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A distributed architecture for real-time evacuation guidance in large smart buildings

Marin Lujak, Holger Billhardt, Jürgen Dunkel, Alberto Fernández, Ramón Hermoso, Sascha Ossowski
2017 Computer Science and Information Systems  
They rely on evacuation plans present only at a limited number of building locations and possibly a trained evacuation personnel to resolve unexpected contingencies.  ...  In this paper, we consider the route coordination problem in emergency evacuation of large smart buildings.  ...  This work has been partially supported by the Autonomous Region of Madrid through grant "MOSI-AGIL-CM" (P2013/ICE-3019) co-funded by EU Structural Funds FSE and FEDER, "SURF" (TIN2015-65515-C4-4-R (MINECO  ... 
doi:10.2298/csis161014002l fatcat:f3mxwelxezbqhehasz25ga4wbm

Naval Applications of Self-Organizing Systems

Martijn Neef, Anthonie van Lieburg
2004 Ship Technology Research  
The most typical example of self-organization are the so-called 'ant-based algorithms', which are a class of algorithms that mimic cooperative behavior of real ant behavior to achieve complex computations  ...  Integration of these "best-ofclass" solutions in CIM environments is the challenge to work effectively on basis of common information in all areas of the shipyard.  ...  agents in the network will know that a find a path from the users to the seawater we will use a hybrid This is implemented by the following rules: Each message holds a counter.  ... 
doi:10.1179/str.2004.51.4.005 fatcat:shkc5y673nbbdni4nstqa36j5u

Hierarchical Behavior Model for Multi-Agent System with Evasion Capabilities and Dynamic Memory

Aydin Cetin, Erhan Bulbul
2020 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
The effects of these capabilities on escape performance were measured in terms of time required for evacuation and evacuation ratio.  ...  The study simulates the social behavior in an office environment during an emergency using collision avoidance, negotiation, conflict solution, and path-planning mechanisms in the same multi-agent model  ...  GAM, guided evacuation agent model; PSEP, positioned and staged evacuation planning; HBP, hierarchical behavior plan (proposed in this paper).  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi9040279 fatcat:fvlcndkzx5fubadpnekqrsvonq

Crowd Models for Emergency Evacuation: A Review Targeting Human-Centered Sensing

Jaziar Radianti, Ole-Christoffer Granmo, Noureddine Bouhmala, Parvaneh Sarshar, Anis Yazidi, Jose Gonzalez
2013 2013 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
Better understanding of this class of crowd behavior opens up for improving evacuation policies and smarter design of buildings, increasing safety.  ...  Recently, a new class of disruptive technology has appeared: Humancentered sensing which allows crowd behavior to be monitored in real-time, and provides the basis for realtime crowd control.  ...  Apparently, hybrid approach by combining global path planning and assigning behavior and motion of each agent seems to be common in this stream.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2013.155 dblp:conf/hicss/RadiantiGBSYG13 fatcat:wbrezogucranxkfo5nagqra5si

A Participatory Agent-Based Simulation for Indoor Evacuation Supported by Google Glass

Jesús Sánchez, Álvaro Carrera, Carlos Iglesias, Emilio Serrano
2016 Sensors  
In order to define effective evacuation plans, understanding disasters and crowd emergency evacuation behavior is essential [1] .  ...  However, agent-based simulation (ABS) has been used as the preferred method to simulate crowd behavior [12] , because agents are particularly suitable for modeling human behavior [13] , as its  ...  Acknowledgments: This research work is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness  ... 
doi:10.3390/s16091360 pmid:27563911 pmcid:PMC5038638 fatcat:gpqckxpghfcn5gshudsrvgrulq

Large scale simulation for human evacuation and rescue

Erol Gelenbe, Fang-Jing Wu
2012 Computers and Mathematics with Applications  
Areas covered include sensing, communication with evacuees and emergency personnel, path finding algorithms for safe evacuation, simulation and prediction, and decision tools.  ...  This paper surveys recent research on the use of sensor networks, communications and computer systems to enhance the human outcome of emergency situations.  ...  Such models are also useful in obtaining best case and worst case bounds, as well as the average behavior which is less useful in such situations.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.camwa.2012.03.056 fatcat:qurvw6lv3jh25cnozznu7k6l4q

A Comprehensive Study on Pedestrians' Evacuation

Danial Abdulkareem Muhammed, Soran Abubakir Mohammed Saeed, Tarik Ahmed Rashid
2019 International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT  
Furthermore, new models have been developed to cooperate with system evacuation in residential places in case of unexpected events.  ...  Human beings face threats because of unexpected happenings, which can be avoided through adequate crisis evacuation plan, which is vital to stop wound and demise as its negative results.  ...  The authors would like to thank the editorial office of the journal of International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT (iJES) for processing and reviewing of the manuscript  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijes.v7i4.11767 fatcat:oq3nqsqdnvdyvazhl2s75phiqu

International Workshop on Agent-Based Modelling of Urban Systems (ABMUS) Proceedings: 2020-2021 [article]

Le-Minh Kieu, Koen H. Van Dam, JASON THOMPSON, Nick Malleson, Alison Heppenstall, Jiaqi Ge
Proceedings of the 2020 and 2021 Agent-Based Modelling of Urban Systems (ABMUS) workshop. Part of the AAMAS conference.  ...  This work was supported by the French Government in the framework of the Major Investment Plan (PIA3 -Territoire d'Innovation) and by Toulouse Metropole. Acknowledgements.  ...  This work is part of the SwITCh (Simulating the transition of transport Infrastructures Toward smart and sustainable Cities) research project funded by the French Research Agency. Acknowledgements.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14579604.v2 fatcat:r3ml4adbbbgxnohukuksclie7u

