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Towards Suicide Prevention: Early Detection of Depression on Social Media [chapter]

Victor Leiva, Ana Freire
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Besides, previous studies concluded that people with mental illnesses tend to reveal their mental condition on social media, as a way of relief.  ...  Our experiments underline the importance of an exhaustive sentiment analysis and a combination of learning algorithms to detect early symptoms of depression.  ...  Conclusions This paper has investigated how to better detect early risk of depression in social media, by optimizing time-aware classification measures: ERDE5 and ERDE50.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-70284-1_34 fatcat:jamidwvbgfgltjklgbvtpyjjbm

Towards Evidence-Based Suicide Prevention Programs

Paul S. F. Yip
2011 Crisis  
I am thankful to Frances Law and our colleagues in the Centre for Suicide Prevention at the University of Hong Kong for sharing a similar vision and passion toward suicide prevention.  ...  The full version of the monograph entitled Towards Evidence-Based Suicide Prevention Programmes was published by the World Health Organization of the West Pacific Region in 2010.  ...  the media; -Increasing and improving the detection and treatment of depression and other mental illnesses; -Emphasizing reducing the stigma associated with helpseeking behaviors; -Designing strategies  ... 
doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000100 pmid:21616759 fatcat:7phwwxv5b5gc5arf7czctmjpbi

Towards a Greater Understanding of Suicidal Behaviour and Its Prevention

Merike Sisask, Kairi Kõlves
2018 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Suicidal behaviour continues to be an important topic of research and significant public health concern globally [1–3].[...]  ...  Tools such as social media provide new opportunities for raising awareness, detection, and prevention strategies.  ...  The World Health Organization recommends a public health approach to prevent suicidal behaviour that focuses on identifying the patterns of suicide and suicidal behaviour of a group or population.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph15081629 pmid:30071699 fatcat:o655mt2q6vglregs5hfsg72kuy

Toward Macro-Insights for Suicide Prevention: Analyzing Fine-Grained Distress at Scale

Christopher Homan, Ravdeep Johar, Tong Liu, Megan Lytle, Vincent Silenzio, Cecilia Ovesdotter Alm
2014 Proceedings of the Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality  
This paper takes an initial step toward the automatic detection of suicidal risk factors through social media activity, with no reliance on self-reporting.  ...  We consider the performance of annotators with various degrees of expertise in suicide prevention at annotating microblog data for the purpose of training text-based models for detecting suicide risk behaviors  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by a grant of the Kodak Endowed Chair Fund from the Golisano College of Computing and Information Sciences at RIT and NSF award SES-1111016.  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/w14-3213 dblp:conf/acl-clpsych/HomanJLLSA14 fatcat:mconjycjgzcszhft423y2qenfq

The Role of Societal Change toward Adolescent Suicide in Japan: Phenomenological Analysis on 12 Suicidal Teens Film by Yukihiko Tsutsumi

Salma Nabila, Susy Ong
2021 Izumi  
The result shows that the social changes in Japan put pressure not only on adults but also on the lives of the youth.  ...  While Japan's suicide rate among adults is declining, the rate in minors increased, and suicide is the highest cause of death for those under 20.  ...  On the positive side, the public health field can use social media to prevent suicide among youngsters.  ... 
doi:10.14710/izumi.10.1.171-183 fatcat:ghzhs6nbkfgqhhkt4duvrk5avm

Grief and Attitudes Toward Suicide in Peers Affected by a Cluster of Suicides as Adolescents

Caroline H. Abbott, Audrey L. Zakriski
2014 Suicide and Life-Threatening Behaviour  
This thesis aimed to study how exposure to peer suicide may relate to current adjustment and attitudes towards suicide.  ...  Eight-five young adult graduates of the same public high school in the northeast who were exposed to multiple peer suicides as adolescents filled  ...  The author mentioned media as having a great impact on children and adolescents' attitudes toward death in general.  ... 
doi:10.1111/sltb.12100 pmid:24806293 fatcat:4ibtq27skzf33mnxrgmep6pqy4

Toward Suicidal Ideation Detection with Lexical Network Features and Machine Learning

Ulya Bayram, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, William Lee, Daniel Santel, Ali Minai, Peggy Clark, Tracy Glauser, John Pestian, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (+2 others)
2022 Northeast Journal of Complex Systems  
The selected methods detect suicidal ideation with an average area under the curve (AUC) score of 95% on the merged collection with high suicidal ideation, and the trained models generalize over the third  ...  In this study, we introduce a new network feature for detecting suicidal ideation from clinical texts and conduct various additional experiments to enrich the state of knowledge.  ...  Due to the reported success of these methods, some social media domains already started to use such models in real-time detection and prevention of suicide [12] .  ... 
doi:10.22191/nejcs/vol4/iss1/2 fatcat:f4b2ube2xjhqdgmecgzo3djdze

