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Toward Human-Scale Brain Computing Using 3D Wafer Scale Integration

Arvind Kumar, Zhe Wan, Winfried W. Wilcke, Subramanian S. Iyer
2017 ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems  
We find that 3D wafer scale integration, combined with technologies nearing readiness, offers the potential for scaleup to a primate-scale brain, while further scaleup to a human-scale brain would require  ...  We propose that a compact and power-efficient path to a massive scaling up of this type of system can be achieved through the use of 3D wafer-scale integration (3D-WSI) .  ...  Yasanao Katayama, Toshi Kirihata, Dean Lewis, Pritish Narayanan, Ahmet Ozcan, Thomas Roewer, and Campbell Scott for stimulating discussions; Spike Narayan for management support; and Janus Marecki for the use  ... 
doi:10.1145/2976742 fatcat:vd7gpbaai5b4zk6uykuioptyh4

Transformational electronics: a powerful way to revolutionize our information world

Jhonathan P. Rojas, Galo A. Torres Sevilla, Mohamed T. Ghoneim, Aftab M. Hussain, Sally M. Ahmed, Joanna M. Nassar, Rabab R. Bahabry, Maha Nour, Arwa T. Kutbee, Ernesto Byas, Bidoor Al-Saif, Amal M. Alamri (+4 others)
2014 Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VI  
To achieve such lofty goals we have to mimic human brain, which is inarguably the world's most powerful and energy efficient computer.  ...  Therefore, it is imperative to overcome two integration challenges: (i) finding out a low-cost 3D IC fabrication process and (ii) foldable substrates creation with ultra-large-scale-integration of high  ...  We strongly believe this step will set the path towards foldable brain computation.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2050103 fatcat:lfepckeptjbw7iomblhevmobmy

Eurolab-4-HPC Long-Term Vision on High-Performance Computing [article]

Theo Ungerer, Paul Carpenter
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The US IEEE society wants to "reboot computing" and the HiPEAC Vision 2017 sees the time to "re-invent computing", both by challenging its basic assumptions.  ...  Radical changes in computing are foreseen for the next decade.  ...  Continuous CMOS scaling and 3D stacking are pointing towards increasingly complex hardware.  ... 
arXiv:1807.04521v1 fatcat:5neetrgubjhnvcajcktpkohrzq

Spatiotemporal Patterns in Neurobiology: An Overview for Future Artificial Intelligence [article]

Sean Knight, Navjot Gadda
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Thus we hope these studies will inform future developments in artificial intelligence algorithms as well as help validate our understanding of brain processes based on experiments in animals or humans.  ...  These computational approaches allow us to explore the impact of changing underlying mechanisms on resulting network function both experimentally as well as theoretically.  ...  PDNF Models Simulating Brain Connectivity Densities Using Computational Approaches Computational modeling studies have played an important role not only when examining cellular level features such as single  ... 
arXiv:2203.15415v2 fatcat:apgrca4n35f7jmrcmd5hfkehxa

Program Schedule - October 8, 2019 (Hotel Metropolitan Sendai)

2019 2019 International 3D Systems Integration Conference (3DIC)  
This high density 3D integration will pave the way towards new architectures, such as neuro-and bio-inspired applications, ultra-high density memory-computing cube and smarter mixed signal devices within  ...  Abstract: The human brain is a highly parallel asynchronous network composed of hundreds of billions of nodes with multi-layered structure.  ...  This concept has been extended to a chip-level and wafer-level 3D integration using TSV in 1989.  ... 
doi:10.1109/3dic48104.2019.9058792 fatcat:6kz54ru5uzdbzeecpentkxprqe

Imitating the brain with neurocomputer a "new" way towards artificial general intelligence

Tie-Jun Huang
2017 International Journal of Automation and Computing  
However, this is not correct for AGI, because to understand the principle of the brain intelligence is one of the most difficult challenges for our human beings.  ...  This may be correct to implement specific intelligence such as computing, symbolic logic, or what the AlphaGo could do.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11633-017-1082-y fatcat:ud4zci4i6bfl5iindwuq7cf3ku

Artificial neural networks enabled by nanophotonics

Qiming Zhang, Haoyi Yu, Martina Barbiero, Baokai Wang, Min Gu
2019 Light: Science & Applications  
features of human neural networks.  ...  The growing demands of brain science and artificial intelligence create an urgent need for the development of artificial neural networks (ANNs) that can mimic the structural, functional and biological  ...  However, BNNs in the human brain possess extraordinary connectivity and complexity from the millimetre-scale down to a scale of several nanometres in 3D, which include the microscale of single neurons  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41377-019-0151-0 pmid:31098012 pmcid:PMC6504946 fatcat:72lf4ox6mjaizms6qchn2jz6b4

Large-Scale Neuromorphic Spiking Array Processors: A quest to mimic the brain [article]

Chetan Singh Thakur, Jamal Molin, Gert Cauwenberghs, Giacomo Indiveri, Kundan Kumar, Ning Qiao, Johannes Schemmel, Runchun Wang, Elisabetta Chicca, Jennifer Olson Hasler, Jae-sun Seo, Shimeng Yu, Yu Cao, André van Schaik, Ralph Etienne-Cummings
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The goal of NE is to design systems capable of brain-like computation. Numerous large-scale neuromorphic projects have emerged recently.  ...  The brain has evolved over billions of years to solve difficult engineering problems by using efficient, parallel, low-power computation.  ...  A major challenge in scaling up neuromorphic computing to the dimensions and complexity of the human brain, a necessary endeavor towards bioinspired general artificial intelligence approaching human-level  ... 
arXiv:1805.08932v1 fatcat:xqtzbpp5ubhfrpfhj6sjffi6ii

