Filters








1,341 Hits in 11.5 sec

Toward a Calculus of Redundancy: The feedback arrow of expectations in knowledge-based systems [article]

Loet Leydesdorff, Mark W. Johnson, Inga Ivanova
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The redundancy of possible meanings contributes to a codification of expectations within the discourse. Unlike hard-wired DNA, the codes of non-biological systems can co-evolve with the variations.  ...  A calculus of redundancy is presented as an indicator whereby these dynamics of discourse and meaning may be explored empirically.  ...  Our programmatic analysis-"Towards a Calculus of Redundancy"-is limited since bottom-up: relevant elements for developing the perspective have been brought together.  ... 
arXiv:1701.02455v2 fatcat:faevyeecpvh3pic2t7zxejtv54

Towards a Calculus of Redundancy [chapter]

Loet Leydesdorff
2021 Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Scientific and Scholarly Communication  
Following Weaver (1949), three layers are distinguished operating in relation to one another: (i) at level A, the events are sequenced historically along the arrow of time, generating Shannon-type information  ...  Overlapping perspectives can generate redundancies—that is, new options—as a result of synergies.  ...  of Redundancy Towards a Calculus of Redundancy  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-59951-5_4 fatcat:urqtqz4765hufgqvi6alplzbj4

Mutual Redundancies in Inter-human Communication Systems: Steps Towards a Calculus of Processing Meaning [article]

Loet Leydesdorff, Inga A. Ivanova
2013 arXiv   pre-print
The information is redundant because based on "pure sets," that is, without subtraction of mutual information in the overlaps.  ...  Luhmann's "functional (sub)systems" of expectations or Giddens' "rule-resource sets" are positioned mutually, but coupled operationally in events or "instantiated" in actions.  ...  The feedback can then also become a feed-forward to other possible meanings because redundancy (the number of options) can be proliferated faster than (Shannon-type) information, for example, in knowledge-based  ... 
arXiv:1301.6849v3 fatcat:nj26e6lafzfhjnlvakqjsdaydq

Quasi-Orthogonal Foliations of the Configuration Space: A Redundancy Resolution Approach at Position Level [article]

Alin Albu-Schäffer, Arne Sachtler
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Thus the approaches are inherently based on linear algebra tools. In this paper, we develop an approach to redundancy resolution and decoupling on position level.  ...  This usually renders the system kinematically redundant, i.e., the main manipulation or interaction task does not fully determine its maneuvers.  ...  Special thanks are also directed to Alexander Dietrich from the DLR for a very detailed feedback of this paper.  ... 
arXiv:2202.09869v3 fatcat:2peur7koongtzhfpiaxjeno7x4

The Evolutionary Dynamics of Expectations: Interactions among Codes in Inter-Human Communications

Loet Leydesdorff, Franz Hoegl
2020 Social Science Research Network  
New options can be a synergetic effect of interactions among codes in the communication and serve as sources of wealth in a knowledge-based economy.  ...  Information theory and the theory of anticipatory systems can be used for the elaboration of operations against the arrow of time.  ...  ., institutional) conditions, the feedback arrow from res cogitans on the development of extensa can generate redundancies and therefore ranges of options which can serve as sources of wealth in a knowledge-based  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3625512 fatcat:jg3h7b7eejezvmbclrxwwnzsca

Knowledge-Based Innovations and Social Coordination [chapter]

Loet Leydesdorff
2021 Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Scientific and Scholarly Communication  
A calculus of redundancy different from and complementary to information calculus is envisaged.  ...  An increasing number of options is crucial for the viability of innovation systems more than is past performance.  ...  However, the feedback of a hyper-cycle operates against the arrow of time: the expected state at a next moment of time (t + t) incurs on the carrying cycles.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-59951-5_1 fatcat:6f2aothjiff5fevyw6kkkfb3ay

Cultural and Biological Evolution [chapter]

Loet Leydesdorff
2021 Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Scientific and Scholarly Communication  
The complexity of the communication evolves against the arrow of time in terms of interacting codes, which generate redundancies and therefore new options.  ...  Opposing this philosophy of science, I have argued in the above chapter that a second contingency of possible relations and expectations feeds back on the manifest relations.  ...  a Calculus of Redundancy In an email to the list of the American Cybernetics Society, Krippendorff (9 June 2010) distanced himself from systems theory as a theory of everything with roots in biology;  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-59951-5_10 fatcat:tjqmathdmreglkzvtetbcul24q

Anticipation and the Dynamics of Expectations [chapter]

