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Emotional Interaction between Artificial Companion Agents and the Elderly [article]

Xinjia Yu
2016 arXiv   pre-print
This model aims to use role as a key concept to analyse the demands from the elderly for functionalities from an emotional perspective in artificial companion agent designs and technologies.  ...  To address these functional research problems, we attempt to establish a model to guide artificial companion designers to meet the emotional needs of the elderly through fulfilling absent roles in their  ...  Past research works have shown that emotion can have a powerful impact on behavior and beliefs(Marsella and Gratch, 2002).Thus, it is important for virtual companions to be able to exhibit proper emotional  ... 
arXiv:1601.05561v2 fatcat:ujrptpf66rbdhpzhfndpzo2miu

Robot games for elderly

Søren Tranberg Hansen
2011 Proceedings of the 6th international conference on Human-robot interaction - HRI '11  
Hopefully the academic community can gain inspiration in how autonomous games based on a mobile robots can be used as an activity for elderly and potentially be used for mobility training.  ...  [181] , [259] and [74] which all explore the use of mobile robots in game activity for elderly.  ...  The method is tested in experiments that demonstrate the potential of the combined pose estimation and adaptive behaviour approach.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1957656.1957808 dblp:conf/hri/Hansen11 fatcat:nbai3ephijc77lia2smnnaiv7e

Synchrony and Reciprocity: Key Mechanisms for Social Companion Robots in Therapy and Care

Tamara Lorenz, Astrid Weiss, Sandra Hirche
2015 International Journal of Social Robotics  
In this article we argue that synchrony and reciprocity are two key mechanisms of human interaction which affect both in the behavioral level (movements) and in the social level (relationships).  ...  We give an overview on the two concepts ranging from a social neuroscience over a behavioral towards a sociological perspective and argue that both concepts affect each other and are up to now only marginally  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in parts by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ 2007-2013) through the ERC Starting Grant "Con-Humo" under grant agreement No. 337654 and "Hobbit  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-015-0325-8 fatcat:tojn56dccjdhxfbgtxb7ep6vca

Now All Together: Overview of Virtual Health Assistants Emulating Face-to-Face Health Interview Experience

Christine Lisetti, Reza Amini, Ugan Yasavur
2015 Künstliche Intelligenz  
We discuss a large research project aimed at building socially expressive virtual health agents or assistants (VHA) that can deliver brief motivational interventions (BMI) for behavior change, in a communication  ...  We discuss the advantages that VHAs provide for the delivery of health interventions.  ...  (e.g. 2D cartoon characters might be more engaging for children than photorealistic 3D characters; photorealistic 3D characters might confuse elderly); ensuring that the level of social realism achieved  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13218-015-0357-0 fatcat:berip5xd7janbfhli6i3ivmefq

Brave new world: service robots in the frontline

Jochen Wirtz, Paul G. Patterson, Werner H. Kunz, Thorsten Gruber, Vinh Nhat Lu, Stefanie Paluch, Antje Martins
2018 Journal of Service Management  
The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential role service robots will play in the future and to advance a research agenda for service researchers.  ...  Originality/value -This is the first conceptual paper that systematically examines key dimensions of robot-delivered frontline service and explores how these will differ in the future.  ...  Finally, the authors thank Pascal Bornet for presenting McKinsey and Company's approach and current projects on robotics and AI in service delivery and discussing the ideas with the authors (Singapore,  ... 
doi:10.1108/josm-04-2018-0119 fatcat:wzeqngxz2jbk7cczfh2sqtcipe

Learning to be human with sociable robots

Dennis M. Weiss
2020 Paladyn: Journal of Behavioral Robotics  
Drawing on an analysis of the television as our first relational artifact and on the AMC television show Humans, this essay argues that in order to intervene in this debate we need a multimediated theory  ...  Breazeal's work on sociable robots suggests that these technological artifacts will be human helpmates and sociable companions.  ...  And in highlighting Sophie's and Sam's learning to be human, Humans serves to remind us that humanity is an achievement, that it is an achievement that takes place in the home, and that it is an achievement  ... 
doi:10.1515/pjbr-2020-0002 fatcat:fqx3jnkr5nhejmp3a34biuscga

A Framework of Smart-Home Service for Elderly's Biophilic Experience

Eun Ji Lee, Sung Jun Park
2020 Sustainability  
It is crucial in the housing industry that support "Aging in Place", contributing to the contact, control, and simulation of nature at home as well as the creation of a high-quality living space instead  ...  This study presents a theoretical basis for combining biophilia and smart-home technology, providing a framework for smart-home services to ensure elderly residents can have biophilic experiences.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12208572 fatcat:sffougmklbfnhbaxqxfp45ymxi

Report from the NSF Future Directions Workshop, Toward User-Oriented Agents: Research Directions and Challenges [article]