Parallel Computing for Brain Simulation

L. A. Pastur-Romay, A. B. Porto-Pazos, F. Cedron, A. Pazos
2017 Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry  
They employ different types of computational models using parallel computing: digital models, analog models and hybrid models.  ...  The human brain is the most complex system in the known universe, it is therefore one of the greatest mysteries. It provides human beings with extraordinary abilities.  ...  The connectionist systems are oriented towards solve real world problems, just like the human brain does.  ... 
doi:10.2174/1568026617666161104105725 pmid:27823566 fatcat:wlcngyt5ubcrxpyhzyepjlsqyu

Whole-Brain Serial-Section Electron Microscopy In Larval Zebrafish [article]

David Grant Colburn Hildebrand, Marcelo Cicconet, Russel Miguel Torres, Woohyuk Choi, Tran Minh Quan, Jungmin Moon, Arthur Willis Wetzel, Andrew Scott Champion, Brett Jesse Graham, Owen Randlett, George Scott Plummer, Ruben Portugues (+11 others)
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
These efforts were transformed by recent advances in computing, sample handling, and imaging techniques 1 , but examining entire brains at high resolution remains a challenge.  ...  Furthermore, we use the dataset to set the stage for whole-brain comparisons of structure and function by co-registering functional reference atlases and in vivo two-photon fluorescence microscopy data  ...  In order to support out-of-core processing, we developed and integrated into Vivaldi a slice-based streaming computing framework using Hadoop distributed file system (HDFS) that will be reported elsewhere  ... 
doi:10.1101/134882 fatcat:dkuld6dkqzad5dicap2jdrw43y

Morphomics via Next-generation Electron Microscopy [article]

Raku Son, Kenji Yamazawa, Akiko Oguchi, Mitsuo Suga, Masaru Tamura, Yasuhiro Murakawa, Satoshi Kume
2021 arXiv   pre-print
When attempting to observe these ultra-structures, the use of electron microscopy (EM) has become indispensable.  ...  Recently, new trends in EM research have emerged that provide coverage of far broader, nano-scale fields of view for two-dimensional wide areas and three-dimensional large volumes.  ...  Furthermore, the integration of nano-scale CT and EM has been used to study mitochondrial morphology in relation to drug resistance in human colon carcinoma cells [351] .  ... 
arXiv:2111.14373v1 fatcat:tv7jlahbhfhj3ij4y2tqqxkzs4

Freeform electronics for advanced healthcare

Muhammad M. Hussain, Aftab M. Hussain, Joanna M. Nassar, Arwa T. Kutbee, Abdurrahman Gumus, Amir N. Hanna
2016 2016 9th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE)  
With increased global population and extended average lifetime of mankind, it is more important than ever to integrate advanced electronics into our daily life for advanced personalized healthcare.  ...  Further, the integration scheme can be used to integrate layers different materials together making heterogeneous 3D integration possible.  ...  Scale bar is 2 cm. Fig. 4 . 4 Optical images of fabricated thermal patch on the wafer, and being handled with bare hands without the use of special handling equipment.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icece.2016.7853847 fatcat:26lq5h2krzbhja5qgcwuz2uwmi

Sponsored Collection | 90 Years of Scientific Advances at the Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, CAS

2018 Science  
broadband wireless communication technologies, micro-and nanotechnologies for sensors and transducers, phase-change random access memory and its applications, terahertz solid-state technologies, and brain-inspired  ...  By exploiting the resources of cloud computing platforms, the machine brain will be extended to a cloud brain with decision-making capacity, to promote development toward a cloud-based intelligence platform  ...  The 3D Nb nanoSQUID constitutes an important step toward the inductive detection of a single electron spin.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.360.6393.1138-b fatcat:h5f3gtn34zdpvmskiscbynv36y

State-of-the-art MEMS and microsystem tools for brain research

John P. Seymour, Fan Wu, Kensall D. Wise, Euisik Yoon
2017 Microsystems & Nanoengineering  
Mapping brain activity has received growing worldwide interest because it is expected to improve disease treatment and allow for the development of important neuromorphic computational methods.  ...  Herein, the state-of-the-art in recording and stimulation tools for brain research is reviewed, and some of the most significant technology trends shaping the field of neurotechnology are discussed.  ...  We thank Gyorgy Buzsáki for many years of helpful discussions on the usefulness and limitations of recording and stimulation technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1038/micronano.2016.66 pmid:31057845 pmcid:PMC6445015 fatcat:lpglxtmqrncjnfb34dz7azd35m

Innovating at Speed and at Scale: A Next Generation Infrastructure for Accelerating Semiconductor Technologies [article]

Richard A. Gottscho, Edlyn V. Levine, Tsu-Jae King Liu, Paul C. McIntyre, Subhasish Mitra, Boris Murmann, Jan M. Rabaey, Sayeef Salahuddin, Willy C. Shih, H.-S. Philip Wong
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Other moonshots can be envisioned, such as the realization of human brain-like functionality in a form factor the size of the human skull at the same average power budget of 20 W, or enabling radiationhardened  ...  One that was successfully used by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the National Strategic Computing Initiative and precursor programs was a competition to build advanced high-performance computing  ... 
arXiv:2204.02216v1 fatcat:d7pn7wi4jjbvpp5rmpzm5erwaa
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