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Towards Explicative Inference for OWL

Marvin R. G. Schiller, Birte Glimm
2013 International Workshop on Description Logics  
To build a system that supports such explicative inference, we propose a framework based on inference rules and proof tactics for OWL ontologies.  ...  Automated reasoning in OWL is capable of inferences that are nontrivial for people to understand. We argue that the understanding of inferences would benefit from stepwise explanations.  ...  We thank three anonymous reviewers for their useful comments.  ... 
dblp:conf/dlog/SchillerG13 fatcat:6y6telqfzfdrhi6ntvfmveou7e

Modularising ontology and designing inference patterns to personalise health condition assessment: the case of obesity

Aleksandra Sojic, Walter Terkaj, Giorgia Contini, Marco Sacco
2016 Journal of Biomedical Semantics  
Since individual features and habits vary among people, the design of appropriate intervention strategies for motivating changes in behavioural patterns towards a healthy lifestyle requires the interpretation  ...  The domain-specific modules formalised in the Web Ontology Language (OWL) integrate the domain-specific sets of rules formalised in the Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL).  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been funded by the EU 7th Framework Programme under the grant agreements No: 610727, "Personalised Guidance Services for Optimising lifestyle in teenagers through awareness  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13326-016-0049-1 pmid:29764473 pmcid:PMC5143447 fatcat:srfafeqd6nedro3eseeij5jeu4

Towards Explanation-Aware Selection in Internet-Scale Infrastructures: Generating Rationale forWeb Services Ratings and Reputation

Wanita Sherchan, Seng Loke, Shonali Krishnaswamy
2006 2006 10th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops (EDOCW'06)  
We present our knowledge based approach to inferring and explicating rationale for ratings.  ...  To facilitate meaningful exchange and reuse of reputation information and for the overall determination of reputation, we identify the need to infer and explicate rationale for ratings.  ...  Third, since our model uses knowledge representation, we are able to explicate inferred rationale and generate explanations for the inferences.  ... 
doi:10.1109/edocw.2006.67 dblp:conf/edoc/SherchanLK06 fatcat:aglxrdgobzcfpowuodqturv4ou

On the Data Interoperability Issues in SCOR-Based Supply Chains [chapter]

Milan Zdravković, Miroslav Trajanović
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we are using semantic SCOR models to highlight data interoperability requirements for cross-enterprise SCOR processes and to make this data explicit, by relating it to the corresponding  ...  For this purpose, we are using implicit OWL representation of the SCOR model -SCOR-KOS OWL and its semantic enrichment -SCOR-Full [7] , a micro theory which identifies and classifies common enterprise  ...  SCOR-KOS OWL enables the inference of the relationships between individual process elements, namely, the flows of the tangible and intangible assets between activities of the processes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33618-8_23 fatcat:v4g56ihz5fhopdxgredt25vjg4

Semantic SLAs for Services with Q-SLA

Kyriakos Kritikos, Dimitris Plexousakis, Pierluigi Plebani
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
This paper reports the re-engineering efforts for OWL-Q, a prominent semantic quality-based service description language.  ...  These efforts have focused on making OWL-Q more compact without reducing its level of expressiveness as well as enriching it with semantic rules towards semantic validation of quality specifications and  ...  Acknowledgements Research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission's Framework Programme for Research and Innovation HORIZON 2020 (ICT-07-2014) under grant agreement number  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.08.277 fatcat:jtee43d7ofdyljymo55pkbykcm

Representing Social Reality in OWL 2

Rinke Hoekstra
2010 W3C Web Ontology Language (OWL) Experiences and Directions Workshop (OWLED)  
This paper introduces a design pattern that allows for the OWL 2 DL representation of concepts central to social reality: roles.  ...  We use the new features of OWL 2 to approximate a reified relation, and show how the approach of [9] can be reused to define a pattern for capturing roles, intentional concepts and n-ary relations [13]  ...  The role inclusion axiom will infer the relation for any context and brute fact connected through a Role.  ... 
dblp:conf/owled/Hoekstra10 fatcat:gkilgo7tjfb6xbbjssmjmcr6ca

Deriving Logical Consequences Using Ontological Formal Semantics

Nikhil S. Langde, Nilesh A. Badere, Chetan Kunghadkar, Nilesh Kharbade
2014 International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technoloy  
The key ingredients that make up an ontology are a vocabulary of basic terms, semantic interconnections, simple rules of inference and some logic for a particular topic.  ...  This paper is an efforts to improve the relevancy of results in a search system for a particular domain by exploiting the domain knowledge captured in an OWL ontology using the protégé tool.  ...  [1] Ontologies are not intended just for storing knowledge about the subject domain but can be used by semantic web agent for inference, data integration decision making etc.  ... 
doi:10.14445/22315381/ijett-v9p266 fatcat:k4jbpb4n75egfhid2y7ktpzdd4

Ontology based Access Control Model for Healthcare System in Cloud Computing

K. Mohan, M. Aramudhan
2015 Indian Journal of Science and Technology  
Personal Health Records (PHR) sharing is highly expected by the users for the acceptance of cloud in healthcare systems.  ...  In future the ontological access control for PHR systems could be extended by inference engine. The decision of authorization based upon logics and inferred data which is defined in the policy.  ...  So, all the HSP (Healthcare Service Providers) are moving towards cloud computing for various benefits. Cloud promises to offer the demands of patients and healthcare service providers.  ... 
doi:10.17485/ijst/2015/v8is9/53617 fatcat:neo3tm7gzncnpg5ffpoku3nxt4