Maxine Eskenazi, Tiancheng Zhao
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This USER Workshop was convened with the goal of defining future research directions for the burgeoning intelligent agent research community and to communicate them to the National Science Foundation.  ...  In the breakout sessions that followed, the participants defined the main research areas within the domain of intelligent agents and they discussed the major future directions that the research in each  ...  , TV sets) and as social robots (e.g. companions for the elderly, tutors for children and support for doctors).  ... 
arXiv:2006.06026v1 fatcat:h2hbe4cr6vajvca4oqkfrmf5oa

Designing emotionally sentient agents

Daniel McDuff, Mary Czerwinski
2018 Communications of the ACM  
The field of affective computing studies and develops real systems that sense, interpret, adapt to and potentially convey human emotions. How should one design such a system for societal acceptance?  ...  From R2-D2's bleeps and chirps to the complex relationship between Theodore and Samantha in the motion picture Her, science fiction has long realized the power that emotions play in our interactions with  ...  In addition, robot companions may be viewed more positively if they emulate situationally-appropriate social behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3186591 fatcat:gmnohfeuejhnreppnwuxuie22q

Beyond Pets: Exploring Relational Perspectives of Petness

Jen Wrye
2009 Canadian journal of sociology  
Considerable work has considered the place of pets in humans' lives, although most of this research takes for granted that pets are certain animals.  ...  Using the example of virtual pets I will argue that there is no essential 'petness' to anything and that petness is a social construct.  ...  In addition, accounting for the socially constructed relation of petness is an attempt to explore the way in which entities become the focus of personal human interest.  ... 
doi:10.29173/cjs4110 fatcat:2xwpqbxjznbsjg2n67j2lygfvy

Animal-assisted interventions in mental health [chapter]

Katherine A. Kruger, James A. Serpell
2010 Handbook on Animal-Assisted Therapy  
With that objective in mind, the goals of this chapter are to clarify the distinction between therapy and other assistive or recreational uses of animals and then to explore some of the theories that underlie  ...  However, if the field is to move beyond its fringe status, it must begin to follow the path taken by other alternative and complementary therapies (e.g., acupuncture, chiropractic) that have established  ...  In the absence of such research, and despite the many potential benefits that have been advanced in the AAI literature, the scientific and medical communities will continue to assume little or no long-term  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-381453-1.10003-0 fatcat:4xnc3wwocja57lt5lwhyqheezy

Conversational gaze mechanisms for humanlike robots

Bilge Mutlu, Takayuki Kanda, Jodi Forlizzi, Jessica Hodgins, Hiroshi Ishiguro
2012 ACM transactions on interactive intelligent systems (TiiS)  
The current work investigates people's use of key conversational gaze mechanisms, how they might be designed for and implemented in humanlike robots, and whether these signals effectively shape human-robot  ...  During conversations, speakers employ a number of verbal and nonverbal mechanisms to establish who participates in the conversation, when, and in what capacity.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank Sara Kiesler for her guidance in experimental design, Toshiyuki Shiwa for his help with data coding and the execution of the experimental evaluation, Laurel Bancroft  ... 
doi:10.1145/2070719.2070725 fatcat:wsl6ztl6efan5j35i2t52olrii

Effectiveness of an Empathic Chatbot in Combating Adverse Effects of Social Exclusion on Mood

Mauro de Gennaro, Eva G. Krumhuber, Gale Lucas
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
In the present study, we examined whether an empathic chatbot can serve as a buffer against the adverse effects of social ostracism.  ...  ., "I'm sorry that this happened to you") or a control condition where their responses were merely acknowledged (e.g., "Thank you for your feedback").  ...  Much of this work has focused on robotic companions for the elderly.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.03061 pmid:32038415 pmcid:PMC6989433 fatcat:3dlmhmxykbgoro6a3453uqenm4

Passive Brain-Computer Interfaces for Enhanced Human-Robot Interaction

Maryam Alimardani, Kazuo Hiraki
2020 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
This work intends to inform HRI community of the opportunities offered by passive BCI systems for enhancement of human-robot interaction while recognizing potential pitfalls.  ...  Particularly in the field of robotics, passive BCIs provide a promising channel for prediction of user's cognitive and affective state for development of a user-adaptive interaction.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS MA wrote the manuscript with subsequent input from KH. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2020.00125 pmid:33501291 pmcid:PMC7805996 fatcat:6y3m5wdylbdw5jmjyag5bqjvqi

Engagement in Human-Agent Interaction: An Overview

Catharine Oertel, Ginevra Castellano, Mohamed Chetouani, Jauwairia Nasir, Mohammad Obaid, Catherine Pelachaud, Christopher Peters
2020 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
Engagement is a concept of the utmost importance in human-computer interaction, not only for informing the design and implementation of interfaces, but also for enabling more sophisticated interfaces capable  ...  Engagement has been studied not only in human-human, but also in human-agent interactions i.e., interactions with physical robots and embodied virtual agents.  ...  A robot displaying adaptive behaviors to students' behaviors improved their recall abilities. For female students, their motivation in the education task and rapport with the robot.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2020.00092 pmid:33501259 pmcid:PMC7806067 fatcat:zdvt343f55a33l7bo33zwr7ta4
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