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Application of Electrodialysis Process for Reduction of Electrical Conductivity and COD of Water Contaminated By Composting Leachate

Nazila Parsa, Golnoosh Khajouei, Mohammadali Masigol, Hasti Hasheminejad, Ahmad Moheb
2018 Civil Engineering Journal  
Along with evaluation of ED method for desalination, the possibility of the process for COD (chemical oxygen demand) removal was also studied.  ...  Increasing of the applied voltage and decrease of feed concentration enhanced the reduction of EC and improved the COD removal from the sample.  ...  Also, because of not very high COD reduction efficiency (50%) obtained with electrofenton method, along with EC, COD reduction during ED process was evaluated.  ... 
doi:10.28991/cej-0309154 fatcat:s6pod3gcszej7gzqxkoddcycja

Research Trend of Friction Loss Reduction in Internal Combustion Engines

Yuji Mihara
2017 Tribology Online  
In this study, the trend of power sources analyzed by the IEA, prediction of the reduction in the coefficient of friction in automobiles by the European research center, and the concepts of each engine  ...  The application of these conditions generates high seizure resistance as well. Many research and evaluation studies have been performed using the single cylinder floating liner engine method.  ...  A case of engine tribology study by SIP Method of evaluation of friction loss in the piston-cylinder system Taking the friction loss reduction of a piston-cylinder system [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] ,  ... 
doi:10.2474/trol.12.82 fatcat:pbhadj6n4jgrhpbcxddmqirm6u

Network reconfiguration to improve reliability and efficiency in distribution systems

R. M. Vitorino, L. P. Neves, H. M. Jorge
2009 2009 IEEE Bucharest PowerTech  
branches), defined by a decision agent.  ...  % and TEND reduction of 2.6 %.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ptc.2009.5281806 fatcat:3jgm6bzjqzbrxpbyjj4bn35dw4

18 Tools Used and Needed in the Gilt Pool

Robert V Knox
2022 Journal of Animal Science  
Evaluation of the quality of the stimuli applied from the boar and technician should advance from subjective toward precision.  ...  Effective methods are needed to help producers in gilt selection, evaluation of stimulation, reproductive status diagnosis, and impact of nutrition and environment.  ...  Evaluation of the quality of the stimuli applied from the boar and techni- cian should advance from subjective toward precision.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jas/skac064.013 fatcat:r2dwhludcvgoxkvn5i4c67dggu

Evaluating the Sustainable Intensification of arable farms

Yiorgos Gadanakis, Richard Bennett, Julian Park, Francisco Jose Areal
2015 Journal of Environmental Management  
pressures generated by farming systems in an aggregated index of Eco-Efficiency.  ...  Based on the method introduced by Kuosmanen and Kortelainen (2005) , we use an adapted Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to consider the substitution possibilities between economic value and environmental  ...  Acknowledgments The authors wish to thank the University of Reading for funding this research and also the Agriculture, Food and Investigation Team of the University of Reading for providing technical  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.10.005 pmid:25527988 fatcat:7m3djeyl6femngxh3frzq5hmvi

Efficient evaluation of performance-based earthquake engineering equations

Brendon A. Bradley, Dominic S. Lee, Robert Broughton, Christopher Price
2009 Structural Safety  
MAQ allows efficient integration over the entire integration domain and requires only an error tolerance and maximum number of function evaluations to be specified.  ...  In this paper attention is given to the efficient numerical evaluation of the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER) performance-based earthquake engineering framework equations.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Financial support of the first author by the New Zealand Tertiary Education Commission is greatly appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.strusafe.2008.03.003 fatcat:xakwso43dbc6rhm47us4jgfzvy

Employing acclimated activated sludge for biological treatment of leather manufacturing wastewater containing high dimethylamine (DMA) concentrations

Forough Mehravaran, Narges Fallah, Leila Davarpanah
As well as the reduction of organic compounds in a combined AAA process was also evaluated. Using pre-. acclimated activated sludge and DMA removal followed the order aerobic > anoxic > anaerobic.  ...  In this study, the treatment of real wastewater containing high concentration of DMA by activated sludge under aerobic and anaerobic conditions was investigated.  ...  As well as the reduction of organic compounds in a combined AAA process was also evaluated. Using pre-. acclimated activated sludge and DMA removal followed the order aerobic > anoxic > anaerobic.  ... 
doi:10.5004/dwt.2020.26400 fatcat:dkvqagywdfcddcbt56uvlunbfi

Methods to Assess Economic Loss while Implementing Energy Saving Programs in Oil-Production Enterprises

Sh.M. Valitov, G.F. Mingaleev, N.R. Khadeev, N.V. Antonova
2015 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
It is essential to take into account the peculiarities of the economic efficiency of the set of energy-saving measures which are determined by the specific character of energy efficiency at different stages  ...  system of energy-saving efficiency in oil sector.  ...  Therefore, the proposed method allows us to ignore subjectivity factor, inherent to the widely used Delphi approach (expert evaluation method).  ... 
doi:10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n3p766 fatcat:n5i4rwerrbhwtp4s3e5itodg6u

