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Towards Dark Jargon Interpretation in Underground Forums [article]

Dominic Seyler and Wei Liu and XiaoFeng Wang and ChengXiang Zhai
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Using manual evaluation, we show that our method is able to detect dark jargons in a real-world underground forum dataset.  ...  For example, the dark term "rat" is often used in lieu of "Remote Access Trojan". In this work we present a novel method towards automatically identifying and interpreting dark jargons.  ...  Further we develop novel methodology to find dark jargon words in underground forums automatically using the difference in word distributions.  ... 
arXiv:2011.03011v2 fatcat:wkhdwf2ca5hz3hdlnwsba552ry

Reading Thieves' Cant: Automatically Identifying and Understanding Dark Jargons from Cybercrime Marketplaces

Kan Yuan, Haoran Lu, Xiaojing Liao, XiaoFeng Wang
2018 USENIX Security Symposium  
This work is supported in part by the NSF 1408874, 1527141, 1618493 and ARO W911NF1610127.  ...  Figure 1 presents some dark jargons and their semantics in the underground forums Silk Road and Darkode.  ...  In addition, we observe the number of the communication traces in-creases rapidly in all underground forums, which makes manual semantic analysis increasingly difficult. Dark jargon.  ... 
dblp:conf/uss/YuanLL018 fatcat:n7y72kvzbrgormu23gtmfmvrg4

On the Dark Side: Gothic Play and Performance in a Virtual World

Mikael Johnson, Tanja Sihvonen
2009 Journal of Virtual Worlds Research  
In addition to analyzing the aesthetics of the environment and its player characters, the authors seek to ask how gothic players figure in its appropriation and redevelopment.  ...  Countercultural player activities, such as playing goth in Habbo, are often treated as disruption, but here it will be argued that gothic players are in fact rather resourceful and productive members of  ...  We argue that a more fruitful approach to gothic would be interpreting it rather in the vein of "harnessing the dark forces in an ironic spirit," and hereby we follow writers like Gavin Baddeley (2006  ... 
doi:10.4101/jvwr.v1i3.368 fatcat:jp5a2pcgdjcwvcdexkiu763fja

The "Reconciliation vessel" within de I–Ching book: Theoretical methodological analysis of its relevant hexagrams

AdriánÁngel Inchauspe
2018 Journal of Acute Disease  
In the medical Emergency jargon, both sudden death and cardiac arrest are usually used as synonyms.  ...  According to Wilhelm, life energy represented here by Thunder -is still underground during the winter.  ... 
doi:10.4103/2221-6189.233013 fatcat:u3w5obwhtfdppjoesz5hhkyff4

Beyond Hibernation: Ralph Ellison's 1982 Version of Invisible Man

Steven Marx
1989 Black American Literature Forum  
For a full discussion of the relationships between autobiography and fiction in the earlier edition of Invisible Man, see Vauthier. sThe ambiguity of the novel's ending is evidenced in the range of interpretations  ...  Then, in cutting loose and casting himself afloat in the "destructive element"-during the riot as Rinehart and as Jack the Bear in hibemation-, he accepts the chaos of society and the darkness of his own  ... 
doi:10.2307/2904097 fatcat:tn3ovctfkbhbjclpzjlxfpqqwe

A Journal of Nonprofit Policy

Dennis R Young
2010 Nonprofit Policy Forum  
The purpose of Nonprofit Policy Forum is to provide such a channel. Several key areas of public policy compose the broad agenda for this journal.  ...  as a significant factor in policy change.  ...  Increasing demand for illegal drugs in the U.S. fosters the underground economy in Mexico and spills over into anti-immigrant sentiment in bordering U.S. states.  ... 
doi:10.2202/2154-3348.1001 fatcat:yzoxepcgt5erdilairofpejaoa

Gendered Images of us and Them in Anti-Islamic Facebook Groups

Katrine Fangen
2020 Politics, Religion & Ideology  
Humour, emotions and jargon contribute to building a group atmosphere of xenophobia.  ...  A key aspect of this situation is the prominence of gender images in the construction of 'us and them' distinctions in arguments against Muslims and Islam.  ...  In addition, her research has focused more broadly on nationalism and national identity, right wing populism, migration, and qualitative methodology.  ... 
doi:10.1080/21567689.2020.1851872 fatcat:ba5xppkkvfc2toxlytitjlvr24

On Naples, 1878-1884: Six Translations

Matilde Serao
2012 California Italian Studies  
An underground rumble will begin to make windowpanes quiver throughout the city; three glowing ribbons of lava will flow down the mountain's flanks; the dark sky will redden, and the sea-floor will look  ...  smoke reveals what is happening deep underground.  ... 
doi:10.5070/c331014954 fatcat:bfng3alq7bctfl22q54rb7zthe

