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Individual Differences in Lexical Access Among Cochlear Implant Users

Leanne Nagels, Roelien Bastiaanse, Deniz Başkent, Anita Wagner
2019 Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research  
Experiment 1 tested participants' reliance on lexical statistics, and Experiment 2 studied how sentential context affects the time course and patterns of lexical competition leading to lexical access.  ...  context for lexical access in processing continuous speech.  ...  1) and their clinical word recognition scores.  ... 
doi:10.1044/2019_jslhr-19-00192 pmid:31855606 fatcat:dafaa3wx6bd7rjopxxf7u5eh5a

Multiple levels of linguistic and paralinguistic features contribute to voice recognition

Jean Mary Zarate, Xing Tian, Kevin J. P. Woods, David Poeppel
2015 Scientific Reports  
In this study, we investigated the contributions of acoustic, phonological, lexical, and semantic information toward voice recognition.  ...  and lexical semantic information is not available 7 .  ...  s (2011) study that employed full sentences in English and Chinese, although all native-English participants had full lexical and semantic access when comparing voices in English (relative to Chinese)  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep11475 pmid:26088739 pmcid:PMC4473599 fatcat:liffou44hnacbgpxaajxdyz72i

Relative Weights of Temporal Envelope Cues in Different Frequency Regions for Mandarin Vowel, Consonant, and Lexical Tone Recognition

Zhong Zheng, Keyi Li, Gang Feng, Yang Guo, Yinan Li, Lili Xiao, Chengqi Liu, Shouhuan He, Zhen Zhang, Di Qian, Yanmei Feng
2021 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
35.49–63.77%, 67.75–78.87%, and 87.87%; for lexical tone recognition 60.80–97.15%, 73.16–96.87%, and 96.73%.  ...  –7,562 Hz) contributed most to consonant recognition; Region 1 (80–502 Hz) that contains fundamental frequency (F0) information contributed most to lexical tone recognition.  ...  Our results affirm these findings, and that when presented in full region, the temporal E cues are sufficient to code for the recognition of Mandarin phoneme and lexical tone.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2021.744959 pmid:34924928 pmcid:PMC8678109 fatcat:nph74u7fbnejloo24sttgpsepy

Page 162 of Behavior Research Methods Vol. 45, Issue 1 [page]

2013 Behavior Research Methods  
characterizing the extent to which effects in monosyllabic word recognition generalize to mul¬ tisyllabic word recognition.  ...  Ratings for the full set of mono- and disyllabic words (the newly collected ones as well as those collected for Juhasz et al., 2011) are available in the supple¬ mentary materials for tiiis article.  ... 

Lexical stress and spoken word recognition: Dutch vs. English

1996 Linguistics in the Netherlands  
These findings indicate that lexical stress information may facilitate word recognition.  ...  The füll set of Stimuli for both languages is included in the appendix.  ... 
doi:10.1075/avt.13.16ley fatcat:drpfnminsrhpbhgtmvelrmxfj4

Using probability distributions to account for recognition of canonical and reduced word forms

Meghan Clayards
2010 LSA Annual Meeting Extended Abstracts  
This paper addresses this paradox by considering a model in which representations of lexical items consist of a distribution over forms.  ...  Optimal inference given these distributions accounts for item based differences in recognition of phonological variants and canonical form advantage.  ...  A full model would have to take into account multiple dimensions and real competitor sets.  ... 
doi:10.3765/exabs.v0i0.529 fatcat:xotofv6g5nfx7mkfddvty3fvki

Fuzzy Lexical Representations in Adult Second Language Speakers

Kira Gor, Svetlana Cook, Denisa Bordag, Anna Chrabaszcz, Andreas Opitz
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
, reliance on sublexical rather than lexical heuristics in word recognition, the precedence of word form over meaning, and the prominence of detailed, even if imprecisely encoded, information about LRs  ...  The FLR hypothesis accounts for a range of phenomena observed in L2 lexical processing, including lexical confusions, slow lexical access, retrieval of incorrect lexical entries, weak lexical competition  ...  ,” we argued that L2 lexical representations and lexical processing seem to be more oriented toward the surface, form level and we related this observation to a more general difference between novices  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.732030 pmid:35027898 pmcid:PMC8751619 fatcat:zfwj6b4vkjh4xdnnwcu7wonyvq

Competition and cooperation among similar representations: Toward a unified account of facilitative and inhibitory effects of lexical neighbors

Qi Chen, Daniel Mirman
2012 Psychological review  
We present a series of simulations of a simple domain-general interactive activation and competition model that is broadly consistent with more specialized domain-specific models of lexical processing.  ...  particularly important in the development of theories and models of language processing, where coactivated representations (neighbors) have been shown to exhibit both facilitative and inhibitory effects on word recognition  ...  models by identifying underlying computational principles that would need to hold in a full cross-domain model of lexical processing.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0027175 pmid:22352357 pmcid:PMC3328653 fatcat:gdhkfcat45ezray7g4vz4yyic4

