network-based modeling approaches and guidelines formulated in the form of a set of  ...  Literature on the modeling and simulation of complex adaptive systems (cas) has primarily advanced vertically in different scientific domains with scientists developing a variety of domain-specific approaches  ...  The search was thus performed on titles and the exact search from the ISI web of knowledge was as following:  ... 
arXiv:1708.02357v1 fatcat:s7j3edr2erbgplzitfcjb6xmz4

Making the Artificial Real [chapter]

Eric Silverman
2018 Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling  
In this sense, artificial intelligence has a great advantage, as 'human' intelligence and reasoning is a property of a certain subset of living beings, but can be viewed as a property apart from the biological  ...  In a manner somewhat analogous to the Turing Test, AI systems must in a sense 'prove' their intelligence not through success in the digital realm but through accomplishments rooted in real-world endeavour  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-72408-9_3 fatcat:5tpbxyqp6nahpjihc3zzjg77mq

An emergent approach to systems of physical agents

H. Van Dyke Parunak
1997 Journal of experimental and theoretical artificial intelligence (Print)  
] H.V.D.Parunak, "Applications of Distributed Artificial Intelligence in Industry." in O'Hare and Jennings, Foundations of Distributed ArtificialIntelligence, Wiley Inter-Science (forthcoming).  ...  But at least in physical systems (and probably in network applications as well), local sensing and action are important for several reasons: Remote sensing and action pose risks for agentbased systems  ... 
doi:10.1080/095281397147086 fatcat:6dpki2lr6rfz5h35pa7rri2lty

The Biointelligence Explosion [chapter]

David Pearce
2012 The Frontiers Collection  
The Fate of the Germline Genetic evolution is slow. Progress in artificial intelligence is fast (Kurzweil 2005) .  ...  In the new reproductive era, hedonic set-points and intelligence alike will be ratcheted upwards in virtue of selection pressure.  ...  At least in common usage, "intelligence" refers to an agent's ability to achieve goals in a wide range of environments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-32560-1_11 fatcat:7bpjlkuwcbghlbn6djidac4mda

Trans-AI: How to Build True AI or Real Machine Intelligence and Learning
Транс-ИИ: как создать настоящий искусственный интеллект

Azamat Abdoullaev, EIS Encyclopedic Intelligent Systems Ltd, EU, Cyprus-Russia
2021 Ontology of Designing  
The more extended model of Real AI was developed in 1999.  ...  To shape a smart and sustainable fu-ture, the world should invest into the RSI Science and Technology, for the Trans-AI paradigm is the way to an inclusive, instrumented, interconnected and intelligent  ...  Success in the cognitive era will depend on the ability to derive intelligence from all forms of data with this technology [18, 19] ). Teaching Machines Common Sense Reasoning [18] [19] [20] .  ... 
doi:10.18287/2223-9537-2021-11-4-402-421 fatcat:nex2mf3wsfg5hdj37e64zx2vci

Multiagent Systems

Katia P. Sycara
1998 The AI Magazine  
In Proceedings of the Second Inter- via Negotiation.  ...  Each process where the agents are self-inter- basis of a fixed protocol of interaction, party reasons about and chooses the ested in the sense that they would like modeling others allows  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v19i2.1370 dblp:journals/aim/Sycara98a fatcat:ariaq4pstfcszahj2g344dg3nu

Digital Immortality and Virtual Humans

Maggi Savin-Baden, David Burden
2018 Postdigital Science and Education  
given to computer-controlled systems all represent shifts in artificial intelligence that are enhancing the creation of digital immortality.  ...  the influence of the dead surviving in society.  ...  In the digital era, most of the Artificial Intelligences within science fiction have tended to be 'evolved' artificial intelligence, such as SkyNet in Terminator and Ultron in the Marvel films, which have  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42438-018-0007-6 fatcat:kazt46hnava6tg2exyxw3nd3m4