التناص والمحاکاة والروایة الأکادیمیة : دراسة مقارنة للحقیقة وما وراء الحقیقة فی روایات "نعم العمل"لدیفید لودج و "جالاتیا 2.2" لریتشارد بورز و"قراءة لولیتا فی طهران"لآذار نفیسی

أیمان الملیجى
2013 حولیات کلیة الآداب.جامعة عین شمس  
genre and in campus life as a whole.  ...  Indeed, intertextuality is the main technique used in the three novels to foreground the academy life and literature, in other words, hyperreality and the simulacrum, evident in the academy novel as a  ...  The first book they discussed in their literary forum was The Arabian Nights.  ... 
doi:10.21608/aafu.2013.6166 fatcat:s7q5v5d4zvbx3hgchetywkoije

"Is it banned? Is it illegal?": Navigating Western Australia's regulatory environment for e-cigarettes

Kahlia McCausland, Bruce Maycock, Tama Leaver, Katharina Wolf, Becky Freeman, Jonine Jancey
2021 International journal of drug policy  
In Australia, there is no Federal legislation that directly applies to e-cigarettes, instead, several existing laws relating to poisons, therapeutic goods and tobacco control apply.  ...  Western Australia differs from other Australian States and Territories in that products which resemble tobacco products are banned, effectively prohibiting the use of e-cigarettes.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103177 pmid:33713966 fatcat:rlvu3fal65du3mysmxagtlg4y4

Self-Supervised Euphemism Detection and Identification for Content Moderation [article]

Wanzheng Zhu, Hongyu Gong, Rohan Bansal, Zachary Weinberg, Nicolas Christin, Giulia Fanti, Suma Bhat
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In the arms race between content moderators and policy evaders, our algorithms may help shift the balance in the direction of the moderators.  ...  Compared to the existing state of the art, which uses context-free word embeddings, our algorithm for detecting euphemisms achieves 30-400% higher detection accuracies of unlabeled euphemisms in a text  ...  CantReader [9] aims to automatically identify "dark jargon" from cybercrime marketplaces.  ... 
arXiv:2103.16808v1 fatcat:z44viumb25bxdmdyr66gfoxipu

English 'on top': discourse functions of English resources in the German mediascape

Jannis Androutsopoulos
2013 Sociolinguistic Studies  
Most research on English in European media tends to focus on either "Anglicisms" (lexical borrowings) or the use of English as default language in domains such as corporate communications and advertising  ...  It outlines a pattern of national language/English bilingualism (also related to minimal and/or truncated bilingualism), in which English is positioned as a complementary code, used in addition to ('on  ...  We return to the co-occurrence of different types of English material in Section 6. 'Gaming in the dark is not your thing?'  ... 
doi:10.1558/sols.v6i2.209 fatcat:nbeder5mjjeqdejs5hqz3b77ci

Distanciamientos comprometidos: el camp y la subjetividad homosexual

Alberto Mira
2021 Estudios LGBTIQ+, Comunicación y Cultura  
This points towards an important feature of camp. These authors and the camp participants in Mommie Dearest forums do not read the texts literally.  ...  the same as "pluma" in Spanish jargon....  ... 
doi:10.5209/eslg.75522 fatcat:wjppf2gxobfj5dw6mc5hwe75ji

Evolutionary Political Economy: Content and Methods

Hardy Hanappi, Manuel Scholz-Wäckerle
2017 Forum for Social Economics  
In particular, demarcation lines towards some fashionable economic schools (institutionalism, behavioural economics, post-Keynesianism, etc.) are indicated.  ...  In this paper we present the major theoretical and methodological pillars of evolutionary political economy. We proceed in four steps.  ...  If a blueprintthe vision of a better global societyis not available in time and this blueprint cannot guide the way of class dynamics towards this vision, then it might well be that the species meets a  ... 
doi:10.1080/07360932.2017.1287748 fatcat:4sd7623i5jcerbwk7sith3lcui

Technical Report – Expected Exploitability: Predicting the Development of Functional Vulnerability Exploits [article]

Octavian Suciu, Connor Nelson, Zhuoer Lyu, Tiffany Bao, Tudor Dumitras
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We characterize the noise-generating process for exploit prediction, showing that our problem is subject to the most challenging type of label noise, and propose techniques to learn EE in the presence  ...  While our results do not align with the DarkEmbed work finding that paragraph embeddings outperform simpler features, we note that Dark-Embed is primarily using posts from underground forums, which the  ...  by monitoring Twitter A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Allodi [1] calculated the likelihood of observing exploits in the wild after they are traded in underground forums.  ... 
arXiv:2102.07869v2 fatcat:rzac73cnlrf6vcjtq3kc5anocq
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