The Compliance Challenges in Emissions Control Regulations to Reduce Air Pollution from Shipping

Khanh Q. Bui, Lokukaluge P. Perera
2019 OCEANS 2019 - Marseille  
One of the thorny problems perplexing the maritime industry is to comply with existing and soon-to-be-enacted regulations towards emissions reduction from shipping.  ...  In the section of the marine engine efficiency, the fundamental laws of thermodynamics in relation to a Carnot cycle/heat engine have been illustrated to show the maximum efficiency that an engine can  ...  The fuzzy set theory was incorporated in above decision-making process to expresses the human preferences towards factors and alternatives evaluation by means of linguistics variables and fuzzy numbers  ... 
doi:10.1109/oceanse.2019.8867420 fatcat:i6ihun7vyzbbdbbsq62rkuuw5e

Highly Dispersed Co Nanoparticles Prepared by an Improved Method for Plasma-Driven NH3 Decomposition to Produce H2

Li Wang, YanHui Yi, HongChen Guo, XiaoMin Du, Bin Zhu, YiMin Zhu
2019 Catalysts  
Compared with the activity of the catalyst prepared by a conventional method, the conversion of NH3 significantly increased by 47% when Co/fumed SiO2 was prepared by the improved method, and the energy  ...  efficiency of H2 production increased from 2.3 to 5.7 mol(kW·h)−1 as well.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/catal9020107 fatcat:6xzzoyomzfh5jblsdwx7h7k6bu

Green ICT toward Low Carbon Society [chapter]

Yasuyuki Sugiyama
2012 Design for Innovative Value Towards a Sustainable Society  
of resources and energy." resources and energy."  ...  communication technology is mankind's first technology in hnology in which increased benefits are not proportional to the consumption which increased benefits are not proportional to the consumption of  ...  impact reduction using ICT Environmental impact reduction using ICT More efficient usage of space More efficient usage of space Digitization of materials Digitization of materials NTT Group Environmental  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-3010-6_149 fatcat:o23rsxo7k5f73prctwfvlrpy3u

Towards a Method for Reducing the Test Suites of Database Applications

Gregory M. Kapfhammer
2012 2012 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation  
This paper describes and empirically evaluates a test suite reduction technique that improves the efficiency of regression testing for database applications by removing redundant tests.  ...  These empirical outcomes suggest that test suite reduction is a viable method for controlling the costs associated with testing rapidly-evolving database applications.  ...  Even though these suites are small and normally execute in seconds, they serve as a useful step towards empirically evaluating database-aware test suite reduction.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icst.2012.206 dblp:conf/icst/Kapfhammer12 fatcat:wmc2ynu3ffaujkcn7mui72jfba

Renewable energy integration in smart grids-multicriteria assessment using the fuzzy analytical hierarchy process

2015 Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences  
Possible benefits brought by renewable sources integration are evaluated by the degree of the approach to the ideal smart grid.  ...  Unlike the traditional way of efficiency assessment of renewable energy sources integration, the smart grid concept is introducing new goals and objectives regarding increased use of renewable electricity  ...  Acknowledgment This work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia under Grant III 42006 and Grant III 44006.  ... 
doi:10.3906/elk-1404-287 fatcat:y5ehp2zmvbf3xfibt5yjr25qiq

Roadmap to sustainable warehouse

Magdalena Malinowska, Andrzej Rzeczycki, Mariusz Sowa, O. Dębicka, W. Rogula-Kozłowska, P. Rogula-Kopiec
2018 SHS Web of Conferences  
Heading towards sustainable logistic is a popular tendency. However it is widely discussed in case of supply chain, there are many studies concerning warehouse and warehousing.  ...  The purpose of this model is to provide policy-makers insights to identify actual state of warehouse in a company and perspectives of its development.  ...  Office of the Federal Environmental Executive defines a green building as a practice to increase the efficiency of energy, water and materials use by buildings and a reduction of the negative impact of  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20185701028 fatcat:nqe2cb4mpbcl5gurgpt5tkcofy

An Epidemiological Study on the Selection, Usage and Disposal of Dental Burs among The Dental Practioner's

Sumeet Sharma
2014 Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research  
Aim: The purpose of this cross sectional study was to understand and evaluate local practioner's knowledge on dental bur selection, its usage, sterilization procedures undertaken and the method of disposal  ...  These questionnairess were sent to all the local practioner's by mail and to ensure a high response rate as they were followed up by telephone calls.  ...  In our survey most of the practioner`s showed a positive affinity towards the diamond burs followed by the tungsten carbide burs for tooth reduction.  ... 
doi:10.7860/jcdr/2014/5916.3946 pmid:24596788 pmcid:PMC3939566 fatcat:a4foxlwgdneztjbce47xem3pdu
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