Loet Leydesdorff
2021 Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Scientific and Scholarly Communication  
Whereas agent-based modelling (ABM) focuses on observable behavior, simulations based on algorithms developed in the theory and computation of anticipatory systems (CASYS) enable us to visualize the incursive  ...  The sciences can be considered as "strongly anticipatory" at this supra-individual level: expectations are discursively reconstructed in terms of next generations of expectations.  ...  The minus sign is needed in order to keep a calculus of redundancy consistent with the Shannon equations: redundancy is generated against the arrow of time (reflexively), whereas entropy is generated with  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-59951-5_8 fatcat:6kpii45gfnem3gjpclx7bdbnha

Subdynamics in Knowledge-Based Systems [chapter]

Loet Leydesdorff
2021 Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Scientific and Scholarly Communication  
The dynamics against the arrow of time are "cultural": they rest on codes as the pillars of discursive knowledge driven upward into horizons of meaning.  ...  A system of expectations is not alive, is not constrained by a life-cycle, and does not need to "exist" otherwise than as expectations.  ...  Subdynamics in Knowledge-Based Systems Subdynamics in Knowledge-Based Systems Subdynamics in Knowledge-Based Systems Subdynamics in Knowledge-Based Systems The system vanishes for b  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-59951-5_9 fatcat:ty65al5srreopkxz5pbzwkbfiu

Book Review: General systems theory: Mathematical foundations

Albert A. Mullin
1975 Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society  
Thus, a system becomes a set of sets (the notion of a relation being redundant) in, say, ZF set theory.  ...  These scientific investigations provide an interesting mixture of knowledge for its own sake and knowledge for the sake of commerce in the form of improved navigational techniques.  ...  E.g., the result seems to fail in case K is the monadic functional calculus of first order or K is the system of well-formed formulas in Skolem normal form for satisfiability in the pure first-order functional  ... 
doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1975-13900-0 fatcat:mgwjp3vvs5gvpoptde7cygpkku

Can Intellectual Processes in the Sciences Also Be Simulated? The Anticipation and Visualization of Possible Future States [article]

Loet Leydesdorff
2015 arXiv   pre-print
development of systems of expectations at the regime level, and the incursive instantiations of expectations in actions, organizations, and texts.  ...  ; and (iii) intellectually the sciences (disciplines, specialties) tend to self-organize as systems of rationalized expectations.  ...  Note that in terms of information theory, a feedback against the arrow of time would generate negative entropy or, in other words, redundancy.  ... 
arXiv:1504.04801v3 fatcat:mmao5o7qzjd25eckzklptpo5xe

Can intellectual processes in the sciences also be simulated? The anticipation and visualization of possible future states

Loet Leydesdorff
2015 Scientometrics  
of systems of expectations at the regime level, and the incursive instantiations of expectations in actions, organizations, and texts.  ...  ; and (3) intellectually the sciences (disciplines, specialties) tend to self-organize as systems of rationalized expectations.  ...  An initial version of this paper was presented at the workshop ''Simulating the Social Process of Science,'' April 7-11, 2014, at the Lorentz Center in Leiden.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11192-015-1630-6 pmid:26594074 pmcid:PMC4643109 fatcat:5a5pml4qcnbivfnya6q2fad2p4

Toward Self-Referential Autonomous Learning of Object and Situation Models

Florian Damerow, Andreas Knoblauch, Ursula Körner, Julian Eggert, Edgar Körner
2016 Cognitive Computation  
Here, we give a detailed description of a system architecture for self-referential autonomous learning which enables the refinement of object and situation models during operation in order to optimize  ...  Besides proposing architectural concepts, we also describe a first implementation of our system within a simulated traffic scenario to demonstrate the feasibility of our approach.  ...  Based on this principle of knowledge generation, we introduce a mechanism for structural learning to refine the existing knowledge base.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12559-016-9407-7 pmid:27563358 pmcid:PMC4981634 fatcat:ngyb3iagebdhliqluh67zfm3ta

Evolutionary Dynamics of Investors Expectations and Market Price Movement [article]

Inga Ivanova
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The paper presents a step forward into the development of the theory of meaning.  ...  This study focuses on the link between the dynamics of investors' expectations and market price movement.  ...  Acknowledgment The author is grateful to Loet Leydesdorff for his valuable comments on an earlier draft of this paper.  ... 
arXiv:1912.11216v5 fatcat:pfcjutyokbe7diqwzbloiawpqi

Model-Based Engineering for Avionics: Will Specification and Formal Verification e.g. Based on Broy's Streams Become Feasible?

Stefan Kriebel, Deni Raco, Bernhard Rumpe, Sebastian Stüber
2019 Software Engineering  
This could be another important step towards quicker development of highly safetycritical systems.  ...  This again raises the question, whether developing software the same way as we did the last 30 years is still appropriate, or in the times of much better formal methods and cheap and powerful computational  ...  of the corresponding refinement calculus from [8] .  ... 
dblp:conf/se/KriebelRRS19 fatcat:zna7toi2jzhjpa2oq425gmw52q
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 1,341 results