An Ontology-based Problem-logic Driven Approach towards the Activity Awareness for Elderly Care

Bin Xiao, Theo Kanter, Rahim Rahmani
2015 International Journal of Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering  
for intelligent system response.  ...  With the OPL, systems can directly target at the changing situations by rule-based inferring.  ...  This research is supported by the European Union founded research project -Smart Assisted Living Involving Informal Care Givers (Salig++), which targets at supporting the self-care and informal care for  ... 
doi:10.14257/ijmue.2015.10.4.04 fatcat:fa3v65qhknasrdbsaxrgtpx3l4

A Hands-on Project for Teaching Semantic Web Technologies in an Undergraduate AI Course

Neli P. Zlatareva
2021 Journal of Machine Intelligence and Data Science  
Use OWL and SWRL to compare descriptive and rule-based reasoning frameworks and show how their integration can improve the efficiency and the semantic adequacy of applications; 5.)  ...  Introduce students to Semantic Web technologies and tools such as ontology editor Protégé, Web Ontology Language (OWL), Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL), and query language SPARQL; 3.)  ...  When Drools is called, all OWL axioms and SWRL rules are transferred to the rule engine for processing and all inferred axioms are transferred back to OWL.  ... 
doi:10.11159/jmids.2021.001 fatcat:nsbnhle4vzdnbopsp6ejawb2nu

Ontology Evaluation through Assessment of Inferred Statements: Study of a Prototypical Implementation of an Ontology Questionnaire for OWL DL Ontologies [chapter]

Viktoria Pammer, Stefanie Lindstaedt
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We study this process by means of a prototypical implementation for OWL DL ontologies, called ontology questionnaire, and discuss support for dealing with unwanted inferences based on experiences with  ...  Both inferred statements and the originally explicated ontology were presented as such lists.  ...  For reasoning, the ontology questionnaire accesses the open-source OWL DL reasoner Pellet [17, 21] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-10488-6_38 fatcat:tebkoo33w5bh7gmaesz7nlyp54

Ontology driven integration platform for clinical and translational research

Parsa Mirhaji, Min Zhu, Mattew Vagnoni, Elmer V Bernstam, Jiajie Zhang, Jack W Smith
2009 BMC Bioinformatics  
We utilize the Semantic Web technologies not only for integrating, repurposing and classification of multi-source clinical data, but also to construct a distributed environment for information sharing,  ...  Semantic Web technologies offer a promising framework for integration of disparate biomedical data.  ...  A reasoner can then infer correspondence between OWL concepts or SKOS concepts from multiple source vocabularies using transitive and functional attributes of the properties (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2105-10-s2-s2 pmid:19208190 pmcid:PMC2646248 fatcat:tepk3vcpknaa5fnyrjt3ln4h6a

Description Logics and Rules for Multimodal Situational Awareness in Healthcare [chapter]

Georgios Meditskos, Stefanos Vrochidis, Ioannis Kompatsiaris
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We present a framework for semantic situation understanding and interpretation of multimodal data using Description Logics (DL) and rules.  ...  Both background knowledge and multimodal data, e.g. language analysis results, facial expressions and gestures recognized from multimedia streams, are captured in terms of OWL 2 ontology axioms, the de  ...  The logic to derive such inferences is beyond the expressivity provided by OWL 2. In this case, SFF uses a fusion rule to resolve this ambiguity.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-51811-4_58 fatcat:h7w4gtciabd6xjhdoimvdgwwdq

Extending Owl Ontologies By Cartesian Types To Represent N-Ary Relations In Natural Language

Hans Ulrich Krieger, Christian Willms
2015 Zenodo  
In order to address non-binary relations directly, ontologies must be extended by Cartesian types, ultimately leading to an extension of the standard entailment rules for RDFS and OWL.  ...  Additional arguments for representing, e.g., valid time, grading, uncertainty, negation, trust, sentiment, or additional verb roles (for ditransitive verbs and adjuncts) are often better modeled in relation  ...  The authors have profited from discussions with our colleague Bernd Kiefer and would like to thank the three reviewers for their suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.166687 fatcat:ivbbcev4bzag3kpx2bo6srtwca

Querying and reasoning over large scale building data sets

Pieter Pauwels, Tarcisio Mendes de Farias, Chi Zhang, Ana Roxin, Jakob Beetz, Jos De Roo
2016 Proceedings of the International Workshop on Semantic Big Data - SBD '16  
In this article, we therefore present a set of available sample data that explicates the scale of the situation, and we additionally perform a query and reasoning performance benchmark.  ...  Yet, hardly any benchmark is available for this industry that (1) gives an overview of the kind of data typically handled in this domain; and (2) that lists the query and reasoning performance results  ...  For Q1 and Q2, the inference engine thus still needs to process the rules at query execution time.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2928294.2928303 dblp:conf/sigmod/PauwelsFZRBR16 fatcat:jnwohmbr3jcs5c56ssym453nxe
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