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Towards an Annotation Scheme for Complex Laughter in Speech Corpora

Khiet P. Truong, Jürgen Trouvain, Michel-Pierre Jansen
2019 Interspeech 2019  
We present a first attempt towards an annotation scheme that contributes to improving the homogeneity and transparency with which laughter is annotated.  ...  Annotating laughter becomes more complex when the situation in which laughter occurs becomes more spontaneous and social.  ...  In this paper, we will present our first attempt towards an annotation scheme of laughter, a set of guidelines that aims to achieve laughter annotations that are obtained in a more homogeneous way.  ... 
doi:10.21437/interspeech.2019-1557 dblp:conf/interspeech/TruongTJ19 fatcat:qpcknuwtpvaepflssrl6ng2c3q

Just Talking - Modelling Casual Conversation

Emer Gilmartin, Christian Saam, Carl Vogel, Nick Campbell, Vincent Wade
2018 Proceedings of the 19th Annual SIGdial Meeting on Discourse and Dialogue  
Such talk is ubiquitous and its structure differs from that found in the task-based interactions that have been the focus of dialogue system design for many years.  ...  It is unlikely that such conversations can be modelled as an extension of task-based talk.  ...  Acknowledgments This work is supported by the European Coordinated Research on Long-term Challenges in Information and Communication Sciences and Technologies ERA-NET (CHISTERA) JOKER project, JOKe and  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w18-5006 dblp:conf/sigdial/GilmartinSVCW18 fatcat:ixny3juv2regtkzkryho3n7why

Multifaceted Engagement in Social Interaction with a Machine: The JOKER Project

Laurence Devillers, Sophie Rosset, Guillaume Dubuisson Duplessis, Lucile Bechade, Yucel Yemez, Bekir B. Turker, Metin Sezgin, Engin Erzin, Kevin El Haddad, Stephane Dupont, Paul Deleglise, Yannick Esteve (+3 others)
2018 2018 13th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition (FG 2018)  
An annotation scheme dedicated to the labeling of verbal and non-verbal behavior have been designed. From our experiment, engagement in HRI should be multifaceted.  ...  Four different systems designed to explore essential and complementary aspects of the JOKER system in terms of paralinguistic/linguistic inputs were used for the data collection.  ...  The ELAN annotation tool 1 was used as it allows for complex and multilayer annotation for video and audio data. The annotation schema is multi-layers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fg.2018.00110 dblp:conf/fgr/DevillersRDBYTS18 fatcat:pm45kecs4jbnrgafs72yqijs3u

Applying Cooperative Machine Learning to Speed Up the Annotation of Social Signals in Large Multi-modal Corpora [article]

Johannes Wagner, Tobias Baur, Yue Zhang, Michel F. Valstar, Björn Schuller, Elisabeth André
2018 arXiv   pre-print
For the involved annotators this defines an exhausting and time-consuming task. In the article at hand we present a novel method and also provide the tools to speed up the coding procedure.  ...  A typical work-flow includes the manual annotation (also called coding) of social signals in multi-modal corpora of considerable size.  ...  An annotation is linked to an annotator, an annotation scheme, a role and a session.  ... 
arXiv:1802.02565v1 fatcat:iwll2j3nzncbnnclwmto3z3ooa

Integrating Corpus-Linguistic and Conversation-Analytic Transcription in XML: The Case of Backchannels and Overlap in Storytelling Interaction

Christoph Rühlemann
2017 Corpus Pragmatics  
terms of the alternative possibilities for action they invoke" (Goodwin, in:  ...  This paper sketches out and illustrates the research opportunities that come with the recent addition to BNCweb of very large numbers of audio files for the spoken component in the BNC.  ...  Laughter in conversation can occur in two forms: either as within-speech laughter or as between-speech laughter. The current tagging scheme targets laughter using the \laugh[ element.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41701-017-0018-7 fatcat:jilzghvf5nbvhoe6jkyryume2i

Methods, Tools and Techniques for Multimodal Analysis of Accommodation in Intercultural Communication

Maciej Karpiński, Katarzyna Klessa
2018 Computational Methods in Science and Technology  
In order to collect, annotate, and analyse research material, a new technical and analytic infrastructure has been developed.  ...  Centred around a data management system, it incorporates well-known annotation and transcription tools along with custom-designed transcription and annotation tagsets and procedures.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was funded by the National Programme for the Progress in Humanities (NPRH12H 13 0524 82, Language of the boundaries -the boundaries of language.  ... 
doi:10.12921/cmst.2018.0000006 fatcat:3e2mgti4engmln7t6an4frfama

A generic framework for the inference of user states in human computer interaction

Stefan Scherer, Michael Glodek, Georg Layher, Martin Schels, Miriam Schmidt, Tobias Brosch, Stephan Tschechne, Friedhelm Schwenker, Heiko Neumann, Günther Palm
2012 Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces  
of computational mechanisms for the analysis of multimodal social signals.  ...  We believe that this step by step approach towards the understanding of human behavior underlined by encouraging preliminary results outlines a principled approach towards the development and evaluation  ...  Acknowledgements The presented work was developed within the Transregional Collaborative Research Centre SFB/TRR 62 "Companion Technology for Cognitive Technical Systems" funded by the German Research  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12193-012-0093-9 fatcat:cjiyzk6lcvhodi2vxn5kcrfhgy