International Workshop on Agent-Based Modelling of Urban Systems (ABMUS) Proceedings: 2020-2021 [article]

Le-Minh Kieu, Koen H. Van Dam, JASON THOMPSON, Nick Malleson, Alison Heppenstall, Jiaqi Ge
Proceedings of the 2020 and 2021 Agent-Based Modelling of Urban Systems (ABMUS) workshop. Part of the AAMAS conference.  ...  This work is part of the SwITCh (Simulating the transition of transport Infrastructures Toward smart and sustainable Cities) research project funded by the French Research Agency. Acknowledgements.  ...  The work on COMOKIT is funded by the ANRS (project COV15 of the COVID19-Sud Flash 2020 call for project).  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14579604.v1 fatcat:sxl3wmfe2jd7zgabce3octf4pi

An Intelligent IoT Approach for Analyzing and Managing Crowds

Najla Al-Nabhan, Shouq Alenazi, Salwa Alquwaifili, Shahad Alzamzami, Leen Altwayan, Nouf Alaloula, Raghad Alowaini, A. B. M. Alim Al Islam
2021 IEEE Access  
area, identify evacuation paths for pilgrims and guide the pilgrims to avoid congestion in real time.  ...  Moreover, the approach attempts to maximize crowd safety based on realistic scenarios by controlling and adapting pilgrim movements according to the characteristics of the possible hazards, pilgrim behavior  ...  If the congestion is less than the threshold, the DNs execute the local evacuation plan and notify the nearby DNs. Step 7. The system adjusts the paths and displays them on the LCD screens. D.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3099531 fatcat:edfi2vmjxbeprf7j535rldrzzm

Future Research on Cyber-Physical Emergency Management Systems

Erol Gelenbe, Fang-Jing Wu
2013 Future Internet  
Smart evacuation schemes can help evacuees using the cooperation between first-aid decision nodes, sensors and civilians with mobile devices.  ...  The present paper will focus on projecting past and recent research in emergency management systems towards research opportunities.  ...  This type of system emphasises in-network intelligence to find safe evacuation paths based on sensing data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi5030336 fatcat:fhprtq467fdfhamh4pmikxbtzu

CLOTHO: A Large-Scale Internet of Things based Crowd Evacuation Planning System for Disaster Management

Xiaolong Xu, Lei Zhang, Stelios Sotiriadis, Eleana Asimakopoulou, Maozhen Li, Nik Bessis
2018 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
Based on APF, we propose an evacuation planning algorithm names as Artificial Potential Field with Relationship Attraction (APF-RA).  ...  In this work, we focus on the rapid and systematic evacuation of large-scale densities of people after disasters to reduce loss in an effective manner.  ...  [10] presented an evacuation system based on Macroserv for emergency, Y. Iizuka et al. [11] presented a multi-agent-based cooperative emergency evacuation system, P. G. Raj et al.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2018.2818885 fatcat:kttgklsxovbztpoarrxllfciii

Enhancing Crowd Evacuation and Traffic Management Through AmI Technologies: A Review of the Literature [chapter]

Eve Mitleton-Kelly, Ivan Deschenaux, Christian Maag, Matthew Fullerton, Nihan Celikkaya
2013 Understanding Complex Systems  
This document is a review of the burgeoning literature on the utilisation of AmI (Ambient Intelligence) technology in two contexts: providing support and enhancing crowd evacuation during emergencies and  ...  Earlier research on crowd evacuation, sensor networks, and computing does exist, but it rarely uses the term 'AmI' explicitly.  ...  The technique is shown to be "effective in detection and localization of abnormal behaviors in the crowd" [51] and to outperform techniques based on pure optical flow analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-36614-7_2 fatcat:i3khxet57rgixhr2gt7aso4pny

Multi-Agent Crisis Response systems - Design Requirements and Analysis of Current Systems [article]

Khaled M. Khalil, M. Abdel-Aziz, Taymour T. Nazmy, Abdel-Badeeh M. Salem
2009 arXiv   pre-print
Analysis of systems includes systems architecture and methodology. In addition, we identified features and limitations of systems based on crisis response domain requirements.  ...  Crisis response is a critical area of research, with encouraging progress in the past view yeas.  ...  Future actions are based on local agent behavior (operational level), permitting agents to execute undesirable action which leads to miss common operations goal.  ... 
arXiv:0903.2543v1 fatcat:or7zs32vdvetnmqqoydmuv77ca

Towards integrative risk management and more resilient societies

D. Al-Khudhairy, K. Axhausen, S. Bishop, H. Herrmann, B. Hu, W. Kröger, T. Lewis, J. MacIntosh, A. Nowak, S. Pickl, D. Stauffacher, E. Tan
2012 The European Physical Journal Special Topics  
Even selective damages of one of these infrastructures may result in disruptions of governmental, industrial or public functions.  ...  approach dealing with the increasing amount of complexity in societies in a comprehensive, agile and adaptive way.  ...  The publication of this work was partially supported by the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no.284709, a Coordination and Support Action in the Information  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjst/e2012-01706-0 fatcat:5orcapzgbnc4vm42ldpuyp2kzm
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