Suicidal ideation, suicidal behaviors, and attitudes towards suicide of adolescents enrolled in the Alternative Learning System in Manila, Philippines—a mixed methods study

Crystal Amiel M. Estrada, Daisuke Nonaka, Ernesto R. Gregorio, Cynthia R. Leynes, Ronald T. del Castillo, Paul Michael R. Hernandez, Tatsuro Hayakawa, Jun Kobayashi
2019 Tropical Medicine and Health  
It also suggests that the school psychosocial environment, through social norms and learner-teacher interactions, can potentially prevent progression of suicidal ideation to behavior, influence help-seeking  ...  A cross-sectional survey to determine attitudes towards suicide and prevalence of suicidal ideation and behaviors was administered to 171 learners aged 13 to 17 years old.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the Department of Education, Division of City Schools-Manila and Quezon City, the participating schools, teachers, and learners for their cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41182-019-0149-6 pmid:30976193 pmcid:PMC6439964 fatcat:zrb7ufj2ibhbvgintrdumbu3ki

Life trajectories towards suicide: developmental role and specificities of adolescence [article]

Charles-Edouard Notredame, Nadia Chawky, Guy Beauchamp, Guillaume Vaiva, Monique Séguin
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
life trajectories of adolescents who died by suicide differ from those of adult counterparts.  ...  Results: The most accurate model derived 2 trajectory patterns with a breakpoint in early adolescence.  ...  Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms and Externalizing Adolescence: Associations with Histories of Suicide Attempt and Ideation in Early Adulthood. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.01.18.911230 fatcat:qolpmstdwzanvd36sxmczgywju

Community-based suicide prevention program in Japan using a health promotion approach

Yutaka Motohashi, Yoshihiro Kaneko, Hisanaga Sasaki
2004 Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine  
of depression, and to create a supportive environment for mental health promotion.  ...  Typical policies of suicide prevention programs were categorized according to primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.  ...  This program focuses on raising awareness of mental health in the community residents as well as on the early detection and treatment of depressive disorders in the community (7) .  ... 
doi:10.1265/ehpm.9.3 pmid:21432331 pmcid:PMC2723381 fatcat:cla4qnxsmzc2jiddy2midsehxa

World suicide prevention day

Gordana Dedic
2016 Vojnosanitetski Pregled  
Therapy In accordance with the guidelines of the WHO general practitioners have a significant role in the prevention of suicide and in early detection of the first signs of presuicidal syndrome.  ...  The media also have an important role to play in suicide prevention 1 .  ... 
doi:10.2298/vsp160701216d pmid:29320142 fatcat:r2e42zi3krgybgvbyx2yrnbnna

Early Detection and Prevention of Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents

2020 Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology  
An major role in prevention of adolescent suicides is played by the family and healthy family relationships, as they ensure harmonious development of a personality.  ...  help for parents and children, predict suicidal behavior at early stages.  ...  Source of Funding: Self Conflict of Interest: Nil  ... 
doi:10.37506/ijfmt.v14i4.12793 fatcat:wwg2shnia5dxjfek4f5euah7vy

Prevention of Mental Disorders

Maureen L. Whittal
2008 Cognitive and Behavioral Practice  
Acknowledgements The editors compiled this Summary Report drawing directly on the material contributed as chapters and sections for Prevention of Mental Disorders: Effective Interventions and Policy Options  ...  with the production of this report.  ...  Depression and suicide prevention Although depression is common among the elderly, almost no controlled studies exist on depression prevention and suicide prevention for this group.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2007.11.001 fatcat:own6ovkhavez5cpkkiyi6o3hk4

Suicide Prevention: does it work?

Arun Kumar Agnihotri, Okezie I. Aruoma
2016 Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research  
This paper reviews the global trends on suicide and the prevention of suicide according to program evaluation, risk and protective factors, type of intervention, level of intervention and the interface  ...  ., improvement of media portrayal of suicide, school-based programs, availability of hotlines and crisis centers, and training of primary health care personnel.  ...  According to Malone et al., the factors that protect against suicide include feelings of responsibility toward family, fear of social disapproval, moral or religious objection to suicide, greater survival  ... 
doi:10.4314/ambr.v3i1.2 fatcat:hklg54scfzf6zbgyrbjym775nm

Means restriction for suicide prevention

Paul SF Yip, Eric Caine, Saman Yousuf, Shu-Sen Chang, Kevin Chien-Chang Wu, Ying-Yeh Chen
2012 The Lancet  
Limitation of access to lethal methods used for suicide-so-called means restriction-is an important population strategy for suicide prevention.  ...  We examine how the spread of information about suicide methods through formal and informal media potentially affects the choices that people make when attempting to kill themselves.  ...  We thank the research team of the Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention (University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China) for their diligent efforts to implement suicide prevention programmes in Hong  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(12)60521-2 pmid:22726520 pmcid:PMC6191653 fatcat:fryrqdr3wregboyr5ieir27z64
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