Emotion detection in task-oriented spoken dialogues

L. Devillers, L. Lamel, I. Vasilescu
2003 2003 International Conference on Multimedia and Expo. ICME '03. Proceedings (Cat. No.03TH8698)  
In contrast to research carried out with artificial data with simulated emotions, for real-life corpora the set of appropriate emotion labels must be determined.  ...  Our aims are to define appropriate emotions for call center services, to annotate the dialogs and to validate the presence of emotions via perceptual tests and to find robust cues for emotion detection  ...  CORPUS AND EMOTION ANNOTATION A corpus of 100 agent-client dialogs (4 agents) in French has been orthographically transcribed and annotated at mul- An annotation scheme has been developed with the assumption  ... 
doi:10.1109/icme.2003.1221370 dblp:conf/icmcs/DevillersLV03 fatcat:6mhl6eb4azfplfn53fnr7i3pma

Challenges of releasing audio material for spoken data: The case of the London-Lund Corpus 2

Nele Põldvere, Johan Frid, Victoria Johansson, Carita Paradis
2021 Research in Corpus Linguistics  
This article aims to describe key challenges of preparing and releasing audio material for spoken data and to propose solutions to these challenges.  ...  First, audio-to-text alignment was solved through the insertion of timestamps in front of speaker turns in the transcription stage, which, as we show in the article, may later be used as a valuable complement  ...  and annotations of basic spoken features such as pauses, overlapping speech, nonverbal vocalisations (e.g., laughter), etc.  ... 
doi:10.32714/ricl.09.01.04 fatcat:fr5fmmerujdwrhg3xon3kgkshi

IGGSA-STEPS: Shared Task on Source and Target Extraction from Political Speeches

Josef Ruppenhofer, Julia Maria Struß, Jonathan Sonntag, Stefan Gindl
2014 Journal for Language Technology and Computational Linguistics  
In this paper, we describe the selection of textual sources, development of annotation guidelines, and first evaluation results in the creation of a gold standard corpus for the German language.  ...  Accurate opinion mining requires the exact identification of the source and target of an opinion.  ...  Acknowledgments For their support in preparing and carrying out the annotations, we would like to thank Jasper Brandes, Melanie Dick, Inga Hannemann, and Daniela Schneevogt.  ... 
dblp:journals/ldvf/RuppenhoferSSG14 fatcat:o7l7ckvg75hexlojwm2l42lexi

Prosody and Corpora

Heliana Mello, Amina Mettouchi, Marianne Mithun, Alessandro Panunzi, Tommaso Raso
2021 Cadernos de Linguística  
potential of spoken corpora are presented; additionally, perspectives for the field in the future are pointed out.  ...  This paper focuses on the experience of spoken corpora compilation and discusses the relevance of prosody in this type of endeavor, as well as in the study of spoken language in its several possibilities  ...  There is no sound to text alignment thus far; however, we plan to have it in the future, along with the same scheme for prosodic boundary segmentation adopted by the C-ORAL corpora.2.  ... 
doi:10.25189/2675-4916.2021.v2.n1.id385 fatcat:mawv6fviu5dnzpdgyunapn2irm

Understanding social signals in multi-party conversations: Automatic recognition of socio-emotional roles in the AMI meeting corpus

Alessandro Vinciarelli, Fabio Valente, Sree Harsha Yella, Ashtosh Sapru
2011 2011 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics  
Recognizing roles is a crucial need towards understanding (possibly in an automatic way) any social exchange, whether this means to identify dominant individuals, detect conflict, assess engagement or  ...  This model is then extended to explicitly account for dependencies (or influence) between speakers achieving an accuracy of 65%.  ...  The authors would like to thank the University of Edinburgh for providing the social role annotations.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsmc.2011.6083694 dblp:conf/smc/VinciarelliVYS11 fatcat:rggdcrnfx5hedmenw3ebck7abu

A versatile framework for resource-limited sentiment articulation, annotation, and analysis of short texts

Vuk Batanović, Miloš Cvetanović, Boško Nikolić, Luis M. Rocha
2020 PLoS ONE  
In addition to measuring the quality of the annotation process, we propose a novel metric to validate its cost-effectiveness.  ...  Choosing a comprehensive and cost-effective way of articulating and annotating the sentiment of a text is not a trivial task, particularly when dealing with short texts, in which sentiment can be expressed  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Aleksandar Milinković for assisting in srWaC lemmatization, and Ognjen Krešić, who served as one of the main annotators.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0242050 pmid:33180825 fatcat:4bleoekgerhxljq65qg7xma6o4

Complexityversusspontaneity?: non-negotiable elements in the constitution of two interactional corpora

Adam Wilson, Mathilde Guardiola, I. Colón de Carvajal, J.-P. Maitre
2015 SHS Web of Conferences  
In this paper, special attention is given to two key concerns in the corpora design: spontaneity and complexity.  ...  The paper concludes that an improvement in the description and diffusion of these decision processes would promote increased and improved interdisciplinary collaboration. 7KLV LV DQ 2SHQ $FFHVV DUWLFOH  ...  speech (such as the act of reading a prepared speech, for example).  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20152001022 fatcat:7f7qebgfxfarlonqx3dl2nvdju

Gesture [article]

Andy Lücking
2021 Zenodo  
The relationships between gesture and speech obey regularities that need to be defined in terms of not just the relative timing of gesture to speech, but also the linguistic form of that speech: for instance  ...  Consequently, speech–gesture integration is captured in grammar by means of a gesture-grammar interface.  ...  Annotation should follow an annotation standard which is specified in an annotation scheme.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5599871 fatcat:kojb6k5cdfasvb5jo5cblu3nke
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