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Towards social autonomous vehicles: Efficient collision avoidance scheme using Richardson's arms race model

Faisal Riaz, Muaz A. Niazi, Xiaosong Hu
2017 PLoS ONE  
Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) aim to make the use of technology to reduce the road accidents.  ...  Purpose The goal of this paper is to introduce the concept of a social agent, which interact with other AVs in social manners like humans are social having the capability of predicting intentions, i.e.  ...  To be socially accepted in this complex sociotechnical system, AVs need novel AV➔X, X = {Human driven vehicles, pedestrians, other AVs}, interaction protocols.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0186103 pmid:29040294 pmcid:PMC5645089 fatcat:igle2ujunjhidpk5swu25lu5ga

On Social Interactions and the Emergence of Autonomous Vehicles

Carolina Centeio Jorge, Rosaldo J. F. Rossetti
2018 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems  
For instance, pedestrians seek for an eye contact before crossing the road, drivers seek for a gesture before starting a manoeuvre, and so forth.  ...  In this paper we pursue a rather social perspective and will raise questions, covering the literature so as to understand what practitioners, researchers and the industry have been doing to overcome the  ...  Traditional Models in Traffic Other social interactions worth understanding are the ones that happen in traffic, amongst drivers.  ... 
doi:10.5220/0006763004230430 dblp:conf/vehits/JorgeR18 fatcat:gwklwocf6rbktnxcl2pj63ynsa

Towards Transparency Between the Autonomous Vehicle and the Pedestrian [chapter]

2019 DeSForM19 Proceedings  
This paper addresses the new problem of transparency in relation to pedestrians' interaction with driverless vehicles, arising from their lack of visual cues to replace those currently provided by the  ...  visible behaviours of the driver.  ...  pedestrians -and autonomous vehicles.  ... 
doi:10.21428/5395bc37.bd4815e4 fatcat:cdlpz55bqnfyhphc4xsc353zh4

INTERACTIONS BETWEEN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES, CYCLISTS, AND PEDESTRIANS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF POTENTIAL USERS AND NON-USERS OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

Lucie VONDRÁČKOVÁ, Martina TREPÁČOVÁ, Petr ZÁMEČNÍK
2022 Transport Problems  
In a few years, autonomous vehicles will slowly become part of traffic flow.  ...  This paper evaluated the level of perceived fear of interactions of autonomous vehicles (AVs) with other (vulnerable) road users of different actors in the Czech Republic.  ...  Kilometres driven last year was positively associated with fear of Interactions between autonomous vehicles, cyclists, and pedestrians from… 123 interactions with pedestrians or cyclists (OR = 1,251, p  ... 
doi:10.20858/tp.2022.17.1.10 fatcat:2dr5bt437rgp5p3lhgjrgfi6dq

Understanding Pedestrian-Vehicle Interactions with Vehicle Mounted Vision: An LSTM Model and Empirical Analysis [article]

Daniela A. Ridel, Nachiket Deo, Denis Wolf, Mohan M. Trivedi
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Pedestrians and vehicles often share the road in complex inner city traffic. This leads to interactions between the vehicle and pedestrians, with each affecting the other's motion.  ...  In order to create robust methods to reason about pedestrian behavior and to design interfaces of communication between self-driving cars and pedestrians we need to better understand such interactions.  ...  As we focused on the interaction between ego-vehicle and pedestrian we did not use the social pooling layer presented on the original paper.  ... 
arXiv:1905.05350v1 fatcat:4gl5xdq7dzbmzadjqx47glxjdu

Autonomous Vehicles that Interact with Pedestrians: A Survey of Theory and Practice [article]

Amir Rasouli, John K. Tsotsos
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we identify these factors by surveying pedestrian behavior studies, both the classical works on pedestrian-driver interaction and the modern ones that involve autonomous vehicles.  ...  To make it a reality, autonomous vehicles require the ability to communicate with other road users and understand their intentions.  ...  Recent field studies of autonomous vehicles show how the lack of social understanding can result in traffic accidents [5] or erratic behaviors towards pedestrians [6] .  ... 
arXiv:1805.11773v1 fatcat:27nzpo2u2vdvdeoh44v7urgdd4

Towards trusted autonomous vehicles from vulnerable road users perspective

Khaled Saleh, Mohammed Hossny, Saeid Nahavandi
2017 2017 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)  
According to a recent research study, intent understanding between vulnerable road users and autonomous vehicles was one of the most critical signs that accounted for a trusted interaction between the  ...  Index Terms-Human-on-the-loop, trust modeling, vulnerable road users, autonomous vehicles and intent understanding.  ...  Given that, most of the interactions between VRUs and vehicles right now are based on an implicit social rules with the human driver inside the vehicle.  ... 
doi:10.1109/syscon.2017.7934782 dblp:conf/syscon/SalehHN17 fatcat:pxjveqwrjfar5n6am72prpnag4

