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Blockchain in Supply Chain: Opportunities and Design Considerations [article]

Gowri Sankar Ramachandran, Sidra Malik, Shantanu Pal, Ali Dorri, Volkan Dedeoglu, Salil Kanhere, Raja Jurdak
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The importance of scalability and interoperability in a blockchain-based supply chain is highlighted to help the stakeholders make an informed decision.  ...  This chapter introduces the characteristics and requirements of the supply chain and explains how blockchain technology can meet the demands of supply chain applications.  ...  In this section, we first discuss some of the literature in interoperability of blockchains and then categorise these approaches towards the end.  ... 
arXiv:2108.12032v1 fatcat:njp4ofhrdjf23kpbnpzbipm4iy

Barriers to Blockchain Adoption in the Circular Economy: A Fuzzy Delphi and Best-Worst Approach

Abderahman Rejeb, Karim Rejeb, John G. Keogh, Suhaiza Zailani
2022 Sustainability  
This study aims to close the knowledge gap by providing a comprehensive review of the barriers hampering the adoption and integration of blockchain technology in the CE.  ...  Sixteen barriers to blockchain adoption in the CE were identified from the academic literature and validated by a panel of experts.  ...  While we do not pretend to be inclusive in our review, the proposed research framework can provide a comprehensive set of hurdles that slow down the CE transition.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14063611 fatcat:oxd4cdbw35gv7hb7li77dpmboq

What is a Blockchain? A Definition to Clarify the Role of the Blockchain in the Internet of Things [article]

Lorenzo Ghiro
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We finally indicate a feasible role of the blockchain for the IoT: myriads of local, IoT transactions can be aggregated off-chain and then be successfully recorded on an external blockchain as a means  ...  This position paper elaborates on the theory of distributed systems to advance a clear definition of blockchain that allows us to clarify its role in the IoT.  ...  interconnecting its nodes.  ... 
arXiv:2102.03750v1 fatcat:dbsy76wid5dopdlt4ciut7cpdq

Blockchain for Edge of Things: Applications, Opportunities, and Challenges [article]

Thippa Reddy Gadekallu, Quoc-Viet Pham, Dinh C. Nguyen, Praveen Kumar Reddy Maddikunta, N Deepa, Prabadevi B, Pubudu N. Pathirana, Jun Zhao, Won-Joo Hwang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a state-of-the-art review of recent developments in BEoT technology and discover its great opportunities in many application domains.  ...  Particularly, the convergence of blockchain and EoT leads to a new paradigm, called BEoT that has been regarded as a promising enabler for future services and applications.  ...  Despite so many research efforts, we have found that a comprehensive review of the use of blockchain in EoT is still missing.  ... 
arXiv:2110.05022v1 fatcat:cluqv67o2jcpnoif75gwatayrm

PatientDataChain: A Blockchain-Based Approach to Integrate Personal Health Records

Alexandra Cernian, Bogdan Tiganoaia, Ioan Sacala, Adrian Pavel, Alin Iftemi
2020 Sensors  
Interconnecting different healthcare providers, the collected data is integrated into a unitary personal health records (PHR) system, where the patient is the owner of his/her data.  ...  PatientDataChain blockchain-based technology is a novel approach, based on a decentralized healthcare infrastructure that incorporates a trust layer in the healthcare value chain.  ...  Table 1 . 1 Overview of the interoperability standards in healthcare. Table 2 . 2 Review of blockchain systems in healthcare.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20226538 pmid:33207620 pmcid:PMC7697358 fatcat:et2w7agx2rhmnc62delfzg2ssm

Applications of Blockchain in Ensuring the Security and Privacy of Electronic Health Record Systems: A Survey

Shuyun Shi, Debiao He, Li Li, Neeraj Kumar, Muhammad Khurram Khan, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo
2020 Computers & security  
Therefore, in this paper we perform a systematic literature review of blockchain approaches designed for EHR systems, focusing only on the security and privacy aspects.  ...  As part of the review, we introduce relevant background knowledge relating to both EHR systems and blockchain, prior to investigating the (potential) applications of blockchain in EHR systems.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions which helped us to improve the content and presentation of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cose.2020.101966 pmid:32834254 pmcid:PMC7362828 fatcat:ymwetk2kajhddm4wu2p6lagqzm

Trade finance in Qatar: blockchain and economic diversification

Andrew Dahdal, Jon Truby, Husam Botosh
2020 Law and Financial Markets Review  
As Qatar embarks on a strategy of widening its economic base away from a singular reliance on the hydrocarbon fuel sector, the introduction of blockchain technology holds the potential to overcome the  ...  Issuers and underwriters of trade finance instruments are required to draw on disparate elements of information, not merely during the application phase, but indeed throughout the life of a transaction  ...  He was the founding editor-in-chief of the International Review of Law, an internationally peer reviewed bilingual law journal.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17521440.2020.1833431 fatcat:dtt2nue4gbb5np32mc6iepccdm

Blockchain Technology for Collaborative Information Systems (Dagstuhl Seminar 18332)

