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Towards Racially Unbiased Skin Tone Estimation via Scene Disambiguation [article]

Haiwen Feng, Timo Bolkart, Joachim Tesch, Michael J. Black, Victoria Abrevaya
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We find that current methods are biased towards light skin tones due to (1) strongly biased priors that prefer lighter pigmentation and (2) algorithmic solutions that disregard the light/albedo ambiguity  ...  can be used for disambiguation.  ...  Unbiased Estimation via Scene Disambiguation Cues Resolving the ambiguity above requires additional information.  ... 
arXiv:2205.03962v2 fatcat:vpjb3wgi3fguxpmlwcfys3khrm

Flamingo: a Visual Language Model for Few-Shot Learning [article]

Jean-Baptiste Alayrac, Jeff Donahue, Pauline Luc, Antoine Miech, Iain Barr, Yana Hasson, Karel Lenc, Arthur Mensch, Katie Millican, Malcolm Reynolds, Roman Ring, Eliza Rutherford (+15 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
These include open-ended tasks such as visual question-answering, where the model is prompted with a question which it has to answer, captioning tasks, which evaluate the ability to describe a scene or  ...  Unbiased few-shot performance estimation.  ...  We report results on the COCO dataset splits over gender and skin tone provided by . By construction, Flamingo inherits the risks of Large LMs.  ... 
arXiv:2204.14198v1 fatcat:5f4uhdmaibhm7cn3zetspjev3q

Sustaining Future Digital Forensics Through Intelligent Automation

Then, it demonstrates automated detection and classification of child exploitation imagery, via open source software capable of running on low-end hardware.  ...  Skin tone analysis is unable to disambiguate an image of a nude male from that of ceiling.  ...  The groups themselves more closely resemble traditional crime scene sciences, with physical and digital crime scene investigation phases.  ... 
doi:10.26180/5c74b1a68f4be fatcat:lep2mr2hxjc2zegbzhbztbzacm

Poster Session I

2015 Neuropsychopharmacology  
This work promises structural brain endophenotypes to disambiguate environmental mediators of brain development toward possible early detection and amelioration of adverse brain development trajectories  ...  these racial/ethnic minority groups.  ...  Subjective stress was assessed in the scanner prior to and immediately after the MIST via the 11-item short form of the Profile of Mood States.  ... 
doi:10.1038/npp.2015.325 pmid:26632286 pmcid:PMC4672310 fatcat:cqqyl6zydfeuxltv6zkqhn7qry

Patterns, predictions, and actions: A story about machine learning [article]

Moritz Hardt, Benjamin Recht
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, unbiased estimates of the conditional expectations lead to an unbiased estimate of the causal effect.  ...  First, unbiased estimates causal inference in practice 203 T X Y of propensity scores do not imply an unbiased estimate of the causal effect.  ...  The most canonical examples here would be estimating the mean or variance of the distribution. Note that estimating these parameters has a different flavor than decision List of Figures  ... 
arXiv:2102.05242v2 fatcat:wy47g4fojnfuxngklyewtjtqdi

Implicit Bias in the Courtroom

Jerry Kang Judge, Mark Bennett, Devon Carbado, Pam Casey, Nilanjana Dasgupta, David Faigman, Rachel Godsil, Anthony Greenwald, Justin Levinson, Jennifer Mnookin
Levinson & Danielle Young, Different Shades of Bias: Skin Tone, Implicit Racial Bias, and Judgments of Ambiguous Evidence, 112 W. VA. L. REV. 307, 319-26 (2010). 21.  ...  For half the participants, that arm was dark skinned; for the other half, that arm was lighter skinned. 74 The participants were then provided twenty different pieces of trial evidence.  ... 