Sleep-Associated Changes in the Mental Representation of Spoken Words

Nicolas Dumay, M. Gareth Gaskell
2007 Psychological Science  
Here we show that although the mere acquisition of a spoken form is swift, its engagement in lexical competition requires an incubation-like period that is crucially associated with sleep.  ...  integration of a newly learned spoken word form with existing knowledge in the mental lexicon is characterized by the word form's ability to compete with similar-sounding entries during auditory word recognition  ...  In reality, this is only one component of the full lexicalization process, which also involves binding of form, syntax, and meaning.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01845.x pmid:17362375 fatcat:4nryualgcjhotayvh6znngabmu

Processing trade-offs in the reading of Dutch derived words

Victor Kuperman, Raymond Bertram, R. Harald Baayen
2010 Journal of Memory and Language  
In words with shorter suffixes, we observe a stronger effect of full-forms (derived word frequency) on reading times than in words with longer suffixes.  ...  This eye-tracking study explores visual recognition of Dutch suffixed words (e.g., plaats+ing "placing") embedded in sentential contexts, and provides new evidence on the interplay between storage and  ...  The stronger the bias towards decomposition is, the less use readers make of the full-form properties in the recognition of derived words (cf. Bertram & Hyönä, 2003, for compounds) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2009.10.001 fatcat:lwgv4lny7bhgbicn3h25x3eaym

Semantic Structure in Vocabulary Knowledge Interacts With Lexical and Sentence Processing in Infancy

Arielle Borovsky, Erica M. Ellis, Julia L. Evans, Jeffrey L. Elman
2016 Child Development  
Performance on two language-processing tasks (lexical recognition and sentence processing) was compared as a function of semantic density.  ...  Figure 2a illustrates the time course of fixation proportions towards the target and distractor images for High and Low density items in the lexical recognition task.  ...  In the lexical recognition task, the auditory items were the spoken words that were selected for the study.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cdev.12554 pmid:27302575 pmcid:PMC5159320 fatcat:ch7tq6ie2vdnznbfqqc4nmrmea

Vocabulary size and structure affects real-time lexical recognition in 18-month-olds

Arielle Borovsky, Ryan E. Peters, Masatoshi Koizumi
2019 PLoS ONE  
Category level structure facilitated word recognition in 18-month-olds with smaller productive vocabularies, while overall lexical connectivity interfered with word recognition for toddlers with relatively  ...  Participants completed two interleaved eye-tracked word recognition tasks involving semantically unrelated and related picture contexts, which sought to measure the impact of lexical facilitation and interference  ...  These included large images such as a full-screen image of the sesame street character, Elmo, and other small images such as smiling faces to direct fixations towards the screen.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219290 pmid:31295282 pmcid:PMC6622498 fatcat:ccfmh2f4d5hytnpz2ch4fxqjn4

Italians use abstract knowledge about lexical stress during spoken-word recognition

Simone Sulpizio, James M. McQueen
2012 Journal of Memory and Language  
In two eye-tracking experiments in Italian, we investigated how acoustic information and stored knowledge about lexical stress are used during the recognition of tri-syllabic spoken words.  ...  The acoustic manipulation affected recognition only of newly-learnt words with antepenultimate stress: Full-cue versions, even though they were never heard during training, were recognized earlier than  ...  An open question, however, is whether the distributional bias toward the penultimate stress pattern in Italian can affect the earliest stages of word recognition.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2011.08.001 fatcat:3hoznymvuredjii4ch6yxsym54

The Role of Context in Lexical Recognition

Jacqueline Palmer
2007 UC Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Reports  
These recent studies have suggested that these phonetic details be encoded in the representation of the stored lexical forms as listeners' recognition of these details aided in and sped up lexical recognition  ...  It would seem more likely that the full form that carried more distinctive phonetic information to aid the subject in lexical recognition would always be easier for the subject to process.  ... 
doi:10.5070/p71jg505qt fatcat:3en4ntq4dzf5nklan3vi4zbmba

On the processes underlying stimulus-familiarity effects in recognition of words and nonwords

W. K. Estes, W. Todd Maddox
2002 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
effects" on recognition are better termed lexicality effects.  ...  Patterns of recognition measures in relation to controlled prior frequency, but not normative frequency, appeared interpretable in terms of response biases generated by long-term priming.  ...  Toward the end of this period, the seeds for a broadened frame of reference were planted by the first studies of word-frequency effects in recognition (Gorman, 1961; Schulman, 1967) .  ... 
doi:10.1037/0278-7393.28.6.1003 pmid:12450328 fatcat:dskmekumeje7lmsyigc55jkikq
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