Marlon Dumas, Richard Hull, Jan Mendling, Ingo Weber, Michael Wagner
2019 Dagstuhl Reports  
Blockchain technology enables an evolving set of parties to maintain a safe, permanent, and tamper-proof ledger of transactions without a central authority.  ...  This report documents the program and the outcomes of the seminar.  ...  (e.g. the UI for a dapp) This leads to the following research questions: How can a system facilitate interoperation among the different components?  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.8.8.67 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/DumasHMW18 fatcat:7kpenl76ivf7pkkmm3kqgwu6wi

What have we learnt from the challenges of (semi‐) automated requirements traceability? A discussion on blockchain applicability

Selina Demi, Mary Sanchez‐Gordon, Ricardo Colomo‐Palacios
2021 IET Software  
A systematic literature review was carried out based on the guidelines for systematic literature reviews in software engineering, proposed by Kitchenham.  ...  Finally, it is recommended that researchers leverage blockchain technology as a suitable technical solution to ensure the trustworthiness of traceability information in interorganisational software projects  ...  Inadequate integration or interoperability among heterogeneous tools The software development lifecycle (SDLC) consists of a variety of tools that generate many artefacts of different formats and specified  ... 
doi:10.1049/sfw2.12035 fatcat:ggxtmfoqn5hltp6fhx55pw22ea

A Taxonomy Study on Securing Blockchain-based Industrial Applications: An Overview, Application Perspectives, Requirements, Attacks, Countermeasures, and Open Issues [article]

Khizar Hameed, Mutaz Barika, Saurabh Garg, Muhammad Bilal Amin, Byeong Kang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Blockchain began its journey from the concept of cryptocurrency and is now part of a range of core applications to achieve resilience and automation between various tasks.  ...  Blockchain technology has taken on a leading role in today's industrial applications by providing salient features and showing significant performance since its beginning.  ...  The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.  ... 
arXiv:2105.11665v1 fatcat:bsm7w2shjneajp425oddszr6ju

A Review of Blockchain in Fintech: Taxonomy, Challenges, and Future Directions

Keerthi Nelaturu, Han Du, Duc-Phong Le
2022 Cryptography  
The primary purpose of this paper is to bridge the technology gap between Blockchain and Fintech applications. Blockchain technology is already being explored in a wide number of Fintech sectors.  ...  For each of the industries in which blockchain is already in use and has established itself as a complementary technology to traditional systems, we give a taxonomy of use cases.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The views expressed in this paper are solely those of the authors, and no responsibility for them should be attributed to the Bank of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cryptography6020018 fatcat:qvcbrusribehtebs6r23h7rckq

Full Text PDF of The JBBA: Vol 1, Issue 1, July 2018

Naseem Naqvi
2018 The Journal of British Blockchain Association  
The publisher, affiliates of the British Blockchain Association, reviewers and editors assume no responsibility for any claims, instructions, methods or recommendations contained in the manuscripts.  ...  This publication is not a substitute for professional advice. The contents herein are correct at the time of printing and may be subject to change.  ...  The JBBA does not publish the work that has been or will be published elsewhere. The text of accepted manuscripts can sometimes be edited to enhance communication between author and reader.  ... 
doi:10.31585/jbba-vol.1-issue.1-july-2018 fatcat:xgzorsimdfhetms2z4hw7kdt3y

Beyond Bitcoin: Leveraging Blockchain to Benefit Business and Society

Marcia Narine Weldon, Rachel Epstein
2019 Social Science Research Network  
and minimizing data breaches; allowing governments and doctors to access anonymized data for research trials; reducing insurance fraud; and improving interoperability among disparate data systems.' 5  ...  if the code is wrong or parties fail to review the code, the contract will not function as intended.'  ...  The United States' NAP, released in 2016, includes: (1) a peer review process to enhance access to remedy through the OECD complaint process; (2) stronger enforcement of existing laws related to forced  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3443675 fatcat:jusej567zrgijlixcmlrrfdcju

A Survey on the Usage of Blockchain Technology for Cyber-Threats in the Context of Industry 4.0

Sidi Boubacar ElMamy, Hichem Mrabet, Hassen Gharbi, Abderrazak Jemai, Damien Trentesaux
2020 Sustainability  
A systematic review of the literature is presented related to the usage of blockchain technology (BCT) for cyber-threats in the context of Industry 4.0.  ...  Consequently, BCT can play a crucial role in industrial sustainability by preserving the assets and the environment and by enhancing the quality of life of citizens.  ...  [8] Review of blockchain use cases for cities 2019 Fraga and al. [9] Review of blockchain in automotive industry 2019 Lu and al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12219179 fatcat:q573fwhsnfhm7dtenspzrhwnoq

Decentralized Finance: On Blockchain- and Smart Contract-Based Financial Markets

Fabian Schär
2021 Review  
While it is beyond the scop of this paper to separate these element, these are important questions for us to address in future research. n NOTES 1 See Blau and Kahn (2017) for a comprehensive review  ...  The process of adding new assets to a blockchain is called tokenization, and the blockchain representation of the asset is referred to as a token.  ...  January 30: Fed speci es its intention to operate in a regime with ample supply of reserves in the long run. March 20: Fed announces its intention to slow the pace of the decline in reserves.  ... 
doi:10.20955/r.103.153-74 fatcat:fdzanzl7ozeajm3auzqvdbmlke
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