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Feedback Loops: Algorithmic Authority, Emergent Biases, and Implications for Information Literacy

Ian O'Hara
2021 Pennsylvania Libraries: Research & Practice  
marginalization of specific groups of people, and examines the implications of algorithmic search systems on information literacy instruction from a critical pedagogical perspective.  ...  This article provides broader awareness of how the bias embedded within these algorithmic systems structures users' perception and knowledge of the world, preserving traditional power hierarchies and the  ...  With the publication of the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy as a guide, the profession has moved towards framing information literacy instruction within the realm of critical pedagogy.  ... 
doi:10.5195/palrap.2021.231 fatcat:zqawnprdrrcqbnioyv2djk3opi

Contextual models of clinical publications for enhancing retrieval from full-text databases

G P Purcell, E H Shortliffe
1995 Proceedings. Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care  
In this paper, we discuss the shortcomings of traditional retrieval systems and describe our context-based representation.  ...  Information retrieval systems employ unmanageable indexing vocabularies or use full-text representations that overwhelm the user with irrelevant information.  ...  We propose a document representation that explicitly models these recurring themes of clinical publications in structures called context models.  ... 
pmid:8563412 pmcid:PMC2579214 fatcat:ebzq42kkjrc3fkh7ujn2emmbcu

Information granulation for web-based information support systems

JingTao Yao, Yiyu Y. Yao, Belur V. Dasarathy
2003 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology V  
In this paper, we discuss the potential applications of data mining techniques for the design of Web based information retrieval support systems (IRSS).  ...  Issues of document space granulation, query space granulation, term space granulation, and retrieval results granulation are studied in detail.  ...  In the process of finding useful information, a user plays an active role in an IRSS by using the utilities, tools, and languages provided by the system.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.509158 dblp:conf/dmkdttt/YaoY03 fatcat:h2sbluyijfck3kdnx32j7bemgi

Interfaces for end-user information seeking

Gary Marchionini
1992 Journal of the American Society for Information Science  
functions, support for collaborative information seeking, use of multiple input/output devices in parallel, integration of advanced information retrieval techniques in systems for end users, and development  ...  Examples of interfaces to support the following basic information-seeking functions are presented: problem definition, source selection, problem articulation, examination of results, and information extraction  ...  Acknowledgments The author acknowledges the helpful comments and suggestions of Christine Borgman and Ben Shneiderman in preparing this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-4571(199203)43:2<156::aid-asi8>3.0.co;2-u fatcat:znk45ygtnnb35aibxfdlwcuyvu

Editorial: Encoding and Navigating Linguistic Representations in Memory

Claudia Felser, Colin Phillips, Matthew Wagers
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors listed have made substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.  ...  FUNDING Our work on this Editorial has been supported by an Alexandervon-Humboldt Professorship to Harald Clahsen, by NSF grant DGE-1449815 to CP, and by NSF grant BCS-1251429 to MW.  ...  less complex ones, and that both gap postulation and filler retrieval are sensitive to information encoded in hierarchical phrase-structure representations.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00164 pmid:28232812 pmcid:PMC5299016 fatcat:kohujopxvfbtfdamkie3vczt5m

Indexing medical reports in a multimedia environment: the RIME experimental approach

C. Berrut, Y. Chiaramella
1989 Proceedings of the 12th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '89  
In this application textual information appears as an interesting media to access related pictures in the data base.  ...  This paper focuses on the RIME system aimed to the indexing of medical reports in a multimedia environment.  ...  The indexing process is devoted to the production, for every input document, of an internal representation of this semantic content according to a particular model which, in most industrial systems, is  ... 
doi:10.1145/75334.75354 dblp:conf/sigir/BerrutC89 fatcat:vjtibl25erho5ao6zrdijvi6f4

Combining CBR with Interactive Knowledge Acquisition, Manipulation and Reuse⋆ [chapter]

David B. Leake, David C. Wilson
1999 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This article describes a framework for supporting the interactive capture of design cases and their application to new problems, illustrating the approach with a discussion of its use in a support system  ...  Concept mapping tools provide crucial functions for interactively generating and examining design cases and navigating their hierarchical structure, while CBR techniques provide capabilities to facilitate  ...  When new designs are generated by adaptation, signi cant portions of old representations are reused for new tasks, resulting in representations with similar structure and content.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-48508-2_15 fatcat:4cc2fkue75hflcutejm2bbzz4a

