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Towards a general framework for an observation and knowledge based model of occupant behaviour in office buildings [article]

Khadija Tijani (CSTB, G-SCOP_GCSP, LIG Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble), Dung Ngo, Stephane Ploix , Julie Dugdale
2015 arXiv   pre-print
The approach has been used in the co-simulation of building physics and human behaviour in order to assess the CO 2 concentration in an office.  ...  This paper proposes a new general approach based on Bayesian networks to model the human behaviour.  ...  Occupants' behavioursare designed using an a priori knowledge of future occupants and observations of behaviour to tune some of the model"s parameters.  ... 
arXiv:1510.01970v1 fatcat:o5vwhccjhrgrxh7xl5k6tcdq5m

Towards a General Framework for an Observation and Knowledge based Model of Occupant Behaviour in Office Buildings

Khadija Tijani, Quoc Dung Ngo, Stephane Ploix, Benjamin Haas, Julie Dugdale
2015 Energy Procedia  
The approach has been used in the cosimulation of building physics and human behaviour in order to assess the CO2 concentration in an office.  ...  This paper proposes a new general approach based on Bayesian networks to model the human behaviour.  ...  This paper proposes a design methodology based on a knowledge model of occupant behaviour similar to the models used in building physics.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.11.035 fatcat:bt7c22zqcrfz7bx63zvumqosbi

A Pragmatic Theory of Occupants' Indoor-Environmental Control Behaviour

Ardeshir Mahdavi, Veselina Bochukova, Christiane Berger
2021 Frontiers in Sustainable Cities  
Methods to generate an occupant model may be fully data-driven, or they may be based on explicitly stated causal theories of human behaviour.  ...  In this context, the present paper introduces the outline and main elements of a pragmatic theory of control-oriented human behaviour in buildings.  ...  At the theoretical level, a related effort proposed an “interdisciplinary framework for context and occupant behaviour in office buildings” (D'Oca et al., 2017).  ... 
doi:10.3389/frsc.2021.748288 fatcat:2wbj5b4qcfc6zmf6fxgy2j4dcy

A Meta-Analysis Review of Occupant Behaviour Models for Assessing Demand-Side Energy Consumption

Deepu Krishnan, Scott Kelly, Yohan Kim
2022 Energies  
Occupant behaviour plays a significant role in shaping the dynamics of energy consumption in buildings, but the complex nature of occupant behaviour has hindered a deeper understanding of its influence  ...  There were only limited instances of data-driven studies that modelled occupant behaviour in low-income households, and there is a need to generate region-specific models to accurately model energy-related  ...  Ethical approval for the project was received from Victorian Department of Human Services (DHS) Human Research Ethics Committee (Reference number: 04/17), University of Technology (UTS) Sydney Human Research  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15031219 fatcat:ascw35vfdffvtbd3jihqv5ssfq

Propagating sensor uncertainty to better infer office occupancy in smart building control

C. Papatsimpa, J.P.M.G. Linnartz
2018 Energy and Buildings  
In this work, we propose a layered probabilistic framework for occupancy-based control in intelligent buildings.  ...  Occupant presence and behaviour in buildings is considered a key element towards building intelligent and pervasive environments.  ...  This research was performed within the framework of the strategic joint research program on Intelligent Lighting between TU/e and Signify.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.08.039 fatcat:yevawrjftnei7d2krvxnadra74

Contextual and behavioural factors influencing human-building interaction in university offices: a cross-cultural comparison

Simona d'Oca, Dan Podjed, Jure Vetršek, Slavko Dolinšek, Peter op't Veld, S.I Tanabe, H. Zhang, J. Kurnitski, M.C. Gameiro da Silva, I. Nastase, P. Wargocki, G. Cao (+2 others)
2019 E3S Web of Conferences  
This paper presents the outcomes of a survey questionnaire deployed in the buildings of the Faculty of Economics (FE) and Faculty of Arts (FA) of the University of Ljubljana (UL), Slovenia, in a cross-cultural  ...  The final objective of the study is enhancing attractiveness and effectiveness of ICT solutions for increasing user awareness and information provisions targeting energy savings, office workers' productivity  ...  Acknowledgments The survey questionnaire was designed and tested as part of the activities conducted among the international research community embracing the International Energy Agency, Energy in Buildings  ... 
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/201911104064 fatcat:7ewp6z5g3vbpjc75gydj72dc3y

Occupant trajectory analysis for evaluating spatial layouts

Lâle Başarır, Mustafa Emre İlal
2020 A/Z ITU journal of Faculty of Architecture  
This paper starts by outlining an overall methodology for Spatial Layout Evaluation based on occupant movements.  ...  Finally, as a proof-of-concept implementation of this framework, a set of tools for analysis of occupant interaction with layouts, called Occupant Layout Interaction Analysis (OLIA), is presented.  ...  There is little available information and explicit knowledge base concerning underlying reasons for observed occupant behaviour of occupants.  ... 
doi:10.5505/itujfa.2020.79069 fatcat:22szrrklqbet5cwbdtzorgztbu

The energy and indoor environmental performance of Egyptian offices: Parameter analysis and future policy

