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Toponym Resolution in Social Media [chapter]

Neil Ireson, Fabio Ciravegna
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
resolution of locations.  ...  In addition, such information tends to be informal and imperfect in nature; containing imprecise, subjective, ambiguous expressions.  ...  Toponym resolution has the advantage over general concept resolution that user-generated, gold standard data is available, and especially in social media data.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-17746-0_24 fatcat:gnegaacpdzdgrdmliaxseob6fm

Text Analysis Tool TWeet lOcator - TAT2

Adam Flizikowski, Marcin Przybyszewski, Anna Stachowicz, Tomasz Olejniczak, Rafal Renk
2015 International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
In addition, the integration of TAT2 with external tools has also been validated.  ...  Information about location and geographical coordinates in particular, may be very important during a crisis event, especially for search and rescue operationsbut currently geo-tagged tweets are extremely  ...  as user profile, user location field, time zone,  using toponym resolution,  analyzing relationships with other users of social media,  using geo-coding services.  ... 
dblp:conf/iscram/FlizikowskiPSOR15 fatcat:c2upehibtjfplj2gzj4od4rr54

How Do People Describe Locations During a Natural Disaster: An Analysis of Tweets from Hurricane Harvey

Yingjie Hu, Jimin Wang, Judith A. Verstegen, Krzysztof Janowicz
2020 International Conference Geographic Information Science  
social media messages.  ...  Hurricane Harvey also witnessed the widespread use of social media by the general public in response to this major disaster, and geographic locations are key information pieces described in many of the  ...  in social media messages during this natural disaster.  ... 
doi:10.4230/lipics.giscience.2021.i.6 dblp:conf/giscience/HuW21 fatcat:ekezsvpcqvboldfka5m3bc5qie

Extracting locations from sport and exercise-related social media messages using a neural network-based bilingual toponym recognition model

Pengyuan Liu, Sonja Koivisto, Tuomo Hiippala, Charlotte Van der Lijn, Tuomas Vaisanen, Marisofia Nurmi, Tuuli Toivonen, Kirsi Vehkakoski, Janne Pyykonen, Ilkka Virmasalo, Mikko Simula, Elina Hasanen (+2 others)
2022 Journal of Spatial Information Science  
To support this effort, this article presents an end-to-end deep learning-based bilingual toponym recognition model for extracting location information from social media content related to sports and exercise  ...  Such activities are more challenging to observe, but this challenge may be addressed using data collected from social media platforms, because social media users regularly generate content related to sports  ...  In addition, we are grateful to researchers and colleagues in the Digital Geography lab for their encouragements and valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.5311/josis.2022.24.167 fatcat:e57deolspfedlbwe7gmnffxabi

Comparing the spatial characteristics of corresponding cyber and physical communities

Xu Lu, Arie Croitoru, Jacek Radzikowski, Andrew Crooks, Anthony Stefanidis
2013 Proceedings of the 6th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Workshop on Location-Based Social Networks - LBSN '13  
The proliferation of social media over the past few years is presenting us with unique opportunities to sample opinions and interests at spatial and temporal resolutions previously unheard of.  ...  The key findings of our analysis relate to the selection of an appropriate level of spatial aggregation for analyzing social media content, and on the effect in the level of participation of the distance  ...  Representation and communication: Challenges in interpreting large social media datasets.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2536689.2536805 dblp:conf/gis/LuCRCS13 fatcat:edmdou3ikfh37dfmprj54znzha

Inferring the geographic focus of online documents from social media sharing patterns [article]

Ryan Compton, Matthew S. Keegan, Jiejun Xu
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Determining the geographic focus of digital media is an essential first step for modern geographic information retrieval.  ...  However, publicly-visible location annotations are remarkably sparse in online data.  ...  Toponym resolution is a challenging task for a number of reasons: misspellings; the use of abbreviation, which is particularly prevalent in social media microtext services such as Twitter; evolving new  ... 
arXiv:1406.2392v1 fatcat:7fwpny4eb5cy5crukcxwtadjx4

Are We There Yet? Evaluating State-of-the-Art Neural Network based Geoparsers Using EUPEG as a Benchmarking Platform [article]

Jimin Wang, Yingjie Hu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In June 2019, a geoparsing competition, Toponym Resolution in Scientific Papers, was held as one of the SemEval 2019 tasks.  ...  Geoparsing is an important task in geographic information retrieval.  ...  The eight datasets are in four different text genres: news articles, Wikipedia articles, social media posts, and Web pages.  ... 
arXiv:2007.07455v1 fatcat:vtrnqpjn35ggllqqvivn7qkb5a

Geoparsing: Solved or Biased? An Evaluation of Geographic Biases in Geoparsing

Zilong Liu, Krzysztof Janowicz, Ling Cai, Rui Zhu, Gengchen Mai, Meilin Shi
2022 AGILE: GIScience Series  
Geoparsing, the task of extracting toponyms from texts and associating them with geographic locations, has witnessed remarkable progress over the past years.  ...  In this work, we attempt to answer the question whether geoparsing is solved or biased by conducting a spatially-explicit evaluation, namely an evaluation of the regional variability in geoparsing performance  ...  ) ), social media posts (e.g., GeoCorpora (Wallgrün et al., 2018) ), and web pages (e.g., Hu2014 (Hu et al., 2014) ).  ... 
doi:10.5194/agile-giss-3-9-2022 fatcat:4h5wuwy32zdvtlrb75fz4qeoky