Relevance and reinforcement in interactive browsing

Anton Leuski
2000 Proceedings of the ninth international conference on Information and knowledge management - CIKM '00  
We consider the problem of browsing the top ranked portion of the documents returned by an information retrieval system.  ...  We describe an interactive relevance feedback agent that analyzes the inter-document similarities and can help the user to locate the interesting information quickly.  ...  I also thank Andrew Barto and Michael Kositsky for their advice and comments about the reinforcement learning part of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1145/354756.354809 dblp:conf/cikm/Leuski00 fatcat:vrt77ofqo5b5noiefy3re2zgpy

Granular Computing for the Design of Information Retrieval Support Systems [chapter]

Y. Y. Yao
2004 Network Theory and Applications  
To search for a new design philosophy of IRSS, we examine the evolution process of retrieval systems and the roles played by each type of retrieval systems [56] .  ...  The large clusters offer a rough representation of the document. The representation becomes more precise as one moves towards the smaller clusters.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4613-0227-8_10 fatcat:fefy2x2u5jdmnfx7ez3g7tcmzu

Composite document extended retrieval

Edward A. Fox
1985 Proceedings of the 8th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '85  
One example is in the area of expert systems [42] . A project is underway at Virginia Tech to develop an expert system for placement of children in foster care settings.  ...  The first is a small scale effort, aimed at developing an expert system for placement of children in foster care settings.  ... 
doi:10.1145/253495.253509 dblp:conf/sigir/Fox85 fatcat:igbix43yxjblxcguc7h745dk6q

From Authority Control to Informed Retrieval: Framing the Expanded Domain of Subject Access

Prudence W. Dalrymple, Jennifer A. Younger
1991 College and Research Libraries  
Methods of facilitating subject access are categorized as end points on a continuum: authority control, controlling the results of indexing, and informed retrieval-informing the process of searching.  ...  Identification of these two categories signals a paradigmatic shift toward a reliance on both authority control and informed retrieval to facilitate subject access.  ...  Informed or guided retrieval is defined as using feedback from an information system in order to improve retrieval results.  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_52_02_139 fatcat:phbsrn2r5bh3bc672tpscyslve

Page 35 of Library & Information Science Abstracts Vol. , Issue 8 [page]

1990 Library & Information Science Abstracts  
There is a role for classification in on-line retrieval such that classification and classificatory structure can operate in concert with other means of access to improve bibliographic and information  ...  Public libraries 90/5240 Cataloging catalysis: toward a new chemistry of conscience, communication and conduct in the online catalog. Paul R.  ... 

A Pool of Topics: Interactive Relational Topic Visualization for Information Discovery [chapter]

Inessa Seifert, Michael Kruppa
2009 Visual Information Communication  
In doing so, the information seeker can refine (or relax) a search query in an interactive way during a focusing or a defocusing phase.  ...  The proposed visual representation introduces interactive drag-and-drop operations for manipulation of the generated topics.  ...  Using this strategy, the information seeker successively refines a large subset of data retrieved from a information system by introducing search terms that become more and more specific in each problem  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0312-9_13 dblp:conf/vinci/SeifertK09 fatcat:pjnhzldcejapnh2x2gpqizwnya

An analysis of two approaches in information retrieval: From frameworks to study designs

Kalervo Järvelin
2007 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
There is a well-known gap between Systems-oriented IR and User-oriented IR, which Cognitive IR seeks to bridge.  ...  This becomes apparent in the use of independent, controlled and dependent variables in the study designs of each approach.  ...  A database is a set of documents with feature-based representations somehow organized for efficient retrieval (e.g., through an index structure).  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.20589 fatcat:g2cbl5um6fhxfaqnynecn6rxbm

Automated extraction of reported statistical analyses: towards a logical representation of clinical trial literature

William Hsu, William Speier, Ricky K Taira
2012 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
Randomized controlled trials are an important source of evidence for guiding clinical decisions when treating a patient.  ...  However, given the large number of studies and their variability in quality, determining how to summarize reported results and formalize them as part of practice guidelines continues to be a challenge.  ...  This work is supported in part by the National Library of Medicine through grants 5R01LM009961 and 5T15LM007356.  ... 
pmid:23304305 pmcid:PMC3540551 fatcat:v5zhjfev7fcbdbuno2oh7ct2xm
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