Aly M. Elharidi, Paul G. Tuohy, Mohamed A. Teamah
2018 Energy and Buildings  
The most common office type in the survey has natural ventilation and local cooling. A 15 process to capture observed performance in a representative model and input parameter set is presented.  ...  The model is used to investigate performance impacts of parameters including: location, weather, building envelope, intensity of occupancy, behaviour, and installed systems including the HVAC strategy.  ...  The approach taken to establish such a modelling framework in this work is to first develop a calibrated model for the specific monitored type 2 office building for 'average' observed behaviour then to  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.10.035 fatcat:z3nn4xkr2fdlxl7rhz5s75fcpy

Simulating the human-building interaction: Development and validation of an agent-based model of office occupant behaviors

Jared Langevin, Jin Wen, Patrick L. Gurian
2015 Building and Environment  
This paper develops and validates an agent-based model (ABM) of occupant behaviour using data from a oneyear field study in a mid-sized, air-conditioned office building.  ...  The full ABM is presented in detail using a standard protocol for describing this type of model.  ...  We thank Friends Center Executive Director Patricia McBee, Friends Center Building Manager Wil Mason, and all the Friends Center occupants for their gracious support of our field study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.11.037 fatcat:ivisdchluzar7azjhs6i54kqsm

Occupancy heat gain detection and prediction using deep learning approach for reducing building energy demand

Paige Wenbin Tien, Shuangyu Wei, John Calautit, Jo Darkwa, Christopher Wood
2020 Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems  
For the initial analysis, an experimental test was performed within a selected case study building's office space. Average detection accuracy of 92.2% was achieved for all activities.  ...  The present study aims to develop a vision-based deep learning method for real-time occupancy activity detection and recognition.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported by the Department of Architecture and Built Environment, University of Nottingham and the PhD studentship from EPSRC,Project Reference: 2100822 (EP/R513283/1).  ... 
doi:10.13044/j.sdewes.d8.0378 fatcat:mlpbac4x5zgstgswpa7koktdbu

Energy-Related Occupant Behaviour and Its Implications in Energy Use: A Chronological Review

Vivian Tam, Laura Almeida, Khoa Le
2018 Sustainability  
Consequently, this paper reviews the available resources on energy-related occupant behaviour and its implications in energy use in a building.  ...  A chronological review on energy-related occupant behaviour and its implications in energy use has been conducted.  ...  [81, 82] , proposed a data mining, Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) process, learning frameworks for window opening and occupancy presence in 16 offices naturally ventilated.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su10082635 fatcat:7zuuckn3nbdtllmx6gpanrnsey

On the quality evaluation of behavioural models for building performance applications

Ardeshir Mahdavi, Farhang Tahmasebi
2016 Journal of Building Performance Simulation, Taylor & Francis  
Toward this end, we discuss both general model evaluation requirements and specific circumstances pertaining to behavioural models of building inhabitants.  ...  presence and actions in buildings in terms of stochastic algorithms (see for example, Parys et al. 2011; Feng et al. 2015) and agent-based representations (see for example, Langevin et al. 2015; Liao  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The research presented in this paper benefited from the authors' participation in the ongoing efforts of the IEA-EBC Annex 66 (Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behaviour in Buildings  ... 
doi:10.1080/19401493.2016.1230148 fatcat:e2hd5ctnyzfm3ae6af2kgwyu34

An Advanced IoT-based System for Intelligent Energy Management in Buildings

Vangelis Marinakis, Haris Doukas
2018 Sensors  
This paper presents an advanced Internet of Things (IoT) based system for intelligent energy management in buildings.  ...  This paper presents an advanced IoT-based system for intelligent energy management in buildings.  ...  Acknowledgments: The work presented is based on research conducted within the framework of the projects "OPTIMising the energy USe in cities with smart decision support system (OPTIMUS)", European Union  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18020610 pmid:29462957 pmcid:PMC5856031 fatcat:np5sruml3jbvhf2mytfi2apvry

A Virtual Reality Supported Approach to Occupancy Engagement in Building Energy Design for Closing the Energy Performance Gap

S. Niu, W. Pan, Y. Zhao
2015 Procedia Engineering  
There is a lack of pre-occupancy measurement of the interaction between occupant behaviour and building design alternatives.  ...  The paper presents a VRassisted innovative occupant-engaged framework in building energy design based on Design with Intent (DwI) method.  ...  A framework of occupant-engaged building energy design through DwI-VR integration DwI method is mainly used as an idea-generator previously.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.487 fatcat:obszwt5u3fdhhddziuftgmflk4

The impact of occupants' behaviours on building energy analysis: A research review

Elham Delzendeh, Song Wu, Angela Lee, Ying Zhou
2017 Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews  
Analysis of the impact of occupants' behaviour has been largely overlooked in building energy performance analysis.  ...  This research review identified a number of areas for future research including: larger scale analysis (e.g. urban analysis); interior design, in terms of space layout, and fixtures and fittings on occupants  ...  Acknowledgement The research undertaken in this paper was in collaboration with Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, under a project supported by the Chinese National 12th Five-Year Plan  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.264 fatcat:bl47vrgir5b5pdqswyklk7uuye
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