Engaging Pedestrians in Designing Interactions with Autonomous Vehicles

Himanshu Verma, Florian Evéquoz, Guillaume Pythoud, Grace Eden, Denis Lalanne
2019 Extended Abstracts of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '19  
The absence of a human driver and the lack of dedicated AV-pedestrian interface makes it challenging for road users (pedestrians, cyclists, etc.) to understand the intent or operational state of the vehicle  ...  In this article, we present a co-design study aimed at informing the design of interactive communication means between pedestrians and autonomous vehicles (AVs).  ...  [3] observed explicit communication signals directed towards the pedestrians from the stewards aboard a self-driving passenger shuttle, signifying the autonomous nature of the vehicle.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3290607.3312864 dblp:conf/chi/VermaEPEL19 fatcat:uqfn3epbfjdh5fwjcp2p6rhq6a

Language of Driving for Autonomous Vehicles

Krister Kalda, Simone-Luca Pizzagalli, Ralf-Martin Soe, Raivo Sell, Mauro Bellone
2022 Applied Sciences  
The perception of safety and trust towards AVs of passengers and other agents in the urban scenario, being pedestrians, cyclists, scooter drivers or car drivers, is of primary importance and the theme  ...  The situation is different when users must cope with driverless and autonomous vehicles, both as passengers and as agents sharing the same urban domain.  ...  The first question aimed at assessing the state of awareness of the pedestrians towards the AV and the fact that there is no driver in the vehicle.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app12115406 fatcat:jnzvn5tdc5gwjpw3bxtrbvtjme

Risk of Injury in Moral Dilemmas With Autonomous Vehicles

Celso M. de Melo, Stacy Marsella, Jonathan Gratch
2021 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
As autonomous machines, such as automated vehicles (AVs) and robots, become pervasive in society, they will inevitably face moral dilemmas where they must make decisions that risk injuring humans.  ...  We discuss theoretical implications for our understanding of human decision-making in moral dilemmas and practical guidelines for the design of autonomous machines that solve these dilemmas while, at the  ...  We, first, wanted to understand when participants chose to drive towards wall, drive towards the pedestrians, or specify a decision threshold.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2020.572529 fatcat:hqpxhwtn4bdnrpjc5ltoj3vp4y

eHMI: Review and Guidelines for Deployment on Autonomous Vehicles

Juan Carmona, Carlos Guindel, Fernando Garcia, Arturo de la Escalera
2021 Sensors  
Human–machine interaction is an active area of research due to the rapid development of autonomous systems and the need for communication.  ...  This review provides further insight into the specific issue of the information flow between pedestrians and automated vehicles by evaluating recent advances in external human–machine interfaces (eHMI)  ...  We refer to the pedestrian-(autonomous) vehicle interaction.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21092912 pmid:33919209 fatcat:wheqo45ftfflpkinxlg4nj6ivm

Autonomous Vehicles That Interact With Pedestrians: A Survey of Theory and Practice

Amir Rasouli, John K. Tsotsos
2019 IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print)  
In this paper, we identify these factors by surveying pedestrian behavior studies, both the classical works on pedestrian-driver interaction and the modern ones that involve autonomous vehicles.  ...  Such interactions are essential between vehicles and pedestrians, the most vulnerable road users.  ...  Recent field studies of autonomous vehicles show how the lack of social understanding can result in traffic accidents [5] or erratic behaviors towards pedestrians [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tits.2019.2901817 fatcat:anhktkdjx5hnphwvoksfxthdfi

Hacking Nonverbal Communication Between Pedestrians and Vehicles in Virtual Reality [article]

Henri Schmidt, Jack Terwilliger, Dina AlAdawy, Lex Fridman
2019 arXiv   pre-print
involved in pedestrian-vehicle interaction.  ...  By subverting social expectations of vehicle behavior we show that pedestrians may use vehicle kinematics to infer social intentions and not merely as the state of a moving object.  ...  We believe that future work will enable the use of vehicle kinematics to communicate driving intentions to pedestrians.  ... 
arXiv:1904.01931v1 fatcat:sgza6cssbrdtvptbri5nr5scyu

Safety of Autonomous Vehicles

Jun Wang, Li Zhang, Yanjun Huang, Jian Zhao, Francesco Bella
2020 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
conventional vehicles.  ...  Autonomous vehicle (AV) is regarded as the ultimate solution to future automotive engineering; however, safety still remains the key challenge for the development and commercialization of the AVs.  ...  vehicles and pedestrians will be challenging [89] .  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8867757 fatcat:yvyk4c4c2zehxcuvj3qx7vbk6a

Space Invaders: Pedestrian Proxemic Utility Functions and Trust Zones for Autonomous Vehicle Interactions

Fanta Camara, Charles Fox
2020 International Journal of Social Robotics  
AbstractUnderstanding pedestrian proxemic utility and trust will help autonomous vehicles to plan and control interactions with pedestrians more safely and efficiently.  ...  Autonomous vehicles will require similar understandings, but previous work has shown a need for them to be provided in the form of continuous proxemic utility functions, which are not available from previous  ...  Acknowledgements This project has received funding from EU H2020 project interACT: Designing cooperative interaction of automated vehicles with other road users in mixed traffic environments under Grant  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-020-00717-x fatcat:cqjnmx4stfan7ioe37okzzagmq
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