A Roadmap for Big Model [article]

Sha Yuan, Hanyu Zhao, Shuai Zhao, Jiahong Leng, Yangxiao Liang, Xiaozhi Wang, Jifan Yu, Xin Lv, Zhou Shao, Jiaao He, Yankai Lin, Xu Han (+88 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
[1151] showed how pedestrian detection systems display higher error rates with people with darker skin tones.  ...  -The corpora should be unbiased and should not contain any intended or unintended shift distributions towards some properties.  ... 
arXiv:2203.14101v4 fatcat:rdikzudoezak5b36cf6hhne5u4

ACNP 57th Annual Meeting: Poster Session III

2018 Neuropsychopharmacology  
and tone recall.  ...  Participants were drawn from a community sample via available databases, ASD advocacy support group networks, and patient panels with a broad range of educational level, occupation, and racial/ethnic representation  ...  Here, we report all FSCV measures in current (nA) as this is the unit of measurement that serves as an estimate of the change in concentration.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41386-018-0268-5 fatcat:wiooxnisvfhovadauljiso4ie4

Lexikos 3

Lexikos Lexikos
2013 Lexikos  
De disambiguering moet zo kort mogelijk zijn, en niet in termen van etymologie.  ...  For example: nigger n. offens. 1 a Black person. 2 a dark-skinned person.  ... 
doi:10.5788/3-1-1095 fatcat:y3cl6fzwifhvbg567kiqvbttbe

Note on publication policy "Visual Context and Lightness Perception" workshop (presentation order)

Paolo Bernardis, Carlo Fantoni, Walter Gerbino, Paolo Bernardis, Carlo Fantoni, Agostino Accardo, Tiziano Agostini, Paolo Battaglini, Paola Bressan, Nicola Bruno, Andrea Carnaghi, Corrado Caudek (+19 others)
Recent psychophysical work suggests that lightness anchoring operates via maximum-as-white rule, that is, surface with highest luminance in the scene is anchored to the white and all other surfaces are  ...  Often the overall visual information helps us to disambiguate between the two possibilities.  ...  Participants who answered the driving safety questionnaire changed their performance towards greater carefulness in the second session, compared to participants in the control group who answered the ICT  ... 

The brain basis of emotion: A meta-analytic review

Kristen A. Lindquist, Tor D. Wager, Hedy Kober, Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Lisa Feldman Barrett
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We began by estimating the neural reference space for discrete emotion.  ...  In the transmission of cultural norms regarding emotion behavior, emotions are set in a reinforcement scene in socialization.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x11000446 pmid:22617651 pmcid:PMC4329228 fatcat:xvkrwfxuhnhavmxa7bbxwjluqq

Abstracts Presented at the Twenty-Fourth Annual International Neuropsychological Society Conference: February 14–17, 1996 Chicago, Illinois

1996 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
Abnormal cutoff scores at the 10% level were provided to assist clinicians in the detection of abnormal discrepancies between the estimated and obtained subtest scaled scores.  ...  This suggests that FCSR is an unbiased test of memory that can be used in racially mixed groups to determine dementia status without adjusting for race. Correspondence: C.  ...  For each study condition, subjects were either presented with 40 pairs of high-frequency tones (HB condition) or low-frequency tones (LB condition).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617700000862 fatcat:l337nk5lr5ggpdt5hn7shtd2pq

"Think of me as your conscience": Spectres in recent English-Canadian historical fiction

Reginald GD Wiebe
It is not a simple, empirical, and unbiased reflection of the past as it occurred.  ...  Peter estimates the parcel at 160 acres and offers a dollar an acre, and the young Cree produces a title as if by magic.  ... 
doi:10.7939/r3wd3q650 fatcat:utklejyderbi7enh6fem7ysno4

LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

M Thirumalai, B Mallikarjun, Sam, B A Sharada, A R Fatihi, Lakhan, Marie Jennifer, S M Bayer, G Ravichandran, L Baskaran, Ramamoorthy, Swarna Assistant (+1 others)
1930 unpublished
Snapewith Sallow Skin, Hooked Nose Snape is shown as a man with "sallow skin, a hooked nose and greasy, shoulder-length black hair" (Chamber of Secrets 78).  ...  A questionnaire was used to collect the numerical data and its aim was to obtain fair, unbiased and generalizable data.  ...  He says: We could not figure out what it is went wrong; Harmonised the impulse with the general tone, allowed for everything, except a long, Arresting arm, the unseen, the unknown.  ... 

The Stuff that Myths Are Made of

2001 Written Communication  
The squirming executive opts to drink, after which Annis and his accomplice flee the scene.  ...  Until the 1960s, annual reports indicate that schooling was racially segregated in both counties.  ...  Typically, these conducted readers toward the writer's conclusions by setting up premises (16) It is important to note that these results do indeed warrant the queasiness many U.S. students feel when  ... 
doi:10.1177/0741088301018004002 fatcat:ab6env5ajngtno7gxs7czounuu
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