A Validation Methodology for Human Behavior Representation Models

Simon R. Goerger, Michael L. McGinnis, Rudolph P. Darken, Amy E. Henninger
2005 The Journal of Defence Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology  
Given this key role, the credibility of simulations is paramount.  ...  The research was limited to the behaviors of individuals engaged in close combat in an urban environment.  ...  , and presentation of the common operating picture in combat simulations.  ... 
doi:10.1177/154851290500200105 fatcat:feu6nfa2cndmzglr6qpadli2qq

The new ghosts in the machine: 'Pragmatist' AI and the conceptual perils of anthropomorphic description

Phillip Brooker, William Dutton, Michael Mair
2019 Zenodo  
Indeed, the term 'Artificial Intelligence' (AI) seems to refer to a quality that is thought to be largely human; namely, intelligence.  ...  However, while anthropomorphic descriptions may be useful or harmless, when taken at face value they generate a false picture of algorithms as well as of our own thinking and reasoning practices by treating  ...  Of course, this isn't artificial intelligence in the standard sense.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3459326 fatcat:b3to6vlypjaufboo4ue3yodnle

BRAIN vol. 3, issue 3

Bogdan Patrut
2012 Brain: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience  
are useful for achieving general intelligence under conditions of limited computational resources -and then fill in the algorithmic level with representations and algorithms that make sense in terms of  ...  However, passing such extended Turing tests can just be -if at all -a necessary but not a sufficient condition for intelligence [85] .  ...  or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.  ... 
doaj:6ef96bdc595942feb15fcec00dd786f2 fatcat:3ddjqzspmvde3g53r6wnu6eo4q

Neuroscientific implications for situated and embodied artificial intelligence

Keith L. Downing
2007 Connection science  
of the world via interactions between simulated brains, bodies and environments.  ...  Neuroscientists believe that much of this common sense involves predictive models for physical activities, but the transfer of sensorimotor skill knowledge to cognition is non-trivial, indicating that  ...  Introduction The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) began in a blaze of glory [43, 44, 48] .  ... 
doi:10.1080/09540090701192584 fatcat:whffzwwttffmzbnpimfaz3od5m

Artificial-Intelligence-Driven Customized Manufacturing Factory: Key Technologies, Applications, and Challenges

Jiafu Wan, Xiaomin Li, Hong-Ning Dai, Andrew Kusiak, Miguel Martinez-Garcia, Di Li
2020 Proceedings of the IEEE  
For that, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is enabling higher value-added manufacturing by accelerating the integration of manufacturing and information communication technologies, including computing, communication  ...  The traditional production paradigm of large batch production does not offer flexibility towards satisfying the requirements of individual customers.  ...  With the development of AI technologies, new theories, models, algorithms, and applications -towards simulating, extending, and enhancing human intelligence -are continuously developed.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2020.3034808 fatcat:bpljlzguqjhypedblczhmch2uq

The Incomputable Alan Turing [article]

S. Barry Cooper
2012 arXiv   pre-print
This paper focuses on incomputability as a powerful theme in Turing's work and personal life, and examines its role in his evolving concept of machine intelligence.  ...  It also traces some of the ways in which important new developments are anticipated by Turing's ideas in logic.  ...  These, and some other results of mathematical logic may be regarded as going some way towards a demonstration, within mathematics itself, of the inadequacy of 'reason' unsupported by common sense."  ... 
arXiv:1206.1706v1 fatcat:vq6gvxyl3fgotajuxsbna4ozgm

In folly ripe. In reason rotten. Putting machine theology to rest [article]

Mihai Nadin
2017 arXiv   pre-print
AI, in the perspective of time, proved to be less an acronym for artificial intelligence and more of automating tasks associated with intelligence.  ...  In its particular algorithmic embodiment, it offers a perspective, within which the digital computer (one of many possible) exercises a role reminiscent of theology.  ...  The unfolding of the stem cell is another example. They are anticipatory in the sense that no folding is a repeat, as no act of creation via the stem cell results in any identical outcome.  ... 
arXiv:1712.04306v1 fatcat:5fm2uedopbej3ihpivzxcou5oq
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