A Coherent Unsupervised Model for Toponym Resolution

Ehsan Kamalloo, Davood Rafiei
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 World Wide Web Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '18  
Toponym Resolution, the task of assigning a location mention in a document to a geographic referent (i.e., latitude/longitude), plays a pivotal role in analyzing location-aware content.  ...  In this paper, we study the problem of toponym resolution with no additional information other than a gazetteer and no training data.  ...  Moreover, social media content have deficient orthographic structure and lack context, which bring even more complexities to toponym resolution in social media [? ? ? ].  ... 
doi:10.1145/3178876.3186027 dblp:conf/www/KamallooR18 fatcat:57vmby65nvdzfiul75625wakea

Reverse geocoding for photo captioning with a meta-gazetteer

Vlad Tanasescu, Philip D. Smart, Christopher B. Jones
2014 Proceedings of the 22nd ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems - SIGSPATIAL '14  
We illustrate the variation in performance of several, mostly social media based, gazetteer resources for a reverse-geocoding photo captioning task and demonstrate the advantage of a meta-gazetteer service  ...  The proliferation of location-aware social media applications has led to new sources of gazetteer data, many of which are crowd-sourced.  ...  The other social media and user-generated gazetteers varied considerably in their performance, with Foursquare being the best performing of those.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2666310.2666492 dblp:conf/gis/TanasescuSJ14 fatcat:4drp57ar6reg3oigqff27vij6y

THU_NGN at SemEval-2019 Task 12: Toponym Detection and Disambiguation on Scientific Papers

Tao Qi, Suyu Ge, Chuhan Wu, Yubo Chen, Yongfeng Huang
2019 Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation  
Toponym resolution is an important and challenging task in the neural language processing field, and has wide applications such as emergency response and social media geographical event analysis.  ...  In order to facilitate the study on toponym resolution, the SemEval 2019 task 12 is proposed, which contains three subtasks, i.e., toponym detection, toponym disambiguation and toponym resolution.  ...  Introduction Toponym resolution is an important task in the natural language processing field and has many applications such as emergency response and social media geographical event analysis (Gritta  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/s19-2229 dblp:conf/semeval/QiGW0H19 fatcat:ummmz5gaonbmvm7ovfk7cjr25m

Extracting Location Information from Crowd-sourced Social Network Data [chapter]

Pinar Karagoz, Halit Oguztuzun, Ruket Cakici, Ozer Ozdikis, Kezban Dilek Onal, Meryem Sagcan
2016 European Handbook of Crowdsourced Geographic Information  
With millions of users worldwide, crowd-sourced social media data provide a valuable data source for events happening around the world.  ...  In this work, we present an overview on the process for toponym recognition and location estimation from microblogs. 196 European Handbook of Crowdsourced Geographic Information  ...  Toponym recognition and location estimation on social media research in the literature are mostly applied on Twitter posts.  ... 
doi:10.5334/bax.o fatcat:hmnvjsemxvfjjkkhyrzi6lmq6y

Spatial Language Representation with Multi-Level Geocoding [article]

Sayali Kulkarni, Shailee Jain, Mohammad Javad Hosseini, Jason Baldridge, Eugene Ie, Li Zhang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Without using any dataset-specific tuning, we show that MLG obtains state-of-the-art results for toponym resolution on three English datasets.  ...  obtains large gains without any knowledge base metadata, demonstrating that it can effectively learn the connection between text spans and coordinates - and thus can be extended to toponymns not present in  ...  These evaluate performance on social media data, which has a strong bias for highlypopulated locations.  ... 
arXiv:2008.09236v1 fatcat:ahsbiqnjjbcr5haqngo7t7xzau

Creating a Novel Geolocation Corpus from Historical Texts

Grant DeLozier, Ben Wing, Jason Baldridge, Scott Nesbit
2016 Proceedings of the 10th Linguistic Annotation Workshop held in conjunction with ACL 2016 (LAW-X 2016)  
We outline many challenges and considerations in creating such a corpus, and we evaluate baseline and benchmark toponym resolution and document geolocation systems on it.  ...  This is the first published corpus of its kind in document-level geolocation, and it has over 10,000 disambiguated toponyms, double the amount of any prior toponym corpus.  ...  Abundant training material is available from the various language-specific versions of Wikipedia and from social-media sites such as Twitter and Flickr, but the variations in language and task definition  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w16-1721 dblp:conf/acllaw/DeLozierWBN16 fatcat:u74w5pnmgrb7hhdbiutbssxfrq

WeiboStand

Cheng Fu, Hanan Samet, Jagan Sankaranarayanan
2014 Proceedings of the 7th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Workshop on Location-Based Social Networks - LBSN '14  
These words are not only used by social media users but also are finding use in conventional media.  ...  In this section, we discuss the issues in performing toponyms recognition and resolution in Chinese language.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2755492.2755499 dblp:conf/gis/FuSS14 fatcat:yh6qck3jc5f23kkk5tj6rtebty
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